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1976 South Carolina Code of Laws
Unannotated
Updated through the end of the 2003 Session

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This statutory database is current through the 2003 Regular Session of the South Carolina General Assembly. Changes to the statutes enacted by the 2004 General Assembly, which will convene in January 2004, will be incorporated as soon as possible. Some changes enacted by the 2004 General Assembly may take immediate effect. The State of South Carolina and the South Carolina Legislative Council make no warranty as to the accuracy of the data, and users rely on the data entirely at their own risk.

Title 18 - Appeals

CHAPTER 7.

APPEALS TO CIRCUIT AND COUNTY COURTS IN OTHER CASES

ARTICLE 1.

GENERAL PROVISIONS

SECTION 18-7-10. Appeals from inferior courts; supersedeas.

When a judgment is rendered by a magistrate's court, by the governing body of a county or by any other inferior court or jurisdiction, save the probate court, the appeal shall be to the circuit court of the county wherein the judgment was rendered and shall amount to a supersedeas if the party against whom judgment is rendered shall execute a good and sufficient bond with surety to pay the amount of the judgment and costs in the event that he fail to sustain such appeal. And in all cases in which such bond with surety shall be filed no executions shall issue until the termination of such appeal. Provided, that in any county in which a county court exists, appeals in such cases, except those from the probate courts and those that exceed the jurisdictional amounts of the respective county courts, shall be to the county court of the county.

SECTION 18-7-20. When and how appeal shall be taken.

The appellant, within thirty days after written notice of judgment has been given him or his attorney by the magistrate, recorder, or judge of the municipal court, except when the judgment is announced at the trial in the presence of the appellant or his attorney then no written notice is necessary, shall serve a notice of appeal, stating the grounds upon which the appeal is founded. If the judgment is rendered upon process not personally served and the defendant did not appear, he has thirty days after personal notice of the judgment to serve the notice of appeal provided for in this section.

SECTION 18-7-30. Contents of notice of appeal.

In the notice of appeal the appellant shall state in what particular or particulars he claims the judgment should have been more favorable to him. If he claims that the amount of judgment is less favorable to him than it should have been, he shall state what should have been its amount.

SECTIONS 18-7-40, 18-7-50. [1962 Code Sections 7-304, 7-305; 1952 Code Sections 7-304, 7-305; 1942 Code Sections 796, 797; 1932 Code Sections 796, 797; Civ. P. '22 Sections 661, 662; Civ. P. '12 Sections 399, 400; Civ. P. '02 Sections 360, 361; 1880 (17) 306; 1873 (15) 501; 1870 (14) 371, 376] Repealed by 1985 Act No. 100, Section 2, eff July 1, 1985.

SECTIONS 18-7-40, 18-7-50. [1962 Code Sections 7-304, 7-305; 1952 Code Sections 7-304, 7-305; 1942 Code Sections 796, 797; 1932 Code Sections 796, 797; Civ. P. '22 Sections 661, 662; Civ. P. '12 Sections 399, 400; Civ. P. '02 Sections 360, 361; 1880 (17) 306; 1873 (15) 501; 1870 (14) 371, 376] Repealed by 1985 Act No. 100, Section 2, eff July 1, 1985.

SECTION 18-7-60. Return; when and how made.

The court below shall thereupon, after ten days and within thirty days after service of the notice of appeal, make a return to the appellate court of the testimony, proceedings and judgment and file it in the appellate court.

SECTION 18-7-70. Return; how made if magistrate be out of office.

When a magistrate by whom a judgment appealed from was rendered shall have gone out of office before a return is ordered, he shall, nevertheless, make a return in the same manner and with the like effect as if he were still in office.

SECTION 18-7-80. Return; further return when original is defective.

If the return be defective the appellate court may direct a further or amended return as often as may be necessary and may compel a compliance with its order. And the court shall always be deemed open for this purpose.

SECTION 18-7-90. Return; effect of dead, insane or absent magistrate.

If a magistrate whose judgment is appealed from shall die, become insane or remove from the State before having made a return, the appellate court may examine witnesses on oath as to the facts and circumstances of the trial or judgment and determine the appeal as if the facts had been returned by the magistrate. If he shall have removed to another county within the State the appellate court may compel him to make the return as if he were still within the county where the judgment was rendered.

SECTION 18-7-100. Offer to allow revision of judgment of magistrate.

Within fifteen days after the service of the notice of the appeal the respondent may serve upon the appellant and the magistrate an offer in writing to allow the judgment to be corrected in any of the particulars mentioned in the notice of appeal. The appellant may thereupon, and within five days thereafter, file with the magistrate a written acceptance of such offer, and in such case the magistrate shall thereupon make a minute of such acceptance in his docket and correct the judgment accordingly, and the judgment, so corrected, shall stand as his judgment and be enforced accordingly; and any execution which has been issued upon the judgment appealed from shall be amended by the magistrate to correspond with the amended judgment. If the offer be made and accepted by the appellant, the appellant shall recover all his disbursements on appeal and all his costs in the court below.

SECTION 18-7-110. Offer to allow judgment on appeal.

In any appeal either party may, at any time before the trial, serve upon the opposite party an offer, in writing, to allow judgment to be taken against him for the sum or property or to the effect in such offer specified, and with or without costs as the offer shall specify. If the party receiving such offer accept it and give notice thereof in writing within ten days, he may file the return and offer, with an affidavit of service of notice of acceptance thereof, and judgment shall be entered thereon according to the offer. If the notice of acceptance be not given, the offer is to be deemed withdrawn and cannot be given in evidence.

SECTION 18-7-120. [1962 Code Section 7-312; 1952 Code Section 7-312; 1942 Code Section 802; 1932 Code Section 802; Civ. P. '22 Section 667; Civ. P. '12 Section 405; Civ. P. '02 Section 366; 1873 (15) 498; 1870 (14) 381] Repealed by 1985 Act No. 100, Section 2, eff July 1, 1985.

SECTION 18-7-130. Hearing of appeal.

The appeal shall be heard by the court upon all the papers in the case, including the testimony on the trial, which shall be taken down in writing and signed by the witnesses, and the grounds of exception made, without the examination of witnesses in court. The appeal shall be heard on the original papers and no copy thereof need be furnished for the use of the court.

SECTION 18-7-140. Powers of appellate court; amendment of pleadings.

The court shall have the same power over its own determinations, and shall render judgment thereon in the same manner, as the circuit court in actions pending therein, without trial by jury, and may allow either party to amend his pleadings upon such terms as shall be just.

SECTION 18-7-150. New trial below when defendant did not appear.

If (a) the appellant failed to appear before the magistrate, (b) it is shown by the affidavits served by the appellant, or otherwise, that manifest injustice has been done and (c) the appellant satisfactorily excuses his default, the court may, in its discretion, set aside or suspend judgment and order a new trial before the same or any other magistrate in the same county at such time and place and on such terms as the court may deem proper. When a new trial shall be ordered before a magistrate the parties must appear before him according to the order of the court and the same proceedings must thereupon be had in the action as on the return of a summons personally served.

SECTION 18-7-160. Motions for new trial in appellate court; other procedural rules.

Either party may move for a new trial in the appellate court on a case or exceptions, or otherwise, and such motion may be made before or after judgment has been entered; and the provisions of this Code in relation to the proceedings, exceptions to the decisions of the court, making and settling cases and exceptions, motions for new trials and making up the judgment roll in the circuit court are hereby made applicable to all appeals brought up for trial as in this chapter provided.

SECTION 18-7-170. Judgment on appeal.

Upon hearing the appeal the appellate court shall give judgment according to the justice of the case, without regard to technical errors and defects which do not affect the merits. In giving judgment the court may affirm or reverse the judgment of the court below, in whole or in part, as to any or all the parties and for errors of law or fact.

SECTION 18-7-180. Judgment on appeal; appeals on errors in fact.

If the appeal is founded on an error in fact in the proceedings, not affecting the merits of the action and not within the knowledge of the magistrate, the court may determine the alleged error in fact on affidavits and may, in its discretion, inquire into and determine the alleged error upon examination of the witnesses. Every issue of fact so joined or brought upon an appeal shall be tried in the manner provided in Section 18-7-130.

SECTION 18-7-190. Judgment on appeal; appeals on issue of law.

If the issue joined before the magistrate was an issue of law, the court shall render judgment thereon according to the law of the case; and if such judgment be against the pleadings of either party, an amendment of such pleading may be allowed on the same terms, and in like case, as pleadings in actions in the circuit court, and the court may thereupon require the opposite party to answer such amended pleading or join issue thereon, as the case may require, summarily. If upon an appeal in an issue of law the court should adjudge the pleading complained of to be valid, it shall, in like manner, require the opposite party summarily to answer such pleading or join issue thereon, as the case may require.

SECTION 18-7-200. Procedure upon reversal of judgment already paid.

If the judgment below, or any part thereof, be paid or collected and the judgment be afterwards reversed, the appellate court shall order the amount paid or collected to be restored, with interest from the time of such payment or collection. The order may be obtained on proof of the facts made at or after the hearing, upon a previous notice of six days; and if the order shall be made before the judgment is entered, the amount may be included in the judgment.

SECTION 18-7-210. Judgment roll.

To every judgment upon an appeal there shall be annexed the return on which it was heard, the notice of appeal and any offer, decision of the court, exceptions or case and all orders and papers in any way involving the merits and necessarily affecting the judgment, all of which shall be filed with the clerk of the court and shall constitute the judgment roll.

SECTION 18-7-220. Costs on appeal.

Costs shall be allowed to the prevailing party in judgments rendered on appeal in all cases, with the exceptions and limitations stated in Sections 18-7-230 to 18-7-300.

SECTION 18-7-230. Effect of failure to state error in judgment below on award of costs.

If in the notice of appeal the appellant shall not state in what particular or particulars he claims the judgment should have been more favorable to him, he shall not be entitled to costs unless the judgment appealed from shall be wholly reversed.

SECTION 18-7-240. Costs when appellant gains less than ten dollars by appeal.

The appellant shall not recover costs unless the judgment appealed from shall be reversed on such appeal or be made more favorable to him to the amount of at least ten dollars.

SECTION 18-7-250. Effect of rejection of offer under Section 18-7-100 on award of costs.

If an offer be made under the provisions of Section 18-7-100 and be not accepted and the judgment in the appellate court be not at least ten dollars more favorable to the appellant than the offer of the respondent, the respondent shall recover costs.

SECTION 18-7-260. Effect of rejection of offer under Section 18-7-110 on award of costs.

If an offer be made under the provisions of Section 18-7-110 and be not accepted and if the party to whom such offer is made fail to obtain a judgment more favorable to him by at least ten dollars than that specified in the offer, then he shall not recover costs but must pay the other party's costs from the date of the service of the offer.

SECTION 18-7-270. When award of costs is in discretion of court.

If the judgment appealed from be reversed in part and affirmed as to the residue, the amount of costs allowed to either party shall be such sum as the appellate court may award. If the judgment be reversed for an error of fact in the proceedings not affecting the merits, costs shall be in the discretion of the court.

SECTION 18-7-280. Award of costs when appeal is dismissed for want of prosecution.

If the appeal be dismissed for want of prosecution, as provided by Section 18-7-120, no costs shall be allowed to either party.

SECTION 18-7-290. Award of costs to appellant shall include costs below.

Whenever costs are awarded to the appellant and when the judgment in the suit before the court below was against such appellant, he shall further be allowed to tax the costs incurred by him which he would have been entitled to recover in case the judgment below had been rendered in his favor.

SECTION 18-7-300. Setoff of costs against recovery.

If, upon an appeal, a recovery for any debt or damages be had by one party and costs be awarded to the other party, the court shall set off such costs against such debt or damages and render judgment for the balance.

ARTICLE 3.

APPEALS FROM COUNTY COURTS [REPEALED]


SECTIONS 18-7-410 to 18-7-440. [1962 Code Sections 7-341 to 7-344; 1952 Code Sections 7-341 to 7-344; 1942 Code Section 81; 1932 Code Section 81; Civ. P. '22 Section 78; Civ. P. '12 Section 3853; Civ. P. '02 Section 2756; 1900 (23) 322] Repealed by 1985 Act No. 100, Section 2, eff July 1, 1985.

SECTIONS 18-7-410 to 18-7-440. [1962 Code Sections 7-341 to 7-344; 1952 Code Sections 7-341 to 7-344; 1942 Code Section 81; 1932 Code Section 81; Civ. P. '22 Section 78; Civ. P. '12 Section 3853; Civ. P. '02 Section 2756; 1900 (23) 322] Repealed by 1985 Act No. 100, Section 2, eff July 1, 1985.





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