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A15, R29, H3323
Sponsors: Reps. V.S. Moss, Ott, Hiott, Hixon and Jefferson
Document Path: l:\council\bills\swb\5234cm15.docx
Introduced in the House on January 15, 2015
Introduced in the Senate on February 10, 2015
Last Amended on March 18, 2015
Passed by the General Assembly on March 25, 2015
Governor's Action: May 7, 2015, Signed
Summary: SC Noxious Weed Act
HISTORY OF LEGISLATIVE ACTIONS
Date Body Action Description with journal page number ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 1/15/2015 House Introduced and read first time (House Journal-page 324) 1/15/2015 House Referred to Committee on Agriculture, Natural Resources and Environmental Affairs (House Journal-page 324) 1/29/2015 House Committee report: Favorable Agriculture, Natural Resources and Environmental Affairs (House Journal-page 4) 2/3/2015 House Member(s) request name added as sponsor: Jefferson 2/4/2015 House Requests for debate-Rep(s). Hill, Toole, Finlay, Thayer, Putnam, Gambrell, Whitmire (House Journal-page 26) 2/4/2015 House Read second time (House Journal-page 41) 2/4/2015 House Roll call Yeas-111 Nays-0 (House Journal-page 41) 2/5/2015 House Read third time and sent to Senate (House Journal-page 28) 2/10/2015 Senate Introduced and read first time (Senate Journal-page 8) 2/10/2015 Senate Referred to Committee on Agriculture and Natural Resources (Senate Journal-page 8) 3/17/2015 Senate Committee report: Favorable with amendment Agriculture and Natural Resources (Senate Journal-page 13) 3/18/2015 Scrivener's error corrected 3/18/2015 Senate Committee Amendment Adopted (Senate Journal-page 26) 3/18/2015 Senate Read second time (Senate Journal-page 26) 3/18/2015 Senate Roll call Ayes-36 Nays-9 (Senate Journal-page 26) 3/19/2015 Senate Read third time and returned to House with amendments (Senate Journal-page 6) 3/19/2015 Scrivener's error corrected 3/25/2015 House Concurred in Senate amendment and enrolled (House Journal-page 36) 3/25/2015 House Roll call Yeas-101 Nays-0 (House Journal-page 36) 5/7/2015 Ratified R 29 5/7/2015 Signed By Governor (Senate Journal-page 5) 5/14/2015 Effective date 05/07/15 5/18/2015 Act No. 15
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VERSIONS OF THIS BILL
(A15, R29, H3323)
AN ACT TO AMEND CHAPTER 23, TITLE 46, CODE OF LAWS OF SOUTH CAROLINA, 1976, RELATING TO THE "SOUTH CAROLINA NOXIOUS WEED ACT" SO AS TO DELETE THE TERM "COMMISSIONER" AND REPLACE IT WITH THE TERM "COMMISSION", TO REVISE THE DEFINITION OF THE TERMS "COMMISSION", "AUTHORIZED INSPECTOR", AND "NOXIOUS WEED", TO PROVIDE A DEFINITION FOR THE TERM "DIRECTOR", TO MAKE TECHNICAL CHANGES, AND TO DELETE THE TERM "SOUTH CAROLINA DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE" AND REPLACE IT WITH THE TERM "DIVISION OF REGULATORY AND PUBLIC SERVICE PROGRAMS, CLEMSON UNIVERSITY", AND TO ESTABLISH THE POWERS AND DUTIES OF THE STATE CROP PEST COMMISSION AND THE DIRECTOR OF THE REGULATORY AND PUBLIC SERVICE PROGRAMS, CLEMSON UNIVERSITY.
Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of South Carolina:
Noxious Weed Act
SECTION 1. Chapter 23, Title 46 of the 1976 Code is amended to read:
Section 46-23-10. This chapter may be cited as the 'South Carolina Noxious Weed Act'.
Section 46-23-20. As used in this chapter:
(a) 'Commission' means the State Crop Pest Commission of South Carolina or any other person to whom authority may be delegated to act in its stead.
(b) 'Authorized inspector' means an employee of the Division of Regulatory and Public Service Programs, Clemson University or an employee of a cooperating agency specifically authorized to enforce the provisions of the federal Noxious Weed Act.
(c) 'Noxious weed' means any living stage of any plant including seed or reproductive parts thereof or parasitic plants or parts thereof which is determined by the State Crop Pest Commission to be directly or indirectly injurious to public health, crops, livestock, or agriculture including, but not limited to, waterways and irrigation canals.
(d) 'Move' means to ship, offer for shipment, offer for entry, import, receive for transportation or transport by a common carrier or carry, transport, move or allow to be moved by any means.
(e) 'Director' means the Director of the Division of Regulatory and Public Service Programs, Clemson University.
Section 46-23-30. (a) The commission may, when it deems it necessary as an emergency measure in order to prevent the introduction into or the dissemination within South Carolina of any noxious weed new to or not theretofore widely prevalent or distributed within and throughout the State, seize, quarantine, treat, destroy, apply other remedial measures to, export, return to shipping point, or otherwise dispose of in such a manner as it deems appropriate, any noxious weed or any product or article of any character whatsoever or any means of conveyance which it has reason to believe contains or is contaminated with any noxious weed, offered for movement, moving, or has moved into or through the State or intrastate. Provided, that no such noxious weed, product, article, or means of conveyance shall be destroyed, exported, or returned to the shipping point or so ordered to be destroyed, exported, or returned to the shipping point, unless in the opinion of the commission, there is no less drastic action which would be adequate to prevent the introduction or dissemination of noxious weeds.
(b) The commission may order the owner or person in possession of any new or not theretofore widely prevalent noxious weed, or any product, article, or means of conveyance, or his agent to treat, apply other remedial measures to, destroy, export, return to shipping point, or make other disposition of such noxious weed, product, article, or means of conveyance without cost to the State or agency cooperating with the State in such a manner as the commission deems appropriate. The commission may apply to a court of competent jurisdiction in which such person resides or transacts business or in which the noxious weed, product, article, or means of conveyance is found for enforcement of such order by injunction, mandatory or otherwise. Process in any such case may be served in any judicial district wherein the defendant resides or transacts business or may be found, and subpoena for witnesses who are required to attend a court in any judicial district in such a case shall have force and effect in any other judicial district.
(c) The owner of any noxious weed, product, article, or means of conveyance, destroyed or otherwise disposed of by the commission under this section, may bring an action against the State within one year after such destruction or disposal, and recover just compensation for the destruction or disposal of such noxious weed, product, article, or means of conveyance (not including compensation for loss due to delays incident to determining eligibility for movement into or through South Carolina or for intrastate movement) if the owner establishes that such action was not warranted under this section. Any judgment rendered in favor of such owner shall be paid out of the money appropriated for noxious weed control.
(d) The commission may promulgate such emergency regulations as it deems necessary to prevent the introduction into or the dissemination within the State of noxious weeds.
Section 46-23-40. (a) The commission is authorized and directed to quarantine any county, or any portion thereof, when it deems that such quarantine is necessary to prevent the spread of any noxious weed. Before such quarantine is established, the commission shall give due notice of hearing under such regulations as it may prescribe. At such hearing, any interested party may appear and be heard, either in person or by attorney.
(b) The commission is directed to give notice of quarantine or amendments thereto through publication in the county newspaper.
(c) No persons shall ship or offer for shipment to any common carrier, nor shall any common carrier receive for transportation or transport, nor shall any person carry or transport from any quarantined county or any quarantined portion thereof, into or through any other county, any noxious weed or any other product, article, or means of conveyance of any character whatsoever except as specified in the regulations issued by the commission.
(d) The commission shall make and promulgate rules and regulations governing the inspection, disinfection, certification, and methods and manner of movement of noxious weeds and any carriers thereof specified in the notice of the quarantine.
Section 46-23-50. The commission is authorized to carry out operations or measures necessary to detect, eradicate, suppress, control, or prevent the spread of noxious weeds new to or not heretofore widely prevalent or distributed within and throughout the State. The commission is authorized to promulgate rules and regulations to accomplish the purposes of this chapter.
Section 46-23-60. Any authorized inspector shall have authority to stop and inspect without a warrant any person or means of conveyance moving into the State and any noxious weed, and any product or article of any character whatsoever which it has reason to believe contains or is contaminated with any noxious weed, to determine whether such person, product, article, or means of conveyance contains or is carrying any noxious weed contrary to this chapter or the regulations promulgated thereunder, and whether any such noxious weed, product, article, or means of conveyance contains or is contaminated with any noxious weed or is moving in violation of this chapter or any regulation promulgated thereunder; to stop and inspect, without a warrant, any person, product, article, or means of conveyance moving intrastate and any noxious weed, when it has reason to believe that such means of conveyance, product, or article contains any noxious weed, is contaminated thereby, or is moving contrary to the provisions of this chapter or any regulation promulgated thereunder; and to enter, with a warrant, any premises in the State to make any inspections and seizures necessary under this chapter. Any judge of a court of competent jurisdiction in South Carolina may, within his respective jurisdiction upon proper oath or affirmation showing probable cause to believe that there are on certain premises any noxious weeds, products, articles, or means of conveyance, regulated, or subject to disposal under this chapter, issue warrants for the entry of such premises to make any inspections or seizures under this chapter. Such warrants may be executed by any authorized employee of the Division of Regulatory and Public Service Programs, Clemson University.
Section 46-23-70. The commission is authorized to cooperate with the federal government, state agencies, farmers' organizations, other groups, and individuals in the conduction of those operations necessary to accomplish the purposes of this chapter. The commission is further authorized to cooperate with the governments of other states in carrying out necessary surveys, control operations, or quarantine measures, deemed necessary to eradicate, suppress, control, or retard the spread of noxious weeds, whenever the commission determines that such cooperation with the officials in other states is necessary or desirable to protect the interests of this State.
Section 46-23-80. Any person who violates any provision of this chapter, or any regulation promulgated thereunder, shall be deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction shall be punished by a fine not exceeding five hundred dollars, or by imprisonment not exceeding one year, or both.
Section 46-23-90. The commission shall delegate the duties provided in this chapter and other applicable chapters of this title to the director who may administer and enforce the provisions and promulgate related regulations. The director is the final decision authority in the designation and management of noxious weeds in the State. The director may hold public hearings at appropriate geographical locations after providing thirty days public notice in at least one newspaper of general circulation in the area. In making final decisions, the director may rely on the findings of any federal or state agencies involved."
SECTION 2. This act takes effect upon approval by the Governor.
Ratified the 7th day of May, 2015.
Approved the 7th day of May, 2015.
This web page was last updated on July 20, 2015 at 3:48 PM