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Title 40 - Professions and Occupations
Inherent power of Supreme Court to regulate practice of law; other powers cumulative.
The inherent power of the Supreme Court with respect to regulating the practice of law, determining the qualifications for admission to the bar and disciplining, suspending and disbarring attorneys at law is hereby recognized and declared. The authority conferred on that court in Sections 40-5-10 to 40-5-60 shall be deemed as cumulative thereto.
Supreme Court empowered to promulgate rules and regulations concerning practice of law; establishment of South Carolina State Bar.
The Supreme Court may from time to time prescribe, adopt, promulgate and amend such rules and regulations as it may deem proper (a) defining and regulating the practice of law, (b) determining the qualifications and requirements for admission to the practice of law, (c) prescribing a code of ethics governing the professional conduct of attorneys at law, (d) prescribing the procedure for disciplining, suspending, disbarring and reinstating attorneys at law, (e) organizing and governing an association to be known as the South Carolina State Bar which shall be composed of the attorneys at law of the State, and which shall act as an administrative agency of the Supreme Court of South Carolina for the purpose of improving the administration of justice, and (f) fixing an annual license fee for the practice of law in this State, the payment of which shall entitle but not require any attorney to be a member in the South Carolina State Bar and providing for the collection and the disbursement of such license fees. At such time as the South Carolina State Bar is established all offices, appointments or official duties heretofore delegated or given to the South Carolina Bar Association or any officer of the same by statute or appointment of the State of South Carolina or any branch thereof shall be vested in the South Carolina State Bar and its officers.
State Bar Fund; rules prescribing fees to be charged by attorneys prohibited.
All fees collected by the South Carolina State Bar, pursuant to the terms of Section 40-5-20 or Section 40-5-30, shall be placed in the State Treasury immediately upon collection and shall be credited to a fund which shall be known as the State Bar Fund. All disbursements from the bar fund shall be made upon warrants signed by such officer of the bar as the South Carolina State Bar may authorize in accordance with such rules and regulations governing the fund as may be promulgated by the Supreme Court of South Carolina.
No person shall receive any compensation from the State Bar Fund for service performed in the administration of the South Carolina State Bar if at the time of the performance of the service he was a regular employee of the State of South Carolina. No rule promulgated under Sections 40-5-20 or 40-5-30 shall relate to or prescribe fees to be charged by attorneys.
Supreme Court empowered to appoint boards to examine applicants, investigate complaints and hear disciplinary proceedings; subpoena powers.
The Supreme Court may appoint boards or committees to examine all applicants for admission to the bar, and boards or committees to act as administrative agencies of the court for the purpose of investigating and reporting the violation of such rules and regulations as are adopted by the court and to hear all causes involving discipline, disbarment, suspension or reinstatement of attorneys and to make recommendations thereon to the Supreme Court. Such hearings shall be had under such procedure as may be established by the court. Any such administrative agency created by the Supreme Court shall have the power of subpoena for the purpose of aiding it in hearing cases of discipline, suspension or disbarment.
Filing of rules and regulations; effective date; effect of conflict with other laws.
All rules and regulations promulgated and adopted under the terms of Sections 40-5-20 and 40-5-40 shall be filed with the clerk of the Supreme Court and shall not be effective until the lapse of three months after they are so filed. Upon such rules and regulations becoming effective, they shall supersede all laws or parts of laws in conflict therewith to the extent of the conflict.
General Assembly not precluded from prohibiting practice of law by any class.
Nothing in Sections 40-5-10 to 40-5-50 shall preclude the General Assembly from prohibiting the practice of law in this State by any class of individuals.
Additional provision as to rules of Supreme Court; rules of State Board of Law Examiners.
The justices of the Supreme Court may pass such rules as may be necessary to carry into effect the provisions of this chapter and from time to time amend such rules as occasion may require. The State Board of Law Examiners may also make rules for its conduct and government, not inconsistent with the provisions of law and subject to the approval of the Supreme Court.
Citizens not prevented from appearing in person or for others without reward.
This chapter shall not be construed so as to prevent a citizen from prosecuting or defending his own cause, if he so desires, or the cause of another, with leave of the court first had and obtained; provided, that he declare on oath, if required, that he neither has accepted nor will accept or take any fee, gratuity or reward on account of such prosecution or defense or for any other matter relating to the cause.
ADMISSION TO PRACTICE LAW
State Board of Law Examiners.
There is hereby created a State Board of Law Examiners to consist of six members of the bar who have had at least ten years' standing and are actually engaged in the practice of law. The members shall be appointed by the Supreme Court for terms of three years. Members shall be eligible for reappointment. Should a vacancy occur the Court shall fill the vacancy for the unexpired term. Not more than one member shall be appointed from any one congressional district.
License granted only by Supreme Court; applications therefor.
No original license to practice as an attorney, solicitor or counsellor shall be granted except by the Supreme Court. All applications for admission to the bar in the State shall be made by petition to the Supreme Court.
Effect of article on disciplinary powers of courts.
Nothing in this article contained shall be construed to deprive the courts of this State of the power, as at present existing, of disbarring or otherwise punishing members of the bar.
REGULATION OF PRACTICE OF LAW
Practicing without being admitted and sworn prohibited.
No person may practice or solicit the cause of another person in a court of this State unless he has been admitted and sworn as an attorney. A person who violates this section is guilty of a felony and, upon conviction, must be fined not more than five thousand dollars or imprisoned not more than five years, or both.
Practice of law by corporations and voluntary associations unlawful.
(A) It is unlawful for a corporation or voluntary association to:
(1) practice or appear as an attorney at law for a person other than itself in a court in this State or before a judicial body;
(2) make it a business to practice as an attorney at law for a person other than itself in a court or judicial body;
(3) hold itself out to the public as being entitled to practice law, render or furnish legal services, advise or to furnish attorneys or counsel, or render legal services in actions or proceedings;
(4) assume to be entitled to practice law or to assume, use, or advertise the title of lawyer, attorney, attorney at law, or equivalent terms in any language as to convey the impression that it is entitled to practice law or to furnish legal advice, services, or counsel; or
(5) advertise that it has, owns, conducts, or maintains a law office or an office for the practice of law or for furnishing legal advice, services, or counsel, either alone or together with, by, or through a person, whether a duly and regularly admitted attorney at law, or not.
(B) A person who violates the provisions of this section is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction, must be fined in the discretion of the court or imprisoned not more than three years, or both.
Attorneys not allowed to argue longer than two hours.
No attorney, solicitor or counsellor shall be allowed to occupy more than two hours of the time of the court in the argument of any cause, unless he shall first obtain the special permission of the court to do so.
Penalty for purchasing claims for suit.
If any attorney, solicitor or counsellor shall enter into any speculating practices, by purchasing or procuring to be purchased any note or other demand for the purpose of putting the same in suit, when otherwise the owner or holder thereof would not sue upon it, such attorney, solicitor or counsellor shall pay a fine of one hundred dollars and shall thereafter be incapable of practicing as such in any court until restored by the Supreme Court.
Soliciting legal business unlawful.
It is unlawful for a person or his agent, employee, or anyone acting on his behalf to:
(1) solicit or procure through solicitation, either directly or indirectly, legal business; or
(2) solicit or procure through solicitation a retainer, written or oral, or an agreement authorizing an attorney to perform or render legal services.
A person who violates a provision of this section is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction, must be fined in the discretion of the court or imprisoned not more than three years, or both.
Splitting fees with lay persons unlawful.
It is unlawful for a person, partnership, corporation, or association to divide with or receive from, or to agree to divide with or receive from, an attorney or group of attorneys, whether practicing in this State or elsewhere, any portion of a fee or compensation charged or received by an attorney or any valuable consideration or reward as an inducement for placing or in consideration of having placed in the hands of an attorney, or in the hands of another person a claim or demand of any kind for the purpose of collecting the claim or bringing an action on the claim or of representing the claimant in the pursuit of any civil remedy for the recovery of the claim. This section does not apply to an agreement between attorneys to divide between themselves the compensation to be received.
A person who violates the provisions of this section is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction, must be fined in the discretion of the court or imprisoned not more than three years, or both.
Furnishing advice or service to debtor in debt pooling plan involving deposit for distribution to creditors as practice of law.
The furnishing of advice or services for compensation to a debtor in connection with a debt pooling plan pursuant to which the debtor deposits funds for the purpose of distributing them among his creditors shall be deemed to be the practice of law. Any person, other than one licensed to practice law in this State, who furnishes or offers to furnish such advice or services for compensation shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction shall be subject to a fine of five hundred dollars.
Pro bono work by state attorneys.
An attorney employed by any executive agency of the State may, with the permission of his agency head, represent without fees indigent clients referred by a pro bono program organized, sponsored, or endorsed by the South Carolina Bar. The pro bono service must be at no cost to the State, and may not conflict with the attorney's official duties or the interests of the State. The attorney shall use compensatory or annual leave for pro bono services performed during normal working hours. Practice by attorneys employed by the General Assembly or the Judicial Department shall be governed by such policies and rules as may be adopted by their respective employer.
DISCIPLINARY ACTION AGAINST ATTORNEYS
Removal, suspension and imprisonment of attorneys for contempt or disorderly conduct.
Attorneys, solicitors and counsellors may be removed or suspended and also, in aggravated cases, imprisoned, not exceeding twenty-four hours, by the several courts in which they have been admitted to practice, if, in the presence of such court, they are guilty of any disorderly conduct causing an interruption of business or amounting to an open and direct contempt to the court, its authority or person.
Additional causes of removal or suspension; hearing required.
Any attorney, solicitor or counsellor may be removed or suspended who shall be guilty of any deceit, malpractice or misbehavior, but not until a copy of the charges against him shall have been delivered to him by the clerk of the court in which the proceedings shall be had and an opportunity shall have been given him of being heard in his defense.