South Carolina General Assembly
124th Session, 2021-2022

Download This Bill in Microsoft Word format

A234, R268, H4775

STATUS INFORMATION

General Bill
Sponsors: Reps. Hiott, Bailey, Carter, Erickson and Bradley
Document Path: l:\council\bills\cc\16117vr22.docx

Introduced in the House on January 12, 2022
Introduced in the Senate on April 7, 2022
Last Amended on June 15, 2022
Passed by the General Assembly on June 15, 2022
Governor's Action: June 17, 2022, Signed

Summary: Electronics recycling

HISTORY OF LEGISLATIVE ACTIONS

     Date      Body   Action Description with journal page number
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
   1/12/2022  House   Introduced and read first time (House Journal-page 34)
   1/12/2022  House   Referred to Committee on Agriculture, Natural Resources 
                        and Environmental Affairs (House Journal-page 34)
   1/13/2022  House   Member(s) request name added as sponsor: Carter
   3/31/2022  House   Committee report: Favorable with amendment Agriculture, 
                        Natural Resources and Environmental Affairs 
                        (House Journal-page 25)
    4/5/2022  House   Debate adjourned (House Journal-page 20)
    4/6/2022  House   Member(s) request name added as sponsor: Erickson, 
                        Bradley
    4/6/2022  House   Amended (House Journal-page 25)
    4/6/2022  House   Read second time (House Journal-page 25)
    4/6/2022  House   Roll call Yeas-112  Nays-0 (House Journal-page 58)
    4/7/2022  House   Read third time and sent to Senate
    4/7/2022  Senate  Introduced and read first time (Senate Journal-page 9)
    4/7/2022  Senate  Referred to Committee on Medical Affairs 
                        (Senate Journal-page 9)
   4/12/2022  Senate  Recalled from Committee on Medical Affairs 
                        (Senate Journal-page 3)
   4/12/2022  Senate  Committed to Committee on Agriculture and Natural 
                        Resources (Senate Journal-page 3)
    5/3/2022  Senate  Polled out of committee Agriculture and Natural 
                        Resources (Senate Journal-page 7)
    5/3/2022  Senate  Committee report: Favorable Agriculture and Natural 
                        Resources (Senate Journal-page 7)
    5/5/2022  Senate  Read second time (Senate Journal-page 28)
    5/5/2022  Senate  Roll call Ayes-37  Nays-0 (Senate Journal-page 28)
   5/12/2022  Senate  Amended (Senate Journal-page 105)
   5/12/2022  Senate  Read third time and returned to House with amendments 
                        (Senate Journal-page 105)
   5/12/2022  Senate  Roll call Ayes-41  Nays-2 (Senate Journal-page 107)
   5/12/2022  House   Non-concurrence in Senate amendment 
                        (House Journal-page 156)
   5/12/2022  House   Roll call Yeas-0  Nays-100 (House Journal-page 157)
   5/12/2022  Senate  Senate insists upon amendment and conference committee 
                        appointed  Talley, Kimbrell, Stephens 
                        (Senate Journal-page 109)
   5/12/2022  House   Conference committee appointed  Hixon, Forrest, Atkinson 
                        (House Journal-page 132)
   6/15/2022  Senate  Conference report received and adopted 
                        (Senate Journal-page 124)
   6/15/2022  Senate  Roll call Ayes-42  Nays-0 (Senate Journal-page 124)
   6/15/2022  House   Conference report received and adopted 
                        (House Journal-page 89)
   6/15/2022  House   Roll call Yeas-109  Nays-0 (House Journal-page 122)
   6/15/2022  House   Ordered enrolled for ratification 
                        (House Journal-page 233)
   6/16/2022          Ratified R  268
   6/17/2022          Signed By Governor
   6/28/2022          Effective date  06/17/22
   6/28/2022          Act No.  234

View the latest legislative information at the website

VERSIONS OF THIS BILL

1/12/2022
3/31/2022
4/6/2022
5/3/2022
5/12/2022
6/15/2022


(Text matches printed bills. Document has been reformatted to meet World Wide Web specifications.)

NOTE: THIS IS A TEMPORARY VERSION. THIS DOCUMENT WILL REMAIN IN THIS VERSION UNTIL FINAL APPROVAL BY THE LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL.

(A234, R268, H4775)

AN ACT TO AMEND CHAPTER 60 OF TITLE 48, CODE OF LAWS OF SOUTH CAROLINA, 1976, RELATING TO MANUFACTURER RESPONSIBILITY FOR THE RECOVERY AND RECYCLING OF CERTAIN ELECTRONIC WASTE, SO AS TO ADD AND CHANGE DEFINITIONAL TERMS; TO REQUIRE MANUFACTURERS OF COVERED DEVICES TO OFFER AN ELECTRONIC WASTE PROGRAM AND TO ESTABLISH MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS OF SUCH PROGRAMS, INCLUDING POPULATION-BASED COUNTY COLLECTION SITE STANDARDS; TO REQUIRE MANUFACTURERS TO REGISTER WITH AND SUBMIT AN ANNUAL MANUFACTURER ELECTRONIC WASTE PROGRAM PLAN TO THE DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROL FOR REVIEW AND APPROVAL AND TO ESTABLISH MINIMUM PLAN REQUIREMENTS; TO ALLOW MANUFACTURER CLEARINGHOUSES TO ACT ON BEHALF OF CERTAIN MANUFACTURERS; TO ESTABLISH CERTAIN REQUIREMENTS FOR COLLECTORS AND RECOVERERS; TO SET FORTH POWERS AND DUTIES OF THE DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROL; TO CREATE CIVIL AND CRIMINAL PENALTIES FOR CERTAIN VIOLATIONS OF THE CHAPTER; TO PROVIDE FOR PERIODIC REVIEW OF THE CHAPTER'S PROVISIONS BY A STAKEHOLDER GROUP; AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES; AND TO REPEAL SECTION 14 OF ACT 129 OF 2014, AS AMENDED, RELATING TO A SUNSET PROVISION.

Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of South Carolina:

South Carolina Manufacturer Responsibility and Consumer Convenience Information Technology Equipment Collection and Recovery Act

SECTION    1.    A.        Chapter 60, Title 48 of the 1976 Code is amended to read:

"CHAPTER 60

South Carolina Manufacturer Responsibility and Consumer Convenience Information Technology Equipment Collection and Recovery Act

Section 48-60-05.    This chapter may be cited as the 'South Carolina Manufacturer Responsibility and Consumer Convenience Information Technology Equipment Collection and Recovery Act'.

Section 48-60-10.    The General Assembly finds:

(1)    Televisions, computing, and printing devices are critical to the development of this state's economy and the promotion of the quality of life of the citizens of this State.

(2)    Many of these televisions, computing, and printing devices can be refurbished and reused, or recycled.

(3)    Developing and implementing a system for recovering televisions, computing, and printing devices promotes resource conservation, public health, public safety, and economic prosperity.

(4)    In order to carry out these purposes, the State must establish a comprehensive and convenient recovery program for televisions, computing, and printing devices based on individual manufacturer responsibility and shared responsibility among consumers, retailers, and government, and that the program must ensure that end-of-life televisions, computing, and printing devices are disposed of in a manner that promote resource conservation through the development of an effective and efficient system for collection and recycling, and to encourage manufacturers to offer convenient collection and recycling service to consumers at no charge.

Section 48-60-20.    As used in this chapter:

(1)    'Collect' or 'collection' means to facilitate the delivery of a covered television device or covered computer monitor device to a collection site included in the manufacturer's program, and to transport the covered television device or covered computer monitor device for recovery.

(2)    'Collector' means a person who collects a covered television device or covered computer monitor device at any program collection site or one-day collection event and prepares them for transport.

(3)    'Computer device', often referred to as a 'personal computer' or 'PC', means a desktop, notebook or tablet computer, or a printing device as further defined below and used only in a residence, but does not mean an automated typewriter, mobile telephone, portable hand-held calculator, portable digital assistant (PDA), MP3 player, or other similar device. 'Computer device' does not include computer peripherals, commonly known as cables, mouse, or keyboard. 'Computer device' is further defined as follows in this item:

(a)    'Desktop computer' means an electronic, magnetic, optical, electrochemical, or other high-speed data processing device performing logical, arithmetic, or storage functions for general purpose needs that are met through interaction with a number of software programs contained therein, and that is not designed to exclusively perform a specific type of logical, arithmetic, or storage function or other limited or specialized application. Human interface with a desktop computer is achieved through a stand-alone keyboard, stand-alone monitor, or other display unit, and a stand-alone mouse or other pointing device, and is designed for a single user. A desktop computer has a main unit that is intended to be persistently located in a single location, often on a desk or on the floor. A desktop computer is not designed for portability and generally utilizes an external monitor, keyboard, and mouse with an external or internal power supply for a power source. Desktop computer does not include an automated typewriter or typesetter.

(b)    'Notebook computer' means an electronic, magnetic, optical, electrochemical, or other high-speed data processing device performing logical, arithmetic, or storage functions for general purpose needs that are met through interaction with a number of software programs contained therein, and that is not designed to exclusively perform a specific type of logical, arithmetic, or storage function or other limited or specialized application. Human interface with a notebook computer is achieved through a keyboard, video display greater than four inches in size, and mouse or other pointing device, all of which are contained within the construction of the unit that comprises the notebook computer; supplemental stand-alone interface devices typically also can be attached to the notebook computer. Notebook computers can use external, internal, or batteries for a power source. Notebook computer does not include a portable hand-held calculator, or a portable digital assistant or similar specialized device. A notebook computer has an incorporated video display greater than four inches in size and can be carried as one unit by an individual. A notebook computer is sometimes referred to as a laptop computer.

(c)    'Tablet computer' means an electronic, magnetic, optical, electrochemical, or other high-speed data processing device performing logical, arithmetic, or storage functions for general purpose needs that are met through interaction with a number of software programs contained therein, and that is not designed to exclusively perform a specific type of logical, arithmetic, or storage function or other limited or specialized application. Human interface with a tablet computer is achieved through a touch screen and video display screen greater than six inches in size, all of which are contained within the unit that comprises the tablet computer. Tablet computers may use an external or internal power source. Tablet computer does not include a portable hand-held calculator, a portable digital assistant, or a similar specialized device.

(d)    'Printing device' means desktop printers, multifunction printer copiers, and printer/fax combinations taken out of service from a residence that are designed to reside on a work surface, and include various print technologies including, without limitation, laser and LED (electrographic), ink jet, dot matrix, thermal, and digital sublimation, and 'multifunction' or 'all-in-one' devices that perform different tasks including, without limitation, copying, scanning, faxing, and printing. Printers do not include floor-standing printers, printers with optional floor stand, point of sale (POS) receipt printers, household printers such as a calculator with printing capabilities or label makers, or non-stand-alone printers that are embedded into products that are not covered devices.

(4)    'Computer manufacturer' means a person who:

(a)    manufactures a covered computer device under its own brand for sale or without affixing a brand;

(b)    sells in this State a covered computer device produced by another supplier under its own brand or label;

(c)    imports covered computer devices; provided, that if a company from which an importer purchases a covered computer device has a presence or assets in the United States, that company must be considered the manufacturer; or

(d)    manufactures a covered computer device, supplies a covered computer device to a person within a distribution network that includes wholesalers or retailers in this State, and benefits from the sale of a covered device through that distribution network.

(5)    'Computer monitor manufacturer' means a person who:

(a)    manufactures a covered computer monitor device under its own brand for sale or without affixing a brand;

(b)    sells in this State a covered computer monitor device produced by another supplier under its own brand or label;

(c)    imports covered computer monitor devices; provided, that if a company from which an importer purchases a covered computer monitor device has a presence or assets in the United States, that company must be considered the manufacturer; or

(d)    manufactures a covered computer monitor device, supplies a covered computer monitor device to a person within a distribution network that includes wholesalers or retailers in this State, and benefits from the sale of a covered device through that distribution network.

(6)    'Consumer' means an occupant of a single-detached dwelling unit or a single unit of a multiple dwelling unit who has used a covered device primarily for personal or home business use.

(7)    'Covered computer device' means a desktop, laptop or notebook computer, or a printing device marketed and intended for use by a consumer, but does not include a covered television device or covered computer monitor device.

(8)    'Covered computer monitor device' means an electronic device that is a cathode-ray tube or flat panel display primarily intended to display information from a computer and is used by a consumer.

(9)    'Covered devices' means a covered computer device, covered computer monitor device, and a covered television device marketed and intended for use by a consumer. 'Covered device', 'covered computer device', 'covered computer monitor device', and 'covered television device' do not include:

(a)    a covered device that is a part of a motor vehicle or a component part of a motor vehicle assembled by, or for, a vehicle manufacturer or franchised dealer, including replacement parts for use in a motor vehicle;

(b)    a covered device that is functionally or physically a part of, or connected to, or integrated within equipment or a system designed and intended for use in an industrial, governmental, commercial, research and development, or medical setting including, but not limited to, diagnostic, monitoring, control or medical products as defined under the federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, or equipment used for security, sensing, monitoring, antiterrorism, or emergency services purposes or equipment designed and intended primarily for use by professional users;

(c)    a covered device that is contained within a clothes washer, clothes dryer, refrigerator, refrigerator and freezer, microwave oven, conventional oven or range, dishwasher, room air conditioner, dehumidifier, air purifier, water heater, or exercise equipment;

(d)    telephones of any type including, but not limited to, mobile telephones, a personal digital assistant (PDA), a global positioning system (GPS), or a hand-held gaming device; or

(e)    a plastic, wood, or composite case that once held a covered device or was a subassembly of a covered device but is void of any electronics, leaded glass, or metal electronic components.

(10)    'Covered television device' means an electronic device that contains a cathode-ray tube or flat panel screen the size of which is greater than four inches when measured diagonally and is intended to receive video programming via broadcast, cable, satellite, Internet, or other mode of video transmission or to receive video from surveillance or other similar cameras marketed and intended for use by a consumer primarily for personal purposes.

(11)    'Department' means the South Carolina Department of Health and Environmental Control.

(12)    'Manufacturer clearinghouse' means an entity that prepares and submits a manufacturer electronic waste program plan to the department, and oversees the manufacturer electronic waste program, on behalf of a group of two or more manufacturers cooperating with one another to collectively establish and operate an electronic waste program for the purpose of complying with this chapter and that collectively represent at least fifty-one percent of the manufacturers' total obligations pursuant to this chapter for a program year.

(13)    'Manufacturer electronic waste program' means any program established, financed, and operated by a manufacturer, individually or collectively as part of a manufacturer clearinghouse, to transport and subsequently recycle, in accordance with the requirements of this act, covered televisions and computer monitor devices collected at program collection sites and one-day collection events.

(14)    'Manufacture's brands' means a manufacturer's name, brand name either owned or licensed by the manufacturer, or brand logo for which the manufacturer otherwise has legal responsibility.

(15)    'One-day collection event' means a one-day event used as a substitute for a program collection site pursuant to Section 48-60-56.

(16)    'Person' means an individual, business entity, partnership, limited liability company, corporation, not-for-profit corporation, association, government entity, public benefit corporation, or public authority.

(17)    'Program collection site' means a physical location that is included in a manufacturer electronic waste program and at which covered television devices or covered computer monitor devices are collected and prepared for transport by a collector during a program year in accordance with the requirements of this chapter. Except as otherwise provided in this chapter, 'program collection site' does not include a retail collection site.

(18)    'Program year' means the calendar year.

(19)    'Recover' means to reuse or recycle.

(20)    'Recoverer' means a person that reuses or recycles a covered device.

(21)    'Retail collection site' means a private sector collection site operated by a retailer collecting on behalf of a manufacturer.

(22)    'Retail sale' means the sale of a new product through a sales outlet, the Internet, mail order, or otherwise, whether or not the seller has a physical presence in this State. A retail sale includes the sale of new products.

(23)    'Retailer' means a person engaged in retail sales.

(24)    'Sale' or 'sell' means a transfer for consideration of title including, but not limited to, transactions conducted through sales outlets, catalogs, or the Internet or any other similar electronic means, but does not mean leases.

(25)    'Television' means an electronic device that contains a cathode-ray tube or flat panel screen the size of which is greater than four inches when measured diagonally and is intended to receive video programming via broadcast, cable, satellite, Internet, or other mode of video transmission or to receive video from surveillance or other similar cameras.

(26)    'Television manufacturer' means a person who:

(a)    manufactures covered television devices under a brand that it licenses or owns for sale in this State;

(b)    manufactures covered television devices without affixing a brand for sale in this State;

(c)    resells into this State a covered television device under a brand it owns or licenses produced by other suppliers, including retail establishments that sell covered television devices under a brand the retailer owns or licenses;

(d)    imports covered television devices; provided, that if a company from which an importer purchases a covered device has a presence or assets in the United States, that company must be considered the manufacturer;

(e)    manufactures covered television devices, supplies them to a person or persons within a distribution network that includes wholesalers or retailers in this State and benefits from the sale in this State of those covered television devices through the distribution network; or

(f)    assumes the responsibilities and obligations of a television manufacturer pursuant to this chapter. If the television manufacturer is one who manufactures, sells, or resells under a brand it licenses, the licensor or brand owner of the brand must not be included in the definition of television manufacturer pursuant to items (a) or (c).

Section 48-60-30.    A computer, computer monitor, or television manufacturer may not sell or offer to sell a covered device unless a label indicating the computer, computer monitor, or television manufacturer's brand is permanently affixed to the covered device in a readily visible location.

Section 48-60-40.    (A)    A computer manufacturer may not sell or offer to sell in this State a covered computer device unless the computer manufacturer provides a recovery program at no charge. A recovery program must:

(1)    require a computer manufacturer to offer to collect from a consumer a covered computer device bearing a label as provided in Section 48-60-30; and

(2)    make the collection service as convenient to a consumer as the purchase of a covered computer device from a computer manufacturer as follows:

(a)    A computer manufacturer may utilize a mail-back system in which a consumer can return an end-of-life covered device by mail, including a system in which a consumer can go online, print a prepaid shipping label, package the product, and affix the prepaid label to the package for deposit with the United States Postal Service or other carrier selected by the computer manufacturer.

(b)    If the computer manufacturer does not provide a mail-back system, the computer manufacturer must provide collection sites or collection events, or both, that are centrally located in a county, region, or other locations based on population. Computer manufacturers shall work in coordination with the department to determine an appropriate number of collection sites or collection events, or both.

(B)    A recovery program may use existing collection and consolidation infrastructure for collecting covered devices, including retailers, recyclers, and reuse organizations.

(C)    Computer manufacturers may work collectively and cooperatively to offer collection services to consumers.

(D)    A recovery program must be described on a computer manufacturer's Internet website if a manufacturer maintains an Internet website.

(E)    Collection events under this section must accept any covered computer device.

Section 48-60-51.    (A)    For program year 2023 and each year thereafter, no television manufacturer or computer monitor manufacturer shall sell or offer for sale a covered television device or covered computer monitor device in this State unless the television manufacturer or computer monitor manufacturer offers a manufacturer electronic waste program to transport and recycle, consistent with the requirements of this chapter, covered television devices and covered computer monitor devices collected at, and prepared for transport from, the program collection sites, and one-day collection events included in the program during the program year.

(B)    A manufacturer can satisfy the requirements of this section either individually or collectively as part of a manufacturer clearinghouse.

(C)    Each manufacturer electronic waste program must ensure the following, at a minimum:

(1)    satisfaction of the convenience standard described in Section 48-60-56;

(2)    instructions for counties and solid waste authorities serving one or more counties to file notice to participate in the program;

(3)    transportation and subsequent recycling of the covered television devices and covered computer monitor devices collected at, and prepared for transport from, the program collection sites and one-day collection events included in the program during the program year; and

(4)    submission of a report to the department by March 1, 2024, and by March first each year thereafter, which reports:

(a)    the total weight of all covered devices transported from program collection sites and one-day collection events statewide during the preceding program year by category of device;

(b)    the total weight of all covered devices transported from program collection sites and one-day collection events in each county in the State during the preceding program year by category of device.

(D)    Each manufacturer electronic waste program shall make the instructions required pursuant to subsection (C)(2) available on its website within thirty days of the effective date of the act or no later than July 1, 2022, and the program shall provide a hyperlink to the website to the department for posting on the department's website.

(E)    Nothing in this chapter prevents a manufacturer from accepting, through its recovery program, covered television devices and covered computer monitor devices collected through a curbside or drop-off collection program that is operated pursuant to a residential collection agreement between a third party and a unit of local government located within a county or solid waste authority serving one or more counties that has elected to participate in a manufacturer electronic waste program.

(F)    Manufacturers of covered television devices and covered computer monitor devices are not financially responsible for transporting and consolidating covered devices collected from a collection program's drop-off location. Any drop-off location operating in program year 2023 or in subsequent years must be identified by the county or solid waste authority serving one or more counties in the annual written notice of election to participate in a manufacturer electronic waste program in accordance with Section 48-60-57 to be eligible for the subsequent program year.

(G)    As part of their annual registration, a television or computer monitor manufacturer shall provide to the department the total weight of the manufacturer's covered television devices or covered computer monitor devices sold at retail in the United States and the total weight of covered devices collected and recycled in the State during the previous program year. A manufacturer's weight sold data is proprietary information of the manufacturer and may be shared with a manufacture clearinghouse.

Section 48-60-55.    (A)    On January 1, 2015, and annually thereafter, a television manufacturer or computer monitor manufacturer shall either:

(1)    join a representative organization created by manufacturers of covered electronic devices to establish fair and reasonable policies to be applied in the State and to provide a plan to the department in accordance with this section; or

(2)    notify the department of its intent to fulfill its obligations under this chapter by implementing a program under subsection (K).

(B)    A representative organization shall submit a plan for the operation of a statewide consumer electronic device stewardship program described in this section to the department for approval annually. The initial plan must be submitted to the department by September 3, 2014, and annually ninety days before the beginning of the program year in subsequent years. The plan must include details on how one or more eligible companies or covered electronic device stewardship programs operating within the plan will:

(1)    provide for the recycling of all used covered television devices and used covered computer monitor devices collected by participating local governments specified in the plan based on the proportionate membership of the representative organization;

(2)    work with a representative organization, the department, and local government recycling representatives to provide recycling services of covered television devices and covered computer monitor devices and to provide consumers with information and educational materials regarding the program to promote the recycling and reuse of used covered television devices and used covered computer monitor devices;

(3)    achieve environmentally sound management for covered television devices and covered computer monitor devices that are collected for reuse and recycling; and

(4)    incorporate economic arrangements that minimize costs to participating manufacturers, consistent with Section 48-60-170.

(C)    The representative organization plan must:

(1)    document how the collection component of the plan was developed with input from local government recycling representatives and other stakeholders interested in electronics recycling, especially recycling of used covered television devices and used covered computer monitor devices;

(2)    identify each manufacturer and local government participating in the consumer electronic device stewardship programs included in the representative organization plan and the brands of consumer electronic devices sold in the State that are covered by the programs;

(3)    provide a mechanism for making the most current list of participating manufacturers available to the department;

(4)    include incentives to ensure convenient mechanisms to collect used consumer electronic devices throughout the State; and

(5)    explain why a disruption of commercial activity that may arise from implementation of the plan is consistent with fulfilling the intent of this chapter and provide sufficient information to allow the department to confirm the consistency of the plan with this chapter by review of the plan's financial and operational elements.

(D)    Representative organization's annual plans must include, but not be limited to, the following:

(1)    a list of collection programs and locations available to consumers in the State;

(2)    a description of the methods used to collect, transport, and process used consumer electronic devices in the State;

(3)    the results of a survey of county and municipal recycling representatives concerning the availability of opportunities for consumers to recycle covered electronic devices;

(4)    samples of information awareness and educational materials provided to consumers of consumer electronic devices to promote reuse and recycling and collection opportunities for used devices that are available in the State;

(5)    a list of participating companies for the most recent program year and the upcoming year;

(6)    a list of contacts from all participating local governments who may be contacted by the department to confirm that their recycling needs are being met by manufacturers participating in the representative organization;

(7)    a report of the organization's prior year's activities, including the amount of electronics collected for recycling in the State and the number and location of collection locations used during the prior year;

(8)    a description of services provided to each of the local government participants including, but not limited to, collection event services and logistical support for electronics pick-up; and

(9)    a list of manufacturers, as determined by the representative organization, failing to meet their individual recycling obligation as assigned by the representative organization and any shortfall penalties, pursuant to Section 48-60-160(E)(3). A manufacturer so reported to the department may elect to account for the shortfall in the next program year but only may elect this option once every three years. This does not preclude a representative organization from developing and implementing participation requirements that may otherwise exclude manufacturers from participating in the representative organization for failing to meet those participation requirements.

(E)(1)    Not later than thirty calendar days after submission of the plan pursuant to subsection (B), the department shall determine whether or not to approve the plan. The department shall approve the plan for the establishment of a consumer electronic device stewardship program by the submitting representative organization if it meets the requirements of subsections (B) and (C). If the department finds activities included in the plan that do not fulfill those requirements, it shall specify in writing what the department believes to be the plan's deficiencies, promptly meet with the representative organization to discuss the department's concerns, and allow the representative organization at least thirty calendar days after the denial notice to submit a revised plan. If a revised plan is submitted, the department shall review and approve or disapprove the plan within thirty calendar days of submission.

(2)    If the department disapproves a plan submitted pursuant to item (1), and the representative organization chooses not to submit a revised plan or the department disapproves the revised plan, the representative organization shall have the right to appeal pursuant to Section 44-1-60.

(3)    If the plan is disapproved on appeal, the representative organization may resubmit a plan pursuant to item (1) which conforms with the guidance of the appellate opinion or member companies may comply with subsection (K).

(F)    After the representative organization's plan is approved, the representative organization is responsible for maintaining continuous service to local governments specified in the plan provided by the participating consumer electronic device stewardship programs. The representative organization shall establish fair and reasonable policies for administration and operation.

(G)    Manufacturers of covered television devices or covered computer monitor devices that are participating in a plan submitted pursuant to this section and subject to a recycling assessment may choose to fulfill their recycling assessment using a consumer electronic device stewardship program that meets the elements set forth in the approved representative organization plan.

(H)    The department shall maintain a list of the names of manufacturers and eligible programs complying with the requirement of this chapter and the brands of consumer electronic devices that are covered by the consumer electronic device stewardship program and post this list on its website.

(I)    A representative organization and the department shall confer with stakeholders at least quarterly to address compliance, efficiency, and best practices of the stewardship programs that implement the representative organization's plan.

(J)(1)    Local governments that receive recycling services from stewardship programs participating in the representative organization's plan to recycle covered television devices and covered computer monitor devices must not charge the manufacturer or the representative operating the stewardship program for collection costs and shall offer the manufacturer or its representative other covered devices collected by a participating local government at no cost. Provided, this item does not obligate a local government to offer other covered devices collected by a participating local government at no cost once the representative organization's obligation within its plan to recycle covered television devices and covered computer monitor devices has been met during a program year.

(2)    A representative organization shall provide the department and each local government recycling representative a point of contact for the organization, including email and phone number, to ensure communication and coordination among local governments, participating manufacturers, consumer electronic device stewardship programs and the representative organization.

(K)(1)    If a television manufacturer or computer monitor manufacturer does not participate in a representative organization, the manufacturer annually shall recycle or arrange for the recycling of covered television devices and covered computer monitor devices in the amount of eighty percent of the weight of the covered television devices and covered computer monitor devices sold by the manufacturer in the State during the previous program year.

(2)    The department shall notify each television manufacturer or computer monitor manufacturer of its recycling obligation by March fifteenth of each program year. A television manufacturer or computer monitor manufacturer shall provide the department information noted in item (3) to be used by the department to calculate each television and computer monitor manufacturer's recycling obligation under this subsection.

(3)    A television or computer monitor manufacturer shall report to the department the total weight of the manufacturer's covered television devices or covered computer monitor devices sold at retail in the United States or in this State, if the information is available, and the total weight of covered devices collected and recycled in the State during the previous program year. A manufacturer's weight sold data is proprietary information of the manufacturer.

(L)    A manufacturer may fulfill the requirements of this section either individually, in participation with other manufacturers, or through a representative organization. A recovery program may use existing collection and consolidation infrastructure for collecting covered devices, including local governments, retailers, recyclers, and reuse organizations.

(M)    A manufacturer shall provide the department with contact information for the manufacturer's designated agent or employee whom the department may contact concerning the manufacturer's compliance with the requirements of this section.

(N)    Manufacturers not identified as participating in a representative organization plan pursuant to subsection (B) shall comply with the requirements of subsection (K).

(O)    As used in this section, 'representative organization' means an organization created to develop and oversee implementation of a statewide plan consisting of one or more consumer electronic device stewardship programs, both in the State and in other jurisdictions that authorize such a representative organization.

Section 48-60-56.    (A)    Beginning in program year 2023, each manufacturer electronic waste program must offer collection sites in accordance with the following convenience standards for each county or solid waste authority serving one or more counties that elects to participate in the manufacturer electronic waste program during a given program year:

(1)    one collection site in each county that has a population of less than one hundred thousand inhabitants;

(2)    two collection sites in each county that has a population of at least one hundred thousand inhabitants and less than two hundred thousand inhabitants;

(3)    three collection sites in each county that has a population of at least two hundred thousand inhabitants.

(B)    For purposes of this section, county population must be determined using the most recent federal decennial census.

(C)    A designated representative of a county or a solid waste authority serving one or more counties pursuant to the provisions of Section 48-60-57, that elects to participate in a manufacturer electronic waste program may enter into a written agreement with the operator of a manufacturer electronic waste program in order to:

(1)    reduce or increase the number of collection sites in the county for the program year; provided, however, the agreement must be included in the manufacturer electronic waste program as required pursuant to Section 48-60-57(A);

(2)    substitute a collection site in the county for four one-day collection events or a different number of such events as provided for in the written agreement; provided, however, the agreement must be included in the manufacturer electronic waste program as required pursuant to Section 48-60-57(A);

(3)    substitute the location of a collection site in the county for the manufacturer electronic waste program with another location;

(4)    substitute the location of a one-day collection event in the county with another location; or

(5)    with the agreement of the applicable retailer, use a retail collection site as a program collection site.

(D)    Retail collection sites are not considered a collection site for the purposes of the convenience standards established pursuant to this section unless otherwise agreed to in writing by the retailer, operators of the manufacturer electronic waste program, and the applicable county or solid waste authority serving one or more counties. If retailers agree to participate in a program collection site, then the retailer collection site does not have to collect all covered devices or register as a collector.

(E)    Nothing in this chapter prohibits a retailer from collecting a fee for each covered device collected.

(F)    Manufacturers may use retail collection sites for satisfying some or all of their obligations pursuant to Sections 48-60-51, 48-60-56, and 48-60-57.

Section 48-60-57.    (A)    Beginning in program year 2023, the designee of a county including, but not limited to, a representative of a solid waste authority serving one or more counties, may elect to participate in a manufacturer electronic waste program by filing a written notice of election to participate in the program with the manufacturer electronic waste program and the department, by August 1, 2022, and by May first each year thereafter for the upcoming program year.

(B)    A municipality with a population of over 17,000, as determined using the most recent federal decennial census, located within a county or solid waste authority serving one or more counties that elects not to participate in a manufacturer electronic waste program may coordinate with any participating county or solid waste authority serving one or more counties for inclusion in the participating county or solid waste authority's written notice of election to participate in a manufacturer electronic waste program and must utilize collection sites located in the participating county or solid waste authority.

(C)    Any municipality included in a participating county or solid waste authority's written notice of election must utilize the proposed collections sites enumerated in the plan and those sites must be located within in the participating county or solid waste authority.

(D)    The written notice must include a list of proposed collection locations to support the program and may include locations already providing similar collection services. The written notice also may include a list of registered recoverers that the county would prefer using for its collection sites or one-day events.

Section 48-60-58.    (A)    By November 1, 2022, for program year 2023, and by September first each year thereafter, each computer monitor and television manufacturer shall, individually or through a manufacturer clearinghouse, submit to the department a manufacturer electronic waste plan, which includes at a minimum, the following:

(1)    contact information for the individual who will serve as the point of contact for the manufacturer electronic waste program;

(2)    a list of each county that has elected to participate in the manufacturer electronic waste program during the program year;

(3)    for each county, the location of each program collection site and one-day collection event included in the manufacturer electronic waste program for the program year;

(4)    the recoverers that the program plans to use to transport and subsequently recycle covered television devices and covered computer monitor devices, with the updated list of recoverers to be provided to the department no later than December first preceding each program year;

(5)    an explanation of any deviation from the applicable convenience standard as described in Section 48-60-56 for the program year, along with copies of all written agreements or confirmed electronic correspondence made pursuant to Section 48-60-56(C)(1) or (2); and

(6)    if two or more manufacturers are participating in a manufacturer clearinghouse, certification that the methodology used for allocating responsibility for the transportation and recycling of covered television devices and covered computer monitor devices by manufacturers participating in the manufacturer clearinghouse for the program year will be in compliance with the allocation methodology established pursuant to Section 48-60-61.

(B)(1)    Within sixty days of receiving a manufacturer electronic waste program plan, the department shall review and approve or disapprove the plan.

(2)    If the department approves the plan, the manufacturer or manufacturer clearinghouse shall provide written notice of approval to the designated contact person for the program, and the program must be published on the department's website.

(3)    If the department disapproves the plan, the manufacturer or manufacturer clearinghouse shall provide written notice to the designated contact person for the program listing the reasons for the disapproval. Within thirty days after the date of disapproval, the manufacturer or manufacturer clearinghouse shall submit a revised recovery plan to address the insufficiencies in the department's disapproval.

(C)    Every manufacturer shall assume financial responsibility for carrying out its recovery program plan including, but not limited to, financial responsibility for providing the packaging materials necessary to prepare shipments of collected covered television devices and covered computer monitor devices in compliance with federal, state, and local requirements, as well as financial responsibility for bulk transportation and recycling of collected covered television devices and covered computer monitor devices.

(D)    A county or solid waste authority serving one or more counties, that receives recycling services from a manufacturer electronic waste plan to recycle covered television devices and covered computer monitor devices must not charge the manufacturer, the clearinghouse, or the representative operating the program for collection costs and shall offer the manufacturer, the clearinghouse, or its representative other covered devices collected by a participating local government at no cost.

Section 48-60-59.    (A)    A manufacturer electronic waste program plan submitted by a manufacturer clearinghouse may take into account and incorporate individual plans or operations of one or more manufacturers that are participating in the manufacturer clearinghouse.

(B)    If a manufacturer clearinghouse allocates responsibility to manufacturers for manufacturers' transportation and recycling of covered television devices and covered computer monitor devices during a program year as part of a manufacturer electronic waste program plan, the manufacturer clearinghouse shall identify the allocation methodology in the manufacturer recovery plan submitted to the department pursuant to Section 48-60-58. Any allocation of responsibility among manufacturers for the collection of covered devices must be in accordance with the allocation methodology established pursuant to Section 48-60-61.

(C)    A manufacturer clearinghouse has no authority to enforce manufacturer compliance with the requirements of this chapter, including compliance with the allocation methodology set forth in a manufacturer electronic waste plan, but upon prior notice to the manufacturer, shall refer any potential noncompliance to the department. A manufacturer clearinghouse may develop and implement policies and procedures that exclude from participation in the manufacturer clearinghouse any manufacturers found by the department or a court of competent jurisdiction to have failed to comply with this chapter.

(D)    A manufacturer may request the department review a manufacturer electronic waste program plan proposed by the clearinghouse. The department shall consider all factors submitted in the request for review in making its determination in accordance with Section 48-60-58(B).

Section 48-60-60.    A computer, computer monitor, or television manufacturer is not liable for damages arising from information stored on a covered device collected from a consumer under the manufacturer's electronic waste program.

Section 48-60-61.    (A)    As used in this section:

(1)    'Adjusted total proportional responsibility' means the percentage calculated for each participating manufacturer for a program year pursuant to subsection (F).

(2)    'Market share' means the percentage that results from dividing:

(a)    the product of the total weight reported for a covered television device or covered computer monitor device by a manufacturer, for the calendar year two years before the applicable program year, pursuant to Section 48-60-51(G); by

(b)    the product of the total weight reported for that covered television device or covered computer monitor device category by all manufacturers, for the calendar year two years before the applicable program year, pursuant to Section 48-60-51(G).

(3)    'Participating manufacturer' means a manufacturer that a manufacturer clearinghouse has listed, pursuant to subsection (C), as a participant in the manufacturer clearinghouse for a program year.

(4)    'Return share' means the percentage, by weight, of each covered television device or computer monitor device category that is returned to the program collection sites and one-day collection events operated by or on behalf of either a manufacturer clearinghouse or one or more of its participating manufacturers during the calendar year two years before the applicable program year, as reported to the department pursuant to Section 48-60-51; except that, for program years 2023 and 2024, 'return share' means the percentage, by weight, of each covered television device or computer monitor device category that is estimated by the manufacturer clearinghouse to be returned to those sites and events during the applicable program year, as reported to the department pursuant to subsection (B).

(5)    'Unadjusted total proportional responsibility' means the percentage calculated for each participating manufacturer pursuant to this section.

(B)    A manufacturer clearinghouse shall provide the department with a statement of the return share for each plan pursuant to Section 48-60-58.

(C)    If a manufacturer clearinghouse submits to the department a manufacturer electronic waste program plan pursuant to Section 48-60-58, the manufacturer clearinghouse shall include in the plan a list of manufacturers that have agreed to participate in the manufacturer clearinghouse for the upcoming program year.

(D)    For each program year, the department in collaboration with the manufacturer clearinghouse shall calculate the unadjusted total proportional responsibility of each participating manufacturer as follows:

(1)    Multiplying the participating manufacturer's market share for the covered television device or covered computer monitor device category by the return share for the covered television device or covered computer monitor device category, to arrive at the category-specific proportional responsibility of the participating manufacturer for the covered television device or covered computer monitor device category.

(2)    Then, for each participating manufacturer, add the category-specific proportional responsibilities of the participating manufacturer calculated pursuant to item (1), to arrive at the participating manufacturer's unadjusted total proportional responsibility.

(E)    If the sum of all unadjusted total proportional responsibilities of a manufacturer clearinghouse's participating manufacturers for a program year accounts for less than one hundred percent of the return share for that year, the department shall divide the unallocated return share among participating manufacturers in proportion to their unadjusted total proportional responsibilities, to arrive at the adjusted total proportional responsibility for each participating manufacturer.

(F)    A manufacturer may use retail collection sites to satisfy some or all of the manufacturer's responsibilities including, but not limited to, the manufacturer's transportation and recycling of collected covered television devices and covered computer monitor devices pursuant to any allocation methodology established by this chapter. Nothing in this chapter prevents a manufacturer from using retail collection sites to satisfy any percentage of the manufacturer's total responsibilities including, but not limited to, the manufacturer's transportation and recycling of collected covered television devices and covered computer monitor devices pursuant to any allocation methodology established by this chapter or by administrative regulation.

Section 48-60-62.    Counties, solid waste authorities serving one or more counties, and municipalities that fully comply with the storage and packaging requirements of this chapter shall be exempt from liability upon the proper removal of covered devices from the solid waste facilities.

Section 48-60-70.    (A)    A retailer only may sell or offer to sell a covered device that:

(1)    bears a manufacturer label as provided in Section 48-60-30; and

(2)    is manufactured by a manufacturer that offers an electronic waste program as provided in Sections 48-60-40, 48-60-55, and 48-60-51.

(B)    The requirements of this section do not apply to a television sold by a retailer for less than one hundred dollars.

Section 48-60-80.    A retailer may not be liable for damages arising from information stored on any covered device collected from a consumer under the manufacturer's electronic waste program.

Section    48-60-90.        (A)    After July 1, 2011, a consumer must not knowingly place or discard a covered device or subassemblies of a covered device in a waste stream that is to be disposed of in a solid waste landfill.

(B)    An owner or operator of a solid waste landfill must not, at the gate, knowingly accept, for disposal, loads containing more than an incidental amount of covered devices.

(C)    The owner or operator of a solid waste landfill must post, in a conspicuous location at the landfill, a sign stating that covered devices or any components of covered devices are not accepted for disposal at the landfill.

(D)    The owner or operator of a solid waste landfill must notify, in writing, all haulers delivering solid waste to the landfill that covered devices or any components of covered devices are not accepted for disposal at the landfill.

Section 48-60-100.    The department shall provide information to the public on its Internet website regarding the provisions of the chapter and the prohibition on disposing of covered devices in a solid waste landfill. The department also shall provide information about electronic waste programs available in the State on the department's Internet website. The website must include information about collection options available, the definition of covered devices, the proper methods for disposal of covered devices, the proper methods for disposal of noncovered devices, and links to relevant portions of computer or television manufacturer's Internet websites.

Section 48-60-110.    The department may conduct audits and inspection of a computer or television manufacturer, retailer, or recoverer to determine compliance with this chapter's provisions, and may establish by regulation administrative fines for violations of this chapter.

Section 48-60-120.    Financial and proprietary information submitted to the department pursuant to this chapter is exempt from public disclosure.

Section 48-60-130.    The department shall include in its annual solid waste report information provided by manufacturers on recovery programs offered pursuant to this chapter.

Section 48-60-140.    (A)    Covered devices must be recovered in a manner that complies with all applicable federal, state, and local requirements. Collection and storage of covered devices must be performed in accordance with best management practices.

(B)    All recycling or reuse facilities used by recoverers of covered electronic devices must, at a minimum, achieve and maintain third-party accredited certification. Acceptable certification programs include the Responsible Recycling (R)(2) Practices and e-Stewards. Other certification programs recognized by the department or the United States Environmental Protection Agency also are acceptable. Manufacturers of covered electronic devices shall ensure that recycling or reuse facilities used as part of their recovery programs meet this requirement. Local governments and other consolidators of covered electronic devices shall ensure that the material they collect is transferred to a recycling or reuse facility that meets this requirement.

Section 48-60-141. (A)    By November 1, 2022, and by November first of each year thereafter for that program year, a person acting as a collector under a manufacturer electronic waste program shall register with the department by completing and submitting to the department the registration form prescribed by the department. The registration form prescribed by the department must include, without limitation, the address of each location at which the collector accepts covered devices.

(B)    The department may deny a registration under this section if the collector or any employee or officer of the collector has a history of:

(1)    repeated violations of federal, state, or local laws, regulations, standards, or ordinances related to the collection, recovering, or other management of covered devices;

(2)    conviction in this State or another state of any crime which is a felony under the laws of this State, or conviction of a felony in a federal court; or conviction in this State or another state or federal court of any of the following crimes: forgery, official misconduct, bribery, perjury, or knowingly submitting false information under any environmental law, regulation, or permit term or condition; or

(3)    gross carelessness or incompetence in handling, storing, processing, transporting, disposing, or otherwise managing covered devices.

(C)    The department shall post on the department's website a list of all registered collectors.

(D)    Manufacturers and recoverers acting as collectors shall so indicate on their registration under Section 48-60-51 or Section 48-60-142 of this chapter.

(E)    Each collector that operates a program collection site or one-day event shall ensure that the collected covered devices are sorted and loaded in compliance with local, State, and federal law. In addition, at a minimum, the collector shall also comply with the following requirements:

(1)    Covered television devices and covered computer monitor devices must be accepted at program collection sites or one-day collection events unless otherwise provided in this chapter.

(2)    Covered television devices and covered computer monitor devices must be kept separate from other material and must:

(a)    be packaged in a manner to prevent breakage;

(b)    be loaded onto pallets and secured with plastic wrap or in pallet-sized bulk containers prior to shipping; and

(c)    weigh on average per collection site eighteen thousand pounds per shipment, and if not then the recoverer may charge the collector a prorated charge on the shortfall in weight, not to exceed six hundred dollars.

(3)    Covered devices must be sorted into at least the following categories:

(a)    covered computer monitor devices;

(b)    covered television devices;

(c)    all other covered devices that are part of the manufacturer program;

(d)    any other covered device that is not part of the manufacturer program that the collector has arranged to have picked up with covered devices and for which a financial arrangement has been made to cover the recycling costs outside of the manufacturer program; and

(e)    any other covered device that is not part of the manufacturer program that the collector has arranged to have picked up with covered devices and for which a financial arrangement has been made to cover the recycling costs outside of the manufacturer program.

(4)    Containers holding the covered devices must be structurally sound for transportation.

(5)    Each shipment of covered devices from a program collection site or one-day collection event must include a collector-prepared bill of lading or similar manifest, which describes the origin of the shipment and the number of pallets or bulk containers of covered devices in the shipment.

(F)    Except as provided in subsection (G), each collector that operates a program collection site or one-day collection event during a program year shall accept all covered television devices and computer monitor devices that are delivered to the program collection site or one-day collection event during the program year.

(G)    No collector that operates a program collection site or one-day collection event shall:

(1)    accept, at the program collection site or one-day collection event, more than seven covered devices from an individual at any one time;

(2)    scrap, salvage, dismantle, or otherwise disassemble any covered devices collected at a program collection site or one-day collection event;

(3)    deliver to a manufacturer electronic waste program, through its recoverer, any covered devices other than covered television devices and covered computer monitor devices, unless otherwise provided for in this chapter, collected at a program collection site or one-day collection event; or

(4)    deliver to a person other than the manufacturer electronic waste program or its recoverer, covered television devices and covered computer monitor devices, unless otherwise provided for in this chapter, collected at a program collection site or one-day collection event.

(H)    Beginning in program year 2023, registered collectors participating in a county or solid waste authority supervised collection programs may collect a fee for each desktop computer monitor or television accepted for recovering to cover costs for collection and preparation for bulk shipment or to cover costs associated with the requirements of subsection (E).

(I)    Nothing in this chapter shall prevent a person from acting as a collector independently of a manufacturer electronic waste program.

(J)    Any collector or recoverer operating a one-day collection event shall not deliver any collected devices to any county or solid waste authority operating in one or more counties without prior coordination and agreement.

Section 48-60-142.        (A)    All recoverers that store, consolidate, or process covered devices in the State must register with the department the locations of all storage and processing activities by submitting a $3,000 registration fee and completing and submitting a form as prescribed by the department by November 1, 2022, and by November first of each year thereafter for that program year.

(B)    The department may deny a registration under this section if the recoverer or any employee or officer of the recoverer has a history of:

(1)    repeated violations of federal, state, or local laws, regulations, standards, or ordinances related to the collection, recycling, or other management of covered devices;

(2)    conviction in this State or another state of any crime which is a felony under the laws of this State, or conviction of a felony in a federal court; or conviction in this State or another state or federal court of any of the following crimes: forgery, official misconduct, bribery, perjury, or knowingly submitting false information under any environmental law, regulation, or permit term or condition; or

(3)    gross carelessness or incompetence in handling, storing, processing, transporting, disposing, or otherwise managing covered devices.

(C)    The department shall post on the department's website a list of all registered recoverers.

(D)    Beginning in program year 2023, no person may act as a recoverer of consumer covered devices for a manufacturer's electronic waste program unless the recoverer is registered with the department as required under this section.

(E)    Beginning in program year 2023, recoverers must, as a part of their annual registration, certify compliance with all of the following requirements:

(1)    Recoverers must comply with federal, state, and local laws and regulations, including federal and state minimum wage laws, specifically relevant to the handling, processing, and recycling of consumer covered devices and must have proper authorization by all appropriate governing authorities to perform the handling, processing, and recycling.

(2)    Recoverers must implement the appropriate measures to safeguard occupational and environmental health and safety, through the following:

(a)    environmental health and safety training of personnel, including training with regard to material and equipment handling, worker exposure, controlling releases, and safety and emergency procedures;

(b)    an up-to-date, written plan for the identification and management of hazardous materials; and

(c)    an up-to-date, written plan for reporting and responding to exceptional pollutant releases, including emergencies such as accidents, spills, fires, and explosions.

(3)    Recoverers must maintain:

(a)    commercial general liability insurance or the equivalent corporate guarantee for accidents and other emergencies with limits of not less than $1,000,000 per occurrence and $1,000,000 aggregate; and             (b)    pollution legal liability insurance with limits not less than $1,000,000 per occurrence for companies engaged solely in the dismantling activities and $5,000,000 per occurrence for companies engaged in recycling.

(4)    Recoverers must maintain on file documentation that demonstrates the completion of an environmental health and safety audit completed and certified by a competent internal and external auditor annually. A competent auditor is an individual who, through professional training or work experience, is appropriately qualified to evaluate the environmental health and safety conditions, practices, and procedures of the facility. Documentation of auditors' qualifications must be available for inspection by department officials and third-party auditors.

(5)    Recoverers must maintain on file proof of workers' compensation and employers' liability insurance.

(6)    Recoverers must provide adequate assurance, such as bonds or corporate guarantees, to cover environmental and other costs of the closure of the recoverer's facility, including cleanup of stockpiled equipment and materials. A recoverer must provide, for each storage, consolidation, or processing location, adequate financial assurance to cover third-party removal of all covered devices or waste material from the facility. The financial assurance must be issued in favor of the department and an approved financial assurance mechanism must be submitted prior to beginning storage or processing operations. The registrant must provide continuous coverage for closure until released from financial assurance requirements by the department.

(7)    Recoverers must apply due diligence principles to the selection of facilities to which components and materials, such as plastics, metals, and circuit boards, from consumer covered devices are sent for reuse and recycling.

(8)    Recoverers must establish a documented environmental management system that is appropriate in level of detail and documentation to the scale and function of the facility, including documented regular self-audits or inspections of the recoverer's environmental compliance at the facility.

(9)    Recoverers must use the appropriate equipment for the proper processing of incoming materials as well as controlling environmental releases to the environment. The dismantling operations and storage of consumer covered devices components that contain hazardous substances must be conducted indoors and over impervious floors. Storage areas must be adequate to hold all processed and unprocessed inventory. When heat is used to soften solder and when covered devices components are shredded, operations must be designed to control indoor and outdoor hazardous air emissions.

(10)    Recoverers must establish a system for identifying and properly managing components, such as circuit boards, batteries, cathode-ray tubes, and mercury phosphor lamps, that are removed from consumer covered devices during disassembly. Recoverers must properly manage all hazardous and other components requiring special handling from consumer covered devices consistent with federal, state, and local laws and regulations. Recoverers must provide visible tracking, such as hazardous waste manifests or bills of lading, of hazardous components and materials from the facility to the destination facilities and documentation, such as contracts, stating how the destination facility processes the materials received. No recoverer may send, either directly or through intermediaries, hazardous wastes to solid nonhazardous waste landfills or to nonhazardous waste incinerators for disposal or energy recovery. For the purpose of these guidelines, smelting of hazardous wastes to recover metals for reuse in conformance with all applicable laws and regulations is not considered disposal or energy recovery.

(11)    Recoverers must use a regularly implemented and documented monitoring and record-keeping program that tracks total inbound covered devices material weights and total subsequent outbound weights to each destination, injury and illness rates, and compliance with applicable permit parameters including monitoring of effluents and emissions. Recoverers must maintain contracts or other documents, such as sales receipts, suitable to demonstrate: (i) the reasonable expectation that there is a downstream market or uses for designated electronics, which may include recycling or reclamation processes such as smelting to recover metals for reuse; and (ii) that any residuals from recycling or reclamation processes, or both, are properly handled and managed to maximize reuse and recycling of materials to the extent practical.

(12)    Recoverers must employ industry-accepted procedures for the destruction or sanitization of data on hard drives and other data storage devices. Acceptable guidelines for the destruction or sanitization of data are contained in the National Institute of Standards and Technology's Guidelines for Media Sanitation or those guidelines certified by the National Association for Information Destruction.

(F)    Each recoverer shall, during each calendar year, transport from each site that the recoverer uses to manage consumer covered devices not less than 75% of the total weight of consumer covered devices present at the site during the preceding calendar year. Each recoverer shall maintain on-site records that demonstrate compliance with this requirement and shall make those records available to the department for inspection and copying.

(G)    Nothing in this chapter shall prevent a person from acting as a recoverer independently of a manufacturer electronic waste program.

(H)    Whenever the department determines that a person is in violation of a regulation promulgated pursuant to this section, the department may:

(1)    issue an order requiring the person to comply with the regulation;

(2)    bring a civil action for injunctive relief in the appropriate court; or

(3)    request the Attorney General bring civil or criminal enforcement action pursuant to this section.

The department also may impose reasonable civil penalties not to exceed ten thousand dollars, for each day of violation. After exhaustion of administrative remedies, a person against whom a civil penalty is invoked by the department may appeal the decision of the department or board to the court of common pleas, pursuant to the Administrative Procedures Act.

(I)    A person who wilfully violates a regulation promulgated pursuant to this section is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction, must be fined not more than ten thousand dollars for each day of violation or imprisoned for not more than one year, or both. If the conviction is for a second or subsequent offense, the punishment must be a fine not to exceed twenty-five thousand dollars for each day of violation or imprisonment not to exceed two years, or both. The provisions of the subsection do not apply to officials and employees of a local government owning or operating, or both, a municipal solid waste management facility or to officials and employees of a region, comprised of local governments, owning or operating, or both, a regional municipal solid waste management facility.

(J)    Each day of noncompliance with an order issued pursuant to this section or noncompliance with a permit, regulation, standard, order, or requirement established pursuant to this section constitutes a separate offense.

Section 48-60-150.    (A)    To carry out the purposes and provisions of this chapter, the department is authorized to:

(1)    promulgate such regulations, procedures, or standards as are necessary to protect human health and safety or the environment from the adverse effects of improper, inadequate, or unsound management of covered devices;

(2)    issue, deny, revoke, or modify permits, registrations, or orders under such conditions as the department may prescribe, pursuant to procedures consistent with the South Carolina Administrative Procedures Act, for the operation of facilities that recover covered devices;

(3)    conduct inspections, conduct investigations, obtain samples, and conduct research regarding the operation and maintenance of any facility that recovers covered devices;

(4)    enter into agreements, contracts, or cooperative arrangements, under such terms and conditions as the department determines appropriate, with other state, federal, or interstate agencies, counties, municipalities, educational institutions, other local governments, and local health departments, consistent with the purposes and provisions of this chapter; and

(5)    cooperate with private organizations and with business and industry in carrying out the provisions of this chapter.

(B)    Regulations promulgated to carry out the purposes and provisions of this chapter must be submitted to the General Assembly pursuant to the Administrative Procedures Act.

(C)    The requirements of this chapter supersede all regulations, rules, standards, orders, or other actions of the department that are not consistent with this chapter.

Section 48-60-160.    (A)    A manufacturer subject to the requirements of this chapter shall pay the department an annual registration fee in the amount of three thousand five hundred dollars.

(B)    A manufacturer that produces computer monitors, computers, or televisions is only required to pay one annual registration fee, if a fee is required.

(C)    A manufacturer of a covered device that fails to comply with a requirement of this chapter is subject to a fine not to exceed seven thousand dollars per violation.

(D)    A manufacturer of a covered device that sells one hundred or fewer such devices in the State per year is exempt from registration or penalty proposed in this chapter.

(E)    All fees and penalties collected by the department to administer and enforce this chapter must be deposited in a dedicated account and may be expended by the department to cover the department's costs to implement this chapter.

Section 48-60-170.    (A)    The intent of this chapter is to implement programs and services that ensure the availability of adequate end-of-life electronic product handling for the benefit of citizens of the State, which fairly, effectively, and efficiently share the burdens of doing so among television manufacturers, computer manufacturers, and computer monitor manufacturers, regardless of the effect on competition of doing so, and which require the State to direct and supervise implementation of a statewide plan of one or more consumer electronic device stewardship programs. Manufacturer clearinghouses and persons participating in manufacturer clearinghouses may not be held liable or prosecuted under federal or state antitrust, unfair trade, and competition laws and regulations.

(B)    A manufacturer or manufacturer clearinghouse acting pursuant to the provisions of this chapter may negotiate, enter into, or conduct business with each other and with any other entity developing, implementing, operating, participating in, or performing any other activities directly related to a manufacturer electronic waste program. No manufacturer, manufacturer clearinghouse, and eligible program shall be subject to damages, liability, enforcement actions, or scrutiny under federal or state antitrust, unfair trade, and competition laws and regulations, regardless of the effects of their actions on competition. It further is the intent and belief of the State that the supervisory activities described in this chapter are sufficient to confirm that activities of the manufacturer clearinghouse, manufacturers, eligible programs, and recoverers developing or participating in a plan that is approved pursuant to Section 48-60-51 or 48-60-56 are authorized and actively supervised by the State.

Section 48-60-180.    The department shall initiate a stakeholder group on June 1, 2026, and provide a report on its findings to the Chairman of the House Agriculture, Natural Resources and Environmental Affairs Committee and the Chairman of the Senate Agriculture and Natural Resources Committee by January 15, 2027. The stakeholder process shall explore opportunities to advance market-based solutions for the recycling of electronics, operational and financial impacts on local governments and manufacturers, alternatives to Section 48-60-90, and other concerns or recommendations identified by stakeholders and the department."

B.        Section 14 of Act 129 of 2014, as amended by Act 82 of 2021, is repealed. Section 48-60-55 of the 1976 Code is repealed December 31, 2022. The remaining provisions of this chapter, except Section 48-60-90, are repealed December 31, 2029.

Severability

SECTION    2.    If any section, subsection, paragraph, subparagraph, sentence, clause, phrase, or word of this act is for any reason held to be unconstitutional or invalid, such holding shall not affect the constitutionality or validity of the remaining portions of this act, the General Assembly hereby declaring that it would have passed this act, and each and every section, subsection, paragraph, subparagraph, sentence, clause, phrase, and word thereof, irrespective of the fact that any one or more other sections, subsections, paragraphs, subparagraphs, sentences, clauses, phrases, or words hereof may be declared to be unconstitutional, invalid, or otherwise ineffective.

Time effective

SECTION    3.    This act takes effect upon approval by the Governor.

Ratified the 16th day of June, 2022.

Approved the 17th day of June, 2022.

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This web page was last updated on June 29, 2022 at 10:48 AM