Download This Bill in Microsoft Word format
Indicates Matter Stricken
Indicates New Matter
Sponsors: Senator Malloy
Document Path: l:\s-res\gm\035law .sp.gm.docx
Introduced in the Senate on January 12, 2021
Currently residing in the Senate Committee on Judiciary
Summary: Law enforcement
HISTORY OF LEGISLATIVE ACTIONS
Date Body Action Description with journal page number ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 12/9/2020 Senate Prefiled 12/9/2020 Senate Referred to Committee on Judiciary 1/12/2021 Senate Introduced and read first time (Senate Journal-page 157) 1/12/2021 Senate Referred to Committee on Judiciary (Senate Journal-page 157)
View the latest legislative information at the website
VERSIONS OF THIS BILL
TO AMEND CHAPTER 1, TITLE 23 OF THE 1976 CODE, RELATING TO LAW ENFORCEMENT AND PUBLIC SAFETY, BY ADDING SECTION 23-1-250, TO PROVIDE THAT EACH LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCY SHALL HAVE A WRITTEN POLICY REGARDING THE INVESTIGATION OF OFFICER-INVOLVED DEATHS, TO PROVIDE FOR THE CONTENTS OF THE POLICY, TO PROVIDE FOR INVESTIGATIONS, TO PROVIDE FOR REPORTS, TO PROVIDE FOR THE RELEASE OF A REPORT IF PROSECUTION IS NOT PURSUED, TO PROVIDE FOR NOTICES OF VICTIM'S RIGHTS, AND TO DEFINE NECESSARY TERMS.
Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of South Carolina:
SECTION 1. Chapter 1, Title 23 of the 1976 Code is amended by adding:
"Section 23-1-250. (A) For the purposes of this section:
(1) 'Law enforcement agency' means a state, county, municipal, or local law enforcement authority.
(2) 'Law enforcement officer' means an appointed officer or employee hired by and regularly on the payroll of the State or the State's political subdivisions, who is granted statutory authority to enforce all or some of the criminal, traffic, and penal laws of the State and who possesses, with respect to those laws, the power to effect arrests for offenses committed or alleged to have been committed.
(3) 'Officer-involved death' means the death of a person that results directly from an action or an omission of a law enforcement officer while the law enforcement officer is on duty or while the law enforcement officer is off duty but performing activities that are within the scope of the officer's law enforcement duties.
(4) 'Victim' means a person's spouse, parent, child, or the lawful representative of a victim who is:
(b) a minor;
(c) incompetent; or
(d) physically or psychologically incapacitated.
(B)(1) A law enforcement agency shall have a written policy regarding the investigation of officer-involved deaths. The policy must require an investigation conducted by at least two investigators, one of whom is the lead investigator and neither of whom is employed by a law enforcement agency that employs a law enforcement officer involved in the officer-involved death.
(2) The policy may allow an internal investigation into the officer-involved death if the internal investigation does not interfere with the investigation conducted pursuant to subsection (B)(1).
(C) The investigators conducting the investigation pursuant to subsection (B) shall, in an expeditious manner, provide a complete report to the solicitor of the county in which the officer-involved death occurred.
(D) If the solicitor determines that no basis exists to prosecute the law enforcement officer involved in the officer-involved death, then the investigators conducting the investigation may release the report pursuant to the Freedom of Information Act.
(E) A victim of an officer-involved death must be notified of the victim's rights pursuant to Article I, Section 24 of the South Carolina Constitution.
(F) If a motor vehicle or motorcycle of a law enforcement agency is involved in a traffic collision, then Section 56-5-765 shall govern the investigation and disposition of the matter rather than this section."
SECTION 2. This act takes effect upon approval by the Governor.
This web page was last updated on January 13, 2021 at 10:16 AM