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COMMITTEE AMENDMENT ADOPTED
March 15, 2005
S. Printed 3/15/05--S.
Read the first time March 3, 2005.
TO AMEND THE CODE OF LAWS OF SOUTH CAROLINA, 1976, BY ADDING CHAPTER 14 TO TITLE 41 SO AS TO ENACT THE "BOILER SAFETY ACT" TO PROVIDE THAT THE DEPARTMENT OF LABOR, LICENSING AND REGULATION SHALL PROMULGATE REGULATIONS FOR THE SAFE INSTALLATION, MAINTENANCE, AND REPAIR OF BOILERS IN THIS STATE, INCLUDING STANDARDS FOR NEW CONSTRUCTION AND FOR BOILERS IN USE; TO EXEMPT CERTAIN BOILERS FROM REGULATION UNDER THIS CHAPTER; TO IDENTIFY STANDARDS FOR WORKING PRESSURE OF A BOILER; TO AUTHORIZE THE APPOINTMENT OF A CHIEF BOILER INSPECTOR, FOR THE PURPOSE OF ENFORCING THE LAWS OF THIS STATE REGULATING THE USE OF BOILERS; TO PROVIDE CERTIFICATION REQUIREMENTS FOR SPECIAL INSPECTORS FOR COMPANIES INSURING BOILERS IN THIS STATE; TO PROVIDE BOILER INSPECTION TIMEFRAMES, CRITERIA, AND REPORTING REQUIREMENTS; TO PROVIDE PENALTIES; AND TO PROHIBIT A COUNTY, MUNICIPALITY, OR OTHER POLITICAL SUBDIVISION FROM ENACTING ORDINANCES REGULATING THE CONSTRUCTION, INSTALLATION, MAINTENANCE, AND REPAIR OF BOILERS.
Amend Title To Conform
Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of South Carolina:
SECTION 1. Title 41 of the 1976 Code is amended by adding:
Section 41-14-10. This chapter may be cited as the 'Boiler Safety Act' and, except as otherwise provided in this chapter, applies to all boilers.
Section 41-14-20. For the purposes of this chapter:
(1) 'API-ASME' means the American Petroleum Institute-American Society of Mechanical Engineers.
(2) 'ASME' means the American Society of Mechanical Engineers.
(3) 'Board' means the Contractors' Licensing Board.
(4) 'Boiler' means a closed vessel in which water or other liquid is heated, steam or vapor is generated, or steam is superheated, or in which any combination of these functions is accomplished, under pressure or vacuum, for use externally to itself, by the direct application of energy from the combustion of fuels or from electrical, solar, or nuclear energy. The term 'boiler' includes fired units for heating or vaporizing liquids other than water where these units are separate from processing systems and are complete within themselves. The term 'boiler' is further defined to include any of the following terms:
(a) 'heating boiler' means a steam or vapor boiler operating at pressures not exceeding 15 psig or a hot water boiler operating at pressures not exceeding 160 psig or temperatures exceeding 250 degrees Fahrenheit; or
(b) 'high pressure, high temperature water boiler' means a water boiler operating at pressures exceeding 160 psig or temperatures exceeding 250 degrees Fahrenheit; or
(c) 'power boiler' means a boiler in which steam or other vapor is generated at a pressure of more than 15 psig.
(5) 'Department' means the Department of Labor, Licensing and Regulation.
(6) 'Director' means the director of the Department of Labor, Licensing and Regulation.
(7) 'Owner' means the person or persons who own or operate any business operating a boiler required to be register under this Chapter.
Section 41-14-30. (A)(1) The board shall promulgate regulations for the safe maintenance and repair of boilers in this State.
(2) All new installations shall conform to generally accepted nationwide engineering standards. Conformity with the most recent edition of the Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code or the ASME Code shall be accepted as conformity with generally accepted nationwide engineering standards.
(3) The board shall promulgate regulations for installation and repair of boilers which were in use in this State prior to the implementation of the statewide building code. The regulations must be based upon, and at all times follow, generally accepted nation-wide engineering standards and practices and may adopt applicable sections of the Inspection Code of the National Board of Boiler and Pressure Vessel Inspectors.
(B) The regulations and any subsequent regulations promulgated by the board must be adopted pursuant to the Administrative Procedures Act.
Section 41-14-40. (A) Any new boiler installed and operated in this State, unless otherwise exempted, must be designed and constructed in accordance with the ASME code or a nationally recognized code of construction. Any new boiler installed in this State must be marked in accordance with the code of construction and must be registered with the National Board of Boiler and Pressure Vessel Inspectors. Copies of registration documents must be provided to the jurisdiction when requested.
(B) Only a boiler that conforms to the regulations of the board governing installation must be installed and operated in this State after twelve months from the date upon which the first regulations under this chapter pertaining to installation have become effective; however, the board may issue a special installation and operating permit for a boiler that is of special design or construction and that is not inconsistent with the spirit and safety objectives of the regulations. The board shall issue a special installation and operating permit after determining on the record and after an opportunity for inspection of the boiler or the plans for the boiler that the proponent of the special permit has demonstrated by a preponderance of the evidence that the special design or construction will provide an equivalent degree of safety to that of conformance with the regulations. The board shall accept comments from any interested party concerning the application for a special installation and operating permit. The permit so issued shall prescribe the conditions the owner or operator must maintain.
Section 41-14-50. (A) The maximum allowable working pressure of a boiler carrying the ASME Code symbol must be determined by the applicable sections of the code under which it was constructed and stamped. Subject to the concurrence of the chief inspector, the boiler may be re-rated in accordance with the rules of a later edition of the ASME Code and in accordance with the rules of the National Board Inspection Code.
(B) The maximum allowable working pressure of a boiler which does not carry the ASME or the API-ASME Code symbol must be computed in accordance with the Inspection Code of the National Board of Boiler and Pressure Vessel Inspectors.
(C) This chapter must not be construed to prevent the use, the sale, or the reinstallation of a boiler referred to in this section if the boiler has been made to conform to the regulations of the board governing existing installations and has not been found upon inspection to be in an unsafe condition.
Section 41-14-60. (A) This chapter does not apply to:
(1) boilers under federal control or under regulations of Title 49 of the Code of Federal Regulations, Parts 192 and 193;
(2) hot water supply boilers equipped with ASME-National Board approved safety relief valves which are directly fired with oil, gas, or electricity when none of the following limitations are exceeded: heat input of 200,000 BTU per hour; water temperature of 210 degrees Fahrenheit; nominal water-containing capacity of 120 gallons;
(3) boilers in the care, custody, and control of research facilities and used solely for research purposes which require one or more details of non-code construction or which involve destruction or reduced life expectancy of those vessels;
(4) boilers operated and maintained for the production and generation of electricity. A person, firm, partnership, or corporation operating such a boiler must have insurance or must be self-insured;
(5) boilers operated and maintained as part of a manufacturing process. A person, firm, partnership, or corporation operating such a boiler must have insurance or must be self-insured;
(6) boilers that are subject to OSHA standards of compliance;
(7) boilers operated and maintained by a public utility or the Public Service Authority including, but not limited to, boilers operated and maintained for the production of electricity.
(B) The following boilers are exempt from the requirements of Sections 41-14-120(B) and (C) and 41-14-130:
(1) boilers that are located on farms and used solely for agricultural or horticultural purposes.
(2) heating boilers that are located in private residences or in apartment houses of less than six family units.
(C) All pressure vessels are exempt from regulation under this chapter.
Section 41-14-70. (A) The director shall appoint a chief inspector who is a resident of this State and who at the time of the appointment has at least five years' experience in the construction, installation, operation, maintenance, or repair of high pressure boilers as a mechanical engineer, steam operating engineer, or boilermaker and who has passed the same type of examination prescribed in Section 41-14-90. The chief inspector may be removed for cause after due investigation by the board and its recommendation to the director.
(B) The chief inspector must be charged, directed, and empowered to:
(1) take action necessary for the enforcement of the laws and regulations of this State regulating the use of boilers;
(2) keep a complete record of the name of each boiler owner or user and his or her location, the type, dimensions, maximum allowable working pressure, age, and the last record inspection of all boilers; and
(3) publish and make available, upon request, copies of the department regulations.
Section 41-14-80. (A) The director, upon the request of any company licensed to insure and insuring boilers in this State, shall issue to each inspector of the insurance company a certificate of competency as a special inspector. Before receiving his certificate of competency, each inspector shall satisfactorily pass the examination provided for in Section 41-14-90 or, in lieu of the examination, shall hold a commission or a certificate of competency as an inspector of boilers from a state that has a standard of examination substantially equal to that of this State or possess a commission as an inspector of boilers issued by the National Board of Boiler and Pressure Vessel Inspectors.
(B) The expenses or salary of special inspectors must not be paid by the State. The continuance of their certificates of competency must be conditioned upon the special inspectors continuing in the employ of the boiler insurance company.
(C) The special inspectors may inspect all boilers insured or operated by their respective companies.
Section 41-14-90. The examination for chief inspector or special inspectors must be in accordance with the requirements of the National Board of Boiler and Pressure Vessel Inspectors.
Section 41-14-100. The board shall discipline certified inspectors in the manner authorized by Title 40, Chapter 1. The Department of Labor, Licensing and Regulation, on behalf of the board shall investigate complaints and reports of violations of this chapter as provided for in Title 40, Chapter 1. In addition to other remedies provided for in this chapter, the board in accordance with Title 40, Chapter 1, may issue a cease and desist order or may petition the Administrative Law Court for a equitable relief to enjoin a violation of this chapter.
Section 41-14-110. If a certificate of competency is lost or destroyed, a duplicate certificate of competency must be issued without further examination.
Section 41-14-120. (A) The director or the chief inspector shall give twenty-four hours' notice to enter any premises in the State where a boiler is being installed or repaired for the purpose of ascertaining whether the boiler is being installed or repaired in accordance with the provisions of this chapter.
(B)(1) After December 31, 2005, each boiler used, or proposed to be used in this State, except boilers exempt under this chapter, must be thoroughly inspected as to their installation and condition as follows:
(a) Annually, a certificate inspection must be conducted on power boilers and high pressure, high temperature water boilers and this inspection must be an internal inspection; however, if it is not possible to perform an internal inspection, the inspection must be as complete an inspection as possible. The boilers must also be externally inspected while under pressure, if possible.
(b) Biennially a certificate inspection must be conducted on low pressure steam or vapor heating boilers and an internal inspection must be conducted every four years where installation permits.
(c) Biennially a certificate inspection must be conducted on hot water heating and hot water supply boilers and an internal inspection must be conducted at the discretion of the inspector.
(2) A grace period of two months beyond the periods specified in items (a) and (b) of subsection (B)(1) may elapse between certificate inspections.
(3) The board may provide for longer periods between certificate inspection in its regulations.
(4) Pursuant to this chapter, the board has jurisdiction over the interpretation and application of the inspection requirements as provided for in regulations of the board. The person conducting the inspection during installation or repair shall certify as to the minimum requirements for safety as defined in the ASME Code. Inspection requirements of operating equipment must be in accordance with generally accepted practice and compatible with the actual service conditions, which must include all of the following:
(a) previous experience, based on records of inspection, performance, and maintenance;
(b) quality of inspection and operating personnel;
(c) provisions for related safe operation controls;
(d) interrelation with other operations.
(5) The board may permit variations in the inspection requirements based upon documentation of the actual service conditions by the owner or user of the operating equipment.
(C) The inspections required in this chapter must be made by the chief inspector or a special inspector provided for in this chapter.
(D) If the inspector determines that a hydrostatic test is necessary, it must be made by the owner or user of the boiler.
Section 41-14-130. (A) Each company employing special inspectors, within thirty days following each certificate inspection conducted by a company inspector, shall file a report of the inspection with the chief inspector upon appropriate forms as determined by the director. The company is not required to file reports of external inspections, other than certificate inspections, except if an inspection discloses that the boiler is in a dangerous condition.
(B) If a report filed pursuant to this section shows that a boiler is found to comply with the regulations of the board, the chief inspector shall issue to the owner or user an inspection certificate bearing the date of inspection. The inspection certificate is valid for up to fourteen months from its date of issuance in the case of power boilers and twenty-six months in the case of heating and hot water supply boilers. In the case of those boilers covered in Section 41-14-120(B)(1), the certificate is valid for a period of not more than two months beyond the period set by the board. Certificates for boilers must be maintained by the owner or user.
(C) No inspection certificate issued for an insured boiler based upon receipt of a special inspector is valid after the boiler for which it was issued ceases to be insured by a company authorized by this State to provide the insurance.
(D) The director or his designee may issue a written order for the temporary cessation or operation of a boiler because of faulty installation or incorrect repair if the boiler has been determined after inspection to be hazardous or unsafe. Operations must not resume until the conditions are corrected to the satisfaction of the director or his designee.
Section 41-14-140. After June 30, 2006, it is unlawful for a person, firm, partnership, or corporation to operate a power boiler or a low pressure steam heating hot water heating or hot water supply boiler without a valid inspection certificate. The operation of a boiler without the inspection certificate or at a pressure exceeding that specified in the inspection certificate or in violation of this chapter constitutes a misdemeanor and, upon conviction, the owner may be fined up to one thousand dollars or imprisoned for up to thirty days, or both.
Section 41-14-150. Fees must be assessed, collected and adjusted on behalf of the board by the Department of Labor, Licensing and Regulation in accordance with this chapter and Section 40-1-50(D)."
SECTION 2. Section 40-11-410(4)(o) of the 1976 Code is amended to read:
"(o) "Boiler installation" which includes those who are qualified to install, repair, and service boilers and boiler piping including the boiler auxiliary equipment, controls, and actuated machinery and dryer rolls. To qualify for this subclassification, a person must pass a technical examination administered by the board or must be the holder of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME) 'S'
ASME "R" stamp or hold the National Board of Boiler and Pressure Vessel Inspectors (NBBPVI) 'R' stamp and meet the requirements for licensure according to this chapter the ASME "PP" stamp. Anyone holding the masonry or process piping classification as of January 1, 1998, and who has been actively engaged in boiler installation work under these classifications is qualified for this subclassification and exempt from the examination requirement of this subitem."
SECTION 3. If any section, subsection, paragraph, subparagraph, sentence, clause, phrase, or word of this act is for any reason held to be unconstitutional or invalid, such holding shall not affect the constitutionality or validity of the remaining portions of this act, the General Assembly hereby declaring that it would have passed this article, and each and every section, subsection, paragraph, subparagraph, sentence, clause, phrase, and word thereof, irrespective of the fact that any one or more other sections, subsections, paragraphs, subparagraphs, sentences, clauses, phrases, or words hereof may be declared to be unconstitutional, invalid, or otherwise ineffective.
SECTION 4. This act takes effect upon approval of the Governor.
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