Current Status Introducing Body:
SenateBill Number: 1199Ratification Number: 464Act Number: 399Primary Sponsor: LourieType of Legislation: GBSubject: Railroad crossings, traffic regulationDate Bill Passed both Bodies: May 14, 1992Computer Document Number: JIC/6031.HCGovernor's Action: SDate of Governor's Action: Jun 01, 1992Introduced Date: Jan 16, 1992Date of Last Amendment: Mar 25, 1992Last History Body: ------Last History Date: Jun 01, 1992Last History Type: Act No. 399Scope of Legislation: StatewideAll Sponsors: Lourie Land McConnell Hinds MartinType of Legislation: General Bill
Bill Body Date Action Description CMN ---- ------ ------------ ------------------------------ --- 1199 ------ Jun 01, 1992 Act No. 399 1199 ------ Jun 01, 1992 Signed by Governor 1199 ------ May 27, 1992 Ratified R 464 1199 House May 14, 1992 Read third time, enrolled for ratification 1199 House May 13, 1992 Read second time 1199 House May 12, 1992 Debate adjourned until Wednesday, May 13, 1992 1199 House Apr 30, 1992 Recalled from Committee 21 1199 House Apr 15, 1992 Introduced, read first time, 21 referred to Committee 1199 Senate Apr 14, 1992 Read third time, sent to House 1199 Senate Mar 25, 1992 Amended, read second time 1199 Senate Mar 24, 1992 Committee Report: Favorable 15 with amendment 1199 Senate Jan 16, 1992 Introduced, read first time, 15 referred to CommitteeView additional legislative information at the LPITS web site.
(A399, R464, S1199)
AN ACT TO AMEND THE CODE OF LAWS OF SOUTH CAROLINA, 1976, BY ADDING SECTION 56-5-2735 SO AS TO PROHIBIT DRIVING INTO AN INTERSECTION, CROSSWALK, OR RAILROAD GRADE CROSSING UNLESS THERE IS SPACE ON THE OTHER SIDE FOR VEHICLES TO PASS WITHOUT OBSTRUCTION, TO PROHIBIT PASSING WITHIN ONE HUNDRED FEET OF A RAILROAD GRADE CROSSING, AND TO REQUIRE A VEHICLE STOPPING AT A RAILROAD CROSSING TO KEEP TO THE RIGHT AND NOT FORM TWO LANES OF TRAFFIC UNLESS THE ROAD IS SO MARKED; TO AMEND THE 1976 CODE BY ADDING SECTION 58-15-1625 SO AS TO AUTHORIZE THE DEPARTMENT OF HIGHWAYS AND PUBLIC TRANSPORTATION TO CLOSE AND ABOLISH THE RIGHT-OF-WAY IN A RAILROAD GRADE CROSSING AND PROVIDE THE REQUIREMENTS AND PROCEDURE FOR THE CLOSING, TO AMEND SECTION 56-5-1880, RELATING TO LIMITATIONS ON DRIVING ON THE LEFT OF THE CENTERLINE, SO AS TO DELETE THE REFERENCE TO RAILROAD GRADE CROSSING, TO AMEND SECTION 56-5-2720, RELATING TO THE VEHICLES REQUIRED TO STOP AT ALL RAILROAD GRADE CROSSINGS, SO AS TO REQUIRE SCHOOL BUSES OR MOTOR VEHICLES WITH A CAPACITY OF SIXTEEEN OR MORE PERSONS TO STOP AT SUCH CROSSINGS, TO REVISE THE EXCEPTIONS TO THIS REQUIREMENT, AND TO DELETE THE REQUIREMENT OF THE DEPARTMENT TO PROMULGATE REGULATIONS DETAILING WHICH VEHICLES MUST STOP AT GRADE CROSSINGS, AND TO AMEND SECTIONS 56-5-2775 AND 56-5-3210, RELATING TO PENALTIES FOR TRAFFIC VIOLATIONS, SO AS TO INCLUDE THE OFFENSES ESTABLISHED BY THIS ACT.
Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of South Carolina:
SECTION 1. Article 21, Chapter 5, Title 56 of the 1976 Code is amended by adding:
"Section 56-5-2735. (A) Notwithstanding the indication of a traffic signal to proceed, no driver shall enter an intersection or a marked crosswalk or drive onto a railroad grade crossing unless there is sufficient space on the other side of the intersection, crosswalk, or railroad grade crossing to accommodate the vehicle the driver is operating without obstructing the passage of other vehicles, pedestrians, or railroad trains.
(B) No vehicle shall be driven on the left side of the roadway while attempting to pass another vehicle within one hundred feet of a railroad grade crossing.
(C) When stopping as required at a railroad crossing, the driver shall keep as far to the right of the highway as possible and shall not form two lanes of traffic unless the roadway is marked for two or more lanes of traffic on the driver's side of the center line of the highway."
SECTION 2. Section 56-5-2720 of the 1976 Code is amended to read:
"Section 56-5-2720. (A) Except as provided in subsection (B), the driver of a school bus or a motor vehicle with a capacity of sixteen or more persons, a vehicle permitted by the Department of Health and Environmental Control to carry hazardous waste and a vehicle described in regulations issued pursuant to subsection (C), before crossing at grade any tracks of a railroad, shall stop the vehicle within fifty feet, but not less than fifteen feet, from the nearest rail of the railroad and while stopped shall listen and look in both directions along the track for an approaching train and for signals indicating the approach of a train and shall not proceed until he can do so safely. After stopping and upon proceeding when it is safe to do so, the driver of the vehicle shall cross only in the gear of the vehicle that there is no necessity for manually changing gears while traversing the crossing and the driver shall not manually shift gears while crossing the tracks.
(B) Except for school buses, the provisions of this section do not apply at:
(1) a railroad grade crossing where traffic is controlled by a police officer or human flagman;
(2) a railroad grade crossing where traffic is regulated by a traffic-control signal;
(3) a railroad grade crossing protected by crossing gates or an alternately flashing light signal intended to give warning of the approach of a railroad train when the gate or flashing signal does not indicate the approach of a train;
(4) a railroad grade crossing where an official traffic-control device gives notice that the stopping requirement imposed by this section does not apply."
SECTION 3. Article 17, Chapter 15, Title 58 of the 1976 Code is amended by adding:
"Section 58-15-1625. Notwithstanding any other provision of law, the Department of Highways and Public Transportation may order legally closed and abolished as a public way, within the limits of a railroad right-of-way, a grade crossing then in existence at the time the department assumes jurisdiction of the matter, upon a finding that the enhancement of public safety resulting from such closing outweighs any inconvenience caused by increased circuitry of highway routes. This order by the department may be issued either in connection with, or independent of, an order relating to automatic train-activated warning signals. The authority of the department legally to close and abolish grade crossings is in addition to authority granted by law to other state agencies or to local units of government to close and abolish grade crossings. Upon the issuance of the order by the department, the railroad or railroads involved shall physically remove the crossing from the tracks, and the governmental unit maintaining the highway shall remove or barricade the approaches to the crossing."
SECTION 4. Section 56-5-2775 of the 1976 Code is amended to read:
"Section 56-5-2775. The driver of a vehicle violating the provisions of Sections 56-5-2735 and 56-5-2770(a) or (e) is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction, must be punished by a fine of not less than one hundred dollars nor more than two hundred dollars or imprisonment for not more than thirty days."
SECTION 5. Section 56-5-3210 of the 1976 Code is amended to read:
"Section 56-5-3210. A person who violates any of the provisions of Sections 56-5-3190, 56-5-3200, or 56-5-2720 is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction, must be punished by a fine not exceeding twenty-five dollars or imprisonment for not exceeding ten days."
SECTION 6. Section 56-5-1880(a)2. of the 1976 Code is amended to read:
"2. When approaching within one hundred feet of or traversing any intersection."
SECTION 7. This act takes effect upon approval by the Governor.
Approved the 1st day of June, 1992.