1976 South Carolina Code of Laws
Unannotated
Updated through the end of the 2005 Regular Session


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This statutory database is current through the 2005 Regular Session of the South Carolina General Assembly. Changes to the statutes enacted by the 2006 General Assembly, which will convene in January 2006, will be incorporated as soon as possible. Some changes enacted by the 2006 General Assembly may take immediate effect. The State of South Carolina and the South Carolina Legislative Council make no warranty as to the accuracy of the data, or changes which may have been enacted since the 2005 Regular Session or which took effect after this database was prepared and users rely on the data entirely at their own risk.



Title 59 - Education
CHAPTER 25.

TEACHERS

ARTICLE 1.

GENERAL PROVISIONS

SECTION 59-25-10. Employment of teachers related to board members or serving as board members.

No person who is a member of the board of trustees or a member of the immediate family of a member of the board of trustees of any school district shall be employed by the board as a teacher without the written approval of the board of trustees of the district and, when applicable, of the board of education of the county, or unless a majority of the parents or guardians of the children attending the school for which such teacher is employed requests such employment in writing. The provisions of this section shall not apply to any teacher who was employed prior to the time he or his family member became a board member. For purposes of this section, the immediate family of a member of the board of trustees shall include only his parents, children, brothers or sisters. Provided, that the provisions of this section shall not apply to school bus drivers.

SECTION 59-25-20. Qualifications of teachers.

No board of school trustees shall hereafter employ any teacher who has not a certificate to teach in the free public schools of the State. This provision, however, shall not affect the employment of any teacher now teaching in any of the schools of the special school districts. The trustees of any such school may also impose any additional examinations and qualifications they may deem proper before or after employing any teacher.

SECTION 59-25-30. Officials not permitted to designate place for teacher to board or live.

It shall be unlawful for any trustee of any public school or any superintendent or other official thereof to require any teacher to board or live at any teacherage or specified place. Each individual teacher shall have the right to choose his or her boarding place, and for so doing his right to teach shall not be voided by the trustees of any school board or superintendent or other official. Any school trustee or superintendent who shall violate the provisions of this section shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction, shall be fined not less than twenty-five dollars nor more than one hundred dollars or be imprisoned for not less than ten days nor more than thirty days, in the discretion of the court.

SECTION 59-25-40. Effective date of pay increase resulting from examination.

In the event that a teacher takes the teacher's examination and becomes entitled to a pay increase as a result thereof such increase shall become effective and payable commencing with the semester following the date of examination.

SECTION 59-25-45. Health and dental insurance.

Teachers working less than thirty hours a week, but no less than fifteen hours a week, shall qualify for state health and dental insurance. The Budget and Control Board is directed to amend its "Plan of Benefits" regarding fringe benefits to conform to the provisions of this section. Teachers and employers shall each contribute toward the cost of these benefits with the employer paying only that portion of the employer's normal cost which is attributable to the time the teacher is working, and the teacher shall pay all remaining costs. However, the employer's contribution shall be no less than half the normal cost.

SECTION 59-25-50. Salary adjustments for certified instructional personnel of state agency.

Each state agency having certified instructional personnel shall receive an allocation based on the following formula: Each state agency shall receive such funds as are required to adjust the pay of all certified instructional personnel to the appropriate salary provided by the salary schedules of the surrounding school districts utilized for the 1984-85 school year and subsequent years.

SECTION 59-25-55. Expansion of number of high achieving minority students entering teaching.

The Center for Educator Recruitment, Retention, and Advancement of South Carolina (CERRA-South Carolina) in cooperation with the Commission on Higher Education shall establish a program with the purpose of expanding the number of high achieving minority students entering teacher education programs. The program shall include, but not be limited to, identification of minority high school students who have an interest in teaching and recruitment of those students into the teacher cadet program, personal counseling of minority students in the teacher cadet program about high demand certification areas, and college opportunities.

ARTICLE 3.

EXAMINATIONS AND TEACHERS' CERTIFICATES

SECTION 59-25-110. System for examination and certification of teachers.

The State Board of Education, by rules and regulations, shall formulate and administer a system for the examination and certification of teachers.

SECTION 59-25-115. Notice to enrollee in teacher education program regarding effect of prior criminal record; criminal records check and fingergprinting requirements.

(A) A person enrolled in a teacher education program in South Carolina must be advised by the college or university that his prior criminal record could prevent certification as a teacher in this State in accordance with State Board of Education guidelines.

(B) Before beginning full-time clinical teaching experience in this State, a teacher education candidate shall undergo a state criminal records check by the South Carolina Law Enforcement Division and a national criminal records check supported by fingerprints by the Federal Bureau of Investigation. The cost associated with the FBI background checks are those of the applicant. Information reported relative to prior arrests or convictions will be reviewed by the State Department of Education, and the State Board of Education when warranted, according to board guidelines. A teacher education candidate with prior arrests or convictions of a serious nature that could affect his fitness to teach in the public schools of South Carolina may be denied the opportunity to complete the clinical teaching experience and qualify for initial teacher certification. An individual who is denied this opportunity as a result of prior arrests or convictions, after one year, may request reconsideration under guidelines established by the State Board of Education.

(C) A graduate of a teacher education program applying for initial teacher certification must have completed the FBI fingerprint process within eighteen months of formally applying for initial teacher certification or the fingerprint process must be repeated.

SECTION 59-25-120. Examination on United States Constitution and loyalty thereto.

All persons applying for certificates authorizing them to become teachers in the public schools of this State shall, in addition to other requirements and before receiving such certificate, be required to pass a satisfactory examination upon the provisions and principles of the Constitution of the United States and shall also satisfy the examining power of their loyalty thereto.

SECTION 59-25-130. Record of teachers' certificates.

A full record of all teachers' certificates shall be kept in the State Department of Education showing the name, age, sex, color and date of certificate of each person and such other information as may be desired.

SECTION 59-25-140. Fee for duplicate certificate; use of resulting fund.

The board of examiners for teachers may charge a fee of fifty cents for every duplicate certificate. The proceeds from such fees shall be deposited with the State Treasurer to be used by the board of examiners to cover the expense and labor of issuing duplicate certificates promptly and to pay the traveling expenses of the director of the board of examiners while in the discharge of his official duties. All disbursements of such fees shall be made only on vouchers approved by the State Superintendent of Education. An itemized statement of such expenditures shall be kept and published in the annual report of the State Superintendent of Education.

SECTION 59-25-150. Revocation or suspension of certificate.

The State Board of Education may, for just cause, either revoke or suspend the certificate of any person.

SECTION 59-25-160. Revocation or suspension of certificate; "just cause" defined.

"Just cause" may consist of any one or more of the following:

(1) Incompetence;

(2) Wilful neglect of duty;

(3) Wilful violation of the rules and regulations of the State Board of Education;

(4) Unprofessional conduct;

(5) Drunkenness;

(6) Cruelty;

(7) Crime against the law of this State or the United States;

(8) Immorality;

(9) Any conduct involving moral turpitude;

(10) Dishonesty;

(11) Evident unfitness for position for which employed; or

(12) Sale or possession of narcotics.

SECTION 59-25-170. Revocation or suspension of certificate; notice to teacher and opportunity for hearing.

No person's certificate may be either revoked or suspended unless written notice specifying the cause for either the revocation or suspension has been given to the person by the State Board of Education and a hearing has been afforded such person.

SECTION 59-25-180. Revocation or suspension of certificate; notice to district board of trustees.

Whenever the State Board of Education either revokes or suspends a certificate of any person it shall immediately notify the chairman of the district board of trustees that employs such person of the revocation or suspension.

SECTION 59-25-190. Revocation or suspension of certificate; effect; payment of salary.

The revocation or suspension of the certificate of any person shall terminate the employment of such person until such time as a decision is reached concerning the charge against such person; however, such person shall be paid until the final disposition of the case by the State Board of Education.

SECTION 59-25-200. Revocation or suspension of certificate; request for hearing; conduct of hearing; determination by board.

Within fifteen days after receipt of notice of revocation or suspension, such person may serve upon the chairman of the State Board of Education or the State Superintendent of Education a written request for either a public or private hearing before the board. The hearing shall be held by the board not less than ten days nor more than twenty days after the request is served, and a notice of the time and place of the hearing shall be given the person not less than four days prior to the date of the hearing. At the hearing, which shall be as summary and as simple as reasonably may be, the parties may appear in person and by counsel, if desired, and may present any testimony, under oath, or other evidence as may be pertinent. Within fifteen days following the hearing, the board shall determine whether there existed just cause for the notice of revocation or suspension and shall render its written order accordingly either affirming, withdrawing, or modifying the notice of revocation or suspension.

SECTION 59-25-210. Revocation or suspension of certificate; power of board to issue subpoenas, administer oaths and examine witnesses.

The State Board of Education, for the purposes of this article, shall have the power to subpoena witnesses, to administer oaths, and to examine witnesses and such parts of any books and records as relate to the issue or issues involved.

SECTION 59-25-220. Revocation or suspension of certificate; depositions.

Any party to such proceedings may cause to be taken the deposition of witnesses within or without the State and either by commission or de bene esse. Such depositions shall be taken in accordance with and subject to the same provisions, conditions, and restrictions as apply to the taking of like depositions in civil actions at law in the court of common pleas, and the same rules with respect to the giving of notice to the opposite party, the taking and transcribing of testimony, the transmission and certification thereof and matters of practice relating thereto shall apply.

SECTION 59-25-230. Revocation or suspension of certificate; service of notices.

Notices to be given by a party shall be served upon the opposite party prior to the filing thereof. All notices shall be served in person or by registered mail.

SECTION 59-25-240. Revocation or suspension of certificate; service of subpoenas; witness fees.

The county sheriffs and their respective deputies shall serve all subpoenas of the State Board of Education and shall receive the same fees as are now provided by law for like service. Each witness who appears in obedience to such subpoena shall receive for attendance the fees and mileage of witnesses in civil cases in the courts of the county in which the hearing is held.

SECTION 59-25-250. Revocation or suspension of certificate; powers and duties of court of common pleas; warrant for production of witnesses.

(A) Upon application by the State Board of Education, the court of common pleas shall enforce by proper proceedings the attendance and testimony of witnesses and the production of books, papers, and records. The unexcused failure or refusal to attend and give testimony or produce books, papers, and records as may have been required in any subpoena issued by the State Board of Education is a misdemeanor. A person who engages in this conduct, upon conviction, must be fined in the discretion of the court or imprisoned not more than three years, or both.

(B) The State Board of Education may issue to the sheriff of the county in which a hearing is held a warrant requiring him to produce at the hearing a witness who has ignored or failed to comply with any subpoena issued by the State Board of Education and properly served upon the witness. The warrant authorizes the sheriff to arrest and produce at the hearing the witness, and it is his duty to do so. The failure of a witness to appear in response to a subpoena may be excused on the same grounds as provided by law for the attendance of witnesses in the courts of this State.

SECTION 59-25-260. Revocation or suspension of certificate; appeals from decision of Board and circuit court.

The findings of fact by the State Board of Education shall be final and conclusive. The person aggrieved by the order of the State Board of Education, within thirty days thereafter, may appeal to the court of common pleas, to review errors of law only, by filing with the State Board of Education notice of such appeal and of the grounds thereof. The State Board of Education shall within thirty days thereafter, file a certified copy of the transcript of record with the clerk of such court. Any appeal from the order of the circuit court shall be taken in the manner provided by the South Carolina Appellate Court Rules.

SECTION 59-25-270. Revocation or suspension of certificate; reinstatement.

If either the State Board of Education, the court of common pleas, the court of appeals, or the Supreme Court of South Carolina reverses the order of revocation or suspension, the person whose certificate had been either revoked or suspended by the state board shall be fully reinstated and shall receive all salary lost as a result of such revocation or suspension of his certificate; provided, however, that where the State Board of Education, within the time prescribed by law, appeals from an order of the court of common pleas reversing an order of revocation or suspension rendered by the State Board of Education, the person whose certificate had either been revoked or suspended by the state board shall not be entitled to be reinstated and to receive all salary lost as a result of his certificate's revocation or suspension by the state board unless and until the Supreme Court or court of appeals affirms the order of the court of common pleas.

SECTION 59-25-280. Crimes warranting revocation, refusal to issue or nonrenewal of certificate.

(A) The State Board of Education permanently shall revoke, refuse to issue, or renew a certificate without a hearing, if the holder of or applicant for the certificate pleads guilty, pleads nolo contendere, or is found guilty of the following crimes, whether or not a sentence is imposed and regardless of where the matter was tried:

(1) a violent crime as defined in Section 16-1-60;

(2) certain offenses related to obscenity, material harmful to minors, child exploitation, and child prostitution, including Sections 16-15-305, 16-15-335, 16-15-345, 16-15-355, 16-15-365, 16-15-385, 16-15-387, 16-15-395, 16-15-405, 16-15-410, 16-15-415, and 16-15-425; or

(3) a criminal offense similar in nature to the crimes listed in items (1) and (2) committed in other jurisdictions or pursuant to federal law.

(B) A school district may not employ an educator in any capacity whose South Carolina certificate is revoked pursuant to subsection (A).

ARTICLE 5.

EMPLOYMENT AND DISMISSAL

SECTION 59-25-410. Notification of employment for ensuing year; notification of assignment.

On or before April fifteenth of each year, the boards of trustees of the several school districts shall decide and notify, in writing, the teachers, as defined in Section 59-1-130, in their employ concerning their employment for the ensuing year. If the board, or the person designated by it, fails to notify a teacher who has been employed by a school district for a majority of the current school year of his status for the ensuing year, the teacher shall be deemed to be reemployed for the ensuing year and the board shall issue a contract to such teacher as though the board had reemployed such teacher in the usual manner. Notices of intent not to renew an employment contract shall be given in writing no later than April fifteenth of each year.

On or before August fifteenth the superintendent, principal, where applicable, or supervisor shall notify the teacher of his tentative assignment for the ensuing school year.

This section shall not apply to any teacher whose contract of employment or dismissal is under appeal under Section 59-25-450.

For purposes of this article, "teacher" means all employees possessing a professional certificate issued by the State Department of Education, except those employees working pursuant to multi-year contracts.

SECTION 59-25-415. Priority for certified personnel as to rehiring within two years; mailing of notice of intent to rehire.

Certified personnel who have taught in a school district for at least one year and who are dismissed for economic reasons have priority for being rehired to fill any vacancy for which they are qualified which occurs within two years from the date of their dismissal. A school district has complied with the requirements of this section by mailing a notice of intent to rehire to the teacher's last known address.

SECTION 59-25-420. Teacher required to notify board of acceptance; opportunity for hearing if not reemployed.

Any teacher who is reemployed by written notification pursuant to Section 59-25-410 shall by April twenty-fifth first notify the board of trustees in writing of his acceptance of the contract. Failure on the part of the teacher to notify the board of acceptance within the specified time limit shall be conclusive evidence of the teacher's rejection of the contract.

Any teacher, receiving a notice that he will not be reemployed for the ensuing year, shall have the same notice and opportunity for a hearing provided in subsequent sections for teachers dismissed for cause during the school year.

SECTION 59-25-430. Dismissal of teachers; grounds; opportunity for hearing; suspension pending resolution of charges.

Any teacher may be dismissed at any time who shall fail, or who may be incompetent, to give instruction in accordance with the directions of the superintendent, or who shall otherwise manifest an evident unfitness for teaching; provided, however, that notice and an opportunity shall be afforded for a hearing prior to any dismissal. Evident unfitness for teaching is manifested by conduct such as, but not limited to, the following: persistent neglect of duty, willful violation of rules and regulations of district board of trustees, drunkenness, conviction of a violation of the law of this State or the United States, gross immorality, dishonesty, illegal use, sale or possession of drugs or narcotics.

Notwithstanding the provisions of Section 59-25-450, when any teacher is charged with a violation of the law of this State or the United States which upon conviction may lead to, or be cited as a reason for, dismissal, such teacher may be suspended pending resolution of the charges and receive his usual compensation during the suspension period, such compensation not to exceed the term of his teaching contract. If the teacher is convicted, including pleading guilty or nolo contendere to the charges, he may then be subject to dismissal proceedings. If no conviction results, his suspension shall be terminated.

SECTION 59-25-440. Written notice to teacher of possible dismissal; school administrator required to make reasonable effort to assist teacher in corrective measures; reasonable time for improvement required.

Whenever a superior, principal, where applicable, or supervisor charged with the supervision of a teacher finds it necessary to admonish a teacher for a reason that he believes may lead to, or be cited as a reason for, dismissal or cause the teacher not to be reemployed he shall: (1) bring the matter in writing to the attention of the teacher involved and make a reasonable effort to assist the teacher to correct whatever appears to be the cause of potential dismissal or failure to be reemployed and, (2) except as provided in Section 59-25-450, allow reasonable time for improvement.

SECTION 59-25-450. Suspension of teachers; reinstatement.

Whenever a superintendent has reason to believe that cause exists for the dismissal of a teacher and when he is of the opinion that the immediate suspension of the teacher is necessary to protect the well-being of the children of the district or is necessary to remove substantial and material disruptive influences in the educational process, in the best interest of the children in the district, the superintendent may suspend the teacher without notice or without a hearing. The superintendent shall notify the teacher in writing of the suspension. Such written notice shall include the cause for suspension and the fact that a hearing before the board is available to the teacher upon request provided such request is made in writing within fifteen days as prescribed by Section 59-25-470.

The salary of a suspended teacher shall cease as of the date the board sustains the suspension. If sufficient grounds for suspension are not subsequently found, the teacher shall be reinstated without loss of compensation.

SECTION 59-25-460. Notice of dismissal; conduct of hearing.

No teacher shall be dismissed unless written notice specifying the cause of dismissal is first given the teacher by the District Board of Trustees and an opportunity for a hearing has been afforded the teacher. Such written notice shall include the fact that a hearing before the board is available to the teacher upon request provided, such request is made in writing within fifteen days as prescribed by Section 59-25-470. Any such hearing shall be public unless the teacher requests in writing that it be private. The District Board of Trustees may issue subpoenas requiring the attendance of witnesses at any hearing and, at the request of the teacher against whom a charge is made, shall issue such subpoenas, but it may limit the number of witnesses to be subpoenaed in behalf of the teacher to not more than ten. All testimony at any hearing shall be taken under oath. Any member of the board may administer oaths to witnesses. The board shall cause a record of the proceedings to be kept and shall employ a competent reporter to take stenographic or stenotype notes of all of the testimony. If the board's decision is favorable to the teacher, the board shall pay the cost of the reporter's attendance and services at the hearing. If the decision is unfavorable to the teacher, one-half of the cost of the reporter's attendance and services shall be borne by the teacher. Either party desiring a transcript of the hearing shall pay for the costs thereof.

SECTION 59-25-470. Request for hearing; time and place of hearing; rights of teacher; determination by board.

Within fifteen days after receipt of notice of suspension or dismissal, a teacher may serve upon the chairman of the board or the superintendent a written request for a hearing before the board. If the teacher fails to make such a request, or after a hearing as herein provided for, the District Board of Trustees shall take such action and shall enter such order as it deems lawful and appropriate. The hearing shall be held by the board not less than ten nor more than fifteen days after the request is served, and a notice of the time and place of the hearing shall be given the teacher not less than five days prior to the date of the hearing. The teacher has the privilege of being present at the hearing with counsel and of cross-examining witnesses and may offer evidence and witnesses and present any and all defenses to the charges. The board shall order the appearance of any witness requested by the teacher. The complainants shall initiate the introduction of evidence in substantiation of the charges. Within ten days following the hearing, the board shall determine whether the evidence showed good and just cause for the notice of suspension or dismissal and shall render its decision accordingly, either affirming or withdrawing the notice of suspension or dismissal.

SECTION 59-25-480. Appeals; costs and damages.

The decision of the district board of trustees shall be final, unless within thirty days thereafter an appeal is made to the court of common pleas of any county in which the major portion of such district lies.

Notice of the appeal and the grounds thereof shall be filed with the district board of trustees. The district board shall, within thirty days thereafter, file a certified copy of the transcript record with the clerk of such court. Any appeal from the order of the circuit court shall be taken in the manner provided by the South Carolina Appellate Court Rules. If the decision of the board is reversed on appeal, on a motion of either party the trial court shall order reinstatement and shall determine the amount for which the board shall be liable for actual damages and court costs. In no event shall any liability extend beyond two years from the effective date of dismissal. Amounts earned or amounts earnable with reasonable diligence by the person wrongfully suspended shall be deducted from any back pay.

SECTION 59-25-490. Depositions.

Any party to such proceedings may cause to be taken the depositions of witnesses within or without the State and either by commission or de bene esse. Such depositions shall be taken in accordance with and subject to the same provisions, conditions and restrictions as apply to the taking of like depositions in civil actions at law in the court of common pleas; and the same rules with respect to the giving of notice to the opposite party, the taking and transcribing of testimony, the transmission and certification thereof and matters of practice relating thereto shall apply.

SECTION 59-25-500. Service of subpoenas; witness fees.

The county sheriffs and their respective deputies shall serve all subpoenas of the district board and shall receive the same fees as are now provided by law for like service. Each witness who appears in obedience to such subpoenas shall receive for attendance the fees and mileage of witnesses in civil cases in courts of the county in which the hearing is held.

SECTION 59-25-510. Service of notices.

All notices to be given under this article by the district board shall be given to both parties and the notices herein required to be given by a party shall be served upon the opposite party prior to the filing thereof. All such notices may be served by registered mail.

SECTION 59-25-520. Powers and duties of court of common pleas; warrant for production of witnesses.

The court of common pleas shall, on application of the district board, enforce by proper proceedings the attendance and testimony of witnesses and the production and examination of books, papers and records and shall have the power to punish as for contempt of court, by a fine or imprisonment or both, the unexcused failure or refusal to attend and give testimony or produce books, papers and records as may have been required in any subpoena issued by the district board. The district board may issue to the sheriff of the county in which any hearing is held a warrant requiring him to produce at the hearing any witness who shall have ignored or failed to comply with any subpoena issued by the district board and duly served upon such witness. Such a warrant shall authorize the sheriff to arrest and produce at the hearing such witness, and it shall be his duty to do so; but the failure of a witness so to appear in response to any such subpoena may be excused on the same grounds as provided by law in the courts of this State as to the attendance of witnesses and jurors.

SECTION 59-25-530. Unprofessional conduct; breach of contract.

Any teacher who fails to comply with the provisions of his contract without the written consent of the school board shall be deemed guilty of unprofessional conduct. A breach of contract resulting from the execution of an employment contract with another board within the State without the consent of the board first employing the teacher makes void any subsequent contract with any other school district in South Carolina for the same employment period. Upon the formal complaint of the school board, substantiated by conclusive evidence, the State board shall suspend or revoke the teacher's certificate, for a period not to exceed one calendar year. State education agencies in other states with reciprocal certification agreements shall be notified of the revocation of the certificate.

ARTICLE 7.

REMEDY FOR DISCRIMINATION AGAINST TEACHERS

SECTION 59-25-710. Teacher discriminated against in fixing salary may file complaint.

Any school teacher who may feel that he has been discriminated against on any ground or for any cause whatsoever by a board of trustees in fixing the salary of such teacher, in the exercise of the wide discretion conferred upon trustees by law in the fixing of teachers' salaries, may file a complaint for the purpose of having such discrimination abated and in so doing shall follow the procedure hereinafter set out.

SECTION 59-25-720. Complaint filed with county board.

Such teacher may at any time, during the period for which he has been employed, file with the county board of education of the county in which the school is located a complaint in writing which shall set forth briefly the manner and method by which the alleged discrimination is claimed to have occurred. Any number of teachers that are employed by the same school district may join in the filing of a complaint.

SECTION 59-25-730. Hearing on complaint.

Upon the filing of such complaint, the county board of education shall fix a date for the hearing thereof and at least ten days prior to the date fixed shall notify the complainant and the board of trustees of the school district in which the teacher is employed of the time and place of such hearing. It shall set forth in such notice the grounds of such alleged discrimination.

SECTION 59-25-740. Process and procedure shall be summary and simple.

The process and procedure under this article shall be as summary and simple as reasonably may be. The county board of education shall have the power, for the purpose of this article, to subpoena witnesses, to administer oaths and to examine such parts of any books and records as relate to the questions involved. Any party to such proceedings may cause to be taken the depositions of witnesses within or without the State and either by commission or de bene esse. Such depositions shall be taken in accordance with and subject to the same provisions, conditions and restrictions as apply to the taking of like depositions in civil actions at law in the court of common pleas, and the same rules with respect to the giving of notice to the opposite party, the taking and transcribing of testimony, the transmission and certification thereof and matters of practice relating thereto shall apply.

SECTION 59-25-750. Service of subpoenas; witness fees.

The county sheriffs and their respective deputies shall serve all subpoenas of the county board and shall receive the same fees as are now provided by law for like service. Each witness who appears in obedience to such subpoena shall receive for attendance the fees and mileage of witnesses in civil cases in courts of the county in which the hearing is held.

SECTION 59-25-760. Service of notices.

All notices to be given under this article by either the county board or the State Board shall be given to both parties and the notices herein required to be given by a party shall be served upon the opposite party prior to the filing thereof. All of such notices may be served by registered mail.

SECTION 59-25-770. Powers and duties of court of common pleas; warrant for production of witnesses.

The court of common pleas shall, on application of the county board, enforce by proper proceedings the attendance and testimony of witnesses and the production and examination of books, papers and records and shall have the power to punish as for contempt of court, by a fine or imprisonment or both, the unexcused failure or refusal to attend and give testimony or produce books, papers and records as may have been required in any subpoena issued by the county board. The county board may issue to the sheriff of the county in which any hearing is held a warrant requiring him to produce at the hearing any witness who shall have ignored or failed to comply with any subpoena issued by the county board and duly served upon such witness. Such warrant shall authorize the sheriff to arrest and produce at the hearing such witness, and it shall be his duty so to do. But the failure of a witness so to appear in response to any such subpoena may be excused on the same grounds as provided by law in the courts of this State as to the attendance of witnesses and jurors.

SECTION 59-25-780. Hearing; decision.

The hearing before the county board shall be open to the public and shall be stenographically reported, and the county board may contract for the reporting of such hearing. The county board shall hear the parties at issue and their attorneys, if any, and shall determine the matter in a summary manner setting forth its findings and conclusions in writing. If it shall find that such teacher shall have been discriminated against, it shall require the board of trustees to discontinue such discrimination. The county board shall give notice by registered mail to both parties of its decision.

SECTION 59-25-790. Basis of decision.

The county board, in passing upon such matters, is hereby vested with full discretion to the same extent as if the duty of fixing salaries of teachers had been originally imposed upon the county board and shall have the right to take into consideration changed conditions arising since the issuance of the certificates held by the teachers involved and other facts that will be helpful in rendering a just decision.

SECTION 59-25-800. Reclassification of all teachers in district.

The county board may, in determining whether or not a discrimination exists, recommend that the State Board of Education require all teachers in the district to be examined and recertified under the procedure then in force for the certification of teachers as to their qualifications and may thereupon require the trustees of such district to classify such teachers in accordance with such recertification for the purpose of fixing their salaries, to the end that the salaries of such teachers shall be based upon the value of the services rendered, it being found as a fact that each grade of teachers' certificates now outstanding is held by teachers of greatly varying efficiency, abilities and accomplishments. Should no appeal be taken from a decision of the county board making such recommendation, the State Board of Education shall carry out such recommendation.

SECTION 59-25-810. Appeal to State Board of Education.

Within thirty days after the receipt of any such notice of such decision of the county board, any party thereto shall have the right to appeal to the State Board of Education by filing a notice of appeal, stating the grounds thereof, with the county board of education. Upon such appeal being filed, the county board, within thirty days thereafter, shall file a full and complete certified transcript of the proceedings had before it with the State Board of Education. Upon receipt of such appeal, the State Board of Education shall fix a time and place for the hearing thereof and give notice, by registered mail, to the parties involved. Such appeal shall be heard upon the transcript of the proceedings from the county board and such other investigation and additional testimony as the State Board may elect to take, all of which, if taken, shall be reported and made a part of the record. The State Board of Education shall review all questions of law and fact and, in determining the matter, exercise its discretion as an original duty imposed upon it. All powers and remedies herein conferred on county boards as to subpoenaing witnesses, enforcing attendance, taking and production of evidence and other procedural matters are hereby conferred upon the State Board.

SECTION 59-25-820. Reclassification on order of State Board of Education.

The State Board of Education, upon its own initiative, in the accomplishment of justice in the matter, may require all teachers in the district from which the appeal came to be examined and recertified under the procedure then in force for the certification of teachers as to their qualifications and shall thereupon require the trustees of such district to classify such teachers in accordance with such recertification for the purpose of fixing their salaries, to the end that the salaries of such teachers shall be based upon the value of services rendered.

SECTION 59-25-830. Finality of findings of fact by State Board of Education; appeal on errors of law.

The findings of fact by the State Board of Education shall be final and conclusive as to all parties, but any party thereto may, within thirty days thereafter, appeal to the court of common pleas of the county in which the appeal arose, to review error of law only, by filing with the State Board of Education notice of the appeal and of the grounds for the appeal. The state board, within thirty days thereafter, shall file a certified copy of the transcript of record with the clerk of such court. Any appeal from the order of the circuit court shall be taken in the manner provided by the South Carolina Appellate Court Rules.

SECTION 59-25-840. Filing of unappealed decision; enforcement.

Any decision of either the county board or the State Board which shall become final by reason of no appeal being taken therefrom as herein provided shall be filed in the office of the clerk of court of the county in which the complaint arose within ten days after such decision becomes final by the board rendering the decision. Any party thereto shall have the right to apply to the circuit court of such county for the enforcement of such decision and the court shall enforce such decision in the same manner as judgments of such court are enforced.

SECTION 59-25-850. Compensation received prior to filing of complaint not affected.

Nothing contained herein shall give any teacher any right to claim compensation in addition to that received for the period prior to the filing of the complaint with the county board as provided in Section 59-25-720.

SECTION 59-25-860. Costs; fees of clerks of boards.

Costs shall be taxed in the proceedings authorized hereunder by the respective boards in accordance with the procedure and limitations applicable to taxing costs in a civil action at law in the court of common pleas. The clerk of each board shall be allowed the same fees as clerks of court of the county in which the proceedings arose, and any other fees or costs allowed by law in the court of common pleas in actions at law, and which are taxable as costs, shall apply in the proceedings before the boards and be taxable as costs. The costs so taxed of both parties shall be paid by the State Board of Education.






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