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Title 30 - Public Records
FAMILY PRIVACY PROTECTION ACT OF 2002
This chapter shall be designated as the "Family Privacy Protection Act of 2002".
Privacy policies and procedures required of all state entities.
All state agencies, boards, commissions, institutions, departments, and other state entities, by whatever name known, must develop privacy policies and procedures to ensure that the collection of personal information pertaining to citizens of the State is limited to such personal information required by any such agency, board, commission, institution, department, or other state entity and necessary to fulfill a legitimate public purpose.
For purposes of this act, the following terms have the following meanings:
(1) "Personal information" means information that identifies or describes an individual including, but not limited to, an individual's photograph or digitized image, social security number, date of birth, driver's identification number, name, home address, home telephone number, medical or disability information, education level, financial status, bank account(s) number(s), account or identification number issued by and/or used by any federal or state governmental agency or private financial institution, employment history, height, weight, race, other physical details, signature, biometric identifiers, and any credit records or reports.
"Personal information" does not mean information about boating accidents, vehicular accidents, driving violations, boating violations, or driver status.
(2) "Legitimate public purpose" means a purpose or use which falls clearly within the statutory charge or mandates of an agency, board, commission, institution, department, or other state entity.
(3) "Commercial solicitation" means contact by telephone, mail, or electronic mail for the purpose of selling or marketing a consumer product or service. "Commercial solicitation" does not include contact by whatever means for the purpose of:
(a) offering membership in a credit union;
(b) notification of continuing education opportunities sponsored by not- for-profit professional associations;
(c) selling or marketing banking, insurance, securities, or commodities services provided by an institution or entity defined in or required to comply with the Federal Gramm-Leach-Bliley Financial Modernization Act, 113 Stat. 1338; or
(d) contacting persons for political purposes using information on file with state or local voter registration offices.
(4) "Medical information" includes, but is not limited to, blood samples and test results obtained and kept by the Department of Health and Environmental Control pursuant to Section 44-37-30.
(B) Where personal information is authorized to be collected by an entity covered by this section, the entity must at the time of collection advise the citizen to whom the information pertains that the information is subject to public scrutiny or release.
(C) Subsection (B) does not apply to criminal justice or judicial agencies, or both.
Use of personal information for commercial solicitation prohibited; penalties.
(A) A person or private entity shall not knowingly obtain or use any personal information obtained from a public body for commercial solicitation directed to any person in this State.
(B) Every public body shall provide a notice to all requestors of records under this chapter and to all persons who obtain records under this chapter that obtaining or using public records for commercial solicitation directed to any person in this State is prohibited.
(C) All state agencies shall take reasonable measures to ensure that no person or private entity obtains or distributes personal information obtained from a public record for commercial solicitation.
(D) A person knowingly violating the provisions of subsection (A) is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction, must be fined an amount not to exceed five hundred dollars or imprisoned for a term not to exceed one year, or both.