South Carolina General Assembly
118th Session, 2009-2010

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A59, R111, H3677

STATUS INFORMATION

General Bill
Sponsors: Rep. Cobb-Hunter
Document Path: l:\council\bills\ms\7269ac09.docx
Companion/Similar bill(s): 512

Introduced in the House on March 9, 2009
Introduced in the Senate on May 5, 2009
Last Amended on April 30, 2009
Passed by the General Assembly on May 20, 2009
Governor's Action: June 2, 2009, Signed

Summary: Violence Against Women Federal Compliance Act

HISTORY OF LEGISLATIVE ACTIONS

     Date      Body   Action Description with journal page number
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
    3/9/2009  House   Introduced, read first time, placed on calendar without 
                        reference HJ-7
   3/11/2009          Scrivener's error corrected
   3/25/2009  House   Committed to Committee on Judiciary HJ-40
   3/25/2009  House   Roll call Yeas-70  Nays-41 HJ-42
   4/29/2009  House   Committee report: Favorable with amendment Judiciary 
                        HJ-177
   4/30/2009  House   Amended HJ-34
   4/30/2009  House   Read second time HJ-36
   4/30/2009  House   Unanimous consent for third reading on next legislative 
                        day HJ-36
    5/1/2009  House   Read third time and sent to Senate HJ-2
    5/1/2009          Scrivener's error corrected
    5/5/2009  Senate  Introduced and read first time SJ-9
    5/5/2009  Senate  Referred to Committee on Judiciary SJ-9
    5/6/2009  Senate  Committee report: Favorable with amendment Judiciary 
                        SJ-16
   5/13/2009  Senate  Committee Amendment Amended and Adopted SJ-54
   5/13/2009  Senate  Read second time SJ-54
   5/14/2009  Senate  Read third time and returned to House with amendments 
                        SJ-24
   5/20/2009  House   Concurred in Senate amendment and enrolled HJ-41
   5/20/2009  House   Roll call Yeas-117  Nays-0 HJ-42
   5/27/2009          Ratified R 111
    6/2/2009          Signed By Governor
   6/11/2009          Effective date 06/02/09
   6/12/2009          Act No. 59

View the latest legislative information at the LPITS web site

VERSIONS OF THIS BILL

3/9/2009
3/9/2009-A
3/11/2009
4/29/2009
4/30/2009
5/1/2009
5/6/2009
5/13/2009


(Text matches printed bills. Document has been reformatted to meet World Wide Web specifications.)

(A59, R111, H3677)

AN ACT TO AMEND THE CODE OF LAWS OF SOUTH CAROLINA, 1976, BY ENACTING THE "VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN FEDERAL COMPLIANCE ACT" SO AS TO CONFORM STATE LAW TO FEDERAL REQUIREMENTS; TO AMEND SECTION 16-3-740, RELATING TO TESTING CERTAIN CRIMINALS FOR HEPATITIS B AND THE HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS AT THE REQUEST OF A VICTIM, SO AS TO REVISE THE DEFINITION OF "OFFENDER" TO INCLUDE ADULTS AND JUVENILES, TO REVISE PROCEDURES FOR DISCLOSING TEST RESULTS, TO PROVIDE THAT THE DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROL SHALL ADVISE THE VICTIM OF AVAILABLE TREATMENT OPTIONS AND, UPON REQUEST OF THE VICTIM, TEST THE VICTIM AND PROVIDE POST-TESTING COUNSELING; BY ADDING SECTION 16-3-750 SO AS TO PROVIDE THAT LAW ENFORCEMENT AND PROSECUTING OFFICERS MAY REQUEST A VICTIM OF AN ALLEGED CRIMINAL SEXUAL CONDUCT OFFENSE TO SUBMIT TO A POLYGRAPH EXAMINATION IF THE CREDIBILITY OF THE VICTIM IS AT ISSUE AND TO PROHIBIT LAW ENFORCEMENT OR SUCH OFFICERS FROM REQUIRING A VICTIM TO SUBMIT TO SUCH EXAMINATION AS A CONDITION OF PROCEEDING WITH THE INVESTIGATION, CHARGING, OR PROSECUTION OF THE OFFENSE; TO AMEND SECTION 16-3-1350, RELATING TO MEDICOLEGAL EXAMINATIONS OF VICTIMS OF CRIMINAL SEXUAL CONDUCT OR CHILD SEXUAL ABUSE, SO AS TO DELETE THE PROVISION REQUIRING SUCH A VICTIM TO FILE AN INCIDENT REPORT WITH A LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCY IN ORDER TO RECEIVE A MEDICOLEGAL EXAMINATION WITHOUT CHARGE; AND BY ADDING SECTION 16-25-30 SO AS TO PROVIDE THAT A PERSON CONVICTED OF CRIMINAL DOMESTIC VIOLENCE OR CRIMINAL DOMESTIC VIOLENCE OF A HIGH AND AGGRAVATED NATURE MUST BE NOTIFIED IN WRITING THAT PURSUANT TO FEDERAL LAW IT IS UNLAWFUL FOR SUCH AN OFFENDER TO SHIP, TRANSPORT, OR POSSESS A FIREARM.

Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of South Carolina:

Act citation

SECTION    1.    This act may be cited as the "Violence Against Women Federal Compliance Act" and is intended to bring South Carolina into compliance with the federal Violence Against Women Act.

Definition of "offender" revised

SECTION    2.    Section 16-3-740(A) of the 1976 Code is amended to read:

"(A)    For purposes of this section:

(1)    'Body fluid' means blood, amniotic fluid, pericardial fluid, pleural fluid, synovial fluid, cerebrospinal fluid, semen or vaginal secretions, or any body fluid visibly contaminated with blood.

(2)    'HIV' means the Human Immunodeficiency Virus.

(3)    'Offender' includes adults and juveniles."

Notice procedure revised

SECTION    3.    Section 16-3-740(C) of the 1976 Code is amended to read:

"(C)    The tests must be administered by the Department of Health and Environmental Control through the local county health department or the medical professional at the state or local detention facility where the offender is imprisoned or detained. The solicitor shall notify the following persons of the tests results:

(1)    the victim or the legal guardian of a victim who is a minor or is mentally retarded or mentally incapacitated;

(2)    the victim's attorney;

(3)    the offender and a juvenile offender's parent or guardian; and

(4)    the offender's attorney.

The results of the tests shall be provided to the designated recipients with the following disclaimer: 'The tests were conducted in a medically approved manner, but tests cannot determine infection by Hepatitis B or HIV with absolute accuracy. Additionally, the testing does not determine exposure to, or infection by, other sexually transmitted diseases. Persons receiving the test results should continue to monitor their own health, seek retesting in approximately six months, and should consult a physician as appropriate'.

The solicitor also shall provide to the state or local correctional facility where the offender is imprisoned or detained and the Department of Health and Environmental Control the test results for HIV and Hepatitis B which indicate that the offender is infected with the disease. The state or local correctional facility where the offender is imprisoned or detained shall use this information solely for the purpose of providing medical treatment to the offender while the offender is imprisoned or detained. The State shall pay for the tests. If the offender is subsequently convicted or adjudicated delinquent, the offender or the parents of an adjudicated offender must reimburse the State for the costs of the tests unless the offender or the parents of the adjudicated offender are determined to be indigent.

If the tests given pursuant to this section indicate infection by Hepatitis B or HIV, the Department of Health and Environmental Control shall be provided with all test results and must provide counseling to the offender regarding the disease, syndrome, or virus. The Department of Health and Environmental Control must provide counseling for the victim, advise the victim of available medical treatment options, refer the victim to appropriate health care and support services, and, at the request of the victim or the legal guardian of a victim, test the victim for HIV and Hepatitis B and provide post-testing counseling to the victim."

Victim may not be required to undergo polygraph examination

SECTION    4.    Article 7, Chapter 3, Title 16 of the 1976 Code is amended by adding:

"Section 16-3-750.        A law enforcement officer, prosecuting officer, or other governmental official may request that the victim of an alleged criminal sexual conduct offense as defined under federal or South Carolina law submit to a polygraph examination or other truth telling device as part of the investigation, charging, or prosecution of the offense if the credibility of the victim is at issue; however, the officer or official must not require the victim to submit to a polygraph examination or other truth telling device as a condition for proceeding with the investigation, charging, or prosecution of the offense."

Medicolegal examination of victim

SECTION    5.    Section 16-3-1350(A) and (B) of the 1976 Code is amended to read:

"(A)    The State must ensure that a victim of criminal sexual conduct in any degree, criminal sexual conduct with a minor in any degree, or child sexual abuse must not bear the cost of his or her routine medicolegal exam following the assault.

(B)    These exams must be standardized relevant to medical treatment and to gathering evidence from the body of the victim and must be based on and meet minimum standards for rape exam protocol as developed by the South Carolina Law Enforcement Division, the South Carolina Hospital Association, and the Governor's Office Division of Victim Assistance with production costs to be paid from funds appropriated for the Victim's Compensation Fund. These exams must include treatment for sexually transmitted diseases, and must include medication for pregnancy prevention if indicated and if desired. The South Carolina Law Enforcement Division must distribute these exam kits to any licensed health care facility providing sexual assault exams. When dealing with a victim of criminal sexual assault, the law enforcement agency immediately must transport the victim to the nearest licensed health care facility which performs sexual assault exams. A health care facility providing sexual assault exams must use the standardized protocol described in this subsection."

Unlawful for a person convicted of domestic violence or domestic violence of high and aggravated nature to possess a firearm

SECTION    6.    Article 1, Chapter 25, Title 16 of the 1976 Code is amended by adding:

"Section 16-25-30. At the time a person is convicted of violating the provisions of Section 16-25-20 or 16-25-65, the court must deliver to the person a written form that conspicuously bears the following language: 'Pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 922, it is unlawful for a person convicted of a violation of Section 16-25-20 or 16-25-65 to ship, transport, possess, or receive a firearm or ammunition.'"

Savings clause

SECTION    7.    The repeal or amendment by this act of any law, whether temporary or permanent or civil or criminal, does not affect pending actions, rights, duties, or liabilities founded thereon, or alter, discharge, release or extinguish any penalty, forfeiture, or liability incurred under the repealed or amended law, unless the repealed or amended provision shall so expressly provide. After the effective date of this act, all laws repealed or amended by this act must be taken and treated as remaining in full force and effect for the purpose of sustaining any pending or vested right, civil action, special proceeding, criminal prosecution, or appeal existing as of the effective date of this act, and for the enforcement of rights, duties, penalties, forfeitures, and liabilities as they stood under the repealed or amended laws.

Severability clause

SECTION    8.    If any section, subsection, paragraph, subparagraph, sentence, clause, phrase, or word of this act is for any reason held to be unconstitutional or invalid, such holding shall not affect the constitutionality or validity of the remaining portions of this act, the General Assembly hereby declaring that it would have passed this act, and each and every section, subsection, paragraph, subparagraph, sentence, clause, phrase, and word thereof, irrespective of the fact that any one or more other sections, subsections, paragraphs, subparagraphs, sentences, clauses, phrases, or words hereof may be declared to be unconstitutional, invalid, or otherwise ineffective.

Time effective

SECTION    9.    This act takes effect upon approval by the Governor.

Ratified the 27th day of May, 2009.

Approved the 2nd day of June, 2009.

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This web page was last updated on Wednesday, February 3, 2010 at 2:12 P.M.