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Indicates Matter Stricken
Indicates New Matter
Sponsors: Senators Grooms, Young, Massey and Campbell
Document Path: l:\s-res\lkg\020work.dmr.lkg.docx
Companion/Similar bill(s): 4033
Introduced in the Senate on March 21, 2017
Currently residing in the Senate Committee on Transportation
Summary: Speeding in work zones
HISTORY OF LEGISLATIVE ACTIONS
Date Body Action Description with journal page number ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 3/21/2017 Senate Introduced and read first time (Senate Journal-page 7) 3/21/2017 Senate Referred to Committee on Transportation (Senate Journal-page 7) 4/5/2017 Senate Polled out of committee Transportation (Senate Journal-page 14) 4/5/2017 Senate Committee report: Favorable Transportation (Senate Journal-page 14) 4/5/2017 Senate Recommitted to Committee on Transportation (Senate Journal-page 15)
View the latest legislative information at the website
VERSIONS OF THIS BILL
TO AMEND SECTION 56-5-1535 OF THE 1976 CODE, RELATING TO SPEEDING IN WORK ZONES AND PENALTIES ASSOCIATED WITH SPEEDING IN WORK ZONES, TO DELETE THIS PROVISION, TO PROVIDE A DEFINITION FOR THE TERMS "HIGHWAY WORK ZONE" AND "HIGHWAY WORKER," TO CREATE THE OFFENSE OF "ENDANGERMENT OF A HIGHWAY WORKER," AND TO PROVIDE PENALTIES FOR THESE OFFENSES; TO AMEND SECTION 56-1-720, RELATING TO THE POINT SYSTEM ESTABLISHED FOR THE EVALUATION OF THE DRIVING RECORD OF PERSONS OPERATING MOTOR VEHICLES, TO PROVIDE THAT "ENDANGERMENT OF A HIGHWAY WORKER" VIOLATIONS RANGE BETWEEN TWO AND SIX POINTS; AND TO REPEAL SECTION 56-5-1536, RELATING TO DRIVING IN TEMPORARY WORK ZONES AND PENALTIES FOR UNLAWFUL DRIVING IN TEMPORARY WORK ZONES.
Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of South Carolina:
SECTION 1. Section 56-5-1535 of the 1976 Code is amended to read:
"Section 56-5-1535. (A)
It is unlawful for a person to drive a motor vehicle in a highway work zone at a speed in excess of the speed limit set and posted by signs. A person violating this section is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction, must be fined not less than seventy-five nor more than two hundred dollars or imprisoned not more than thirty days, or both. For purposes of this section:
(1) 'Highway work zone' means an area of a roadway, bridge, shoulder, median, or associated right-of-way where construction, maintenance, utility work, accident response, or other incident response is being performed. The work zone must be marked by signs, channeling devices, barriers, pavement markings, or work vehicles and extends from the first traffic control device erected for purposes of controlling the flow of motor vehicles through the work zone, including signs reducing the normal speed limit, to the 'END ROAD WORK' sign or the last temporary traffic control device. The signs, channeling devices, barriers, pavement markings, or work vehicles must meet state Department of Transportation standards and must be properly installed.
(2) 'Highway worker' means a person who is required to perform work in highway work zones, including:
(a) a person who performs maintenance, repair, or construction;
(b) a person who operates a truck, loader, or other equipment;
(c) a person who performs any other related maintenance work, as required;
(d) a public safety officer who enforces work zone-related transportation management or traffic control;
(e) a law enforcement officer who conducts traffic control or enforcement operations; and
(f) an officer or firefighter, an emergency medical services provider, or any other authorized person who removes hazards or who responds to accidents and other incidents.
A 'highway work zone' is the area between the first sign that informs motorists of the existence of the work zone on the highway and the last sign that informs motorists of the end of the work zone. A person commits the offense of endangerment of a highway worker if the person is operating a motor vehicle within a highway work zone at any time and:
(1) is driving through or around a work zone in any lane not clearly designated for use by motor vehicles traveling through or around a work zone; or
(2) fails to obey traffic control devices erected for the purpose of controlling the flow of motor vehicles through the work zone for any reason other than:
(a) an emergency;
(b) the avoidance of an obstacle; or
(c) the protection of the health and safety of another person.
The penalty imposed by this section applies only: A person shall not be cited or convicted for endangerment of a highway worker unless the act or omission constituting the offense occurs when one or more highway workers are in the highway work zone and in proximity to the area where the act or omission occurs.
(1) if a sign is posted at the beginning of the active work zone that states 'WORK ZONE $200 FINE AND 30 DAYS IMPRISONMENT FOR SPEEDING';
(2) to the area between the posted sign and the 'END CONSTRUCTION' sign. Signs may be posted at the discretion of the Department of Transportation in the highway work zones designed to comply with work zone traffic control standards contained in the Manual on Uniform Traffic Control Devices published by the Federal Highway Administration.
(D)(1) A person who commits the offense of endangerment of a highway worker in which the highway worker suffers no physical injury is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction, must be fined not more than one thousand dollars and not less than five hundred dollars or imprisoned for not more than thirty days, or both.
(2) A person who commits the offense of endangerment of a highway worker in which the highway worker suffers physical injury and the committing of the offense is the proximate cause of the physical injury is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction, must be fined not more than two thousand dollars and not less than one thousand dollars or imprisoned for not more than sixty days, or both.
(3) A person who commits the offense of endangerment of a highway worker in which the highway worker suffers great bodily injury, as defined in Section 56-5-2945(B), and the committing of the offense is the proximate cause of the great bodily injury is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction, must be fined not more than five thousand dollars and not less than two thousand dollars or imprisoned for not more than three years, or both.
(4) A person who commits the offense of endangerment of a highway worker in which the death of the highway worker ensues within three years as a proximate result of injury received by the highway worker related to the endangerment of the highway worker is guilty of reckless vehicular homicide pursuant to Section 56-5-2910 and, upon conviction, is subject to the penalties contained in that section, including license reinstatement and related conditions.
(E) A person who is convicted pursuant to subsection (D)(1), in addition to any other penalty, must have two points assessed against his motor vehicle operating record. A person who is convicted pursuant to subsection (D)(2), in addition to any other penalty, must have four points assessed against his motor vehicle operating record. A person who is convicted pursuant to subsection (D)(3), in addition to any other penalty, must have six points assessed against his motor vehicle operating record.
(F) Any fine imposed pursuant to this section is mandatory and may not be waived or reduced. Seventy-five percent of the fine must be remitted to the treasurer and deposited in a special account, separate and apart from the general fund, designated for use by the Department of Public Safety to be used for work zone enforcement. Twenty-five percent of the fine must be deposited in the State Highway Fund and designated for use by the Department of Transportation to hire off-duty state, county, or municipal police officers to monitor construction or maintenance zones.
(G) No person shall be cited or convicted for endangerment of a highway worker for any act or omission otherwise constituting an offense under this section if the act or omission results, in whole or in part, from mechanical failure of the person's motor vehicle or from the negligence of a highway worker or another person."
SECTION 2. Section 56-1-720 of the 1976 Code is amended to read:
"Section 56-1-720. There is established a point system for the evaluation of the operating record of persons to whom a license to operate motor vehicles has been granted and for the determination of the continuing qualifications of these persons for the privileges granted by the license to operate motor vehicles. The system shall have as its basic element a graduated scale of points assigning relative values to the various violations in accordance with the following schedule:
Reckless driving 6
Passing stopped school bus 6
Hit-and-run, property damages only 6
Driving too fast for conditions, or speeding:
(1) No more than 10 m.p.h. above the posted limits 2
(2) More than 10 m.p.h. but less than 25
m.p.h. above the posted limits 4
(3) 25 m.p.h. or above the posted limits 6
Disobedience of any official traffic control device 4
Disobedience to officer directing traffic 4
Failing to yield right-of-way 4
Driving on wrong side of road 4
Passing unlawfully 4
Turning unlawfully 4
Driving through or within safety zone 4
Failing to give signal or giving improper
signal for stopping, turning, or
suddenly decreased speed 4
Shifting lanes without safety precaution 2
Improper dangerous parking 2
Following too closely 4
Failing to dim lights 2
Operating with improper lights 2
Operating with improper brakes 4
Operating a vehicle in unsafe condition 2
Driving in improper lane 2
Improper backing 2
Endangerment of a highway worker, no injury 2
Endangerment of a highway worker, injury results 4
Endangerment of a highway worker, great bodily injury 6"
SECTION 3. Section 56-5-1536 of the 1976 Code is repealed.
SECTION 4. The repeal or amendment by this act of any law, whether temporary, permanent, civil, or criminal, does not affect pending actions, rights, duties, or liabilities founded thereon or alter, discharge, release, or extinguish any penalty, forfeiture, or liability incurred under the repealed or amended law, unless the repealed or amended provision shall so expressly provide. After the effective date of this act, all laws repealed or amended by this act must be taken and treated as remaining in full force and effect for the purpose of sustaining any pending or vested right, civil action, special proceeding, criminal prosecution, or appeal existing as of the effective date of this act and for the enforcement of rights, duties, penalties, forfeitures, and liabilities as they stood under the repealed or amended laws.
SECTION 5. This act takes effect upon approval by the Governor.
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