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A304, R296, S1065
Sponsors: Senators Young, Massey, Setzler and Nicholson
Document Path: l:\s-jud\bills\young\jud0090.hla.docx
Introduced in the Senate on February 4, 2016
Introduced in the House on March 8, 2016
Last Amended on June 1, 2016
Passed by the General Assembly on June 2, 2016
Governor's Action: June 9, 2016, Signed
Summary: Petroleum Pipeline Study Committee
HISTORY OF LEGISLATIVE ACTIONS
Date Body Action Description with journal page number ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 2/4/2016 Senate Introduced and read first time (Senate Journal-page 6) 2/4/2016 Senate Referred to Committee on Judiciary (Senate Journal-page 6) 2/10/2016 Senate Committee report: Favorable with amendment Judiciary (Senate Journal-page 10) 2/11/2016 Scrivener's error corrected 2/11/2016 Scrivener's error corrected 2/18/2016 Senate Committee Amendment Amended and Adopted (Senate Journal-page 26) 2/19/2016 Scrivener's error corrected 2/25/2016 Senate Amended (Senate Journal-page 25) 2/25/2016 Senate Read second time (Senate Journal-page 25) 2/25/2016 Senate Roll call Ayes-38 Nays-0 (Senate Journal-page 25) 3/1/2016 Senate Amended (Senate Journal-page 12) 3/2/2016 Scrivener's error corrected 3/8/2016 Senate Read third time and sent to House (Senate Journal-page 12) 3/8/2016 House Introduced and read first time (House Journal-page 33) 3/8/2016 House Referred to Committee on Labor, Commerce and Industry (House Journal-page 33) 5/3/2016 House Recalled from Committee on Labor, Commerce and Industry (House Journal-page 24) 5/3/2016 House Recommitted to Committee on Judiciary (House Journal-page 24) 5/24/2016 House Committee report: Favorable Judiciary (House Journal-page 12) 5/31/2016 House Requests for debate-Rep(s). JE Smith, Hart, King, WJ McLeod, Neal, Atwater, Bedingfield, Weeks, VS Moss, Brannon, Whipper, Kirby, Jefferson (House Journal-page 18) 6/1/2016 House Amended (House Journal-page 123) 6/1/2016 House Read second time (House Journal-page 123) 6/1/2016 House Roll call Yeas-92 Nays-1 (House Journal-page 124) 6/2/2016 House Read third time and returned to Senate with amendments (House Journal-page 42) 6/2/2016 Senate Concurred in House amendment and enrolled (Senate Journal-page 40) 6/6/2016 Ratified R 296 6/9/2016 Signed By Governor 6/16/2016 Effective date 06/09/16 7/14/2016 Act No. 304
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VERSIONS OF THIS BILL
(A304, R296, S1065)
A JOINT RESOLUTION TO CLARIFY THAT SECTION 58-7-10, CODE OF LAWS OF SOUTH CAROLINA, 1976, DOES NOT APPLY TO A PRIVATE, FOR-PROFIT PIPELINE COMPANY, INCLUDING A PUBLICLY TRADED FOR-PROFIT COMPANY THAT IS NOT A PUBLIC UTILITY AS DEFINED BY TITLE 58; AND TO CREATE THE PETROLEUM PIPELINE STUDY COMMITTEE TO STUDY MATTERS RELATED TO THE PRESENCE OF PETROLEUM PIPELINES IN SOUTH CAROLINA, AND FOR THE STUDY COMMITTEE TO PROVIDE A REPORT TO THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY BY JUNE 30, 2017, AND TO CONTINUE ITS WORK UNTIL DECEMBER 31, 2017, IF THE JUNE REPORT DETERMINES FURTHER WORK IS NEEDED.
Whereas, petroleum and petroleum products are a national commodity, yet are commodities that may pose a threat to the property and health of South Carolinians if not properly transported or stored; and
Whereas, questions have recently arisen regarding petroleum pipeline siting in South Carolina, as well as questions regarding responsibility for monitoring and for inspecting these pipelines; and
Whereas, the General Assembly recognizes the importance of economic development in this State, yet recognizes there must be a balance between economic development and the protection of the health, safety, welfare, and property of this state's citizens; and
Whereas, the General Assembly also recognizes the importance of, and intends to defend, the rights of private property owners within this State, rights which have been established within the South Carolina Constitution, the laws of this State, and case law; and
Whereas, the South Carolina Attorney General's Office issued an opinion on July 1, 2015, which states there is "substantial doubt" that Section 58-7-10 intended to extend the public power of eminent domain to any private petroleum or oil pipeline company pipeline that is not defined in, or otherwise outside of the regulatory scope of, Title 58; and
Whereas, the General Assembly does not find that a private, for-profit pipeline company, which includes a publicly traded for-profit company, that is not defined as a "public utility" in Title 58 meets the current "public use" requirement for purposes of eminent domain; and
Whereas, natural gas and petroleum companies utilize pipelines as a method to transport their respective products and both types of companies are primarily regulated by federal law; however, due to the differences in the products these companies provide, the federal government has differing statutory and regulatory provisions for natural gas and petroleum companies, and the majority of the states differentiate between natural gas and petroleum companies, including South Carolina; and
Whereas, unlike other companies that utilize pipelines that are defined in Title 58 as a public utility, such as natural gas companies and water companies, petroleum companies are not defined in Title 58 as a public utility; and
Whereas, the General Assembly finds that Section 58-7-10 was not intended to confer the right of eminent domain to a private, for-profit company, including a publicly traded for-profit company, that is not defined as a "public utility" in Title 58; and
Whereas, a recent pipeline leak of over 300,000 gallons of petroleum product near Belton, South Carolina, has demonstrated the risks inherent in pipeline transportation of refined petroleum products; and
Whereas, the cleanup of refined petroleum products from soil and groundwater is an expensive, imperfect, and time consuming process; and
Whereas, the financial and technical abilities of the party responsible for the cleanup of any refined petroleum products released from a pipeline are critical to ensure that the responsibility for the cleanup is not imposed upon the citizens of South Carolina; and
Whereas, it is the duty of the General Assembly to establish the policy for the authorization of use for eminent domain and to provide statutory processes and procedures to balance the interests of the state's health, safety, welfare, and property of this state's citizens without unnecessarily impeding or discouraging economic development; and
Whereas, it is the duty of the General Assembly to address any potential expansion of the use of eminent domain authority in this State in a meaningful and deliberative manner. Now, therefore,
Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of South Carolina:
Petroleum Pipeline Study Committee created
SECTION 1. (A) There is created the Petroleum Pipeline Study Committee to study matters related to the presence of petroleum pipelines in South Carolina, including, but not limited to:
(1) the various types of petroleum products and by-products that are transported by a pipeline;
(2) the federal requirements for petroleum pipeline siting and monitoring;
(3) the state's responsibilities as to the regulation of petroleum pipeline siting and monitoring;
(4) the possible environmental implications from a petroleum pipeline;
(5) the potential economic development implications for South Carolina resulting from a petroleum pipeline located in this State;
(6) whether other states permit petroleum pipeline companies to exercise eminent domain, and if so, under what circumstances;
(7) whether a bonding requirement can and should be imposed as a prerequisite for any private company seeking to install a petroleum pipeline in South Carolina.
(B) The study committee must be composed of:
(1) three members of the House of Representatives appointed by the Speaker of the House of Representantives;
(2) three members of the Senate appointed by the Chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee;
(3) the Director of the Department of Health and Environmental Control, or his designee;
(4) the Executive Director of the Office of Regulatory Staff, or his designee;
(5) one member representing environmental or conservation organizations, appointed by the Governor; and
(6) one member representing the South Carolina Petroleum Council, appointed by the Governor.
The Speaker of the House of Representatives and the Chairman of the Senate Judiciary Committee shall provide appropriate staffing for this study committee.
(C) The study committee shall prepare a report for the General Assembly that sets forth findings and recommendations regarding matters related to the presence of petroleum pipelines in South Carolina, and provide its report to the General Assembly by June 30, 2017, at which time the study committee may dissolve. However, if the report contains findings or a recommendation that further work is needed, the study committee may continue its work until December 31, 2017, at which time the study committee must be dissolved.
SECTION 2. This joint resolution shall take effect upon approval by the Governor.
Ratified the 6th day of June, 2016.
Approved the 9th day of June, 2016.
This web page was last updated on August 11, 2016 at 11:19 AM