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Sponsors: Senators Campsen, Leventis and Knotts
Document Path: l:\s-res\gec\017home.mrh.gec.docx
Companion/Similar bill(s): 3440
Introduced in the Senate on January 13, 2009
Introduced in the House on April 29, 2009
Currently residing in the House Committee on Judiciary
Summary: Home Invasion Protection Act
HISTORY OF LEGISLATIVE ACTIONS
Date Body Action Description with journal page number ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 12/10/2008 Senate Prefiled 12/10/2008 Senate Referred to Committee on Judiciary 1/13/2009 Senate Introduced and read first time SJ-144 1/13/2009 Senate Referred to Committee on Judiciary SJ-144 1/23/2009 Senate Referred to Subcommittee: Knotts (ch), Massey, Coleman 4/22/2009 Senate Committee report: Favorable with amendment Judiciary SJ-6 4/23/2009 Senate Committee Amendment Adopted SJ-32 4/28/2009 Senate Read second time SJ-27 4/29/2009 Senate Read third time and sent to House SJ-7 4/29/2009 House Introduced and read first time HJ-183 4/29/2009 House Referred to Committee on Judiciary HJ-183
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VERSIONS OF THIS BILL
Indicates Matter Stricken
Indicates New Matter
COMMITTEE AMENDMENT ADOPTED
April 23, 2009
S. Printed 4/23/09--S.
Read the first time January 13, 2009.
TO AMEND THE 1976 CODE TO ENACT THE "HOME INVASION PROTECTION ACT", BY ADDING SECTION 16-11-395 TO ESTABLISH THE OFFENSES OF HOME INVASION IN THE FIRST, SECOND, AND THIRD DEGREES, AND TO PROVIDE GRADUATED PENALTIES; TO AMEND SECTION 16-1-60, RELATING TO VIOLENT OFFENSES, TO INCLUDE HOME INVASION, FIRST AND SECOND DEGREE; AND TO AMEND SECTION 16-3-20, RELATING TO THE PUNISHMENT FOR MURDER, TO INCLUDE AS A SEPARATE STATUTORY AGGRAVATING CIRCUMSTANCE WHICH MAY BE CONSIDERED IN THE DETERMINATION OF WHETHER THE DEATH PENALTY SHOULD BE IMPOSED, A MURDER COMMITTED WHILE IN THE COMMISSION OF THE OFFENSE OF HOME INVASION IN THE FIRST DEGREE.
Amend Title To Conform
Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of South Carolina:
SECTION 1. Article 5, Chapter 11, Title 16 of the 1976 Code is amended by adding:
"Section 16-11-320. (A) For purposes of this section, 'dwelling' means its definition found in Section 16-11-10 and Section 16-11-310.
(B) A person is guilty of home invasion if the person:
(1) enters a dwelling without consent or enters a dwelling by using deception, artifice, trick, or misrepresentation to gain consent to enter from a person in the dwelling;
(2) with intent to commit a crime in the dwelling;
(3) a person is present in the dwelling who is not a participant in the crime; and
(4) when, in effecting entry or while in the dwelling or in immediate flight, a participant in the crime causes physical injury or threatens to cause physical injury to a person who is not a participant in the crime.
(C) This section does not apply to a law enforcement officer acting within the scope of the officer's official duties.
(D) Home invasion is a felony punishable by life imprisonment. For purposes of this section, 'life' means until death. The court, in its discretion, may sentence the defendant to a term of not less than twenty years.
(E) A person may not be convicted for a violation of this section and a violation of Section 16-11-311, 16-11-312, or 16-11-313 for the same incident."
SECTION 2. Section 16-1-60 of the 1976 Code is amended to read:
"Section 16-1-60. For purposes of definition under South Carolina law, a violent crime includes the offenses of: murder (Section 16-3-10); criminal sexual conduct in the first and second degree (Sections 16-3-652 and 16-3-653); criminal sexual conduct with minors, first and second degree (Section 16-3-655); assault with intent to commit criminal sexual conduct, first and second degree (Section 16-3-656); assault and battery with intent to kill (Section 16-3-620); kidnapping (Section 16-3-910); voluntary manslaughter (Section 16-3-50); armed robbery (Section 16-11-330(A)); attempted armed robbery (Section 16-11-330(B)); carjacking (Section 16-3-1075); drug trafficking as defined in Section 44-53-370(e) or trafficking cocaine base as defined in Section 44-53-375(C); manufacturing or trafficking methamphetamine as defined in Section 44-53-375; arson in the first degree (Section 16-11-110(A)); arson in the second degree (Section 16-11-110(B)); burglary in the first degree (Section 16-11-311); burglary in the second degree (Section 16-11-312(B)); home invasion (Section 16-11-320); engaging a child for a sexual performance (Section 16-3-810); homicide by child abuse (Section 16-3-85(A)(1)); aiding and abetting homicide by child abuse (Section 16-3-85(A)(2)); inflicting great bodily injury upon a child (Section 16-3-95(A)); allowing great bodily injury to be inflicted upon a child (Section 16-3-95(B)); criminal domestic violence of a high and aggravated nature (Section 16-25-65); abuse or neglect of a vulnerable adult resulting in death (Section 43-35-85(F)); abuse or neglect of a vulnerable adult resulting in great bodily injury (Section 43-35-85(E)); accessory before the fact to commit any of the above offenses (Section 16-1-40); attempt to commit any of the above offenses (Section 16-1-80); and taking of a hostage by an inmate (Section 24-13-450). Only those offenses specifically enumerated in this section are considered violent offenses."
SECTION 3. Section 16-3-20(C)(a)(1) of the 1976 Code is amended to read:
"(1) The murder was committed while in the commission of the following crimes or acts:
(a) criminal sexual conduct in any degree;
(c) burglary in any degree;
(d) robbery while armed with a deadly weapon;
(e) larceny with use of a deadly weapon;
(f) killing by poison;
(g) drug trafficking as defined in Section 44-53-370(e), 44-53-375(B), 44-53-440, or 44-53-445;
(h) physical torture;
(i) dismemberment of a person; or
(j) home invasion (Section 16-11-320)."
SECTION 4. The repeal or amendment by this act of any law, whether temporary or permanent or civil or criminal, does not affect pending actions, rights, duties, or liabilities founded thereon, or alter, discharge, release or extinguish any penalty, forfeiture, or liability incurred under the repealed or amended law, unless the repealed or amended provision shall so expressly provide. After the effective date of this act, all laws repealed or amended by this act must be taken and treated as remaining in full force and effect for the purpose of sustaining any pending or vested right, civil action, special proceeding, criminal prosecution, or appeal existing as of the effective date of this act, and for the enforcement of rights, duties, penalties, forfeitures, and liabilities as they stood under the repealed or amended laws.
SECTION 5. If any section, subsection, paragraph, subparagraph, sentence, clause, phrase, or word of this act is for any reason held to be unconstitutional or invalid, such holding shall not affect the constitutionality or validity of the remaining portions of this act, the General Assembly hereby declaring that it would have passed this act, and each and every section, subsection, paragraph, subparagraph, sentence, clause, phrase, and word thereof, irrespective of the fact that any one or more other sections, subsections, paragraphs, subparagraphs, sentences, clauses, phrases, or words hereof may be declared to be unconstitutional, invalid, or otherwise ineffective.
SECTION 6. This act takes effect upon approval by the Governor.
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