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Sponsors: Senator Malloy
Document Path: l:\s-jud\bills\malloy\jud0038.rem.docx
Introduced in the Senate on March 5, 2019
Currently residing in the Senate Committee on Judiciary
HISTORY OF LEGISLATIVE ACTIONS
Date Body Action Description with journal page number ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 3/5/2019 Senate Introduced and read first time (Senate Journal-page 9) 3/5/2019 Senate Referred to Committee on Judiciary (Senate Journal-page 9)
View the latest legislative information at the website
VERSIONS OF THIS BILL
TO AMEND CHAPTER 23, TITLE 16 OF THE 1976 CODE, RELATING TO OFFENSES INVOLVING WEAPONS, BY ADDING ARTICLE 2, TO REQUIRE THAT ANY FIREARM TRANSFER MUST BE PRECEDED BY A CRIMINAL BACKGROUND CHECK PERFORMED BY A LICENSED FIREARM DEALER WITH THE NATIONAL INSTANT CRIMINAL BACKGROUND CHECK SYSTEM, AND TO PROVIDE FOR EXCEPTIONS, NOTICE, AND CRIMINAL PENALTIES FOR VIOLATIONS OF THIS ARTICLE.
Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of South Carolina:
SECTION 1. Chapter 23, Title 16 of the 1976 Code is amended by adding:
Section 16-23-100. As used in this article:
(1) 'Firearm' means a weapon, including a starter gun, that will, is designed to, or may readily be converted to expel a projectile by the action of an explosive; the frame or receiver of such weapon, a firearm muffler or firearm silencer, or a destructive device. The term does not include an antique firearm.
(2) 'Licensed dealer' means the holder of any federal firearms license under 18 U.S.C. Section 923(a).
(3) 'Transfer' means to sell, furnish, give, lend, deliver, or otherwise provide, with or without consideration.
(4) 'Transferee' means a person who receives or intends to receive a firearm in a sale or transfer.
Section 16-23-110. (A)(1) It is unlawful for a person who is not a licensed dealer to transfer a firearm to any other person who is not so licensed, unless a licensed dealer has first taken possession of the firearm for the purpose of complying with Section 16-23-120.
(2) Upon taking possession of a firearm under Subsection (A)(1), a licensee shall comply with all requirements of this article and all applicable federal law as if the licensee were transferring the firearm from the inventory of the licensee to the unlicensed transferee.
(3) If a transfer of a firearm described in Subsection (A) will not be completed for any reason after a licensee takes possession of the firearm, including because the transfer of the firearm to, or receipt of the firearm by, the transferee would violate this chapter, the return of the firearm to the transferor by the licensee shall not constitute the transfer of a firearm for purposes of this article.
(B) Subsection (A) shall not apply to:
(1) a law enforcement agency or any law enforcement officer, armed private security professional, or member of the armed forces, to the extent the officer, professional, or member is acting within the course and scope of employment and official duties;
(2) a transfer that is a loan or bona fide gift between spouses, between domestic partners, between parents and their children, including step-parents and their step-children, between siblings, between aunts or uncles and their nieces or nephews, or between grandparents and their grandchildren, if the transferor has no reason to believe that the transferee will use or intends to use the firearm in a crime or is prohibited from possessing firearms under state or federal law;
(3) a transfer to an executor, administrator, trustee, or personal representative of an estate or a trust that occurs by operation of law upon the death of another person;
(4) a temporary transfer that is necessary to prevent imminent death or great bodily harm, including harm to self, family, household members, or others, if the possession by the transferee lasts only as long as immediately necessary to prevent the imminent death or great bodily harm, including the harm of domestic violence, dating partner violence, sexual assault, stalking, and domestic abuse; or
(5) a temporary transfer if the transferor has no reason to believe that the transferee will use or intends to use the firearm in a crime or is prohibited from possessing firearms under state or federal law, and the transfer takes place and the transferee's possession of the firearm is exclusively:
(a) at a shooting range or in a shooting gallery or other area designated for the purpose of target shooting;
(b) while reasonably necessary for the purposes of hunting, trapping, or fishing, if the transferor:
(i) has no reason to believe that the transferee intends to use the firearm in a place where it is illegal; and
(ii) has reason to believe that the transferee will comply with all licensing and permit requirements for such hunting, trapping, or fishing; or
(c) while in the presence of the transferor.
Section 16-23-120. (A) For any sale or transfer of a firearm, it is unlawful for a licensed firearm dealer to deliver a firearm to any transferee unless the licensed dealer contacts the National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS) to conduct a background check on the transferee and complies with all applicable provisions of 18 U.S.C Section 922(t).
(B) It is unlawful for a licensed dealer to transfer possession of, or title to, a firearm to another person who is not so licensed unless the dealer has provided such other person with a notice of the prohibition under Section 16-23-110, and such transferee has certified that he has been provided with this notice on a form prescribed by the South Carolina Law Enforcement Division. The licensed dealer must retain a copy of the notice certified by the transferee for at least five years.
Section 16-23-130. A person who violates the provisions of this article is guilty of a Class A misdemeanor and, upon conviction, must be imprisoned not more than three years or fined not more than two thousand dollars, or both."
SECTION 2. If any provision, word, phrase, or clause of this act or the application thereof to any person or circumstance is held invalid, such invalidity shall not affect the provisions, words, phrases, clauses, or applications of this act that can be given effect without the invalid provision, word, phrase, clause, or application, and, to this end, the provisions, words, phrases, and clauses of this act are declared to be severable.
SECTION 3. This act takes effect upon approval by the Governor.
This web page was last updated on March 11, 2019 at 12:46 PM