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Sponsors: Reps. Ridgeway, Clary, Collins and Kimmons
Document Path: l:\council\bills\cc\15722vr20.docx
Companion/Similar bill(s): 1147
Introduced in the House on February 5, 2020
Currently residing in the House Committee on Medical, Military, Public and Municipal Affairs
Summary: Do not resuscitate orders
HISTORY OF LEGISLATIVE ACTIONS
Date Body Action Description with journal page number ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 2/5/2020 House Introduced and read first time (House Journal-page 48) 2/5/2020 House Referred to Committee on Medical, Military, Public and Municipal Affairs (House Journal-page 48) 2/12/2020 House Member(s) request name added as sponsor: Collins, Kimmons
View the latest legislative information at the website
VERSIONS OF THIS BILL
TO AMEND SECTIONS 44-78-15, 44-78-20, 44-78-30, 44-78-45, 44-78-50, AND 44-78-60, CODE OF LAWS OF SOUTH CAROLINA, 1976, ALL RELATING TO DO NOT RESUSCITATE ORDERS, SO AS TO ALLOW A PARENT OR LEGAL GUARDIAN OF A MEDICALLY ELIGIBLE CHILD TO REQUEST AND REVOKE A DO NOT RESUSCITATE ORDER FOR EMERGENCY SERVICES FOR THE CHILD, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES.
Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of South Carolina:
SECTION 1. Section 44-78-15 of the 1976 Code is amended to read:
"Section 44-78-15. As used in this chapter:
(1) 'Child' means a person under the age of eighteen who is neither married nor judicially emancipated and who is medically eligible for hospice care as a result of a serious illness, as that term is defined in this section.
(2) 'Do not resuscitate bracelet' or 'bracelet' means a standardized identification bracelet that:
(a) meets the specifications established under Section 44-78-30(B) or that is approved by the department under Section 44-78-30(B);
(b) bears the inscription 'Do Not Resuscitate'; and
(c) signifies that the wearer is a patient who has obtained a do not resuscitate order which has not been revoked.
(2)(3) 'Do not resuscitate order for emergency services' means a document made pursuant to this article to prevent EMS personnel from employing resuscitative measures or any other medical process that would only extend the patient's suffering with no viable medical reason to perform the procedure.
(3)(4) 'EMS personnel' means emergency medical personnel certified by the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control including first responders who have completed a Department of Health and Environmental Control approved medical first responder program.
(4)(5) 'Health care provider' means a person licensed to practice medicine or osteopathy pursuant to Chapter 47, Title 40.
(5)(6) 'Palliative treatment' means the degree of treatment which must be provided to a patient in the routine delivery of emergency medical services, which assures the comfort and alleviation of pain and suffering to all extents possible, regardless of whether the patient has executed a document as provided for in this chapter.
(6)(7) 'Resuscitative treatment' means artificial stimulation of the cardiopulmonary systems of the human body, through either electrical, mechanical, or manual means including, but not limited to, cardiopulmonary resuscitation.
(7)(8) 'Terminal condition' means an incurable or irreversible condition that within reasonable medical judgment could cause death within a reasonably short period of time if life sustaining procedures are not used 'Serious illness' means a condition which, based upon best medical judgment, is likely to result in death within a period of not to exceed twelve months."
SECTION 2. Section 44-78-20 of the 1976 Code is amended to read:
"Section 44-78-20. (A) A patient who has a
terminal condition serious illness, a surrogate for a patient with a terminal condition serious illness under the Adult Health Care Consent Act, or an agent of a person with a terminal condition serious illness named by the patient in a Health Care Power of Attorney, or a parent or legal guardian with legal authority to make medical decisions for a child with a serious illness, may request a health care provider responsible for the care of the patient to execute a 'do not resuscitate order for emergency services' if the:
(1) patient has a
terminal condition serious illness; and
terminal condition the serious illness has been diagnosed by a health care provider and the health care provider's record establishes the time, date, and medical condition which gives rise to the diagnosis of a terminal condition serious illness.
At the request of the patient for whom a do not resuscitate order is written or his surrogate or agent, The health care provider who executes the do not resuscitate order shall make the order in writing on a form conforming to the requirements of Section 44-78-30(A), and either shall:
(1) affix to the wrist of the patient a do not resuscitate bracelet that meets the specifications established under Section 44-78-30(B); or
(2) provide the patient,
or his surrogate or agent, or the parent or legal guardian with legal authority to make medical decisions for the child, with an order form, from a commercial vendor approved by the department pursuant to Section 44-78-30(B), to allow the patient to order a do not resuscitate bracelet to be ordered from the commercial vendor."
SECTION 3. Section 44-78-30 of the 1976 Code is amended to read:
"Section 44-78-30. (A) A document purporting to be a 'do not resuscitate order' for EMS purposes must be in substantially the following form:
NOTICE TO EMS PERSONNEL
This notice is to inform all emergency medical personnel who may be called to render assistance to _________________ that he/she has a
terminal condition serious illness, which has been diagnosed by me, and has specifically requested that no resuscitative efforts including artificial stimulation of the cardiopulmonary system by electrical, mechanical, or manual means be made in the event of cardiopulmonary arrest or, if he/she is a child, such a request has been specifically made by a parent or legal guardian with legal authority to make medical decisions for the child.
THIS FORM MAY BE REVOKED BY AN ORAL STATEMENT BY THE PATIENT, OR BY A PARENT OR LEGAL GUARDIAN WITH LEGAL AUTHORITY TO MAKE MEDICAL DECISIONS FOR THE CHILD, TO EMS PERSONNEL OR BY MUTILATING, OBLITERATING, OR DESTROYING THE DOCUMENT IN ANY MANNER.
Patient's signature (or surrogate or agent)
Parent or Legal Guardian
Physician's telephone number
(B) The department may approve a do not resuscitate bracelet developed and distributed by a commercial vendor if the bracelet contains an emblem that displays an internationally recognized medical symbol on the front and the words 'South Carolina Do Not Resuscitate EMS' and the patient's first name and last name on the back. The department may not approve a do not resuscitate bracelet developed and distributed by a commercial vendor if the vendor does not require a health care provider's order for the bracelet before distributing it to a patient.
(C) The cost of obtaining a bracelet must be borne by the patient, or the parent or legal guardian of the child, and may not be provided by the department at the expense of the department.
(D) The vendor approved by the department shall not fulfill a request for a do not resuscitate bracelet without receiving a health care provider's order for the bracelet with the request."
SECTION 4. Section 44-78-45(A) of the 1976 Code is amended to read
"(A) A health care provider and an EMS personnel shall follow the request of the patient, or the parent or legal guardian with legal authority to make medical decisions for the child, and must not provide resuscitative measures when the patient has a 'do not resuscitate order for emergency medical services' or is wearing a 'do not resuscitate bracelet', except where the:
(1) order is revoked pursuant to Section 44-78-60; or
(2) bracelet, when applicable, appears to have been tampered with or removed."
SECTION 5. Section 44-78-50 of the 1976 Code is amended to read:
"Section 44-78-50. (A) Nothing in this chapter may be construed to condone, authorize, or approve mercy killing or euthanasia or to permit any affirmative action or deliberate act to end life other than to allow the natural process of dying.
No person under the age of eighteen years may request or receive a 'do not resuscitate order for emergency medical services' as provided for in this article.
(C) The withholding of resuscitative measures pursuant to this article does not constitute suicide for any purpose."
SECTION 6. Section 44-78-60 of the 1976 Code is amended to read:
"Section 44-78-60. A patient, or a parent or legal guardian with legal authority to make medical decisions for the child, may revoke a 'do not resuscitate order for emergency services' by:
(1) mutilating, obliterating, or destroying the 'do not resuscitate order for emergency medical services' document in any manner;
(2) orally expressing to an emergency medical technician, first responder, or to a person who serves as a member of an emergency health care facility's personnel, the desire to be resuscitated, after which the emergency medical technician, first responder, or the member of the emergency health care facility shall disregard the 'do not resuscitate order for emergency medical services' document and, if applicable, promptly remove the bracelet;
(3) defacing, burning, cutting, or otherwise destroying the bracelet, if applicable; or
(4) removing the bracelet or asking another person to remove the bracelet."
SECTION 7. This act takes effect upon approval by the Governor.
This web page was last updated on March 4, 2020 at 1:41 PM