1976 South Carolina Code of Laws
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Updated through the end of the 2005 Regular Session


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Title 58 - Public Utilities, Services and Carriers
CHAPTER 17.

THE GENERAL RAILROAD LAW

ARTICLE 1.

GENERAL PROVISIONS

SECTION 58-17-10. Definitions.

In the construction of this chapter except when such meaning would be repugnant to the context or contrary to the manifest intention of the General Assembly:

(1) The phrase "railroads and railways" shall be construed to include all railroads and railways, by whatever motive power they may be operated, except marine railways doing business as common carriers in this State and except street or interurban railroads or railways, whether operated by the corporations owning them or by other corporations or otherwise;

(2) "Railroad" shall be construed to mean a railroad or railway by whatever motive power operated except such railroads and railways as are excepted under item (1) of this section;

(3) "The General Railroad Law" shall mean this chapter; and

(4) The word "person" shall be construed and held to mean an officer, corporation, company, receiver, trustee, lessee, agent or other person acting or engaged in any of the matters and things mentioned in the General Railroad Law.

SECTION 58-17-20. Definitions applicable to all laws.

The terms "railroad corporation" and "railroad company" wherever contained in the law of this State shall be deemed and taken to mean all corporations, companies or individuals owning or operating any railroad in whole or in part in this State.

SECTION 58-17-30. Persons to whom chapter shall apply.

The provisions of the General Railroad Law shall apply to all persons, firms and companies and to all associations, whether incorporated or not, operating as common carriers upon any of the lines of railroads in this State (street railways and express companies excepted) the same as to railroad corporations herein mentioned.

SECTION 58-17-40. Property to which chapter shall apply.

The provisions of the General Railroad Law shall apply to all property, to the receiving, delivery, loading, unloading, handling, storing or carriage of property on one actually or substantially continuous carriage, or as part of such continuous carriage and to the compensation therefor, whether such property be carried wholly on one railroad or partly on several railroads and whether such services are performed or compensation paid by or to one person alone or in connection with another or other persons.

SECTION 58-17-50. Chapter applicable to trustees, receivers and the like.

The provisions of this chapter shall apply to all railroads and railways and to the corporations, trustees, receivers or others owning or operating them.

SECTION 58-17-60. Effect of stock ownership, leases and contracts on application of chapter.

No ownership or shares of the capital stock of one corporation by another corporation, nor any lease, contract or other agreement between corporations or individuals shall operate as a bar to the provisions of the General Railroad Law.

SECTION 58-17-70. Chapter amends charters granted since December 17, 1841.

Railroad corporations established in this State prior to February 9, 1882, whether by special act or in conformity with the provisions of any general law, shall have the powers and privileges and be subject to the duties, liabilities, restrictions and other provisions contained in the General Railroad Law which, so far as inconsistent with charters granted since December 17, 1841, shall be deemed and taken to be in alteration and amendment thereof.

SECTION 58-17-80. Benefit of process or proceedings; restrictions.

Every railroad corporation incorporated under the laws of this State shall have the benefit of every process or proceeding and be subject to all the restrictions which shall or may be provided or imposed by the laws of the State.

SECTION 58-17-90. General powers and duties of railroad companies.

Every railroad company incorporated in this State shall have all the rights, powers and privileges set forth and granted in and by this chapter and be subject to all the duties, liabilities, restrictions, provisions and limitations herein contained and such rights, powers, privileges, liabilities, provisions and limitations shall constitute part and parcel of the charter of every such corporation.

SECTION 58-17-100. Contracts or combinations in violation of chapter shall be void.

Any contract, combination, joint ownership or joint management contrary to the provisions of this chapter shall be null, void, and of no effect.

SECTION 58-17-110. Mandamus to require compliance with law.

If any railroad company shall neglect or refuse to comply with the provisions of the General Railroad Law or with the rules and regulations prescribed by the Commission within the limits of its authority, such company shall be subject to a writ of mandamus, to be issued by any justice of the Supreme Court or circuit court judge, upon application of the Commission, to require compliance with such laws or such rules and regulations and failure to comply with such writ of mandamus shall be punishable as for contempt. And for any wilful violation of any such laws or failure to comply with the requirements of such rules or regulations the court may award such costs and counsel fees, on the return of such writ and after due deliberation thereon, as may be just.

SECTION 58-17-120. Rules of evidence shall be same as in civil cases.

In all cases under the provisions of the General Railroad Law the rules of evidence shall be the same as in civil actions, except as herein otherwise provided.

SECTION 58-17-130. Disposition of fines.

All fines recovered under the provisions of the General Railroad Law shall be paid one half into the State Treasury, to be used for such purposes as the General Assembly may provide, and the other half into the county treasury of the county in which the case is tried.

SECTION 58-17-140. Annual report of Commission with respect to railroads.

The Commission shall make an annual report to the General Assembly of its official acts, including such statements, facts and explanations as will disclose the actual working of the system of railroad transportation in its bearing upon the business and prosperity of the State, and such suggestions as to the general railroad policy of the State or any part thereof or as to the condition, affairs or conduct of any of the railroad corporations as may seem to it appropriate, with a special report of all accidents, and the causes thereof, for the preceding year. It shall also recommend such legislation as in its judgment may be necessary to secure just and reasonable rates for the transportation of passengers and freights and for the prevention of unjust discrimination. The annual report shall be transmitted to the Governor on or before the second Monday in November in each year, to be laid before the General Assembly.

SECTION 58-17-150. Commission may require improvement or extension of facilities or service or modification in rate of fares; retirement of track for nonuse.

Whenever, in the judgment of the Commission, it shall appear that repairs are necessary upon any such railroad or that any addition to the rolling stock or any enlargement of, or improvement in, the stations or station houses, any modification in the rates of fare for transporting freight or passengers or any change in the mode of operating the road and conducting its business is reasonable and expedient in order to promote the security, convenience and accommodation of the public, the Commission shall give information in writing to the corporation of the repairs, additions, improvements or changes which it adjudges to be proper. If the company shall fail, within sixty days, to adopt the suggestions of the Commission, it shall take legal proceedings as it may deem expedient and may call upon the Attorney General to institute and conduct such proceedings. The power herein conferred upon the Commission shall be sufficient to require of common carriers the establishment and maintenance of terminal facilities, the extension of pass tracks, sidetracks and other than industrial tracks and all other improvements and changes which seem reasonable and expedient to the Commission.

Any railroad subject to the jurisdiction of the commission may retire any team track within this State upon showing that the track has not been used for at least two years. Before any track is retired for nonuse, the railroad shall give thirty days' written notice to the commission. The notice must be accompanied by a fee of fifty dollars and an affidavit of the railroad's agent or employee having personal knowledge of the fact that the track has not been used by the public during the two-year period immediately preceding the retirement date of the track.

SECTION 58-17-160. Railroads shall not remove from towns of more than 500.

In the exercise of the powers and rights conferred in this chapter no railroad shall remove its line of railway from any incorporated town of more than five hundred inhabitants through which it now runs.

SECTION 58-17-170. Commission shall have general supervision over railroads and railways.

The Commission shall have the general supervision of all railroads and railways in this State operated by steam and shall examine them and keep informed as to their condition and the manner in which they are operated, with reference to the security and accommodation of the public and the compliance of the several corporations with the provisions of their charters and the laws of the State and the Commission shall enforce the provisions of this chapter.

SECTION 58-17-180. Notification to railroad of violation of charter or law; suit for mandamus or to restrain continued violations.

Whenever in the judgment of the Commission it shall appear that any such corporation has violated any law or neglected, in any respect or particular, to comply with the terms of its charter or with the provisions of any of the laws of the State, especially in regard to connections with other railroads, its rates of toll or its time schedule, the Commission shall give notice thereof in writing to such corporation and if the violation or neglect is continued after such notice the Commission shall make application to a circuit court or a judge thereof in vacation for an injunction to restrain the company complained of from further continuing to violate the law or the terms of its charter or for a writ of mandamus as provided in Section 58-17-110.

SECTION 58-17-190. Investigation of complaints of local governments; notice.

Upon the complaint and application of the mayor and aldermen or council of any city or town or the governing body of any county within which any part of any such railroad is located, the Commission shall make an examination of the condition and operation thereof. Before proceeding to make such examination in accordance with such application, the Commission shall give to the applicant and the railroad corporation reasonable notice, in writing, of the time and place of entering upon it.

SECTION 58-17-200. Notice to railroad to remove cause of complaint following examination; report to General Assembly or Attorney General of failure of railroad to take action.

If, upon such examination, it shall appear to the Commission that the complaint alleged by the applicant is well founded, it shall so adjudge and shall inform the corporation operating such railroad of its adjudication in the manner provided in Section 58-17-180. If the company fails for sixty days after such notice to remove the cause of such complaint, the Commission shall make report thereof to the General Assembly for such action as it may deem expedient or, if there be necessity for prompt action, it may take such legal proceedings as may be proper and the Attorney General shall institute and conduct such proceedings.

ARTICLE 3.

INCORPORATION AND OPERATION BY PURCHASER OF RAILROAD

SECTION 58-17-310. Purchaser of railroad shall reorganize and commence operation within sixty days; exceptions.

Any person acquiring any railroad within this State by purchase, foreclosure, or otherwise shall organize under the provisions of this article and put into operation such road within sixty days from the purchase or acquisition thereof.

The provisions of this section do not apply to acquisitions of railroads by merger or consolidation.

SECTION 58-17-320. Penalties for failure to reorganize.

Should any such person mentioned in Section 58-17-310 fail to reorganize such company as provided by said section, within the time therein limited, such person shall pay a penalty of fifty dollars per day for each and every day they shall fail to operate such railroad, this penalty to be collected by the Public Service Commission. But the penalty herein provided shall not attach when reasonable cause for failure to operate can be shown.

Any person shall, in addition to the penalty above provided, forfeit all of his franchises, powers and privileges.

SECTION 58-17-330. Reorganization provisions not applicable to certain sidetracks or spur tracks.

The provisions of Section 58-17-310 shall only apply to the main lines and regular branches of railroads and shall not apply to any sidetracks or spur tracks constructed for special or temporary purpose or occasional use.

SECTION 58-17-340. Formation of corporation following purchase of railroad by virtue of mortgage or deed of trust by filing certificate.

In case of the sale of any railroad situated wholly or partly within this State, by virtue of any mortgage or deed of trust, whether under foreclosure or other judicial proceeding or pursuant to any power contained in such mortgage or deed of trust, the purchaser thereof or his survivor representatives or assigns may, together with his associates, if any, form a corporation for the purpose of owning, possessing, maintaining and operating such railroad, or such portion thereof as may be situated within this State, by filing in the office of the Secretary of State a certificate specifying the name and style of such corporation, the number of its directors, the names of its directors and the period of their services, not exceeding one year, the amount of the capital stock of such corporation and the number of shares into which it is to be divided.

But nothing herein contained shall be construed to authorize in any manner the purchase or lease of such railroad by any railroad corporation or steamship company chartered either by this or any other state except as herein provided.

SECTION 58-17-350. Maximum amount of capital stock which may be named in certificate; increase thereof.

The capital stock to be named in the certificate aforesaid shall in no case be greater than the amount of the capital stock specified in the original charter of the railroad so sold and any amendment or amendments thereto. Nothing herein contained, however, shall be construed to prevent an increase of capital stock to such additional amount as may be needed to convert any bonds or other indebtedness of the original corporation into stock and the corporation so formed may divide its capital stock into common and preferred stock upon such terms and with such conditions as may be prescribed.

SECTION 58-17-360. Persons signing certificate shall be body corporate; powers.

The persons signing such certificate and their successors shall be a body corporate and politic, by the name specified in such certificate, with power to sue and be sued, contract and be contracted with and to own, possess, maintain and operate the railroad referred to in such certificate and to transact all business connected therewith.

SECTION 58-17-370. Powers, rights and the like of corporation organized under article.

Any corporation organized under the provisions of this article shall possess all the powers, rights, immunities, privileges and franchises in respect to such railroad, or the part thereof included in such certificate, and in respect to the real and personal property appertaining to it, which were possessed or enjoyed by the corporation which owned or held such railroad previous to such sale, under or by virtue of its charter and any amendments thereto and of other laws of this State or the laws of any other state in which any part of such railroad may have been situated, not inconsistent with the laws of this State.

SECTION 58-17-380. Adoption of bylaws, rules and regulations by corporation.

Any such corporation may make bylaws, rules and regulations in relation to its business, the number of its directors and the times and places of holding meetings of the stockholders and directors and may alter and change such bylaws as may be deemed expedient; provided, that such bylaws, rules and regulations shall conform to the laws of this State.

SECTION 58-17-390. Amount of capital stock corporation may issue.

Any such corporation may issue capital stock to such an aggregate amount as may be deemed necessary, not exceeding the amount named in its certificate of organization.

SECTION 58-17-400. Issuance and sale of bonds; execution of mortgage or deed of trust to secure payment of bonds.

Any such corporation may make and issue bonds bearing such rate of interest, not exceeding seven per cent per annum, payable at such times and places and in such amount or amounts as it may deem expedient and may sell and dispose of such bonds at such prices and in such manner as it may deem proper and secure the payment of such bonds by mortgage or deeds of trust on its railroad or any part thereof and its real and personal property and franchises. And all of the property and franchises of such corporation embraced or intended to be embodied in any such mortgage or deed of trust, whether then held or thereafter acquired, shall be subject to the lien and operation of such mortgage or deed of trust and, in case of sale under it, shall pass to and become vested in the purchaser thereof so as to enable him to form a new corporation in the manner herein prescribed and to vest in such new corporation all the faculties, rights, immunities, privileges and franchises possessed by its predecessor or conferred by this chapter.

SECTION 58-17-410. Sinking fund.

Any such corporation may so establish sinking funds for the payment of its liabilities.

SECTION 58-17-420. Charter subject to amendment, alteration or repeal by State.

Any railroad corporation formed under the provisions of this article shall be subject, as to the charter of such corporation, to the provisions of Section 12-401 of the Code of Laws of South Carolina, 1962, any provision in the original charter of the company which owned or held such railroad previous to such sale or any amendment thereto to the contrary notwithstanding.

SECTION 58-17-430. Certificate as evidence of incorporation.

A copy of such certificate, attested by the Secretary of State or his deputy, shall, in all courts and places, be evidence of the due organization and existence of such corporation and of the matters specified in such certificate.

ARTICLE 5.

CONSOLIDATION OR ACQUISITION OF RAILROAD COMPANIES OR INTERESTS THEREIN

SECTION 58-17-610. Merger or consolidation with continuous or connected railroad authorized.

Any railroad company organized under the laws of this State and operating a railroad, whether wholly within or partly within and partly without this State, under the authority of this State, or of this State and any adjoining state, may consolidate its capital stock, franchises, and property with those of any other railroad company organized and operated under the laws of this or any other state so as to form a new consolidated corporation, or either of such companies may merge or be merged into the other when two or more railroads of the companies proposed to be consolidated or merged are continuous or are connected either directly with each other or by means of any intervening railroad. Railroads terminating on the banks of any river which are or may be connected by ferry or otherwise shall be considered continuous within the meaning of this article. Any consolidation of railroad companies shall be carried out by each railroad company according to the provisions of this article. Any merger of railroad companies shall be carried out by each railroad company according to and with the effects stated in Title 33, Chapter 11, and in such a merger, dissenting stockholders' rights shall be determined in accordance with Title 33, Chapter 13.

SECTION 58-17-620. Procedure for consolidation.

Any consolidation of railroad companies must be made under the conditions, provisions, and restrictions and with the powers in this article mentioned and contained, that is to say:

(1) The directors of the several corporations proposing to consolidate may enter into a joint agreement, under the corporate seal of each company, for the consolidation of such companies and railroads and prescribing the terms and conditions of them, the mode of carrying it into effect, the name of the new corporation, the number and names of the directors and other officers of it who shall be the first directors and officers and their places of residence, the number of shares of the capital stock, the amount of par value of each share, the manner of converting the capital stock of each of the companies into that of the new corporation and how and when directors and officers must be chosen, with such other details as they shall consider necessary to perfect such new organization and the consolidation of such companies;

(2) Such agreement must be submitted to the stockholders of each of the companies at a meeting thereof, called separately, for the purpose of taking it into consideration; due notice of the time and place of holding such meeting and the object of it must be given by a general notice published in some newspaper in the city, town, or county in which the company has its principal office or place of business; at the meeting of stockholders the agreement of the directors must be considered and a vote, by ballot, taken for the adoption or rejection of it, each share entitling the holder of it to one vote; the ballots must be cast in person or by proxy; if a majority of all the votes of all the stockholders are for the adoption of the agreement that fact must be certified thereon by the secretary of the respective companies, under the seal of it; and the agreement so adopted, or a certified copy of it, must be filed in the office of the Secretary of State, and must from thence be deemed and taken to be the agreement and the act of consolidation of the companies and a copy of the agreement and act of consolidation, duly certified by the Secretary of State under the seal of it, must be evidence of the existence of such new corporation.

SECTION 58-17-630. Consolidation fees.

Upon the consolidation of any railroad company there shall be paid to the Secretary of State a fee upon the capital stock of the combined company as in the organization of a new company; provided, that credit shall be given thereon for any charter fees paid by companies forming the consolidated company.

SECTION 58-17-640. New charter shall be issued to consolidated company; no additional fee shall be charged.

When railroad companies are consolidated under the provisions of this article a charter of incorporation for the new company so formed by such consolidation shall be issued to the owners and stockholders of the companies so consolidating or to such of them as the stockholders of each of such companies shall designate. Only the fees provided by law for consolidation shall be charged and no additional fee shall be charged for any such charter.

SECTION 58-17-650. Procedure for assessment of damages of dissenting stockholder.

Any stockholder of any company hereby authorized to consolidate with any other who shall refuse to convert his stock into the stock of the consolidated company may, at any time within thirty days after the adoption of the agreement of consolidation by the stockholders, as in this article provided, apply, by petition, to the court of common pleas of the county in which the chief office of the company may be kept or to a judge of such court in vacation, if no such court sits within such period, on reasonable notice to the company, to appoint three disinterested persons to estimate the damage, if any, done to such stockholder by the proposed consolidation and whose award, or that of a majority of them, when confirmed by the court, shall be final and conclusive. The persons so appointed shall also appraise the stock of any such stockholder at the full market value thereof, without regard to any depreciation or appreciation in consequence of such consolidation and the company may, at its election, either pay to the stockholder the amount of damages so found and awarded, if any, or the value of the stock so ascertained and determined. And upon the payment of the value of the stock, as aforesaid, the stockholder shall transfer the stock so held by him to the company, to be disposed of by the directors of the company or to be retained for the benefit of the remaining stockholders. In case the value of the stock, as aforesaid, is not paid within thirty days from the filing of the award and confirmation thereof by the court and notice to the company, the damages so found and confirmed shall be a judgment against the company and collected as other judgments in such court are by law recoverable.

SECTION 58-17-660. Rights, duties and the like of consolidated corporation.

Upon the making and perfecting the agreement and act of consolidation, as provided in Section 58-17-620, and filing it, or a copy, with the Secretary of State as aforesaid, the several corporations parties thereto shall be deemed and taken to be one corporation by the name provided in such agreement and act, possessing within this State all the rights, privileges and franchises and subject to all the restrictions, disabilities and duties of each of such corporations so consolidated.

SECTION 58-17-670. Transfer of rights, liabilities and the like to consolidated corporation.

Upon the consummation of the act of consolidation all and singular the rights, privileges and franchises of each of such corporations, parties to such consolidation and all the property, real, personal and mixed, and all debts due on whatever account, as well as all stocks, subscriptions and other things in action belonging to each of such corporations, shall be taken and deemed to be transferred to, and vested in, such new corporation, without further act or deed and all property and rights of way and every other interest shall be as effectually the property of the new corporation as they were of the former corporations, parties to such agreement. The title to real estate, either by deed or otherwise, under the laws of this State vested in either of such corporations shall not be deemed to revert or be in any way impaired by reason of this chapter. But all rights of creditors and all liens upon the property of such corporations shall be preserved unimpaired and the respective corporations may be deemed to continue in existence to preserve them and all debts, liabilities and duties of either of such companies shall thenceforth attach to the new corporation and be enforced against it to the same extent as if such debts, liabilities and duties had been incurred or contracted by it.

SECTION 58-17-680. Consolidated corporation shall not acquire greater rights than those of consolidating corporations.

No new consolidated corporation coming into existence under this article shall thereby acquire any extraordinary rights, privileges and exemptions not enjoyed by one or more of the companies consolidating under their respective charters.

SECTION 58-17-690. Consolidated corporation shall establish offices.

Such new company shall, as soon as convenient after such consolidation, establish such offices as may be desirable, one of which shall be at some point in this State, on the line of its road, and may change them at pleasure, giving public notice thereof in some newspaper published on the line of the road.

SECTION 58-17-700. Liability of consolidated corporation to suits.

Suits may be brought and maintained against such new company in any of the courts of this State for all causes of action in the same manner as against other railroad companies therein.

SECTION 58-17-710. Property of consolidated corporation subject to taxation.

The portion of the road of such consolidated company in this State and all its real estate and other property theretofore subject to taxation shall be subject to like taxation and assessed in the same manner, and with like effect, as the property of other railroad companies in this State.

SECTION 58-17-720. Consolidations and the like of competing railroads prohibited.

No corporations owning and controlling lines of railroad which can compete as set forth in Section 58-17-740 shall make any consolidation, amalgamation or merger of stocks or franchises or of railroads or interests and any contract or agreement for the same shall be null and void.

SECTION 58-17-730. Certain consolidations with companies of other states not authorized.

Nothing in this article contained shall be taken to authorize the consolidation of any company of this State with any company of any other state whose laws shall not also authorize such consolidation.

SECTION 58-17-740. Purchase of connecting railroad sold under mortgage, deed of trust or judicial process.

When any railroad shall be sold and conveyed by virtue of any mortgage or deed of trust or under and by virtue of any process or decree of any court of this State or of the circuit court of the United States, any company with which such railroad connects may purchase and pay for such railroad, may issue its own stock for such an amount as the purchasers may deem the full and fair value thereof and may hold and enjoy the railroad so purchased with all the rights, privileges and franchises and with the same rights to charge for tolls, transportation and car services and subject to the same restrictions as were held, enjoyed and limited by and in respect to the company of which the road may be so sold. But no person shall purchase or lease any railroad lying in whole or in part within this State, or any interest therein or shall operate any such railroad when such purchaser or lessee already owns, operates or is interested in a line or lines of railroad which, either alone or in conjunction with other connecting railroads lying within or without this State, can compete between any two or more points within this State and any such purchase, lease or acquisition is hereby declared to be null and void. Nor shall any person owning or exercising a controlling interest in any such competing company or companies, either directly or indirectly, purchase or lease, in whole or in part, any such railroad. Any incorporators or individuals so offending by making any such acquisition shall also forfeit any franchise or license which they may hold from this State to operate or hold the competing road which they own, operate or are interested in and the company owning the railroad so to be controlled shall forfeit its charter, franchise or license to own and operate such railroad.

SECTION 58-17-750. Purchase or guarantee of bonds and stock of other companies; purchase, use or lease of other roads.

Except as prohibited in Section 58-17-770 and in sections 7 and 20 of article 9 of the Constitution of 1895, any railroad company created by and existing under the laws of this State may from time to time, purchase and hold the stocks or bonds of any other railroad company chartered by or of which the road is authorized to extend into this State. And except as prohibited in Section 58-17-770 and in sections 7 and 20 of article 9 of the Constitution of 1895, any railroad company may enter into a contract for the purchase, use or lease of any other railroad, upon such terms as may be agreed upon with the company owning it and may run, use and operate such road in accordance with such contract or lease; provided, the roads of the companies so contracting or leasing shall be directly, or by means of intervening railroads, connected with each other. Any railroad corporation organized under the laws of this State may guarantee the bonds, stocks or dividends of any other railroad corporation, whenever the roads of such corporations shall connect with each other or shall form a continuous line or railroad directly or by means of any connecting railroad or by steamboat or steamship line, such guaranty to be upon such terms and conditions as may be agreed upon by the stockholders of the corporations making it.

But all such agreements and all parts of them shall, at all times, be subject to amendment, alteration or repeal by the General Assembly.

SECTION 58-17-760. Ownership of stock or bonds of connecting railroad or steamboat company.

A railroad corporation may aid in the construction of any branch or connecting railroad within the limits of this State, whether connecting by railroad or steamboat lines, by subscribing for shares of stock in such corporation or of any steamship line connecting the terminus of such railroad company with any port of the United States or by taking its notes or bonds, to be secured by mortgage or otherwise, as the parties may agree, and shall be entitled to vote on all shares of stock so subscribed for and held.

SECTION 58-17-770. Ownership of stock or company controlling stock of competing railroad prohibited; dissolution.

No person owning or operating directly or indirectly any railroad lying in whole or in part within this State or owning or controlling at the time, either solely or in connection with others, a majority of the stock of a corporation owning or controlling, by stock, ownership or otherwise, any such railroad shall own or be interested in the stock of any corporation chartered by this State which owns or leases, in whole or in part, or is otherwise interested in any railroad which competes in the manner set forth in Section 58-17-720 with the railroad or railroads so owned or operated by such person. A purchase or acquisition of the stock of a company controlling such last-named company by stock ownership is likewise prohibited. In the event of such acquisition of such stock, or an interest therein, by any such person first in this section above named, the charter of the corporation of this State last mentioned owning such railroad shall be forfeited and its franchises are ipso facto withdrawn and all railroad charters hereafter accepted are declared to be granted subject to this condition. And the Attorney General of this State shall proceed at once, in the name of the State, to have such dissolution decreed by a court of competent jurisdiction and to dispose of the property of such corporation and distribute its assets to its creditors and stockholders according to law. The Attorney General shall see to the observance of this section and shall proceed by action, or other appropriate proceedings, legal or equitable, to inquire into, restrain or terminate the unlawful exercise of any franchise or disobedience to the terms hereof.

SECTION 58-17-780. Penalty for owning, leasing or operating competing lines.

Any railroad company owning, leasing or operating competing railroad lines within this State in violation of law shall be subject to a penalty of one hundred dollars for every day that such competing lines are owned, leased or operated, such penalty to be recovered in any court of competent jurisdiction in any county through which either of such competing lines may pass by any citizen thereof who may sue for it, one half of such penalty to go to the person suing therefor and the other half to the State. But the provisions of this section shall be without prejudice to any remedy which the State may be entitled to in its own behalf.

ARTICLE 7.

STOCK AND STOCKHOLDERS

SECTION 58-17-910. Stock subscriptions.

For the purpose of raising the capital stock of any railroad company incorporated in this State it shall be lawful to open books of subscription at such times and places and under the direction of such persons as the incorporators may appoint. Such subscriptions to the capital stock may be made in land, money, bonds, machinery, materials and work, at such rates as may be agreed upon with the company.

SECTION 58-17-920. Time within which proxy must be executed.

No proxy executed by a stockholder of any railroad company shall be valid unless executed and dated within six months previous to the meeting at which it is issued.

SECTION 58-17-930. Commission shall have access to list of stockholders.

The Commission shall have, at all times, access to the list of stockholders of every corporation operating a railroad and may, in its discretion, at any time, cause the list to be copied, in whole or in part, for its own information or for the information of persons owning stock in such corporation.

SECTION 58-17-940. Examination of books by Commission on application of certain persons.

On the application in writing of a director or of any person or persons owning one-fiftieth part of the entire paid-in capital stock of any corporation operating a railroad or the bonds or other evidences of indebtedness of such corporation equal in amount to one-fiftieth part of its paid-in capital stock, the Commission shall make an examination into the books of such corporation.

SECTION 58-17-950. Liability of stockholders of certain corporations.

Every stockholder in a railroad corporation, created under the Constitution of 1868 and prior to the adoption of the Constitution of 1895, shall be jointly and severally liable to the creditors thereof in an amount, besides the value of his share or shares therein, not exceeding five per cent of the par value of the share or shares held by him at the time the obligation held by or the debt due the creditor was created; provided, that such obligation or debt shall have been payable within one year after it was created or incurred, and that proceedings to hold such stockholder liable therefor shall be commenced whilst he remains a stockholder therein or within two years after he shall have ceased to be such stockholder.

Persons holding stock in such company as executors, administrators or by way of collateral security shall not be personally subject to the liabilities of the stockholders under the foregoing provisions, but the persons pledging such stock shall be liable as a stockholder and the estates and funds in the hands of such executors or administrators shall be liable in their hands in like manner and to the same extent as the deceased testator or intestate or the ward or person interested in such trust fund would have been if they had respectively been living and competent to act and hold the stock in their own names.

ARTICLE 9.

GENERAL POWERS OF RAILROADS

SECTION 58-17-1110. Powers and authority conferred by chapter additional.

The powers and authority conferred by this chapter are in addition to the powers and authority which any such railroad company may have by virtue of its charter or by virtue of the general laws of this State.

SECTION 58-17-1120. General corporate powers.

Every such corporation may make such bylaws for its regulation and government in any and all matters whatsoever, not inconsistent with the Constitution and laws of the United States and of this State, as may be deemed necessary and may add to, alter or amend them from time to time as may be desired; may appoint all necessary officers and prescribe their duties; may sue and be sued and plead and be impleaded in any court in this State or in the United States; may accept, purchase, hold, lease or otherwise acquire any property, real or personal, necessary or convenient to, and for the purposes of, the corporation and may use, sell, convey and dispose of such property as the interest of the company may require; may make contracts; may have and use a common seal; and may do all other lawful acts properly incident to and connected with such corporation and necessary and convenient for the control and transaction of its business.

SECTION 58-17-1130. Execution of mortgages; issuance of bonds.

Any such company may mortgage its property and franchises and issue bonds on such terms and conditions and for such purposes and uses of the corporation as the company may from time to time deem necessary.

SECTION 58-17-1140. Certain mortgages shall secure certain previous bonds and other debts.

No railroad corporation which has previously issued bonds shall subsequently make or execute any mortgage upon its road, equipment and franchises, or any of its property, real or personal, without including in and securing by such mortgage all bonds previously issued and all pre-existing debts and liabilities of the corporation. But nothing in this section contained shall apply to a mortgage for the purchase money of any such road, equipment, franchise or property, real or personal, or to a mortgage made or executed for the purpose, in whole or in part, of building, extending, improving or equipping such railroad, or any part thereof, or any other railroad, the greater part of whose stock is held by it, or to any pledge or hypothecation of any choses in action or other securities held or owned by it. Nor shall this section require that a mortgage executed by a corporation shall secure the payment of previously issued bonds or pre-existing debts and liabilities of the corporation when the bonds to be issued under the mortgage are intended, in whole or in part, to take up, by funding or otherwise, such previously issued bonds or pre-existing debts and liabilities or when such previously issued bonds or pre-existing debts and liabilities are secured by a pre-existing mortgage or other lien.

SECTION 58-17-1150. Acquisition of land and rights of way.

Every railroad company shall have every right, power and privilege necessary for the purpose of acquiring such lands or rights of way as it may require for the location or construction of such railway, for the erection or location of depots, warehouses, stations and other necessary and convenient establishments or for extending or altering them.

SECTION 58-17-1160. Acquisition of rights of way around tracks.

Railroad corporations organized under the provisions of this chapter may acquire rights of way, not exceeding seventy-five feet from the center of their track in each direction, and additional land necessary for deep cuts, high fills, borrow pits, streams and highway changes made necessary by the construction of the railroad; provided, that in no case shall the right of way acquired exceed one hundred and fifty feet from the center of the track in each direction. And such corporations may exercise the same powers with relation to such tracks and their depots and crossing other railroads, highways and streams as railroads chartered by the General Assembly.

SECTION 58-17-1170. Crossing or connecting with other railroads; purchase, sale, lease or consolidation of property and franchises.

Every such company may connect with or cross any other railroad on its line and may purchase, lease or consolidate with, or sell or lease its property and franchises to, any other railroad in or out of this State, in such manner and upon such terms as may be agreed between such railroad companies not inconsistent with laws of this State or of the United States.

SECTION 58-17-1180. Extension of lines and construction and extension of branches; rights and restrictions in acquiring rights of way.

It shall be lawful for any railroad or railway corporation chartered by this State, and it shall be taken as the exercise of powers conferred by its charter, to continue or extend the main track or line of such railroad or any extension thereof or to build or extend branch roads from such main track or line to any point or points in the vicinity thereof whenever it may be deemed advisable by such corporation so to do; but such extension or branch shall not exceed five miles in length. For the purpose of acquiring a right of way for any such extension or branch track, such railroad or railway corporation shall have and be entitled to all the rights and privileges and be subject to all the restrictions contained in the General Railroad Law in reference to the manner of acquiring the right of way.

SECTION 58-17-1190. Relocation of lines and other changes in tracks and facilities.

Any railroad company owning or operating a railroad, or any part thereof, in this State, under authority of the laws of this State, may reconstruct its lines, tracks or any part of them, relocate or straighten any line or lines or portion of a line or lines, build embankments for the purpose of avoiding trestles, bridges or other openings upon which such railroad may be constructed, change the grade of a track or tracks, widen cuts or embankments when necessary for proper construction or maintenance, build such additional main line or lines, track or tracks, turnouts, switches, spur tracks, sidetracks, depots, depot facilities, yards, terminal facilities, water facilities, storage facilities and other such additional tracks, buildings, facilities, ways and appliances as may be necessary for the proper accommodation of the public business of such railroad company and build cutoff lines, branch lines and other lines for the purpose of the better and more expeditious handling of the public business.

SECTION 58-17-1200. Acquisition of real estate for relocation of lines and other changes in tracks and facilities.

For the purposes mentioned in Section 58-17-1190 any railroad company may acquire by purchase or gift and hold real estate necessary, and if the real estate is not acquired by purchase or gift, the railroad company may acquire it by condemnation.

SECTION 58-17-1210. Operation of sections of road completed or acquired.

Every such company may also forthwith, upon the completion or acquirement by purchase, lease or consolidation of any portion or section of its railroad between any points through which it may run under its charter, operate and maintain such portion or section, with all the rights, powers and privileges hereby granted to the company.

ARTICLE 11.

RAILROAD CROSSINGS

SECTION 58-17-1310. Commission shall regulate crossings and culverts.

The Public Service Commission shall regulate and control by special order in each case the manner in which any street, street railway or other railroad track may cross any railroad track and the manner of constructing culverts under any railroad so as to effect proper drainage of adjacent territory.

SECTION 58-17-1320. Commission's consent and regulations as to crossings.

No railroad shall be constructed to cross another railroad at the same level therewith or across navigable or tidewaters without the consent, in writing, of the Public Service Commission, nor except in such manner as it shall prescribe. It shall be unlawful for any corporation proceeding to construct a branch or extension or otherwise to take any proceedings contemplating a new crossing of one railroad with another, at the same level therewith, unless such crossing shall first have been approved, in writing, by the Commission and the preliminary approval of any plan for such crossing shall always be made subject to revision by the Commission. The court of common pleas shall have full equity jurisdiction of the provisions of this section.

SECTION 58-17-1330. Railroad shall not obstruct highways at crossings.

When a railroad is laid out across a highway or other way it shall be constructed so as not to obstruct such way.

SECTION 58-17-1340. Altering course of highway.

A railroad corporation may alter the course of a highway or other way, other than a street in any incorporated city or town, for the purpose of facilitating the crossing of it by its road, or permitting its road to pass at the side thereof without crossing, upon obtaining a decree of the governing body of the county prescribing the manner and time of such alteration. The corporation shall pay all damages occasioned to private property by the alteration, as in the case of land taken for its road.

SECTION 58-17-1350. Crossing on level shall be protected.

A railroad corporation whose road is crossed by a highway or other way within the corporate limits of any city or town on a level therewith, shall, at its own expense, so guard or protect its rails by plank, timber or otherwise as to secure a safe and easy passage across its road and if, in the opinion of the proper municipal authorities thereof, any subsequent alteration of the highway or other way, or any additional safeguards, are required at the crossing they may order the corporation to establish the same.

SECTION 58-17-1360. County may authorize highway or town way to cross railroad.

A highway or town way may be laid out across a railroad previously constructed when the governing body of the county adjudge that the public convenience and necessity require it and, in such case, after due notice to the railroad corporation and hearing all parties interested, such body may thus lay out a highway across a railroad or may authorize a city or town, on the petition of the mayor and aldermen thereof, to lay out a way across a railroad in such manner as not to injure or obstruct the railroad.

SECTION 58-17-1370. Stock guards or cattle gaps shall be constructed.

Each railroad company whose line of road lies wholly or partly in this State shall construct and keep in repair an adequate stock guard or cattle gap at every point where the line of railroad of any such company crosses the line of any fence in this State. For every violation of this section the railroad company so violating it shall pay to the owner of the fence upon the line of which such stock guard or cattle gap should have been constructed and kept in repair the sum of one hundred dollars, to be recovered by action in the court of common pleas for the county in which such stock guard or cattle gap should have been constructed and kept in repair.

SECTION 58-17-1380. Trains shall stop at crossings of railroad lines; exceptions.

Whenever lines of two steam railroads cross each other on the same grade in this State, every train on either shall be brought to a full stop before reaching the crossing. But this section shall not apply when the crossing is equipped with interlocking devices, signal lights, semaphores or other safety appliances which shall indicate that the train may cross in safety or when a flagman or watchman is stationed at the crossing and he signals that the train may cross in safety.

SECTION 58-17-1390. Signs shall be maintained at crossings with public roads.

Every railroad corporation shall cause signs to be placed and constantly maintained alongside of each public road or street where it is crossed by the railroad on the same level. Each such sign shall be elevated so as to be easily seen by travelers and on each side of it shall be printed in large letters the words "Railroad Crossing" unless the railroad corporation elects to place two of such signs at each crossing, one on each side of the track in which case each of such signs may have thereon in large letters, only on the side facing the traffic approaching the crossing, the words "Railroad Crossing." But this section shall not apply to streets in cities, towns and villages unless the corporation be required to put up such sign by the officers having charge of such streets.

SECTION 58-17-1400. Repealed by 1988 Act No. 319, Section 2, eff upon approval of the Governor (approved February 24, 1988).

SECTION 58-17-1410. Commission may require flagman to be stationed at important crossings.

The Public Service Commission may, upon the application of a county supervisor, if it deem it necessary, require any railroad corporation to have a stationary flagman at any crossing the importance of which may demand it.

SECTION 58-17-1420. Appeal from Commission order requiring flagman; appointment of civil engineer to decide matter.

Any such railroad company, after receiving such notice, may, within ten days after such receipt, apply to the circuit court of the circuit in which such crossing is situated, or to a judge thereof if the court be not in session, and claim a re-examination of the locality and a revision of the action of the Commission. The court or judge, as the case may be, shall appoint forthwith some civil engineer, not connected with any railroad, to examine into the matter forthwith and he may either affirm the demand of the Commission or modify it and his determination shall be final.

SECTION 58-17-1430. Railroad shall comply with orders as to crossings or flagmen.

Every railroad company shall, within the time indicated by the Commission or county supervisor, as the case may be, or within the time given by the civil engineer to such corporation upon re-examination, maintain and construct such crossing in the manner demanded of it by the Commission or county supervisor, as the case may be, or civil engineer, or station a flagman, if such should be required, at the locality where it has been found necessary, as aforesaid.

SECTION 58-17-1440. Penalty and damages for injury at crossing not having required signals.

If a person is injured in his person or property by collision with the engine or any car of a railroad corporation at a crossing and it appears that the corporation neglected to give the signals required by the General Railroad Law and that such neglect contributed to the injury, the corporation shall be liable for all damages caused by the collision or to a fine recoverable by indictment, unless it is shown that in addition to a mere want of ordinary care the person injured or the person having charge of his person or property was at the time of the collision guilty of gross or wilful negligence or was acting in violation of the law and that such gross or wilful negligence or unlawful act contributed to the injury.

SECTION 58-17-1450. Railroad crossing safety requirements.

All railroad crossings on public highways must be inspected for conditions which unsafely obstruct a motorist's view of approaching trains, for the presence of crossbucks prescribed by Section 58-17-1390, and for the presence of stop signs authorized by law to be placed at railroad crossings. The Department of Transportation hereinafter referred to as the department, is responsible for inspecting railroad crossings on state maintained highways, the governing body of each county is responsible for inspecting railroad crossings on county maintained roads, and the governing body of each municipality is responsible for inspecting railroad crossings on road and street rights-of-way maintained by municipalities. The department shall inform counties and municipalities of the railroad crossings they are responsible for inspecting. By January 1, 1989, the governing body of each county and municipality must notify the department of the office and public official to whom the governing body has assigned responsibility for performing the inspections. If the person inspecting a railroad crossing finds that the required crossbucks are not in place, properly in place or maintained, or finds that a motorist's view of approaching trains is unsafely obstructed by vegetation, growth, or objects not permanently affixed to realty which are within the right-of-way of the railway, the person inspecting the crossing must immediately notify the Deputy Director of Engineering within the Department of Transportation of the hazard. The notice must identify the crossing and describe the hazard. The inspector in the notice shall also inform the State Highway Engineer whether or not there is a stop sign at the crossing and, if not, whether or not in his opinion one should be added. Upon receipt of notice from the person inspecting the crossing, the department must give written notice of the hazard immediately by certified mail to any officer or registered agent of the railroad within the State. Notice from the department shall direct the railroad to cut or remove the vegetation, growth, and objects not permanently affixed to realty that are obstructing a motorist's view or to erect, maintain, or properly situate crossbucks.

The department must also notify the governing body of any county or municipality which maintains the highways or roadways at the crossing that the inspector stated in his opinion that a stop sign should be added at the crossing.

Removal and elimination of obstructions must be made by the responsible railroad within sixty days of receipt of notification from the department. Measures to assure that crossbucks are properly in place and maintained must be taken by the responsible railroad within thirty days of receipt of notification from the department; however, if crossbucks are not present or have been removed, then the railroad has ten days from the notification to erect new crossbucks. Failure of the railroad company to remove or eliminate the obstruction within the railroad's right-of-way and to erect or properly place and maintain crossbucks within the specified time period subjects the railroad company to a civil penalty of not less than one hundred dollars nor more than five hundred dollars. The railroad company is subject to an additional civil penalty of one hundred dollars a day for each day obstructions remain after the specified period and for each day crossbucks are not erected or properly placed and maintained after the specified period.

The person initially inspecting the railroad crossing is responsible for inspecting the crossing at appropriate intervals after notice to the railroad of the hazard to determine if obstructions have been eliminated and crossbucks properly placed and serviced within the period allowed before civil penalties may be assessed.

If the person inspecting the railroad crossing finds that a motorist's view of approaching trains is obstructed by vegetation, growth, or objects not permanently affixed to realty that lie outside the right-of-way of the railroad but within right-of-way of highways and roads maintained by the State, county, or municipality, the person inspecting the railroad crossing must immediately give written notice of the hazard to the appropriate department of the State, county, or municipality, upon whose right-of-way the obstruction exists. If the obstruction is on the right-of-way maintained by a county or municipality, the person inspecting the crossing must also give immediate written notice of the hazard to the Deputy Director of Engineering within the Department of Transportation.

The department, counties, and municipalities have sixty days from issuance of the written notice by the person inspecting the crossing to eliminate the obstructions within their respective rights-of-way.

The person initially inspecting the railroad crossing is responsible for inspecting the crossing after notice of the hazard has been given and reporting to the department the date upon which obstructions are eliminated. If counties or municipalities do not eliminate the obstructions within sixty days of receipt of notification, the department must remove or eliminate the obstructions. Counties and municipalities must reimburse the Department of Transportation for the department's cost in eliminating the obstructions.

If the person inspecting the railroad crossing finds that motorists' view of approaching trains is obstructed by vegetation, growth, or objects not permanently affixed to realty that lie on private property outside the right-of-way of the railroad and outside the highway or road right-of-way of the State, county, or municipality, he must immediately give written notice of the hazard to the owner of the property and to the appropriate agency of the State, county, or municipality which maintains that highway or roadway. The owner of the property has sixty days after receipt of the notice to eliminate the obstructions and the inspector shall reinspect the crossing after this sixty-day period has expired to determine if the obstructions have been eliminated.

By January first of each year, counties and municipalities must report all railroad crossings that were inspected during the preceding year and at which no obstructions were found to the department. The department must make an annual report of inspections conducted during the preceding year. The annual report must be provided to the Senate Transportation Committee and the Education and Public Works Committee of the House of Representatives.

SECTIONS 58-17-1460 to 58-17-1500. Repealed by 1988 Act No. 319, Section 2, eff upon approval of the Governor (approved February 24, 1988).

SECTIONS 58-17-1460 to 58-17-1500. Repealed by 1988 Act No. 319, Section 2, eff upon approval of the Governor (approved February 24, 1988).

ARTICLE 13.

REPORTS AND INVESTIGATIONS GENERALLY

SECTION 58-17-1610. Annual schedule and report shall be filed with Commission.

Each railroad company chartered by this State shall be required to file in the office of the Public Service Commission, on or before the thirty-first day of March in each year, a full and detailed schedule and report of the condition and operations of the road for the current year ending on the thirty-first day of December then immediately preceding. Such schedule and report shall be made in accordance with the following rules and form:

(1) All liabilities, including interest accrued on funded debt, shall be entered upon the books in the month when they were incurred, without reference to the date of payment;

(2) Expenses shall be charged each month with such supplies, materials and similar articles as have been used during that month, without reference to the time when they were purchased or paid for;

(3) No expenditure shall be charged to property accounts except it be for actual interest during construction, equipment or other property, unless it is made on old work in such a way as clearly to increase the value of the property over and above the cost of renewing the old work and in such cases only the amount of increased cost shall be charged, and the amount allowed on account of the old work shall be stated;

(4) Mileage of passenger and freight trains shall include only the miles shown to be run by distances between stations and allowances made to passenger or freight trains for switching and all mileage of switch engines, computed on a basis of eight miles per hour for the time of actual service, shall be stated separately;

(5) Season ticket passengers shall be computed on the basis of twelve passengers per week for the time of each ticket; and

(6) Local traffic shall include all passengers carried on local tickets and all freight carried at local tariff or special local rates and all other traffic shall be considered through.

These rules shall be subject to such changes thereof as may be made by the Public Service Commission under the authority conferred on it by Section 58-17-1900.

SECTION 58-17-1620. Commission may require additional reports; amendment of defective reports.

The Commission shall require the annual reports to be made by railroad companies in manner and form and at the time provided for herein and may require reports to be made of such other matters as it may deem expedient. It may, from time to time, make such changes as it may deem proper in the form of report herein prescribed, giving the corporations one year's notice of any such changes or additions as require any alterations in the method or form of keeping their accounts. And the Commission shall, on or before the first day of June in each year, furnish to the several railroads blank forms of such reports. When the report received from any corporation is defective or probably erroneous the Commission shall notify the corporation to amend it within fifteen days. The originals of the report or reports, as amended, subscribed and sworn to by the officers of the corporation, shall be preserved in the office of the Commission. The Commission shall prepare such tables and abstracts of all the returns it shall deem expedient.

SECTION 58-17-1630. List of names and residences of president and directors shall be filed.

Every railroad company owning or operating a line of railroad situated in whole or in part within the limits of this State shall deposit with the commissioners a list containing the names and residences of the president and board of directors of the railroad company owning or operating such line of railroad.

SECTION 58-17-1640. Information shall be furnished Commission on request.

Every railroad corporation shall at all times, on request, furnish the Commission any information required by it concerning the condition, management and operation of its railroad and particularly with copies of time tables and the rates of transporting freight and passengers upon its road and other roads with which its business is connected.

SECTION 58-17-1650. Commission may give interrogatories to railroads.

The Commission may make and propound to any of the railroad companies of this State any interrogatories additional to those contained in the schedule and report herein provided for, which shall be answered by such companies in the same manner.

SECTION 58-17-1660. Investigations and examinations of books and papers and places of business.

The Commission shall, when necessary, investigate so much of the books and papers of the railroad companies doing business in this State as it may think proper, ascertain if the rules and regulations have been complied with, make personal visitations of railroad offices, stations and other places of business for the purpose of examination and make rules and regulations concerning such examinations, which rules and regulations shall be observed and obeyed as other rules and regulations of the Commission.

SECTION 58-17-1670. Examination of agents and employees.

The Commission may examine all agents and employees of such railroad companies and other persons under oath and otherwise, in order to procure the necessary information to make just and reasonable rates of freight and passenger tariffs, and to ascertain if such rules and regulations are observed or violated and to make necessary and proper rules and regulations concerning such examinations. Such rules and regulations herein provided for shall be obeyed and enforced as all other rules and regulations provided for in this chapter.

SECTION 58-17-1680. Issuance of subpoenas; fees; issuance of attachment to compel attendance; contempt for refusal to obey court order.

The Commission in making any examination for the purpose of obtaining information pursuant to this chapter may issue subpoenas for the attendance of witnesses pursuant to such rules as it may prescribe and such witnesses shall receive from the State Treasury for such attendance one dollar per day and five cents per mile traveled by the nearest practical route in going to and returning from the place of meeting of the Commission, to be ordered paid by the Comptroller General upon presentation of subpoenas by the witnesses as to the number of days served and miles traveled sworn to before the clerk of the Commission. In case any person shall wilfully fail or refuse to obey any such subpoena, any circuit judge of the court of common pleas and general sessions of any county, upon application of the Commission, shall issue an attachment for such witness and compel him to attend before the Commission and give his testimony upon such matters as shall be lawfully required by the Commission. And such circuit judge may punish for contempt as in other cases of refusal to obey the process or order of the court.

SECTION 58-17-1690. Penalties for failing to furnish report or for obstructing Commission.

Every officer, agent or employee of any railroad company who shall wilfully neglect or refuse to make and furnish any report required by the Commission as necessary to the purposes of this chapter or who shall wilfully and unlawfully hinder, delay or obstruct the Commission in the discharge of the duties imposed upon it shall forfeit and pay a sum of not less than one hundred dollars nor more than one thousand dollars for each offense, to be recovered in any action in the name of the State as provided in Section 58-17-3940.

ARTICLE 15.

RATES AND CHARGES; ROUTES

SECTION 58-17-1810. Extent of rate-making power.

The powers herein conferred upon the Commission to fix passenger and freight rates, joint and several, are hereby delegated to it by the General Assembly as fully as the General Assembly itself could exercise them.

SECTION 58-17-1820. Rates to which chapter not applicable.

Nothing in the General Railroad Law shall be taken as in any manner abridging or controlling the rates for freight charged by any railroad company in this State for carrying freight which comes from or goes beyond the boundaries of the State or on which less than local rates on any railroad carrying it are charged by such railroad, but such railroad companies shall possess the same power and right to charge such rates for carrying such freights as they possessed prior to December 19, 1892.

SECTION 58-17-1830. Power of Commission over rates and routes.

The Public Service Commission shall:

(1) As provided in Section 58-17-1850, make reasonable and just rates of freight and passenger tariffs, to be observed by all railroad companies doing business in this State on the railroads therein;

(2) Make reasonable and just routes to be observed by all railroad companies doing business in this State and reasonable and just rules and regulations to be observed by all such railroad companies as to charges to any and all points for the necessary hauling and delivery of all freight;

(3) Make such just and reasonable rules and regulations as may be necessary for preventing unjust discrimination in the transportation of freight and passengers on the railroads in this State;

(4) Have the power to make just and reasonable joint rates for all connecting roads doing business in this State as to all traffic or business passing from one of such roads to another and to require the making of such connections at intersecting points of the schedules of trains as the public convenience may in its judgment demand;

(5) Make reasonable and just rates of charges for the use of railroad cars carrying any kind of freight and passengers on such railroad, no matter by whom owned or carried;

(6) Make just and reasonable rules and regulations to be observed by such railroad companies or railroads to prevent the giving or paying of any rebate or bonus, directly or indirectly, and the misleading or deceiving of the public in any manner as to the real rates charged for freight and passengers; and

(7) Have power, by rules and regulations, to designate and fix the difference in rates of freight and passenger transportation to be allowed for shorter and longer distances on the same or different railroads and to ascertain what shall be the limit of longer and shorter distances.

SECTION 58-17-1840. Notice before establishment of joint rates; hearing.

Before applying joint rates to roads that are not under the management and control of one company the Commission shall give thirty days' notice to such roads of the joint rate contemplated and of its division between such roads and shall give a hearing to any road desiring to object thereto.

SECTION 58-17-1850. Commission shall prescribe schedules of rates; schedules as evidence.

The Commission shall make for each of the railroad corporations doing business in this State, as soon as practicable, a schedule of just and reasonable rates of charges for transportation of passengers and freight cars on each of such railroads and such schedule shall, in suits brought against any such railroad corporation wherein is involved the charges of any such railroad corporation for the transportation of any passenger or freight or cars, or unjust discrimination in relation thereto, be deemed and taken in all of the courts of this State as sufficient evidence that the rates therein fixed are just and reasonable rates of charges for the transportation of passengers, freights and cars upon such railroad when such schedules have been prepared and published as aforesaid for all the railroad companies organized under the laws of this State.

SECTION 58-17-1860. Copies of schedules shall be posted.

When any such schedule for any such railroad company shall have been made or revised such railroad company shall post at each of its stations a copy of such schedule for the protection of the people. Any railroad corporation which shall fail to post at any of its stations a copy of the schedule of rates as provided in this section shall be liable to a penalty of one hundred dollars for each and every day in which it shall fail to post such schedule, to be recovered by any citizen who will sue therefor, one half of such penalty to go to the State, the other half to the citizen suing for the same.

SECTION 58-17-1870. Annual publications of freight rates on watermelons and cantaloupes.

All railroad companies doing business in this State shall publish during the months of January and February of each year, the rates of freight on watermelons and cantaloupes per carload of twenty-four thousand pounds and upwards, from the various points in this State to the different markets of the country. Such rates shall not be increased during the year in which they are published. Any railroad company violating the provisions of this section by charging rates higher than those so published shall forfeit to the person injured double the amount of the freight charged, to be recovered in any court of competent jurisdiction.

SECTION 58-17-1880. Revision of schedules.

The Commission shall from time to time and as often as circumstances may require, change and revise each such schedule. Thirty days' notice of any such change or revision shall first be given to the railroad company to be affected thereby before such change or revision shall go into effect.

SECTION 58-17-1890. Printed schedules shall be prima facie evidence.

Any such schedule purporting to have been printed and published as aforesaid shall be received and held in any such suit as is referred to in Section 58-17-1850 as prima facie the schedule of the Commission without further proof than the production of the schedule desired to be used as evidence, with a certificate of the Commission that it is a true copy of the schedule prepared by it for the railroad company therein named and that it has been duly published as required by law.

SECTION 58-17-1900. Supervision of contracts concerning rates and division of earnings.

All contracts and agreements between railroad companies doing business in this State as to rates of freight and passenger tariffs shall be submitted to the Commission for inspection and correction, that it may be seen whether or not they are in violation of the law, of the provisions of the Constitution or of the rules and regulations of the Commission, and all arrangements and agreements whatever as to the division of earnings of any kind by competing railroad companies doing business in this State shall be submitted to the Commission for inspection and approval, in so far as they affect rules and regulations made by the Commission to secure to all persons doing business with such companies just and reasonable rates of freight and passenger tariffs and so far as they are affected by any of the provisions contained in this chapter for securing to all persons just, equal and reasonable facilities for the transportation of freight and passengers. The Commission may make such rules and regulations as to such contracts and agreements as may be then deemed necessary and proper. Any such agreements not approved by the Commission or by virtue of which rates shall be charged exceeding the rates fixed for freight and passengers shall be violations of this chapter and shall be illegal and void.

SECTION 58-17-1910. Procedure when contracts concerning rates violate chapter.

If any such contract, agreement or arrangement shall, in the opinion of the Commission, in any way be in violation of any of the provisions of this chapter, the Commission shall forthwith notify the railroad companies in writing of its objections thereto, specifying such objections. If the railroad companies shall fail or neglect, within five days after receipt of such notice, to amend and alter such contract, agreement or arrangement in a manner satisfactory to the Commission, the Commission shall thereupon call upon the Attorney General to institute and conduct such legal proceedings as may be necessary to enforce the penalties prescribed in this chapter for such violations of its provisions.

SECTION 58-17-1920. Use of mileage books.

Any railroad company selling mileage books for transportation shall receive coupons from mileage books sold by such railroad company on its trains for transportation within the State and check baggage upon presentation of such mileage books. But any railroad company selling or honoring mileage books for transportation which are interchangeable may require the holder thereof to present them in exchange for tickets.

SECTION 58-17-1930. Sale of interchangeable mileage shall be continued; family use.

No railroad company selling such interchangeable mileage books shall discontinue the use of local mileage but the use of interchangeable mileage books shall not be extended to the members of the purchaser's family unless such selling company shall so elect; if it is so extended such ticket shall be valid and good for the carriage over the lines of such railroad of the purchaser and the actual members of his family living with him at the time of purchase if the name of the person so entitled to use such ticket shall be furnished in writing to the railroad selling it by the purchaser at the time of the purchase and shall be inserted in the ticket.

SECTION 58-17-1940. Surcharge for intrastate Pullman transportation shall be unlawful.

It shall be unlawful for any railroad or Pullman car company doing business in this State to collect from any person within the boundaries of the State any surtax or surcharge for Pullman car transportation from one point to any other point within the bounds of the State. But nothing in this section shall be construed to affect in any way the charge which any railroad or Pullman car company requires for transportation in interstate travel.

SECTION 58-17-1950. Charge of unreasonable rates shall constitute extortion.

If any railroad corporation organized or doing business in this State shall charge, collect, demand or receive more than a fair and reasonable rate of toll or compensation for transportation of passengers or freight of any description or for the use and transportation of any railroad car upon its tracks or any of its branches or upon any railroad within this State which it has the right, license or permission to use, operate or control, it shall be guilty of extortion and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined in a sum not less than one hundred nor more than one thousand dollars.

SECTION 58-17-1960. Unjust discrimination in rates unlawful.

If any such railroad corporation shall make any unjust discrimination in its rates and charges of toll as compensation for the transportation of passengers or freight of any description or for the use and transportation of any railroad car upon its road or upon any of the branches thereof or upon any railroads connected therewith which it has the right, license or permission to operate or control within this State, it shall be guilty of having violated the provisions of this chapter and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined in a sum of not less than one hundred nor more than one thousand dollars.

SECTION 58-17-1970. Allowing or receiving rebate or other advantage shall be unlawful.

It shall be unlawful for any such railroad or person engaged solely in shipping or receiving property, directly or indirectly, to allow or receive any rebate, drawback or other advantage, in any form, upon shipments made or services rendered or received by them as aforesaid.

SECTION 58-17-1980. Charges to be in proportion to distance traveled and freight handled.

It shall be unlawful for any such railroad to charge, collect or receive:

(1) For the transportation of any passenger or freight of any description upon its railroad for any distance within this State the same or a greater amount of toll or compensation than is at the same time charged, collected or received for the transportation of any passenger of the same class or a like quantity of freight of the same class over a greater distance on the same railroad;

(2) At any point upon its railroad a higher rate of toll or compensation for receiving, handling or delivering freight of the same class and quantity than it shall at the same time charge, collect or receive at any other point upon the same railroad;

(3) For transportation of any passenger or freight of any description over its railroad a greater amount as toll or compensation than shall at the same time be charged, collected or received by it for the transportation of any passenger of the same class or a like quantity of freight of the same class being transported over any portion of the same railroad of equal distance;

(4) From any person a higher or greater amount of toll or compensation than it shall at the same time charge, collect or receive from any other person for receiving, handling or delivering freight of the same class and like quantity at the same time upon its railroad;

(5) From any person for the transportation of any freight upon its railroad a higher or greater rate of toll or compensation than it shall at the same time charge, collect or receive from any person for the transportation of a like quantity of freight of the same class being transported from the same point over equal distances of the same railroad;

(6) From any person for the use and transportation of any railroad car or cars upon its railroad for any distance the same or a greater amount of toll or compensation than is at the same time charged, collected or received from any other person for the use and transportation of any railroad car or cars of the same class and number for a like purpose being transported over a greater distance of the same railroad; or

(7) From any person for the use and transportation of any railroad car or cars upon its railroad a higher or greater rate of toll or compensation than it shall at the same time charge, collect or receive from any other person for the use and transportation of any railroad car or cars of the same class and number for a like purpose being transported from the same point over an equal distance of the same railroad.

But nothing herein contained shall be so construed as to prevent any such railroad from issuing commutation, excursion or thousand mile tickets as they were issued by such corporations on December 21, 1882.

SECTION 58-17-1990. Discriminating rates shall be prima facie evidence of unjust discrimination.

All such discriminating rates, charges, collections or receipts as are described in Section 58-17-1980, whether made directly or by means of any rebate, drawback or other shift or evasion, shall be deemed and taken against such railroad as prima facie evidence of the unjust discrimination prohibited by the provisions of this article. This section shall not be construed so as to exclude other evidence tending to show any unjust discrimination in freight and passenger rates.

SECTION 58-17-2000. Charging greater compensation for certain services for shorter distance than for longer distance shall be unlawful; exceptions.

It shall be unlawful for any such railroad to charge or receive any greater compensation for carrying, receiving, storing, forwarding or handling articles of the same character and description for a shorter than a longer distance in one continuous carriage; provided, that:

(1) Nothing in the General Railroad Law contained shall be construed so as to require any corporation or combination of corporations to regulate their charges for shorter distances by their proportion of through rates between terminal or junctional competitive points;

(2) If one corporation should use, operate or otherwise control, wholly or in part, several lines or divisions of theretofore independent railroads within the State, the Public Service Commission may in its discretion, jointly with such corporations, fix different rates of toll or compensation for freight traffic on each of such previously independent lines or divisions; and

(3) The Commission, jointly with the railroad companies, may make special rates for the purpose of developing all manufacturing, mining, milling and internal improvements in this State.

SECTION 58-17-2010. Exceptions as to uniformity in freight charges.

Nothing in the General Railroad Law shall apply to the carriage, receiving, storing, handling or forwarding of property carried for the United States, or any state thereof, at lower rates of freight and charges than for the general public or to the transportation of articles free or at reduced rates of freight for charitable purposes or to or from public fairs or expositions for exhibition.

SECTION 58-17-2020. Commission shall fix storage charges on freight.

The Commission shall fix and prescribe a schedule of maximum rates and charges for storage of freight made and charged by railroad companies doing business in this State and shall fix the time after the reception of freight at the place of destination at which such charges of storage shall begin, with power to vary the time according to the value and character of the freight stored, the nature of the place of destination, the residence of the consignee and such other circumstances as in its judgment should be considered in fixing such time.

SECTION 58-17-2030. Procedure for fixing or changing storage rates and charges.

All the provisions of this Title prescribing the procedure of the Commission in fixing freight and passenger tariffs, hearing complaints of carriers and shippers and altering and amending such tariffs shall apply to the subject of fixing and amending rates and charges for storage.

SECTION 58-17-2040. Discrimination and excessive charges for storage prohibited.

No railroad company shall make or retain, directly or indirectly, any charge for storage of freight greater than that fixed by the Commission for each particular storage, nor shall it discriminate between persons directly or indirectly by means of rebate or any other device in such charges.

SECTION 58-17-2050. Suit to recover for discrimination or excessive charges for storage.

If any railroad company shall violate any provisions of Sections 58-17-2020 to 58-17-2040 either by exceeding the rates of storage prescribed or by discriminating, as aforesaid, the person so paying such overcharge or subjected to such discrimination may sue therefor in any court of this State having jurisdiction of the claim and shall have all the remedies, and be entitled to recover the same penalties and measure of damages, as are prescribed in the case of overcharge of freight rates, upon making like demand as is prescribed in such case and after like failure of the company to pay such claim.

SECTION 58-17-2060. Promulgation of reciprocal demurrage rules.

The Public Service Commission may make and promulgate reciprocal demurrage rules governing the regulation of railroads and shippers in this State as fully and effectually as if they were made and promulgated by the General Assembly.

SECTION 58-17-2070. Consignee entitled to itemized statement of charges; correction of errors.

Whenever any article of freight shall be shipped to any point within the limits of this State, whether shipped from a point beyond the limits of this State or not, it shall be lawful for the consignee of such article to demand and receive from the agent of the railroad company delivering it, and before the payment of any charges upon it, a full and correct statement of such charges, the class to which such article belongs, the rates of freight charged for such class and the total amount to be paid by the consignee together with the proportion thereof to be paid to each road over which, or any part of which, such freight may have passed, whether such road be beyond the limits of this State or not. If such itemized statement be not incorporated in the waybill the agent shall deliver the article on the payment of the freight and procure as soon as possible such required items when demanded. If any errors should then appear it shall be immediately corrected by such agent.

SECTION 58-17-2080. Consignee may require settlement according to contract.

In all cases the railroad company delivering freight to a consignee shall be required to settle its freight charges according to the contract as set forth in the bill of lading from the shipping point and no such company shall retain the article of freight after the consignee offers and is ready and willing to comply with the terms of such bill of lading.

SECTION 58-17-2090. Suit to recover charges in excess of legal rate.

When any common carrier shall charge more than the legal rate of transportation applying to any goods, commodities, livestock or any other kind of property, as shown by any rates fixed by law or by the tariffs filed with and approved by the Public Service Commission or, in the case of interstate transportation, by the Interstate Commerce Commission, as required by law, the consignee or owner and holder of a bill of lading, or the owner of such property transported, who may have paid such illegal charge shall have the right to recover in any court of competent jurisdiction any such amount as may have been paid in excess of the legal rate applying to such property and such person shall not be defeated of a recovery on account of the fact that such payment may have been made voluntarily. But no actions shall be maintained hereunder until after thirty days from demand upon such common carrier for the repayment of such excess charges.

SECTION 58-17-2100. Classification of cotton as "heavy goods"; weights.

All cotton packed in bales transported by common carriers within the limits of this State shall be classed as "heavy goods," that is to say an article to be weighed and charged for and treated accordingly. But any common carrier before receiving such cotton for shipment may demand from the shipper the weights of the several bales thereof and may adopt them as the weights upon which freight is to be charged. And in case of loss, no recovery shall be had by any shipper for a greater amount than the weights so furnished by him.

ARTICLE 17.

RECEIPTS FOR AND DELIVERY OF GOODS

SECTION 58-17-2210. Issuance and contents of duplicate freight receipts; delivery of goods on presentation of receipt.

All railroad companies in this State shall on demand issue duplicate freight receipts to shippers, describing the articles received or the marks and numbers on the packages received, in which shall be stated the class or classes of freight shipped, the freight charges over the road giving the receipt and, so far as practicable, the freight charges over other roads that carry such freight. No additional charge shall be made for giving any such receipt. When the consignee presents the railroad receipt to the agent of the railroad that delivers such freight, such agent shall deliver the articles shipped on payment of the rate charged for the class of freights mentioned in the receipt. If any railroad company shall violate the provision of this section such railroad company shall incur a penalty to be fixed and collected as provided in Section 58-17-3940.

SECTION 58-17-2220. Merchandise must be promptly forwarded according to directions.

Every railroad corporation shall promptly forward merchandise consigned or directed to be sent over another road connecting with its road according to the directions contained thereon or accompanying such merchandise and shall not receive and forward over its road any merchandise consigned, ordered or expressly directed to be received and forwarded by a different route.

ARTICLE 19.

REWEIGHING COAL OR OTHER ARTICLES DELIVERED IN CARLOAD LOTS; SCALES

SECTION 58-17-2310.

Consignees of coal or other articles delivered in carload lots may have same reweighed.

Any consignee of coal or other articles to be delivered to him in carload lots by any common carrier at any point within the limits of this State where such common carrier maintains track scales may demand that such coal or other articles to be reweighed before delivery to him by such common carrier and such common carrier, within forty-eight hours after such demand, shall reweigh such articles and deliver to such consignee a written, or partly written and partly printed, statement, showing the true weight thereof.

SECTION 58-17-2320. Forfeiture of freight for failure to reweigh.

Any common carrier refusing or failing to comply with any of the provisions of Section 58-17-2310 shall forfeit the right to any freight incurred through transportation of such coal or other article or, in the event that such freight shall have been prepaid, shall be liable as a penalty to the consignee for the amount of freight so prepaid, to be recovered by suit in any court of competent jurisdiction.

SECTION 58-17-2330. No demurrage or similar charge shall be made after demand for reweighing.

No demurrage or other similar charges shall be made by any common carrier against a consignee making the demand specified in Section 58-17-2310 between the time of the making of such demand and the time of delivery by such common carrier to such consignee of the statement required in said section.

SECTION 58-17-2340. Common carriers shall maintain scales under certain conditions.

Every common carrier doing business in this State shall, upon demand of any person having a sidetrack adjacent to and used in connection with the business of such person, erect and maintain on such sidetrack suitable scales for reweighing such coal or other articles in carload lots. But such person shall agree and become liable to such common carrier to pay the amount incurred by such common carrier in the erection and maintenance of such scales. In such event, the common carrier shall reweigh such coal or other articles delivered in carload lots to such person upon such sidetrack, as provided for in Section 58-17-2310. Upon refusal so to weigh, such common carrier shall be liable for the same penalties provided in Sections 58-17-2320 and 58-17-2330.

SECTION 58-17-2350. Commission shall have jurisdiction over railroad track and platform scales.

All railroad track and platform scales which are used in connection with shipping are hereby placed under the jurisdiction of the Public Service Commission for inspection and it may require the installation or replacement of scales when needed. A failure or refusal to carry out the instructions of the Commission in reference to such scales shall be punished by a penalty of two hundred dollars for each refusal to be recovered by suit in any court of competent jurisdiction by any person aggrieved. Any sum so recovered shall be turned into the State Treasury for general use.

ARTICLE 21.

TRANSPORTATION OF LIVESTOCK

SECTION 58-17-2510. Prompt loading and unloading of livestock required.

Every railroad company receiving livestock for transportation shall cause such livestock to be loaded not more than two hours before the scheduled departure of the train carrying them and every railroad company delivering livestock at its destination for unloading shall cause them to be unloaded within two hours after the arrival of the trains carrying them, except that a longer time may be allowed if voluntarily consented to in writing by the owner or shipper on a paper other than the bill of lading. But this section shall apply in the unloading of stock only if the consignee in person or his duly authorized agent shall make demand in writing for such unloading within two hours after the arrival of the train carrying such livestock.

This section shall not apply at stations where no unloading pen is maintained or where there is no agent of the railroad on duty upon the arrival of such train.

SECTION 58-17-2520. Information required to be furnished owners or shippers of livestock.

Any railroad company doing business in this State shall be required to furnish the owner or shipper, or their agents, full information concerning the shipment, movement and delivery of livestock when en route and on said company's line or in said company's possession. If the company cannot make the time published in its schedule it must, whenever as much as three hours behind schedule time, wire the owner and agent at destination the extent and cause of the delay and advise him of the expected time of arrival. Upon failure to furnish such information and upon failure to give the shipper benefit of the best connection as published in its schedule, the railroad company shall pay a fine of not more than twenty-five dollars.

Nothing herein contained shall interfere with the transmission of train orders. In the event of a failure upon the part of any common carrier to give the information herein required, it shall be incumbent upon such common carrier affirmatively to show that such failure was due to the necessary use of its wire or wires for the transmission of train orders.

ARTICLE 23.

CONNECTING CARRIERS

SECTION 58-17-2610. Connecting railroads shall operate as one for rate purposes when operated by same company.

All connecting railroads doing business in this State and under the management or control, by lease, ownership, association or otherwise, of one and the same person shall for purposes of transportation, in applying freight and passenger tariffs, be considered as constituting but one and the same road and the rate shall be computed as upon parts of one and the same road unless otherwise specified by the Commission.

SECTION 58-17-2620. Railroads authorized to join tracks; expenses.

When any railroad company owning, leasing or operating a railroad in or through any part of this State shall have its terminus or any part of its track at or near the terminus of any other railroad in this State having the same gauge or shall cross such other railroad's track, such railroad company may join its track by safe and proper switches, with such other railroad and for this purpose may enter upon the right of way of such other railroad. But if the railroad with which such connection is proposed shall refuse to join in paying the expenses of making such connection the railroad proposing the connection shall pay them.

SECTION 58-17-2630. Condemnation when connecting switches are refused.

Should any railroad company refuse to allow the connecting switches put in its line, when requested under Section 58-17-2620, the other road seeking such connection may proceed to procure the right to use so much of the franchise of the former as may be necessary for such purpose in the manner provided by law for taking private property for the use of a railroad.

SECTION 58-17-2640. Facilities for interchange of traffic shall be furnished.

Railroads subject to this chapter shall afford all reasonable, proper and equal facilities for the interchange of traffic between their own roads and other carriers, whether at terminal or junction points, for the receiving, forwarding and delivering of freight and passengers to and from points on their lines beyond and shall not discriminate in their rates or charges between or against any such connecting carriers.

SECTION 58-17-2650. Lines of two or more railroads which pass through city or town shall be connected; expenses.

Whenever the lines of railroad of two or more corporations may enter or pass through the corporate limits of any city or town in this State, the corporations owning such lines shall build such connecting tracks as may be necessary to effect an actual connection of such lines for the purpose of interchanging and delivering cars and freight in carload lots. The entire reasonable cost of construction and maintenance of such connecting track shall be borne by such railroad corporations whose tracks are so connected, in such ratable proportion as shall be determined and adjusted by the Public Service Commission. Failure to comply with the provisions of this section for six months after the building of any new line of railroad into such city or town shall subject each and every such corporation so failing to a penalty of twenty-five dollars per day, to be recovered in an action by any citizen of such city or town, one half for his own benefit and the other half for the benefit of the State. But any one of such railroad corporations may relieve itself from liability to such penalty by giving notice in writing within thirty days from the date when it shall become liable to the operation of this section to the other corporations so liable thereto of its readiness to proceed with the construction of such connecting track and if the other corporation or corporations so notified shall fail to unite in such construction within ten days after such written notice the corporation giving such notice may proceed to the construction of such track and may recover of each and every other line so connected such proportion of the costs of such construction as shall be determined by the Commission. But the recovery thereof shall not operate to discharge such delinquent corporation or corporations from liability to the penalty above imposed up to the time of the full completion of such connecting track. But the Commission may suspend the operation of the requirements of this section at such junctional points when it can be shown, upon a full and fair hearing before it, that the erection and operation of such connection would be unreasonable and unnecessary.

SECTION 58-17-2660. Rights of way for connecting tracks in cities and towns; condemnation if track crosses private property.

For the purpose of building any such track the right of way may be taken over and across the property of either or all of such railroad corporations and by and with consent of the council of such city or town such connecting track may be laid across or along any of the streets of such city or town or the public grounds thereof. But such compensation shall be made to abutting landowners as they may be entitled to by law. In case it should be necessary for such connecting track to cross any private property other than as above specified, the right of condemnation is hereby given under the provisions of this Code upon the subject, to be exercised upon the application of either or all of such railroad corporations.

SECTION 58-17-2670. Railroad building new line into city or town shall connect and pay part of cost of original connecting track.

Any railroad corporation building a new line into such city or town after the construction of such connecting track shall be required to connect its line with such track and to pay to each and every corporation owning such track a part of the costs thereof which shall be fixed and determined by the Commission.

SECTION 58-17-2680. Connecting line may cross other tracks.

In building such connecting line the right is granted, under the supervision of the Commission, to run across or along any existing track at grade.

SECTION 58-17-2690. No discrimination between connections at same point.

Each railroad company chartered by this State shall deal with all its connections at any one point on the same terms and shall afford the like usual facilities for the interchange of freight between all of its connections at the same point.

SECTION 58-17-2700. Cars shall be transferred to connected track on demand; fees.

All railroad corporations whose tracks shall be so connected shall transfer to any railroad track any car upon demand of the consignee or owner of the freight in such car, at such transfer charges as may be fixed by the Commission, not to exceed one dollar per car in any case, empty cars to be returned free. Failure to comply with the written demand of the consignee or owner within twenty-four hours shall subject the railroad corporation so failing to a penalty of one dollar per hour so long as such failure may continue, to be deducted from the freight bill of such owner or consignee or to be recovered by an action of law, unless it be determined by the jury to be reasonably impracticable for such railroad corporation to make such transfer within such time.

SECTION 58-17-2710. Each connected railroad shall furnish facilities for receiving and forwarding traffic of another without delay, preference or prejudice.

Every railroad company doing business in this State working railways which form a part of a continuous line of railway communication shall afford all due and reasonable facilities for receiving and forwarding by one of such railways all the traffic, freight or passengers arriving by the other, without any unreasonable delay and without any preference or advantage or prejudice or disadvantage, so that no obstruction may be offered to the public desirous of using such railways as a continuous line of communication and so that all reasonable accommodation may, by means of the railways of the several companies, be at all times afforded to the public in that behalf.

The above-mentioned facilities and benefits shall be afforded as well to other railroads as to the public.

SECTION 58-17-2720. Railroads shall receive and deliver cars to and from connecting lines at uniform rates and with uniform service.

All railroad corporations doing business in this State shall receive from, deliver to and handle with connecting lines at each of its junctions or terminal points in this State all cars or trains bound to or from any point upon its own line or beyond upon the same terms and upon the same charges, either by way of trackage or by way of its proportion of the entire rate charged upon such cars, trains or freight, that it charges or demands either under the law or by contract or agreement with any other railroad connecting with it at such junction or terminal point where it performs the same or similar service for each of such railroads and shall furnish the same facilities to each of such railroads.

SECTION 58-17-2730. Railroad shall issue or recognize through bills of lading between competitive points.

No railroad doing business in this State shall be allowed to refuse to issue or recognize a through bill of lading between competitive points when issued over or by one railroad with which it connects when it issues or recognizes such bills of lading when goods are shipped to or from such points over any other competitive railroad with which it connects reaching such point. Such railroad shall not charge or receive for such goods passing over its lines, either by the appropriate schedule for local freight or a division of a through freight rate, a greater sum when such goods are shipped by or over one line of railroad with which it connects than it would charge or receive when such goods are shipped by or over any other line of railroad with which it connects. But nothing herein contained shall prevent any such railroad from demanding payment of its charges in advance of performing the service of carrying such goods or from limiting its liability to losses or damage to such freight upon its own line by a clause inserted in the bill of lading.

SECTION 58-17-2740. Shipper may designate routes; changing of route shall be unlawful.

All persons shipping from, into, within or through this State may designate the route or routes by which such goods shall be shipped, subject to such reasonable exceptions and regulations as the Public Service Commission shall from time to time prescribe, and it shall be unlawful for any person other than the holder of the bill of lading to vary such route so designated or to ship such goods by any other route or to receive such goods if so diverted, unless the route so designated shall be interrupted or be incapable of being used at the time by strike or casualty preventing the running of trains thereon.

SECTION 58-17-2750. Civil penalty on railroad for violation of certain statutory provisions.

Any transportation company violating any of the provisions of Sections 58-17-2710 to 58-17-2740 wilfully or knowingly shall be subject to a suit for each violation thereof at the instance of any person and upon proof of such violation the person instituting such suit shall be entitled to recover a penalty of five hundred dollars for such violation. Each violation of any of said sections shall constitute a separate cause of action.

SECTION 58-17-2760. Criminal penalty on individuals for violation of certain statutory provisions.

Any person who shall wilfully violate, aid in violating or direct or order any one to violate any of the provisions of Sections 58-17-2710 to 58-17-2740 as to the transportation of through freight shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction, shall be punished by a fine of not less than fifty dollars nor more than five hundred dollars or by imprisonment not less than three months nor more than twelve months, or both, in the discretion of the court.

SECTION 58-17-2770. Discrimination in deliveries prohibited.

It shall not be lawful for any railroad company, chartered by this State, to discriminate against any railroad company which may connect with it, either at one of its terminal stations or at any intermediate point on its line where such companies have stations and agents established, by neglecting or refusing to deliver with due diligence to such connecting road, in the yard or on the track of such road, all cars wholly or partly loaded with freight consigned to points on such connecting road or to points beyond its line. When freight is to be delivered to a connecting road to complete its transportation, such delivery shall be made by the railroad which brought the freight to the connecting point and no additional charge shall be made therefor. But the delivering road may demand of its connection payment of all charges which have accrued thereon, on or before delivery of such freight on the tracks or in the yards of such connecting road.

SECTION 58-17-2780. Discrimination by refusing to receive freight or to issue bills of lading prohibited.

It shall not be lawful for any railroad company chartered by this State to discriminate in favor of or against any railroad company which may connect with it, either at one of its terminal stations or at an intermediate point on its line where such companies have stations and agents established, as against any other railroad company which may connect with it at the same station or point, by refusing either to receive freight for shipment or to issue through bills of lading, at equal rates of freight therefor, to any one given destination reached by any or all of such connecting roads, or their connections, for which freight is received or through bills of lading are issued, to be forwarded by any other of such connecting roads at the same point, except that if any of such connections shall refuse to transport freight from its own terminus to the ultimate destination of such freight at the same rate as is charged by any other connection at the same point, the initial road shall be released from the provisions of this section and the connecting road shall not be entitled to the benefit of its provisions.

SECTION 58-17-2790. Discrimination in rates of freight as to other railroads prohibited.

It shall not be lawful for any railroad company chartered by this State to discriminate in its rates of freight in favor of or against any railroad company which may connect with it, either at one of its terminal stations, or at any intermediate point on its line. In all cases the charges on freight of the same character, having the same original point of shipment and the same destination, shall be uniform to and from all lines making connections with such railroad at the same point.

SECTION 58-17-2800. "Railroad company chartered by this State" defined.

In the construction of Sections 58-17-2770 to 58-17-2790 the term "railroad company chartered by this State" shall be held to mean each railroad company holding its franchise under a separate charter granted by this State.

SECTION 58-17-2810. Railroads shall deliver cars from other roads on equal terms; damages; effect of rebates or fraud.

Each railroad company in this State shall, at its terminus or any intermediate station, be required to switch off and deliver to any connecting road having the same gauge, in the yard of the latter, all cars passing over its lines, or any portion of them, containing goods or freights consigned, without rebate or deception, by any route, at the option of the shipper, according to customary or published rates, to any point over or beyond such connecting road. Any failure to do so with reasonable diligence shall render the railroad company so failing liable to the owner or consignee for all damages that may result therefrom with interest and all costs and disbursements. Should the defendant in any suit brought under this section set up as a defense that the plaintiff has accepted a rebate, or practiced fraud or deception touching the rate, it shall be a complete reply to such defense if the plaintiff can prove that defendant or its agents has allowed a rebate or rebates, or practiced like fraud or deception, from the same competing points against the rival line.

SECTION 58-17-2820. Refusal to pay freight to connecting carrier shall be unlawful.

It shall be unlawful for any railroad chartered or operated in this State to refuse to pay any carrier on traffic delivered at any of its terminal or junction points such freight charges as may have accrued from the original point of shipment to the terminal or junction points, wherever delivery may be made, and to which at current rates the carrier making such delivery and previous carriers interested may be justly entitled to whenever such freight may be collected by the road making the delivery to consignee; provided, that:

(1) The total amount of freight charges does not exceed an amount equal to one half the market value of the property transported;

(2) This section does not apply on property which, from its nature, is classed as "prepaid freight" or which may be destined for points designated and conducted as prepaid stations, of which due public notice has been given; and

(3) Such carrier shall afford to such railroad company making the delivery to the consignee the same advantages and facilities, in the handling and interchange of business, that it affords any other railroad at the same point.

ARTICLE 25.

PASSENGER SERVICE

SECTION 58-17-3010. Passenger trains shall stop at stations advertised as stops.

Every railroad company in this State shall cause all its trains of cars for passengers to stop entirely upon each arrival at a station advertised by such company as a station for receiving passengers upon such trains for a time sufficient to receive and let off passengers.

SECTION 58-17-3020. Passenger trains shall stop at county seats.

All passenger trains operated by and upon any railroad in this State shall stop to let off a passenger or upon signal to take on a passenger at all stations located at any county seat within this State. In case the county seat is not located on the main line of such railroad, but is served by a branch line therefrom, then such passenger trains shall stop at the junctional point of such branch line with such main line when such junctional point is not more than twenty-three miles distant from the county seat and the provisions of this section shall apply as to each junctional point in such county where such junctional points are more than thirty miles apart. Any railroad company violating any provision of this section shall pay a penalty of one hundred dollars for each and every offense, one half of such penalty to go to any person who shall sue for it and one half to the county in which the offense occurs. Nothing herein contained shall bar any action for actual or punitive damages growing out of any violation of this section and any such causes of action may be united in the same complaint.

SECTION 58-17-3030. Commission may require close connections with intersecting railroads and may require all railroads to run passenger train.

The Public Service Commission shall, from time to time, examine into the schedules of all the railroads in this State for the carriage of passengers, with a view to ascertaining if such roads can reasonably make close connection with intersecting roads and wherever, in its opinion, such close connection can be made without injustice or material injury to any such road it shall make the appropriate orders to require such connection. And, the better to secure connections, the Commission may require all persons operating railroads, except such as may be in the hands of receivers, to run at least one unmixed daily passenger train each way over such railroad and may likewise require such persons to furnish to the traveling public facilities for passage over such railroads twice each way daily. From any such order of the Commission any road may appeal as in cases of appeals from inferior courts.

SECTION 58-17-3040. Posting bulletins as to late trains.

Whenever any passenger train on any railroad in this State shall be more than one half hour behind its schedule time the railroad company shall keep posted at every telegraph station along its line, when a telegraph operator is on duty at such station, the time such train is behind its schedule and shall change such bulletin every quarter hour until such train arrives, stating therein the time such train is behind and the hour at which it is expected to arrive. But such bulletins shall not be required to be posted at any station until one half hour before the regular schedule time at which such train is to arrive at such station. Any railroad company which shall refuse or neglect to comply with the provisions of this section shall forfeit and pay the sum of ten dollars for each and every such refusal or neglect, such sum to be sued for and recovered by any person aggrieved in any court of competent jurisdiction in the county where such refusal or neglect occurs.

SECTION 58-17-3050. Publishing change of timetable.

Notice of any change in passenger schedules or timetables shall be published at least three days before such change goes into effect.

SECTION 58-17-3060. Discontinuing passenger train or changing it to mixed train without approval of Commission shall be unlawful.

It shall be unlawful for any railroad company or person operating a railroad service in this State to discontinue the operation of any passenger train or to change any passenger train into a mixed passenger and freight train and operate it as such without first making application to and securing the approval of the Public Service Commission. Each day of the violation of the provisions of this section shall be considered a separate offense. Any person violating any of the provisions of this section shall be punishable by a fine not exceeding twenty-five dollars, to be imposed and collected by any court of competent jurisdiction.

SECTION 58-17-3070. Accommodations for passengers.

Every railroad corporation shall furnish reasonable accommodations for the convenience and safety of passengers. For every wilful neglect to provide such accommodations such railroad corporation shall forfeit not less than five nor more than twenty dollars, to be recovered in an action against such corporation.

SECTION 58-17-3080. Waiting rooms for passengers.

Every railroad company owning or operating a railroad in this State shall erect and keep at every office where tickets are sold for travel over its road two good rooms or apartments of reasonable size for the amount of travel at such office, which shall be furnished with comfortable seats for the accommodation of passengers. Such rooms shall be in charge of an employee of such company and kept open at such hours as to accommodate passengers traveling over such road on any of its passenger trains. The Public Service Commission shall enforce the provisions of this section.

SECTION 58-17-3090. Commission may require railroads to erect depots.

The Public Service Commission may require all railroads at junctional points, and at such other points as the travel and public interest in its judgment shall justify in this State, to erect union or other depots for the convenience and accommodation of the public and if any railroad company shall refuse or fail so to do, when required by the Commission within the time specified by the Commission, it shall forfeit and pay a sum of not less than fifty dollars per day after the expiration of time as set forth in the order or circular of the Commission, to be recovered in an action in any county in this State in which such violation has occurred in the name of the State. The Commission shall institute such action through the Attorney General or any of the solicitors of the State.

SECTION 58-17-3100. Separate water closets shall be maintained at stations.

All railroads or other persons operating any system of cars, carriages or other conveyances for the purpose of transporting passengers for hire shall, when ordered so to do by the Public Service Commission, build, keep and maintain at all passenger stations and other places where people are regularly taken on and put off of such cars, carriages or other conveyances, two separate and distinct water closets, one for female passengers and one for male passengers and such closets shall be kept in fit and suitable condition for the use and convenience of passengers. But this section shall not be construed to have reference to flag stations on railroad lines where there is no regularly kept passenger station. Any person refusing, failing or neglecting to observe the provisions of this section shall be liable to pay a penalty of fifty dollars for each and every day he shall fail, refuse or neglect to provide such water closets, such penalty to be recovered by any citizen who will sue therefor, one half of such penalty to go to the school fund of the county in which such suit is brought and the other half to the citizen suing for it.

SECTION 58-17-3110. Railroads not required to have second-class coaches.

No railroad to which the provisions of this chapter apply shall be required to have second-class coaches or to sell second-class tickets.

SECTION 58-17-3120. Railroads shall equip coaches with cinder deflectors.

All railroad companies operating passenger trains or coaches by steam, within or through this State, shall put cinder deflectors or wire screens that will effectually keep cinders from engines from entering cars upon all windows of passenger coaches, so as to protect passengers when the windows are raised. Such deflectors shall extend from the bottom of windows the entire length and three inches above the top of the sash and shall be six inches wide and permanently fastened to each outside edge of each window. Any railroad company refusing or neglecting to comply with the provisions of this section shall be subject to a penalty of not less than five hundred dollars nor more than one thousand dollars for each coach not screened as required by this section, to be recovered by the Attorney General or any solicitor at the request of any person aggrieved by such refusal or neglect, for the benefit of the State.

The Public Service Commission shall see that this section is enforced.

SECTION 58-17-3130. Exemptions from requirements of cinder deflectors.

The provisions of Section 58-17-3120 shall not be construed to apply to Pullman or sleeping cars operated in this State which are equipped with deflectors that effectually prevent cinders from entering cars, nor shall it be necessary to equip any air-conditioned railroad passenger coaches, Pullman cars or dining cars with cinder deflectors or wire screens.

SECTION 58-17-3140. Use of baggage checks.

Every railroad corporation, when requested, shall give checks to their passengers for their baggage when delivered for transportation in good shipping order and shall redeliver such baggage to the passengers upon the surrender of their checks. Any corporation which wilfully refuses to comply with the provisions of this section shall forfeit ten dollars for each offense.

ARTICLE 27.

SAFETY; NOTICE OF ACCIDENTS

SECTION 58-17-3310. Commission certificate as prerequisite to opening of railroad.

No railroad or branch or extension of a railroad shall hereafter be opened for public use until the Public Service Commission, after an examination, shall certify that all laws relating to the construction thereof have been complied with and that the road appears to be in a safe condition for operation, unless the Commission shall, after ten days' written notice to it by the railroad company of such proposed opening, fail to make such examination.

SECTION 58-17-3320. Safety devices shall be installed and used on direction of Commission.

The Public Service Commission may require the installation and use by the railroads operating trains in or through this State of any safety device which, in its judgment, after due consideration and trial, shall have been proven materially to contribute to the safety of operation of trains and the protection of the lives and limbs of the crews operating such trains or the traveling public or to their reasonable comfort or the sanitation of passenger and freight trains on which passengers travel or employees work, as well as depots, both passenger and freight.

SECTION 58-17-3330. Penalty for failure to obey orders of Commission regarding safety devices.

A failure to comply with any such order of the Commission within the time fixed by the Commission shall subject the railroad to a penalty of five hundred dollars, to be collected by suit in any court of competent jurisdiction by any person aggrieved. All penalties and forfeitures collected hereunder shall be paid over, one half into the State Treasury, and the other half into the county treasury of the county in which the suit is brought imposing the penalty, such revenues accruing from such collections to be used for general State and county purposes.

SECTION 58-17-3340. Brakes and brakemen.

Every railroad corporation shall cause a good and sufficient brake to be attached to every car used upon its railroad for the transportation of passengers or freight, except four wheeled freight cars used only for transporting freight and shall cause to be stationed on every passenger train trusty and skillful brakemen, equal in number at least to one for every two cars in the train, except on passenger trains on which power brakes are used, and one such brakeman upon the last car of every freight train, which must always be equipped with a good and sufficient brake.

SECTION 58-17-3350. Tools and appliances.

Every railroad corporation shall equip each of its trains, for use in case of accident, with such tools and appliances as the Public Service Commission may direct.

SECTION 58-17-3360. Electric hand lanterns shall be used in switching and moving trains.

All railroad carriers shall equip trainmen in their employ engaged in switching and train movements in intrastate commerce in this State with electric hand lanterns, of a type approved by the Public Service Commission, containing at least one extra bulb capable of being immediately lighted in case of failure of the main bulb. The use by any railroad carrier of oil lanterns in connection with such movements is hereby prohibited. Any railroad carrier violating any of the provisions of this section shall be punished by a fine not less than twenty-five dollars nor more than one hundred dollars and each day during which any flagrant violation shall continue shall constitute a separate offense.

SECTION 58-17-3370. Formation of passenger trains.

In forming a passenger train, baggage, freight, merchandise or lumber cars shall not be placed in rear of passenger cars.

SECTION 58-17-3380. Warning boards shall be maintained near drawbridges and grade crossings.

Every company, lessee, manager or receiver owning or operating a railroad in this State shall provide, maintain and place warning boards near drawbridges and places where railroads cross at grade. Such boards shall have letters of sufficient size to be clearly seen from the engine and to describe the place of danger and shall be placed not more than eight feet from the side of the track.

SECTION 58-17-3390. Penalty for failure to erect or replace warning boards.

Any railroad company, receiver or lessee thereof doing business within this State which shall fail to comply with the provisions of Section 58-17-3380 after ten days' notice thereof in writing shall be subject to a fine of five dollars per day for every day thereafter that such failure shall continue and any such railroad, receiver or lessee failing to re-erect such warning board, in case any such board for any cause be down or removed, after ten days' notice in writing, shall be subject to the penalty herein provided of five dollars per day for each day that such railroad, receiver or lessee shall fail to so re-erect such warning boards. This penalty shall be recoverable by any person resident in this State in any court of competent jurisdiction, one half to go to the person bringing the action and one half to go into the county treasury in which such action may be brought, to be used for ordinary county purposes.

SECTION 58-17-3400. Removal of hand or lever cars from track and leaving it near crossing shall be unlawful.

It shall be unlawful for any railroad section master or any person in charge of or connected with any hand car or lever car to remove it from any railroad track and continue it stationary within fifty yards of any public crossing other than at any regular railroad section house except when necessary to avoid an approaching train or when in charge of employees engaged in actual work upon such crossing, and then only for such a period as is necessary to avoid such train or to perform such work. Any person violating the provisions of this section shall, upon conviction, be fined not exceeding fifty dollars or be imprisoned not exceeding thirty days. Any railroad company shall be liable for damages for any horse frightened as a result of the violation of the provisions of this section by any of its employees.

SECTION 58-17-3410. Shelter for employees in railroad shops or yards.

All railway companies having railroad shops in this State at division points, where cars are regularly taken out of trains for repairs or construction work or where other railroad equipment is regularly made, repaired or constructed, shall furnish or construct a building or shed in such shops or yards, with a suitable and sufficient roof over the repair and construction track or tracks so as to provide that all men or employees employed in the construction and repair of locomotives, cars, trucks or other railroad equipment, excepting slight or minor repairs or repairs done in an emergency, shall be under shelter and protected during snow, rain, sleet, hot sunshine and other inclement weather. The Public Service Commission may direct the points at which sheds shall be erected and the character of the sheds after a hearing of which public notice shall have been given. Any railroad found guilty of violating the provisions of this section shall be subject to a fine of fifty dollars per day for every day of such violation.

SECTION 58-17-3420. Construction and maintenance of bridges.

Every railroad corporation shall, at its own expense, construct, and afterwards maintain and keep in repair, all bridges, with their approaches or abutments, which it is authorized or required to construct over or under any turnpike road, canal, highway or other way and any city or town may recover of the railroad corporation whose road crosses a highway or town way therein all damages, charges and expenses incurred by such city or town by reason of the neglect or refusal of the corporation to erect or keep in repair all structures required or necessary at such crossing. But if, after the laying out and making of a railroad, the governing body of a county has authorized a turnpike, highway or other way to be laid out across the railroad, all expenses of and incident to constructing and maintaining the turnpike or way at such crossing shall be borne by the turnpike corporation or the county, city, town or other owner of it.

SECTION 58-17-3430. Railroads shall keep grade at stations level with track.

Every railroad company operating a railroad within this State shall keep the grade of its right of way at all stations level with the ties and four feet wide on the station side for a distance of one hundred and fifty feet on each side of such station or stopping place. But in the case of a terminal station the provisions aforesaid shall be operative only as to so much of the territory as is opposite to those portions of such terminal station used for passenger service and the approaches thereto on one side. Any railroad company violating the provisions of this section shall be liable to a penalty of not more than one hundred dollars, on complaint of any person aggrieved thereby, one half of the penalty shall go to complainant and the other half thereof to the use of the public school in the county in which the complaint is made.

SECTION 58-17-3440. Notice of accidents shall be given to physician and Commission.

Every railroad corporation shall cause immediate notice of each accident, in such cases of accident occurring on its road attended with injury to any person as the Public Service Commission may, by rules and regulations adopted by it, require, to be given to a physician most accessible to the place of accident and to the Commission by telegraph, telephone or such other means as may be the quickest under the circumstances at the same time that notice is given officials of the road on which the accident occurred. Any such corporation shall also give notice in like manner of any accident falling within any description of accidents of which the Commission may by general regulation require notice to be given. For each omission to give any such notice any such corporation shall forfeit a sum not exceeding five hundred dollars.

SECTION 58-17-3450. Commission shall investigate causes of accidents.

The Commission shall investigate the cause of any accident on a railroad resulting in loss of life and of any accident not so resulting which, in its judgment, shall require investigation.

SECTION 58-17-3460. Free transportation shall be furnished Commission to scene of certain accidents.

Every railroad corporation shall furnish immediate transportation for the Commission over its line to the place of accident occurring on its road and attended with any injury to any person of which it is required to give notice under the provisions of Section 58-17-3440, free of expense to the Commission and, if the Commission uses another railroad to reach the place of accident, the corporation on whose line the accident occurred shall pay the expense of transportation thereon.

ARTICLE 29.

POLICE POWERS OF AGENTS

SECTION 58-17-3610. Police powers of conductors and station agents.

Conductors of railroad trains and station or depot agents are hereby declared to be conservators of the peace and they shall have the common-law power of constables to make arrests, except that the conductors shall only have such power on board of their respective trains and the agents at their respective places of business. Such conductors and agents may cause any person so arrested by them to be detained and delivered to the proper authorities for trial as soon as practicable.

SECTION 58-17-3620. Ejection of disorderly passenger from train.

When any passenger shall be guilty of disorderly conduct, use any obscene or grossly profane language to the annoyance and vexation of passengers or play any game of cards or other game of chance for money or other valuable thing upon any railroad train, the conductor of such train may stop his train at any place where such offense has been committed and eject such passenger from the train, using only such force as may be necessary to accomplish such removal, and may command the assistance of the employees of the railroad company or any of the passengers to assist in such removal.

SECTION 58-17-3630. Badges shall be worn by employees.

Every conductor, baggagemaster, engineer, brakeman or other servant of any railroad corporation employed on a passenger train, or at stations for passengers, shall wear on his hat or cap a badge which shall indicate his office and the initial letters of the style of the corporation by which he is employed. No conductor or collector without such badge shall have any authority to meddle or interfere with any passenger, his baggage or his property. Each railroad corporation shall see that such badges are worn.

ARTICLE 31.

LIABILITY FOR INJURIES TO EMPLOYEES

SECTION 58-17-3710. "Common carrier" defined.

The term "common carrier" as used in this article shall include the receiver or receivers or other persons or corporations charged with the duty of the management and operation of the business of a common carrier.

SECTION 58-17-3720. Liability of railroads for negligence resulting in injuries to or death of employees; amount and disposition of damages in case of death of employee.

Every common carrier by railroad while engaging in commerce within this State shall be liable in damages to any person suffering injury while he is employed by such carrier in such commerce or, in case of the death of such employee, to his personal representative for the benefit (a) of the surviving widow or husband and children of such employee, (b) if none, of such employee's parents and (c) if none, then of the next of kin, for such injury or death resulting in whole or in part from the negligence of any of the officers, agents or employees of such carrier or by reason of any defect or insufficiency, due to its negligence, in its cars, engines, appliances, machinery, track, roadbed, works, boats, wharves or other equipment. And in every such action the jury may give such damages as they may think proportioned to the injury or injuries resulting from such death to the parties, respectively, for whom and for whose benefit such action shall be brought and the amount so recovered shall be divided among the before-mentioned parties in such shares as they would have been entitled to if the deceased had died intestate and the amount recovered had been personal assets of his estate.

SECTION 58-17-3730. Effect of contributory negligence.

In all actions hereafter brought against any such common carrier by railroad under or by virtue of any of the provisions of this article to recover damages for personal injuries to any employee or when such injuries have resulted in his death, the fact that the employee may have been guilty of contributory negligence shall not bar a recovery, but the damages shall be diminished by the jury in proportion to the amount of negligence attributable to such employee. But no such employee who may be injured or killed shall be held to have been guilty of contributory negligence when the violation by such common carrier of any statute enacted for the safety of employees contributed to the injury or death of such employee.

SECTION 58-17-3740. Assumption of risk.

In any action brought against any common carrier under or by virtue of any of the provisions of this article to recover damages for injuries to, or the death of, any of its employees, such employee shall not be held to have assumed the risks of his employment when the violation by such common carrier of any statute enacted for the safety of employees contributed to the injury or death of such employee.

SECTION 58-17-3750. Any exemption from liability under article shall be void.

Any contract, rule, regulation or device whatsoever the purpose or intent of which shall be to enable any common carrier to exempt itself from any liability created by this article shall to that extent be void.

SECTION 58-17-3760. Survival of right of action.

Any right of action given by this article to a person suffering injury shall survive to his personal representatives, for the benefit of (a) the surviving widow or husband and children of such employee, (b) if none, such employee's parents and (c) if none, then of the next of kin of such employee. But in such case there shall be only one recovery for the same injury.

SECTION 58-17-3770. Limitation of actions.

No action shall be maintained under this article unless commenced within two years from the day the cause of action accrued.

SECTION 58-17-3780. Setoffs.

In any action brought against any such common carrier under or by virtue of any of the provisions of this article such common carrier may set off therein any sum it has contributed or paid to any insurance, relief, benefit or indemnity that may have been paid to the injured employee or the person entitled thereto on account of the injury or death for which such action was brought.

SECTION 58-17-3790. Punitive damages.

Punitive damages shall not be recoverable in cases arising under this article except under circumstances under which exemplary damages are recoverable in cases arising under Section 58-17-3950.

SECTION 58-17-3800. Article shall be cumulative.

Nothing in this article shall be held to limit the duty or liability of common carriers or to impair the rights of their employees under any other law not inconsistent with the provisions of this article but the remedies and provisions herein shall be held to be in addition to, and cumulative of, existing remedies.

ARTICLE 33.

PENALTIES AND LIABILITIES GENERALLY

SECTION 58-17-3910. Liability to landowners for damages for wrongful obstruction of watercourses.

Railroad corporations shall be liable to landowners for all damages resulting from the wrongful obstruction of watercourses by such corporations and it shall not be necessary to allege and prove that such damages resulted from the negligent construction of the road or other works of such corporations, but any person who is damaged shall be entitled to recover as in actions against individuals upon showing the wrongful obstruction of such watercourses.

SECTION 58-17-3920. Liability for damage caused by fire.

Every railroad corporation shall be responsible in damages to any person whose buildings or other property may be injured by fire communicated by its locomotive engines or originating within the limits of the right of way of such road in consequence of the act of any of its authorized agents or employees, except when property shall have been placed on the right of way of such corporation unlawfully or without its consent, and each such corporation shall have an insurable interest in the property upon its route for which it may be so held responsible and may procure insurance thereon in its own behalf.

SECTION 58-17-3930. Penalty for failure to obey orders of Commission.

Any railroad in this State refusing to obey any order of the Public Service Commission made under this chapter shall forfeit not less than the sum of five hundred dollars nor more than two thousand dollars, to be recovered by the suit of the Commission in a suit in the court of common pleas. Such sum, if recovered, shall go to the general fund of this State.

SECTION 58-17-3940. Penalty for failure to pay recompense for violation of rule or regulation of Commission; action for recovery.

If any railroad company doing business in this State, by its agents or employees, shall be guilty of a violation of the rules and regulations provided and prescribed by the Commission and if, after due notice of such violation given to the principal officer thereof, ample and full recompense for the wrong or injury done thereby to any person as may be directed by the Commission, shall not be made within thirty days from the time of such notice, such company shall incur a penalty for each offense of not less than one thousand dollars nor more than five thousand dollars, to be fixed by the presiding judge. An action for recovery of such penalty shall lie in any county in the State in which such violation has occurred or such wrong has been perpetrated and shall be in the name of the State. The Commission shall institute such action through the Attorney General or any of the solicitors of this State.

SECTION 58-17-3950. Actions for injuries to persons through violation of rules or regulations of Commission.

If any railroad company doing business in this State shall, in violation of any rule or regulation provided by the Commission, inflict wrong or injury on any person, such person shall have a right of action and recovery for such wrong or injury in the county in which such wrong or injury was inflicted in any court having jurisdiction thereof and the damages to be recovered shall be the same as in an action between individuals, except that in cases of wilful violation of law such railroad companies shall be liable to exemplary damages.

SECTION 58-17-3960. Suits under foregoing section shall be brought within twelve months.

All suits under Section 58-17-3950 shall be brought within twelve months of the commission of the alleged wrong or injury.

SECTION 58-17-3970. Acts declared unlawful shall be prohibited.

Each and every act, matter or thing in this chapter declared to be unlawful is hereby prohibited.

SECTION 58-17-3980. Damages and penalty for unlawful acts where no specific penalty provided for.

If any person shall do, suffer or permit to be done any act, matter or thing in this chapter declared to be unlawful, shall omit to do any act, matter or thing in this chapter required to be done or shall be guilty of any violation of any of the provisions of this chapter, such person shall, when no specific penalty is herein provided for such violation, forfeit and pay to the person who may sustain damage thereby a sum equal to three times the amount of the damages so sustained, to be recovered by the person so damaged by suit in the circuit court of any county in this State in which the person causing such damage can be found or may have an agent, office or place of business. But in any such case of recovery the damage shall not be assessed at a less sum than two hundred and fifty dollars. And the person so offending shall, for each offense, forfeit and pay a penalty of not less than one thousand dollars, to be recovered by the State by action in any such circuit court to be brought by the Attorney General upon the request of the Public Service Commission.

SECTION 58-17-3990. Action under foregoing section shall be subject of equity jurisdiction.

Any action brought as provided in Section 58-17-3980 to recover any penalty or damages shall be regarded as a subject of equity jurisdiction and discovery and affirmative relief may be sought and obtained therein. In any such action so brought as a case of equitable cognizance, preliminary or final injunction may, without allegation or proof of damage to the complainant, be granted upon proper application, restraining, forbidding and prohibiting the commission or continuance of any act, matter or thing by this chapter prohibited or forbidden.

SECTION 58-17-4000. Limitation of action.

No action provided for in Sections 58-17-3980 and 58-17-3990 shall be sustained unless brought within two years after the cause of action shall accrue.

SECTION 58-17-4010. Testimony may be compelled; immunity from prosecution; production of books and papers.

In any action under Section 58-17-3980 and upon any application for any injunction under Section 58-17-3990 any director, officer, receiver or trustee of any railroad corporation or company or any receiver, trustee or person operating any railroad company or any agent of any such corporation or company, receiver, trustee or person aforesaid, or of any of them alone or with any other person may be compelled to attend, appear and testify and give evidence. No claim that any such testimony or evidence might tend to incriminate the person testifying or giving evidence shall be of any avail; but such evidence shall not be used against such person on the trial of any indictment against him. The attendance and appearance of any such person who may be compelled to appear or testify, and the giving of testimony or evidence by such person and the production of books and papers by him may be compelled as in the case of any other witness and if such deposition or evidence or the production of any books or papers may be desired or required for the purpose of applying for or sustaining any injunction it and the production of books and papers may be had, taken and compelled by or before the clerk of the court in which such action is pending or in any manner provided by the laws of this State as to the taking of other depositions or evidence or the attendance of witnesses or the production of other books or papers.

SECTION 58-17-4020. Penalty for violation of chapter by individuals.

Any director or officer of any railroad corporation or company or any receiver, trustee, lessee or person acting or engaged as a railroad or any agent of any such corporation or company, receiver, trustee, lessee or person, or of one of them alone or with any other corporation, person or party, who shall (a) directly or indirectly do, or cause or willingly suffer or permit to be done, any act, matter or thing in this chapter prohibited or forbidden, (b) directly or indirectly aid or abet therein, (c) directly or indirectly omit or fail to do any act, matter or thing in this chapter required to be done, (d) cause or willingly suffer or permit any act, matter or thing, so directed or required to be done, not to be so done, (e) directly or indirectly aid or abet any such omission or failure, (f) directly or indirectly be guilty of any infraction of this chapter or (g) directly or indirectly aid or abet therein shall, unless otherwise herein specially provided, be guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be fined not less than two hundred dollars.

SECTION 58-17-4030. Penalty for injury due to negligence or carelessness.

When an engineman, fireman or other agent or officer of a railroad corporation is guilty of negligence or carelessness whereby an injury is done to any person he shall be punished by imprisonment not exceeding twelve months or by a fine not exceeding one thousand dollars.

SECTION 58-17-4040. Penalty for gross carelessness or negligence.

Whoever, having management of, or control over, a railroad train while being used for the common carriage of persons, is guilty of gross carelessness or neglect in, or in relation to, the management or control thereof shall forfeit a sum not exceeding five thousand dollars or be imprisoned not more than three years.

SECTION 58-17-4050. Penalty for injury due to wilful violation.

Any engineer, conductor or other agent or employee of any railroad company in this State who shall wilfully neglect to observe or shall wilfully violate any rule or regulation of the company to which such engineer or conductor may belong, whereby any person shall sustain or be in danger of sustaining any bodily injury shall be liable to be indicted for every such offense and, upon conviction thereof, be fined two hundred dollars and imprisoned for not exceeding one year, at the discretion of the judge before whom such case may be tried. Nothing therein contained shall be so construed as to relieve such engineer or conductor from responsibility under the law when the life of any person is destroyed.

SECTION 58-17-4060. Common carriers shall not interfere with contracts of shipment.

If any person shall have contracted to deliver to any other person within this State certain commodities, no common carrier doing business in this State over whose road such commodities would be transported before delivery to the consignee shall interfere with the fulfillment of such contract between such shipper of freight and the proposed consignee, nor undertake to control or direct, or in any wise interfere with, the shipment of such commodities by the person who has contracted so to ship the same. To this end no common carrier doing business in this State over whose road such commodities would pass in transportation before delivery to the consignee in this State, when furnishing cars to the shippers thereof, may designate to what consignees freight loaded in such cars shall be consigned or in any way interfere with or seek to control the use of such cars by the shipper in making shipment to such consignee as he may desire to ship to or be under contract to ship to.

SECTION 58-17-4070. Liability of common carriers interfering with contracts of shipment.

Any common carrier violating the provisions of Section 58-17-4060 shall be liable to such damages, including special and punitive damages, as may be found in an action maintained in the courts of this State. Any shipper or proposed consignee bringing suit for violation of the terms of Section 58-17-4060 may include in the same action actual damages sustained by him through such act of the common carrier as well as any special damages and may also recover in the same action such punitive damages as may be allowed to him.

SECTION 58-17-4080. Penalty and damages for obstruction of highway by railroad car, locomotive or other object.

If any person, including any conductor of any train of railroad cars or any other agent or servant of any railroad company, shall obstruct unnecessarily any public road or highway by permitting any railroad car or locomotive to be or remain upon or across any street, public road or highway for a longer period than five minutes, after notice to remove such cars has been given to the conductor, engineer, agent or other such person in charge of such train or shall permit any timber, wood or other obstruction to remain upon or across any such street, road or highway to the hindrance or inconvenience of travelers or any person passing along or upon such street, road or highway, every such person so offending shall forfeit and pay for every such offense any sum not exceeding twenty nor less than five dollars and shall be liable for all damages arising to any highway, to be recovered by an action at the suit of the governing body of the county in which such offense shall have been committed or any person suing therefor, before any magistrate within the county in which such offense shall have been committed or by indictment in the court of general sessions or suit in the court of common pleas. All fines so accruing under the provisions of this section, when collected, shall be paid over by the magistrate to the county treasurer for the district in which such offense was committed. Every twenty-four hours such person, after being notified, shall suffer such obstructions to the hindrance or inconvenience of travelers or any person going along or upon such road or highway to continue shall be deemed an additional offense against the provisions of this section.

SECTION 58-17-4090. Penalty for obstruction of railroad.

If any person shall by himself or others place, or cause to be placed, on the track or other part of the passageway of any railroad on which steam engines, diesel engines or any other type engines or handcars are used any timber, stone or other obstruction, with intent to injure or impede the passage of any cars or means of conveyance, or shall in any manner obstruct any engine or car passing upon any railroad on which steam engines, diesel engines or any other type engines or handcars are used or endanger the safety of persons conveyed in or upon such railroads or assist therein, such person shall be guilty of a felony and, on being thereof convicted by due course of law, shall be punished by imprisonment in the Penitentiary for not less than one nor more than thirty years and fined in the discretion of the court, except when the death of some human being results from such impediment and in that case the offender shall be adjudged guilty of murder and shall suffer death.

Nothing in this section shall in any manner take away any right of action for damages for injuries to the person or property of any person or body corporate caused by any injury, obstruction or damage done to any railroad or its buildings, tracks or constructions.

SECTION 58-17-4095. Parking or operating vehicle on railroad right-of-way prohibited; exceptions; penalty.

(A) No person may park or operate a vehicle on a railroad right-of-way where there are existing tracks unless the person:

(1) is an employee of the railroad which owns the right-of-way in the performance of his duties;

(2) has authority from the railroad which owns the right-of-way;

(3) is using a public or private roadway which crosses over the railroad at an established grade crossing;

(4) is acting in an official capacity with the military, police force, a fire fighting organization, or some similar public authority and must enter onto the railroad right-of-way to carry out his or her responsibilities; or

(5) is an employee of a public utility or telecommunications carrier, or of the forestry industry, and must enter onto the railroad right-of-way to carry out his responsibilities.

(B) For the purposes of this section, the term "vehicle" includes all standard vehicles normally operated on roadways, such as automobiles, trucks, vans, and motorcycles, and all off-road vehicles. Off-road vehicles include, but are not limited to, four-wheel drive or low-pressure tire vehicles, two or three wheel vehicles, amphibious machines, and ground-effect or air-cushioned vehicles.

(C) A person violating the provisions of this section, upon conviction, shall pay a fine of not more than two hundred dollars or serve a term of imprisonment for not more than thirty days.

SECTION 58-17-4096. Trespassing upon railroad tracks.

(A) It is unlawful, without proper authority, for a person to trespass upon railroad tracks.

(B) A person who violates this section is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction, must be fined not more than two hundred dollars or imprisoned not more than thirty days.

SECTION 58-17-4100. Penalty for shooting or throwing at trains.

A person who wilfully discharges any kind of firearms or throws any kind of missile at or into the engine or any car of a train is guilty of a felony and, upon conviction, must be fined not more than five hundred dollars or imprisoned not more than five years.

SECTION 58-17-4110. Penalty for loitering in or about station houses.

Whoever, without right, loiters or remains within any station house of a railroad corporation or upon the platform or grounds adjacent to such station, after being requested to leave the same by any authorized railroad officer or employee, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and, on conviction thereof, shall pay a fine of not more than fifty dollars or be confined in the county jail or required to work on the chain gang for not more than thirty days.

SECTION 58-17-4120. Certain persons shall be deemed agents of railroad corporation.

Any person occupying an office or room in any railway station and attending to and transacting therein the business of any railroad under the charter of such railroad shall be deemed the agent of such corporation, notwithstanding he may claim to be the agent of some other person or corporation claiming to operate such railroad by virtue of any lease, contract or agreement. A bill of lading, receipt, agreement or contract signed or entered into by any such person as agent of any such person or corporation operating such railroad shall be deemed the contract of the corporation under the charter of which the railroad is authorized.

SECTION 58-17-4130. Liabilities of corporation operating road of another and of trustees and receivers.

When a railroad laid out and constructed by one corporation is lawfully maintained and operated by another corporation, the latter shall be subject to the duties, liabilities, restrictions and other provisions as they are set forth in the General Railroad Law respecting or arising from the maintenance and operation of such railroad in the same manner as if it had been laid out and constructed by the latter corporation. When a railroad is lawfully maintained and operated by trustees or receivers they shall in like manner be subject to the duties, liabilities, restrictions and other provisions respecting or arising from the maintenance and operation of such railroad which are attached in the General Railroad Law to the corporation for whose stockholders or creditors, or either, they are trustees or receivers.

SECTION 58-17-4140. Manner in which fines and forfeitures shall be collected.

All fines or forfeitures provided for or prescribed in the General Railroad Law shall, unless otherwise expressly provided, be collected by an action to be brought in the name of the State against the offending person or corporation in any court of competent jurisdiction by the Attorney General of this State or the solicitor of the circuit in which the offense is in whole or in part committed.

SECTION 58-17-4150. Persons against whom judgments shall be rendered.

Any judgment under the provisions of this chapter shall be rendered against the person violating its provisions and against the corporation in whose service or under whose authority he performed such unlawful acts.

SECTION 58-17-4160. Procedure for attachment of cars and engines which are in use.

Whenever railroad cars and engines are in use on railroads and making regular passage thereon, they shall not be attached upon mesne process in any suit within forty-eight hours previous to their fixed time of departure unless the officer making such attachment shall have first demanded of the owners or managers of such engines or cars, or any of the agents of such railroad, other property equal in value to the ad damnum in the writ upon which to make such attachment and such owners or managers shall have refused or neglected to comply with such demand. And any officer making such attachment shall, on his return upon the process upon which it is made, certify that he has made such demand for such other property and that such demand has been refused or neglected; otherwise such attachment shall be wholly void.

SECTION 58-17-4170. Forfeiture of charter for repeated violations of law.

Whenever any of the railroad corporations of this State have repeatedly and wilfully violated any of the provisions of this chapter, and have been found guilty or judgment had against them within this State of such violation more than once or penalties have been recovered in penal actions for such violations more than once, the Commission may, if it thinks it consistent with the public interest, instruct the Attorney General to proceed against such corporation, in any court of competent jurisdiction, by an information in the nature of a quo warranto, alleging such convictions or recoveries as cause of forfeiture of its charter of incorporation and upon proof of such facts there shall be judgment of ouster and final execution as in other cases of proceedings by quo warranto.

SECTION 58-17-4180. Request or advice of Commission shall not impair legal duties of railroad.

No request or advice of the Commission shall impair, in any manner or degree, the legal duties and obligations of any railroad corporation or its liability for the consequence of its acts or of the neglect or mismanagement of any of its agents or servants.

SECTION 58-17-4190. Chapter shall not affect rights of persons injured to action for private damages.

This chapter shall not be so construed as to affect the right of any person injured by the violation of any law in regard to railroad corporations from prosecuting or proceeding for his private damages in any manner allowed by law.






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