1976 South Carolina Code of Laws
Unannotated
Updated through the end of the 2000 Session

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Title 11 - Public Finance

CHAPTER 11.

STATE BUDGET SYSTEM

ARTICLE 1.

GENERAL PROVISIONS

SECTION 11-11-10. Duties of State Budget and Control Board and Department of Revenue.

The State Budget and Control Board shall employ competent budget assistants and such special help as it may require to carry out the provisions of this chapter. It shall fix the compensation of such persons as it shall employ in this connection and cause such compensation, together with their necessary traveling expenses, to be paid out of the civil contingent fund. It shall call upon the State Department of Revenue for any information desired, and the State Department of Revenue shall furnish such information and shall be present at all hearings before the committees having charge of the appropriations in the Senate and House.

SECTION 11-11-15. Budget functions devolved on Governor; Budget Division to assist.

The functions of the State Budget and Control Board in the preparation and submission to the General Assembly of the recommended state budget are devolved upon the Governor. Wherever the phrase 'State Budget and Control Board' appears in the context of preparing and submitting budget recommendations to the General Assembly, it means the Governor. In preparing the recommended state budget, the Governor may consult with the State Treasurer, the Comptroller General, or other state officials as needed. The Budget Division of the State Budget and Control Board shall assist the Governor in preparing the budget recommendations, but this function of the Budget Division may not be construed as altering the overall management and administration of the Budget Division as an entity of the State Budget and Control Board.

SECTION 11-11-20. Information to be secured by State Budget and Control Board.

On or before the first day of November in each year the State Budget and Control Board and its assistants shall complete a careful survey of all the departments, bureaus, divisions, officers, boards, commissions, institutions and other agencies and undertakings of the State, through which it shall be in possession of the working knowledge upon which to base its recommendations to the General Assembly.

SECTION 11-11-30. Annual estimates.

On or before the first day of November, annually, each of the several State departments, bureaus, divisions, officers, commissions, institutions and other agencies and undertakings receiving or asking financial aid from the State shall report to the State Budget and Control Board, on official estimate blanks furnished for such purpose, an estimate in itemized form showing the amount needed for the year beginning with the first day of July thereafter. The official estimate blanks which must be used in making these reports shall be furnished by the Board, shall be uniform and shall clearly designate the kind of information to be given thereon.

SECTION 11-11-40. Annual statements from Comptroller General.

On or before the first day of each November the Comptroller General shall furnish to the State Budget and Control Board the following statements, classified and itemized in strict accordance with the budget classifications adopted by the Board:

(1) A statement showing the balance standing to the credit of the several appropriations for each department, bureau, division, officer, board, commission, institution or other agency or undertaking of the State at the end of the last preceding appropriation year;

(2) A statement showing the monthly expenditures and revenues from each appropriation account and the total monthly expenditures and revenues from all the appropriation accounts, including special and other appropriations, in the twelve months of the last preceding appropriation year;

(3) A statement showing the annual expenditures in each appropriation account and the revenues from all sources, including expenditures and revenues from special and other appropriations, for each of the last two appropriation years, with a separate column showing the increase or decrease for each item;

(4) An itemized and complete financial balance sheet for the State at the close of the last preceding fiscal year ending June thirtieth; and

(5) Such other statements as the Board shall request.

SECTION 11-11-50. Comptroller General shall furnish annual estimate of needs of State.

On or before the first day of December, annually, the Comptroller General shall furnish to the State Budget and Control Board an estimate of the financial needs of the State, itemized in strict accordance with the budget classifications adopted by the Board and certified and approved by the presiding officer of each House for each year beginning with the first day of July thereafter; and he shall also furnish an estimate of the financial needs of the judiciary, as provided by law, itemized in strict accordance with the budget classification adopted by the Board, for each year, beginning with the first day of July thereafter. The Comptroller General shall transmit to the Board with these estimates full and detailed explanations of all increases or decreases. These estimates together with the accompanying explanations of increases and decreases shall be included in the budget by the Board without revisions, but with its recommendations thereon.

SECTION 11-11-60. [1962 Code Section 1-726; 1952 Code Section 1-726; 1942 Code Section 3217; 1932 Code Section 3217; Civ. C. '22 Section 913; 1919 (31) 187; 1950 (46) 3605] Repealed by 1996 Act No. 458, Part II, Section 2A, eff July 1, 1996.

SECTION 11-11-70. Budgets submitted to General Assembly.

(A) Within five days after the beginning of each regular session of the General Assembly the State Budget and Control Board shall submit to the presiding officer of each house printed copies of a budget, based on its own conclusions and judgments, containing a complete and itemized plan of all proposed expenditures for each state department, bureau, division, officer, board, commission, institution, or other agency or undertaking, classified by functions, character, and object, and of estimated revenues and borrowings for each year, beginning with the first day of the next fiscal year. Opposite each item of the proposed expenditures the budget must show in separate parallel columns the amount appropriated for the last preceding appropriation year, for the current appropriation year and the increase or decrease.

(B) The budget which is submitted by the board to the presiding officer of each house must conform to the funding requirements contained in Section 36 of Article III of the Constitution of this State.

SECTION 11-11-80. Statements, balance sheet and general survey shall accompany budget.

The State Budget and Control Board shall accompany the budget with:

(1) A statement of the revenues and expenditures for each of the two appropriation years next preceding, classified and itemized in accordance with the official budget classification adopted by the Board;

(2) A statement of the current assets, liabilities, revenues and surplus or deficit of the State;

(3) A statement of the debts and funds of the State;

(4) A statement showing the Board's itemized estimates of the condition of the State Treasury as of the beginning and end of each year;

(5) An itemized and complete financial balance sheet for the State at the close of the last preceding fiscal year ending June thirtieth; and

(6) A general survey of the State's financial and natural resources, with a review of the general economic, industrial and commercial condition of the State.

SECTION 11-11-90. Joint open meetings of appropriation committees.

The standing committees of the House of Representatives and of the Senate in charge of appropriation measures shall sit jointly in open sessions while considering the budget and shall begin such joint meetings within five days after the budget has been submitted to the General Assembly by the State Budget and Control Board. This joint committee may cause the attendance of heads or responsible representatives of the departments, institutions and all other agencies of the State to furnish such information and answer such questions as the joint committee shall require and to these sessions shall be admitted, with the right to be heard, all persons interested in the estimates under consideration. The Board, or its representatives, and the Governor-elect shall have the right to sit at these public hearings and be heard on all matters coming before the joint committee.

SECTION 11-11-100. General Assembly may amend budget bill.

The General Assembly may increase or decrease items in the budget bill as it may deem to be in the interest of greater economy and efficiency in the public service.

SECTION 11-11-110. Expenses of certain committee chairmen of the General Assembly.

The chairman of the ways and means committee of the House of Representatives and the chairman of the finance committee of the Senate shall receive, in addition to their per diem, their actual traveling expenses, to be audited and approved by the Comptroller General.

SECTION 11-11-130. [1962 Code Section 1-732; 1977 Act No. 214 Section 3] Repealed by 1996 Act No. 458, Part II, Section 2A, eff July 1, 1996.

SECTION 11-11-140. Limits on appropriation of surplus general fund revenues; revenue derived from change in accounting method.

(A)(1) In the Governor's annual budget recommendation to the General Assembly, no recommendation may be made for the appropriation of surplus general fund revenues in excess of amounts officially recognized as such by the Board of Economic Advisors.

(2) In any bill or joint resolution appropriating general fund revenues, no surplus general fund revenue may be appropriated in excess of amounts officially recognized as such by the Board of Economic Advisors.

(B) In making the annual budget recommendation to the General Assembly, the Governor shall not incorporate or realize any revenue derived on the basis of any future change in a method of accounting, as determined by the Budget and Control Board, unless the change in a method of accounting is based on statutory authority specifically granted to the Budget and Control Board or a statutory enactment changing the method of accounting.

SECTION 11-11-150. Estimated income tax revenues; deductions in calculations; trust fund for tax relief; appropriation of funds.

[Subsection (A) effective until ratification of amendment to Section 3, Article X of Constitution, subject of referendum in November, 2000]

(A) In calculating estimated state individual and corporate income tax revenues for a fiscal year the Board of Economic Advisors shall deduct amounts sufficient to pay the reimbursement required pursuant to:

(1) Section 12-37-251 for the residential property tax exemption;

(2) Section 12-37-270 for the homestead exemption for persons over age sixty-five or disabled;

(3) Section 12-37-935(B) for manufacturer's additional depreciation; and

(4) Section 12-37-450 for the inventory tax exemption.

[Subsection (A) effective upon ratification of amendment to Section 3, Article X of Constitution, subject of referendum in November, 2000]

(A) In calculating estimated state individual and corporate income tax revenues for a fiscal year the Board of Economic Advisors shall deduct amounts sufficient to pay the reimbursement required pursuant to:

(1) Section 12-37-251 for the residential property tax exemption;

(2) Section 12-37-270 for the homestead exemption for persons over age sixty-five or disabled;

(3) Section 12-37-935(B) for manufacturer's additional depreciation;

(4) Section 12-37-450 for the inventory tax exemption; and

(5) Section 4-10-540(A) for the reimbursement provided for personal property taxes not collected on private passenger motor vehicles, motorcycles, general aviation aircraft, boats, and boat motors.

(B) There is established in the State Treasury the Trust Fund for Tax Relief (Trust Fund) which must be maintained separately from the general fund of the State and all other funds. The amounts deducted from state income tax revenues pursuant to subsection (A) are automatically credited to the Trust Fund for the applicable fiscal year. The Board of Economic Advisors shall account for the Trust Fund revenue separately from general fund revenues in reports to the Governor and the General Assembly.

(C) The tax as collected must be apportioned to the Trust Fund and to the General Fund in proportion to the reimbursement estimates of the Board of Economic Advisors, as required in subsection (A).

(D) An unexpended balance in the Trust Fund at the end of a fiscal year must remain in the Trust Fund.

(E) The provisions of this section must not be construed as affecting funding levels for public education.

(F) Earnings on the Trust Fund must be credited to the general fund of the State.

(G)(1) Nothing in this section prohibits appropriations by the General Assembly of additional revenues to the Trust Fund.

(2) Regardless of amounts transferred or appropriated to the Trust Fund for a fiscal year, there is appropriated to the Trust Fund from the general fund of the State any additional amounts necessary to pay the reimbursements due from the Trust Fund.

SECTION 11-11-170. Uses of revenues payable pursuant to Master Settlement Agreement.

(A) All revenues payable to this State pursuant to the Master Settlement Agreement as described in Section 11-47-20(e) must be used in the manner specified in this section.

(B)(1) Seventy-three percent of the revenues must be used for healthcare programs. These revenues, or the funds obtained pursuant to Chapter 49 of Title 11, must be deposited in a fund separate and distinct from the general fund and all other funds, which is hereby established in the State Treasury styled the Healthcare Tobacco Settlement Trust Fund. Earnings on this fund must be credited to the fund. The principal must remain in the fund and only the interest earnings may be appropriated and used for the following purposes:

(a) for fiscal year 2000-2001 only, the first twenty million dollars available from the principal derived from securitization must be used for hospital base increase;

(b) the South Carolina Seniors' Prescription Drug Program, as provided in Chapter 130 of Title 44;

(c) home and community-based programs for seniors coordinated by the Department of Health and Human Services;

(d) youth smoking cessation and prevention programs coordinated by the Department of Health and Environmental Control and the Department of Alcohol and Other Drug Abuse Services;

(e) newborn infants hearing screening initiatives coordinated by the Department of Health and Environmental Control;

(f) disease prevention and elimination of health disparities: diabetes, HIV/AIDS, hypertension, and stroke, particularly in minority populations;

(g) other health related issues as determined by the General Assembly.

(2) Fifteen percent of the revenues, or the funds obtained pursuant to Chapter 49 of Title 11, must be deposited in a fund separate and distinct from the general fund and all other funds, which is hereby established in the State Treasury styled the Tobacco Community Trust Fund. Earnings on the fund must be credited to the fund. This fund must be used to reimburse:

(a) tobacco growers, tobacco quota holders, and tobacco warehousemen for actual losses due to reduced quotas since 1998. For purposes of this subitem, "tobacco quota owner" and "tobacco grower" have the meaning provided in Section 46-30-210, and the reimbursement is for losses incurred in reduced cultivation of tobacco in this State. Reimbursements must be made pursuant to eligibility requirements established by the South Carolina Tobacco Community Development Board created pursuant to Section 46-30-230;

(b) after the reimbursement provided pursuant to subitem (a), the balance must be held in an escrow account through June 30, 2012, and used as provided in subitem (a). After June 30, 2012, any account balance must be transferred to the Healthcare Tobacco Settlement Trust Fund.

(3) Ten percent of the revenues, or the funds obtained pursuant to Chapter 49 of Title 11, must be deposited in a fund separate and distinct from the general fund and all other funds, which is hereby established in the State Treasury styled the Tobacco Settlement Economic Development Fund. Earnings on the fund must be credited to the fund. This fund must be used for the following programs:

(a) the first eighty million dollars credited to the fund is set aside to be used for the purposes specified in this item except for subitem (b);

(b) for Fiscal Year 2000-2001 only, the next ten million dollars credited to the fund must be set aside to be available to be appropriated and used in accordance with the provisions of Section 12-37-2735; and

(c) the remaining revenue credited to the fund must be used to fund the South Carolina Water and Wastewater Infrastructure Fund as provided in Section 13-1-45.

(4) Two percent of the revenues, or the funds obtained pursuant to Chapter 49 of Title 11, must be deposited in a fund separate and distinct from the general fund and all other funds, which is hereby established in the State Treasury styled the Tobacco Settlement Local Government Fund. Earnings on the fund must be credited to the fund. This fund must be used to fund the operation of and grants distributed by the Office of Local Government of the Division of Regional Development of the Budget and Control Board, or its successor in interest.

ARTICLE 3.

GENERAL RESERVE FUND AND CAPITAL RESERVE FUND

SECTION 11-11-310. General Reserve Fund.

(A) The State Budget and Control Board shall provide for a General Reserve Fund. Funds accumulating in excess of the annual operating expenditures must be transferred to the General Reserve Fund and the transfer must continue to be made in succeeding fiscal years until the accumulated total in this reserve reaches an amount equal to three percent of the general fund revenue of the latest completed fiscal year.

(B) If there is a year-end operating deficit, so much of the General Reserve Fund as is necessary must be used to cover the deficit. The amount so applied must be restored to the General Reserve Fund out of future revenues as provided in Section 36 of Article III of the Constitution of this State and out of funds accumulating in excess of annual operating expenditures as provided in this section until the three percent maximum is again reached and actually maintained.

SECTION 11-11-320. Capital Reserve Fund.

(A) The General Assembly, in the annual general appropriations act, shall appropriate, out of the estimated revenue of the general fund for the fiscal year for which the appropriations are made, into a Capital Reserve Fund, which is separate and distinct from the General Reserve Fund, an amount equal to two percent of the general fund revenue of the latest completed fiscal year.

(B) This appropriation must be contained in the Ways and Means Committee report on the general appropriations bill, the general appropriations bill at the time of third reading in the House of Representatives, the Senate Finance Committee report on the general appropriations bill, the general appropriations bill at the time of a third reading in the Senate, and in any conference report on the general appropriations bill.

(C) Revenues in the Capital Reserve Fund only may be used in the following manner:

(1) If, before March first, the Board of Economic Advisors' revenue forecast to the State Budget and Control Board for the current fiscal year projects that revenues at the end of the fiscal year will be less than expenditures authorized by appropriations for that year, then the current year's appropriation to the Capital Reserve Fund first must be reduced by the Board to the extent necessary before mandating any reductions in operating appropriations.

(2) After March first of a fiscal year, monies from the Capital Reserve Fund may be appropriated by the General Assembly in separate legislation upon an affirmative vote in each branch of the General Assembly by two-thirds of the members present and voting but not less than three-fifths of the total membership in each branch for the following purposes:

(a) to finance in cash previously authorized capital improvement bond projects;

(b) to retire interest or principal on bonds previously issued;

(c) for capital improvements or other nonrecurring purposes.

(D)(1) Any appropriation of monies from the Capital Reserve Fund as provided in subsection (C) of this section must be ranked in priority of expenditure and is effective thirty days after completion of the fiscal year. If it is determined that the fiscal year has ended with an operating deficit, then the monies appropriated from the Capital Reserve Fund must be reduced by the State Budget and Control Board based on the rank of priority, beginning with the lowest priority, to the extent necessary and applied by the Board to the year-end operating deficit before withdrawing monies from the General Reserve Fund.

(2) At the end of the fiscal year, any monies in the Capital Reserve Fund that are not appropriated as provided in subsection (C) of this section or any appropriation for a particular project or item which has been reduced due to application of the monies to a year-end deficit must lapse and be credited to the General Fund.

SECTION 11-11-330. Trust Fund for Tax Relief; use of funds.

Funds credited to the "Trust Fund for Tax Relief" must be used to provide property tax relief in the manner prescribed in Section 12-37-251. As provided in Section 11-11-150, there is transferred to the Trust Fund for each fiscal year an amount sufficient to reimburse sums equal to the amount of taxes that were not collected for school districts by reason of the exemption provided in Section 12-37-251.

SECTION 11-11-340. State Institution Bonds and State Highway Bonds Debt Service Fund; credit of funds.

There is established in the State Treasury the State Institution Bonds and State Highway Bonds Debt Service Fund which must be maintained separately from the general fund and other funds. Annually there must be credited to this account amounts sufficient for debt service payments on state institution bonds and state highway bonds. Amounts credited to this fund are not considered state general fund revenues.

ARTICLE 5.

APPROPRIATIONS LIMITATIONS

SECTION 11-11-410. Appropriations subject to spending limitation; financial emergency; surplus funds.

(A) State appropriations in any fiscal year may not exceed appropriations authorized by the spending limitation prescribed in this section. State appropriations subject to the spending limitation are those appropriations authorized annually in the State General Appropriation Act and acts supplemental thereto which fund general, school, and highway purposes. A statement of total "General, School, and Highway Revenues" must be included in each annual General Appropriation Act. As used in this section the appropriations so limited as defined above must be those funded by "General, School, and Highway Revenues" that must be defined as such in the 1985-86 General Appropriation Act; it being the intent of this section that all additional nonfederal and nonuser fee revenue items must be included in that category as they may be created by act of the General Assembly.

(B) The limitation on state appropriations prescribed in subsection (A) is an amount equal to either those state appropriations authorized by the spending limit for the previous fiscal year increased by the average percentage rate of growth in state personal income for the previous three completed calendar years or nine and one-half percent of the total personal income of the State for the calendar year ending before the fiscal year under consideration, whichever is greater. As used in this section, "state personal income" means total personal income for a calendar year as determined by the Budget and Control Board or its successor based on the most recent data of the United States Department of Commerce or its successors. During the initial year this spending limit is in effect, the actual state appropriations for general, school, and highway purposes for the fiscal year 1985-1986 must be used as the base figure for computation of the spending limitation if the average rate of growth method is used.

(C) The Comptroller General, or any other authorized agency, commission, or officer, may not approve or issue warrants which would allow disbursements above the amount appropriated for general fund purposes unless and until the General Assembly authorizes expenditures in excess of the limitation through procedures provided for in this article. This subsection may not apply to funds transferred from the reserve fund to the general fund.

(D) The Division of Research and Statistical Services of the Budget and Control Board shall annually compute and certify to the General Assembly a current figure to limit appropriations as provided in subsection (B) of this section prior to the Budget and Control Board's submission of its recommended budget to the House Ways and Means Committee.

(E) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (A) of this section, the General Assembly may declare a financial emergency and suspend the spending limitation for any one fiscal year for a specific amount by a special vote as provided in this subsection by enactment of legislation which relates only to that matter. The authorized state appropriations for the fiscal year following the suspension must be determined as if the suspension had not occurred and, for purposes of determining subsequent limits, must be presumed to have been the maximum limit which could have been authorized if such limitation had not been suspended.

The special vote referred to in this subsection means an affirmative vote in each branch of the General Assembly by two-thirds of the members present and voting but not less than three-fifths of the total membership in each branch.

(F) In any year when surplus funds are collected, such revenue surplus may be appropriated by the General Assembly to match funds for public education, public welfare, public health, road and highway construction, rehabilitation, replacement, or maintenance financed in part with federal participation funding or federal grants or tolls, or to accelerate the retirement of bonded indebtedness or transferred to the general fund reserve, or tax relief or for avoiding the issuance of bonds for projects that are authorized but not issued or any combination of these purposes without regard to the spending limitation. For the purposes of this section, surplus funds mean that portion of revenues, as defined in subsection (A) of this section, over and above revenues authorized for appropriation in subsection (B).

SECTION 11-11-420. Limitation on permanent state positions; emergency suspension.

(A) In any fiscal year, the ratio of the number of permanent state positions to the total annually up-dated resident population of the State may not exceed that ratio of permanent state positions as existed in fiscal year 1980-81 compared to the total resident population of the State as determined by the 1980 decennial census. The number of permanent state positions shall be based on full-time annual equivalency funded in whole or in part by appropriations of the General Assembly as defined by the South Carolina Classification and Compensation System or its successor.

(B) To insure compliance with subsection (A) of this section, the Budget and Control Board shall annually and prior to December first determine the total number of permanent state positions based on full-time annual equivalency and the total resident population of the State for which data are available.

(C) The Budget and Control Board may not present to the Ways and Means Committee of the House of Representatives and the committee may not introduce any appropriation bill which provides for an increase in state employment in excess of the ratio prescribed in subsection (A) of this section. The committee may alter the specific positions created or eliminated so long as the total employment remains within the prescribed limitation.

(D) Notwithstanding the provisions of subsection (A) of this section, the General Assembly may declare an emergency and suspend the employment limitation for any one fiscal year for a specific number by a special vote as provided in this subsection by enactment of legislation which relates only to that matter. The authorized state employment for the fiscal year following the suspension must be determined as if the suspension had not occurred and, for purposes of determining subsequent limits, must be presumed to have been the maximum limit which could have been authorized if such limitation had not been suspended.

The special vote referred to in this subsection means an affirmative vote in each branch of the General Assembly by two-thirds of the members present and voting, but not less than three-fifths of the total membership in each branch.

(E) When any appropriation bill is under consideration by the House of Representatives or the Senate, the presiding officer of either House of the General Assembly shall not allow to be introduced any amendment to such bill which increases the number of state employees unless there is attached thereto a certificate of the State Auditor that such increase in state employees is within the limitations prescribed.

SECTION 11-11-430. State bonds.

(A) In order to continue to maintain the fiscal integrity of the State, the proceeds of the state bonds must not be used to fund operating expenses of state government and such proceeds must be used only for capital improvements.

(B) In order to continue the policy of the State to maintain the full faith and credit of the State with respect to any existing or future bonded indebtedness, the principal and interest payments on general obligation bonds shall constitute priority state expenditures.

(C) The issuance of general obligation bonds of the State must be limited so that the maximum annual debt service on all general obligation bonds of the State (excluding highway bonds, state institution bonds, tax anticipation notes, and bond anticipation notes) may not exceed five percent of the general revenues of the State for the fiscal year next preceding (excluding revenues which are authorized to be pledged for state highway bonds and state institution bonds).

SECTION 11-11-440. Limitation on tax increases and new taxes.

(A) The General Assembly may not provide for any general tax increase or enact new general taxes in the permanent provisions of the State General Appropriation Act or acts supplemental thereto, and any such general tax increases or new general taxes must be enacted only by separate act.

(B) General tax increases and new general taxes as used in this section mean tax increases and new taxes which apply to over fifty percent of the population as a whole.





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