1976 South Carolina Code of Laws
Updated through the end of the 2001 Session
Copyright and Disclaimer
The State of South Carolina owns the copyright to the Code of Laws of South Carolina, 1976, as contained herein. Any use of the text, section headings, or catchlines of the 1976 Code is subject to the terms of federal copyright and other applicable laws and such text, section headings, or catchlines may not be reproduced in whole or in part in any form or for inclusion in any material which is offered for sale or lease without the express written permission of the Chairman of the South Carolina Legislative Council or the Code Commissioner of South Carolina.
This statutory database is current through the 2001 Regular Session and the 2001 Extra Session of the South Carolina General Assembly. Changes to the statutes enacted by the 2002 General Assembly, which will convene in January 2002, will be incorporated as soon as possible. Some changes enacted by the 2002 General Assembly may take immediate effect. The State of South Carolina and the South Carolina Legislative Council make no warranty as to the accuracy of the data, and users rely on the data entirely at their own risk.
The Legislative Council by law is charged with compiling and publishing the 1976 Code and it is maintained in a database which may be accessed for commercial purposes by contacting the Legislative Council or the office of Legislative Printing, Information and Technology Systems.
Title 8 - Public Officers and Employees
FEES AND COSTS GENERALLY
SECTION 8-21-10. Only fees and costs prescribed are recoverable.
The several officers named in this chapter, Article 3 of Chapter 11 of Title 14, Chapter 19 of Title 14, Article 7 of Chapter 23 of Title 14, Chapter 19 of Title 19, Chapter 7 of Title 22, Article 3 of Chapter 9 of Title 22, and Article 1 of Chapter 19 of Title 23, shall be entitled to receive and recover the fees and costs prescribed by this chapter, Article 3 of Chapter 11 of Title 14, Chapter 19 of Title 14, Article 7 of Chapter 23 of Title 14, Chapter 19 of Title 19, Chapter 7 of Title 22, Article 3 of Chapter 9 of Title 22, and Article 1 of Chapter 19 of Title 23, and none other, for the services herein enumerated.
SECTION 8-21-15. No fee for performing duty, responsibility, or function of agency unless authorized by statute and regulation; exceptions.
(A) No state agency, department, board, committee, commission, or authority initially may set a fee for performing any duty, responsibility, or function unless the fee for performing the particular duty, responsibility, or function is authorized by statutory law and set by regulation except as provided in this section.
(B) This section does not apply to:
(1) state-supported governmental health care facilities;
(2) state-supported schools, colleges, and universities;
(3) educational, entertainment, recreational, cultural, and training programs;
(4) the State Board of Financial Institutions;
(5) sales by state agencies of goods or tangible products produced for or by these agencies;
(6) charges by state agencies for room and board provided on state-owned property;
(7) application fees for recreational activities sponsored by state agencies and conducted on a draw or lottery basis;
(8) court fees or fines levied in a judicial or adjudicatory proceeding.
(C) This section does not prohibit a state agency, department, board, committee, or commission from charging fees for services provided to other state agencies, departments, boards, committees, commissions, or political subdivisions regardless of whether the fee is set by statute.
(D) Statutory law for purposes of this section does not include regulations promulgated pursuant to the State Administrative Procedures Act.
SECTION 8-21-20. Mileage shall be computed by shortest practical route.
Whenever provision is made by law for the payment of mileage of jurors, witnesses or other persons required to attend court or to travel to perform any legal duty, such mileage shall be computed and paid for by the shortest practical route to be traveled over any regularly established highway.
SECTION 8-21-30. Liability for ten times fee illegally charged.
If any officer herein named shall charge any other fee or fees for any services herein mentioned, such officer shall be liable to forfeit ten times the amount so improperly charged, to be recovered by suit in the court of common pleas, by attachment or by sale when the penalty does not exceed twenty dollars.
SECTION 8-21-40. Bills of costs shall be attached to executions.
In any case in which the clerk of court or a magistrate shall issue an execution, he shall attach thereto a bill of each item of costs therein charged and also shall tax all costs which accrue to the sheriff for services on such execution.
SECTION 8-21-50. Rules of construction.
The rule of the common law that statutes in derogation of that law are to be strictly construed has no application to this chapter, Article 3 of Chapter 11 of Title 14, Chapter 19 of Title 14, Article 7 of Chapter 23 of Title 14, Chapter 19 of Title 19, Chapter 7 of Title 22, Article 3 of Chapter 9 of Title 22, and Article 1 of Chapter 19 of Title 23.
SECTION 8-21-110. Fees of Secretary of State.
The Secretary of State may charge the following fees:
(1) For every search, fourteen cents;
(2) For entering satisfaction on a mortgage, twenty-one cents;
(3) For recording a mark or brand, twenty-one cents;
(4) For recording any writing, nine cents for every copy sheet containing ninety words;
(5) For making out a grant of lands, recording and fixing the great seal, two dollars and fourteen cents;
(6) For a testimonial with the great seal, one dollar and seven cents;
(7) For registering the certificate of (a) a person becoming a citizen, twenty-five cents, (b) for a family not exceeding three, fifty cents and (c) for a family exceeding three, one dollar;
(8) For commissioning a commissioner of deeds, three dollars and twenty-five cents;
(9) For filing a limited partnership agreement, five dollars;
(10) For furnishing a certificate under seal, one dollar;
(11) For making a certified copy of a charter, two dollars;
(12) For making a certified copy of a land grant, one dollar and sixty cents;
(13) For making a certified copy of a plat, (a) tracing, first four corners, one dollar, and five cents per additional corner, plus one dollar for certifying, and (b) copying, per page, thirty-five cents; and
(14) For certified copy of any record, one dollar and sixty cents.
Fees received for these services shall be deposited in the State Treasury to the credit of the General Fund of the State.
SECTION 8-21-120. Fees of appraisers of homestead and commissioners in dower or partition.
(1) Of appraisers to set out the homestead shall be two dollars per day; and
(2) Of commissioners in dower or in partition shall be each one dollar and a half per day and five cents per mile for necessary travel.
SECTION 8-21-130. Fee of county auditors.
For every entry and endorsement on any deed of conveyance of real property recorded in his office, each county auditor shall receive a fee of twenty-five cents.
SECTION 8-21-140. Fees of notaries public.
The fees of notaries public shall be as follows:
(1) For taking a deposition and swearing witnesses, twenty-five cents per copy sheet;
(2) For a duplicate of a deposition, protest and certificate, ten cents per copy sheet of one hundred words;
(3) For each attendance upon any person for proving a matter or thing and certifying the same, fifty cents;
(4) For every notarial certificate, with seal, fifty cents;
(5) For administering an oath for an affidavit, twenty-five cents;
(6) For taking a renunciation of dower or inheritance, one dollar; and
(7) For every protest, fifty cents, together with the cost of postage for transmitting notice thereof.
SECTION 8-21-150. Fees of deputy surveyors.
The fees of deputy surveyors shall be as follows:
(1) For surveying every acre of land, one cent;
(2) For making out a fair plat, certifying, signing and returning the same, two dollars and fourteen cents; and
(3) For running old lines for any person or between parties, or by order of court, while they are on the survey, three dollars per day.
CLERKS OF COURT AND REGISTERS OF DEEDS
SECTION 8-21-300. Salaries of clerks of court and registers of deeds; disposition of fees and costs received.
The clerks of court and registers of deeds of the several counties shall receive such salaries for performance of their duties as may be fixed by the governing body of the county, which shall not be diminished during their terms of office, and such compensation shall not be measured or affected by the fees and costs received by such officers under the provisions of this article. All such fees and costs received under the provisions of this article by such officials of any county shall be accounted for and paid into the general fund of the county as directed by the governing body thereof.
SECTION 8-21-310. Schedule of fees and costs to be collected.
Except as otherwise expressly provided, the following fees and costs must be collected on a uniform basis in each county by clerks of court and registers of deeds or county treasurers as may be determined by the governing body of the county:
(1) for recording a deed to or a mortgage on real estate, ten dollars; and an additional one dollar a page for any deed or mortgage containing more than four pages; for entry of a deed or mortgage that covers both real estate and personal property in the indexes for both real and personal property conveyances or mortgages, one dollar additional;
(2) for recording a chattel mortgage, conditional sale contract, lease or contract of sale of personal property, and any other document required to be recorded under the Uniform Commercial Code (Title 36), the fees provided in Title 36;
(3) for recording an instrument which assigns, transfers, or affects a single real estate mortgage or other instrument affecting title to real property or lien for the payment of money, unless it is part of the original instrument when initially filed, six dollars; and if the instrument assigns, transfers, or affects more than one real estate mortgage, instrument, or lien, six dollars for each mortgage, instrument, or lien assigned, transferred, or affected and referred to in the instrument and an additional one dollar for each page for any instrument exceeding one page;
(4) for recording any lease, contract of sale, trust indenture, or other document affecting title or possession of real property not otherwise provided for in this section, ten dollars, and an additional one dollar a page for a document containing more than four pages;
(5) for recording satisfaction on the record of a mortgage of real estate or a chattel mortgage or other recorded lien, and certifying the entry on the original or a copy, five dollars;
(6) for recording separate probates, affidavits, or certificates which are not part of or attached to another document to be recorded, five dollars;
(7) for recording a plat larger than eight and one-half by fourteen inches, ten dollars; for plats of "legal size" dimensions, or smaller, five dollars;
(8) for recording decree of foreclosure or partition of real property in mortgage book or deed book, the same fee as for recording deed or mortgage of real estate;
(9) for recording any other paper affecting title or possession of real estate or personal property and required by law to be recorded, except judicial records, ten dollars, and an additional one dollar a page for a document containing more than four pages;
(10) for filing power of attorney, trustee qualification, or other appointment, ten dollars, and an additional one dollar a page for a document containing more than four pages;
(11)(a) For filing first complaint or petition, including application for a remedial and prerogative writ and bond on attachment or other bond, in a civil action or proceeding, in a court of record, seventy dollars. There is no further fee for filing an amended or supplemental complaint or petition nor for filing any other paper in the same action or proceeding. An original application for postconviction relief may be filed without fee upon permission of the court to which the application is addressed. There is no further fee for entering and filing a verdict, judgment, final decree, or order of dismissal, and enrolling a judgment thereon, for signing, sealing, and issuance of execution, or for entering satisfaction or partial satisfaction on a judgment.
(b) for filing, recording, and indexing Lis Pendens when not accompanied by summons and complaint, five dollars;
(c) for receiving and enrolling transcripts of judgment from magistrates' courts and federal district courts, five dollars;
(d) for filing and enrolling a judgment by confession, five dollars;
(12) no fee may be charged to a defendant or respondent for filing an answer, return, or other papers in any civil action or proceeding, in a court of record;
(13) for taking and filing an order for bail with or without bond, one dollar; with bond when surety must be justified, five dollars;
(14) for taking and filing bond or security costs, one dollar; with bond when surety must be justified, five dollars;
(15) for filing or recording any commission of notary public or other public office, license or permit to practice any profession or trade, notice of formation or dissolution of any partnership, two dollars;
(16) for filing the charter of any public or private corporation or association required by law to be recorded, ten dollars, and an additional one dollar a page for any such document containing more than four pages;
(17) for issuing an official certificate under seal of court not otherwise specified in this section, one dollar;
(18) for holding a hearing for condemnation proceedings, twenty-five dollars a day;
(19) for filing notice of discharge in bankruptcy, ten dollars;
(20) for filing and enrolling and satisfaction of South Carolina and United States Government tax liens:
(a) for filing and enrolling and satisfying executions or warrants for distraint for the South Carolina Employment Security Commission, the South Carolina Department of Revenue, or any other state agency, where costs of the executions or warrants for distraint are chargeable to the persons against whom such executions or warrants for distraint are issued, five dollars;
(b) for filing and enrolling and satisfying any tax lien of any agency of the United States Government, where the costs of the executions are chargeable to the persons against whom such executions are issued, five dollars.
(21) for filing and processing an order for the Destruction of Arrest Records, thirty-five dollars, which fee must be for each order regardless of the number of cases contained in the order. The fee under the provisions of this item does not apply to cases where the defendant is found not guilty or where the underlying charge is dismissed or nol prossed unless that dismissal or nol prosse is the result of successful completion of a pretrial intervention program.
(22) for filing, indexing, enrolling, and entering a foreign judgment and an affidavit pursuant to Article 11, Chapter 35, Title 15 of the 1976 Code, fifty-five dollars.
The clerk shall mark satisfied upon receipt of the fees provided in this item any tax lien or warrant for distraint issued by any agency of this State or of the United States upon receipt of a certificate duly signed by an authorized officer of any agency of this State or the United States to the effect that the execution or warrant for distraint has been paid and satisfied.
PROBATE FEES AND COSTS
SECTION 8-21-760. Salaries of probate judges; disposition of costs and fees received.
The probate judges must receive salaries for performance of their duties pursuant to Section 8-21-765.
A probate judge who is receiving a salary greater than provided for his position under the provisions of this chapter must not be reduced in salary during his tenure in office. Tenure in office continues at the expiration of a term if that judge is reelected.
The governing body of the county shall provide the salary, equipment, facilities, and supplies of the support personnel and staff of the probate judge, together with all other costs necessary for the efficient operation of the court, including but not limited to, court reporters, secretaries, clerks, per diem, travel, educational, and other benefits for the judge and his staff. A probate judge is not prohibited from acting as special referee with the agreement of the county governing body, but no probate judge is eligible to serve as a standing master-in-equity.
The probate judge in each county must serve full time and shall carry out all duties assigned by law.
Fees and costs received under the provisions of this article by the officials of a county must be accounted for and paid into the general fund of the county as directed by the governing body of that county. Any remuneration received by a probate judge for performing duties assigned by the Department of Mental Health must be remitted by the probate judge to the county treasurer for deposit into the general fund of the county.
SECTION 8-21-765. Salary schedules.
(A) The salary of the office of probate judge is based on a salary schedule which uses base salaries determined by population categories according to the latest official United States Decennial Census. The governing body of each county shall pay the probate judge of the county a base salary as follows:
(1) for those counties with a population of two hundred thousand and above, the base salary is fifty-nine thousand dollars;
(2) for those counties with a population of at least one hundred fifty thousand but not more than one hundred ninety-nine thousand, nine hundred ninety-nine, the base salary is forty-nine thousand dollars;
(3) for those counties with a population of at least one hundred thousand but not more than one hundred forty-nine thousand, nine hundred ninety-nine, the base salary is thirty-eight thousand dollars;
(4) for those counties with a population of at least fifty thousand but not more than ninety-nine thousand, nine hundred ninety-nine, the base salary is thirty-three thousand dollars;
(5) for those counties with a population of at least thirty-five thousand but not more than forty-nine thousand, nine hundred ninety-nine, the base salary is thirty-one thousand, five hundred dollars;
(6) for those counties with a population of at least twenty thousand but not more than thirty-four thousand, nine hundred ninety-nine, the base salary is twenty-five thousand dollars;
(7) for those counties with a population less than twenty thousand, the base salary is twenty-two thousand, five hundred dollars.
(B) The South Carolina Court Administration is charged with monitoring compliance with this section. Nothing contained in this section may be construed as prohibiting a county from paying in excess of the minimum base salaries provided for in this section.
A probate judge is entitled to the same perquisites as those employees of the county of similar position and salary.
A cost of living increase must be paid by the county in the amount provided classified state employees in the annual state general appropriations act of the previous fiscal year. The base salaries provided for in this Part must be adjusted annually based on the percentage amount of the cost of living increase paid to classified state employees in the annual state general appropriations act of the previous fiscal year.
SECTION 8-21-770. Determination of fees and costs; schedule of fees and costs to be collected.
(A) Fees and costs are payable upon the filing of an application or petition. Payment may, in the discretion of the probate judge, be deferred for a period no greater than the time provided by law for filing the inventory and appraisement. Any adjustment of fees and costs collected at the opening of the estate must be effected before or at the time of final settlement.
(B) In estate and conservatorship proceedings, the fee shall be based upon the gross value of the decedent's probate estate or the protected person's estate as shown on the inventory and appraisement as follows:
(1) Property valuation less than $5,000.00 $25.00
(2) Property valuation of $5,000.00 but less than $20,000.00 $45.00
(3) Property valuation of $20,000.00 but less than $60,000.00 $67.50
(4) Property valuation of $60,000.00 but less than $100,000.00 $95.00
(5) Property valuation of $100,000.00 but less than $600,000.00 $95.00
plus .15 percent of the property valuation between
$100,000.00 and $600,000.00
(6) Property valuation of $600,000.00 or higher amount set forth in (5) above plus one-fourth of one percent of the property valuation above $600,000.00.
For purposes of this subsection, "decedent's probate estate" means the decedent's property passing under the decedent's will plus the decedent's property passing by intestacy and "protected person's estate" means the protected person's property that vests in a conservator as trustee pursuant to Section 62-5-420.
(C) Other fees of the Probate Court are as follows:
(1) Issuing certified copy $ 5.00
(2) Issuing exemplified/authenticated copy $20.00
(3) Reforming or correcting marriage record $ 6.75
(4) Filing demands for notice $ 5.00
(5) Filing conservatorship accountings $10.00
(6) Recording authenticated or certified record $20.00
(7) Reopening closed estates $22.50
(8) Appointment of special or temporary fiduciary $22.50
(9) Filing and indexing will under Section 62-2-901 $10.00
(10) Certifying appeal record $10.00
(11) Filing the initial petition in any action or proceeding other than (B) above, same fee as charged for filing civil actions in circuit court
(12) Filing affidavit for collection of personal property under Section 62-3-1201, the fee pursuant to item (B) above based upon property valuation shown, provided that where the property valuation is less than $100.00, the fee shall be one-half the amount otherwise provided.
(D) The costs of the notice to creditors or other legal advertisement are in addition to prescribed court costs and are due and payable prior to publication of advertisement.
SECTION 8-21-780. [1979 Act No. 164 Part I Section 2A] Repealed by 1994 Act No. 470, Section 6, eff 30 days after July 14, 1994.
SECTION 8-21-790. Fees for settlement of estates; disposition of fees by Department of Revenue.
The office of the probate court must also be paid fees according to the following schedule for each estate settled:
On the first $100.00 of tax collected 5%
Above $100.00 and up to $1,000.00 2%
Above $1,000.00 and up to $10,000.00 1 1/2%
Above $10,000.00 and up to $50,000.00 1%
Above $50,000.00 and up to $100,000.00 3/4 of 1%
Above $100,000.00 and up to $300,000.00 1/2 of 1%
Above $300,000.00 1/4 of 1%
If the probate judge fails or neglects to perform a duty required under Chapter 16 of Title 12, the Department of Revenue may withhold any or all of the fees provided for in the schedule and shall credit the withheld fees to the general fund of the State Treasury. All fees allowed under this schedule must be paid out of the taxes collected by the Department of Revenue no less than monthly upon receipt of them and the receipt of the County Treasurer is sufficient voucher for paying same.
SECTION 8-21-800. Relief from filing fees, court costs and other probate costs.
The Probate Judge may relieve any party to any proceeding in the Probate Court from court costs in the manner provided in Section 8-21-140 but relief from filing fees and other probate costs is prohibited, except as provided in Section 8-21-810.
SECTION 8-21-810. No costs or fees for items requested by county officers or United States Veterans Administration.
No cost or fee shall be payable to probate courts for any item or copy requested by a county officer or the United States Veterans Administration.
MAGISTRATES' AND CONSTABLES' COMPENSATION, FEES AND COSTS
SECTION 8-21-1000. Magistrates to receive salaries; accounting for fees and costs received.
All magistrates shall receive salaries in lieu of all fees and costs in civil or criminal actions or proceedings, and all such fees and costs received and recovered under the provisions of this article by any magistrate of any county shall be accounted for and paid into the general fund of the county as directed by the governing body thereof.
SECTION 8-21-1010. Schedule of fees and costs to be collected by magistrates.
(A) Except as otherwise expressly provided, the following fees and costs must be collected by the magistrates and deposited in the general fund of the county:
(1) for taking civil recognizance, with or without sureties, five dollars;
(2) for granting an order for civil special bail, with or without sureties, five dollars;
(3) for receiving and filing bond in claim and delivery, attachment, five dollars; if justification of sureties required, an additional five dollars;
(4) for administering and certifying oaths or documents in writing, two dollars;
(5) for issuing any prerogative writ, five dollars;
(6) in all civil actions, for issuing a summons and a copy for defendant, and for giving judgment with or without a hearing, forty-five dollars;
(7) for issuing execution and renewal thereof, ten dollars;
(8) for making up, certifying, and forwarding a transcript of record and judgment in a case for purpose of appeal, ten dollars;
(9) for proceedings by a landlord or lessor against a tenant or lessee, including notices to quit, eviction orders, or recovery of rents, twenty dollars;
(10) for proceedings on a coroner's inquest, as prescribed by law, ten dollars, if inquest is demanded by a party other than the State or county or authorized officer of either;
(11) for proceeding on estrays, including judgment for possession, sale, or damages, ten dollars;
(12) for qualifying appraisers to set off homestead or qualifying sureties on a bond posted in a case, including bail bonds, five dollars;
(13) for each tax execution collected, five dollars; and
(14) for filing or issuing any other paper not provided for in this section, five dollars.
(B) Fees or costs may not be assessed against a party for summoning jurors or expense of jury service in a criminal case in which a trial by jury is had.
SECTION 8-21-1020. Relief from payment of magistrate court costs.
Any person may be relieved from payment of magistrate court costs herein provided, including costs of constables performing duties in magistrate court proceedings, upon the showing and finding by the magistrate as provided in Section 8-21-1040; provided, no party except as provided in Section 8-21-1050 shall be relieved of fees for filing and recording documents.
SECTION 8-21-1030. Compensation of constables.
The compensation of all constables in the several counties, including constables appointed by magistrates, shall be fixed by the governing body of the county which shall not be diminished during their terms of office, and such compensation shall not be measured or affected by the fees and costs received and recovered by such officers under the provisions of this article. The compensation need not be the same for each constable but may be determined by the governing body of the county based upon the time spent and the area and the population served by each constable in the performance of his duties.
SECTION 8-21-1040. Payment of mileage to constables.
No mileage shall be payable to constables for travel in service of any process or papers in any action, or performance of any official duty, when traveling in state, county, or other publicly-owned vehicles; but a record of such mileage shall be kept for reporting and taxing as provided in Section 8-21-1020; provided, further, that actual mileage at the current county rate per mile for travel by privately-owned vehicle, or actual cost of travel by common carrier, and subsistence as provided by law may be paid to constables traveling in performance of duty, but shall be paid from the general funds of the county on warrant of the magistrate (or clerk of the court) before which the case or proceeding is pending to the county treasurer.
SECTION 8-21-1050. Accounting for fees and costs received by constables.
All fees and costs received or recovered by constables, including mileage, shall be accounted for and paid into the general fund of the county as directed by the governing body thereof; except that mileage at the current county rate per mile shall be taxable and recovered in the same manner as other costs for the actual mileage traveled by constables in serving process or other papers in any civil action, but such mileage or travel costs shall be payable personally to constables only as provided in Section 8-21-1040.
SECTION 8-21-1060. Schedule of fees and costs to be collected by magistrate or his officers.
Except as otherwise expressly provided, the following fees and costs must be collected by the magistrate or his officers and deposited in the general fund of the county:
(1) for summoning a witness to magistrate court in a civil action, three dollars, plus mileage at the current state rate;
(2) for summoning the jury panel to try a civil action in magistrate court, five dollars, to be taxed against the losing party;
(3) for summoning a coroner's jury and witnesses, five dollars, and mileage, to be paid only if inquest is demanded by person other than the State, county, or authorized officer thereof;
(4) for serving a summons, rule, order, or notice by a magistrate in a civil action, five dollars, plus mileage;
(5) for serving an attachment or civil arrest on a person and making return thereof, five dollars, plus mileage;
(6) for selling an estray, five percent of the sale proceeds;
(7) for levying execution, posting notice of sale, conducting sale, and paying over proceeds in a magistrate court action, ten dollars;
(8) for serving warrants, or any other criminal process, and for conveying prisoners by order of the magistrate or other court, mileage as permitted under Section 8-21-1040.
SECTION 8-21-1070. Constables' fees and mileage for performance of duties outside county.
When empowered by law to serve process or perform other duties outside the county in which they are employed or appointed to serve, constables shall be allowed the same fees and mileage as though duties were performed within the county.
SECTION 8-21-1080. Fees prescribed for magistrates and constables to be exclusive.
Notwithstanding any other provisions of law, except as provided in Section 34-11-70, beginning on July 1, 1979, the fees prescribed in this article shall be the only legal fees charged for services of magistrates and constables in all counties of the State.