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Sponsors: Reps. Vaughn, Allen, Battle, Branham, Cato, Clyburn, Cooper, Gilham, Hamilton, Haskins, Herbkersman, J. Hines, Keegan, Leach, Littlejohn, Loftis, Mahaffey, Moody-Lawrence, Owens, Rice, Richardson, Sinclair, F.N. Smith, J.R. Smith, Taylor, Tripp, Wilkins and Young
Document Path: l:\council\bills\swb\5329sd03.doc
Introduced in the House on April 2, 2003
Introduced in the Senate on May 13, 2003
Last Amended on May 8, 2003
Adopted by the General Assembly on May 15, 2003
Summary: Ozone standard mandated by the federal government; General Assembly's support
HISTORY OF LEGISLATIVE ACTIONS
Date Body Action Description with journal page number ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 4/2/2003 House Introduced HJ-5 4/2/2003 House Referred to Committee on Agriculture, Natural Resources and Environmental Affairs HJ-6 5/7/2003 House Committee report: Favorable with amendment Agriculture, Natural Resources and Environmental Affairs HJ-8 5/8/2003 House Amended HJ-105 5/8/2003 House Adopted, sent to Senate HJ-105 5/13/2003 Senate Introduced SJ-7 5/13/2003 Senate Referred to Committee on Medical Affairs SJ-7 5/14/2003 Senate Recalled from Committee on Medical Affairs SJ-4 5/15/2003 Senate Adopted, returned to House with concurrence
View the latest legislative information at the LPITS web site
VERSIONS OF THIS BILL
May 14, 2003
Introduced by Reps. Vaughn, Allen, Battle, Branham, Cato, Clyburn, Cooper, Gilham, Hamilton, Haskins, Herbkersman, J. Hines, Keegan, Leach, Littlejohn, Loftis, Mahaffey, Moody-Lawrence, Owens, Rice, Richardson, Sinclair, F.N. Smith, J.R. Smith, Taylor, Tripp, Wilkins and Young
S. Printed 5/14/03--S.
Read the first time May 13, 2003.
TO SUPPORT ACTIVITIES OF THE DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL CONTROL IN THE ESTABLISHMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF THE STATE'S EARLY ACTION APPROACH FOR COMPLYING WITH THE NEW OZONE STANDARD MANDATED BY THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT THROUGH THE FEDERAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY; TO ESTABLISH DATES AND MILESTONES FOR PLAN IMPLEMENTATION; AND TO PROVIDE FOR THE ESTABLISHMENT OF AN INTERGOVERNMENTAL WORKGROUP FOR THE PURPOSE OF PROMOTING BEHAVIORS AND POLICIES TO REDUCE AIR POLLUTION THROUGHOUT THE STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA.
Whereas, air quality has an impact on the health, environment, economy, and quality of life of the citizens of South Carolina; and
Whereas, ground-level ozone is a contributing factor to asthma attacks and approximately 204,000 adults and 77,000 children suffer annually from asthma in South Carolina; and
Whereas, ground-level ozone reduces all species of agricultural yields, increases plant vulnerability to disease, pests, harsh weather, and other environmental stresses; and
Whereas, ground-level ozone can be a limiting factor for new and expanding industry due to strict permitting requirements, which results in losses of capital investment and lost jobs and may dramatically effect the tourism industry in South Carolina; and
Whereas, in 1997, EPA promulgated an 8-hour ozone standard to replace the 1-hour ozone standard in an effort to be more protective of public health, resulting in a suit brought by the industry groups of several states; and
Whereas, after the litigated issues since being resolved, EPA is ready to implement the new standard by a date no later than April 2004; and
Whereas, areas deemed by EPA as not attaining the standard will be, at a minimum, required to follow federal prescriptive programs such as non-attainment "New Source Review" which affects industrial permitting; and ''Transportation Conformity" which could severely restrict federal fund expenditures for road and other transportation projects; and
Whereas, the EPA has provided an option for areas like those in South Carolina to obtain cleaner air sooner than federally mandated and avoid the federal prescriptive measures by requiring an expeditious time line for achieving emissions reductions sooner than expected under the 8-hour ozone implementation rulemaking, and by providing "fail-safe" provisions for the areas to revert to the traditional State Implementation Plan (SIP) process if specific milestones are not met; and
Whereas, on August 23, 2002, DHEC published in the State Register a Notice of Drafting regarding the development and implementation of such an early action SIP, then held six public meetings throughout the State during the month of October 2002, which included the general public, industry representatives, environmental interest groups, federal, state, and local government each of which has been and will continue to be involved in the planning process; and
Whereas, as of December 31, 2002, forty-five counties, DHEC, and EPA have agreed to participate in the "Early Action Plan". Now, therefore,
Be it resolved by the House of Representatives, the Senate concurring:
(A) That the General Assembly declares that it is the policy of the State of South Carolina that the Department of Health and Environmental Control encourage voluntary compliance with Ozone Early Action Compacts, to include the local county governments, DHEC, and the EPA as signatory parties, agreeing to work together to develop and implement local and state early action plans while actively involving the other stakeholders.
(B) The General Assembly recognizes that, by signing the compacts, EPA is agreeing to not require participating areas to implement the federal measures previously mentioned. The key dates for this approach are to have an early action SIP to EPA by December 2004, necessary control measures in place by April 2005, and measured ozone values that comply with the standard by December 31, 2007. If this is accomplished, the areas should be re-designated as attainment and no additional requirements should be imposed. However, areas that enter into the compact but do not meet all of the terms of the compact should forfeit participation and be subjected to any federal requirements for their area.
(C) The General Assembly finds that it is critical that South Carolina demonstrate a leadership role for both the public and private sectors in developing and implementing proactive and innovative approaches to reduce emissions of ozone-forming air pollutants that will serve as a key component in the early actions State Implementation Plan.
In order to provide the necessary leadership and to reduce the number of days when ozone levels are high thus reducing the health and environmental risks, the Department of Health and Environmental Control is encouraged to establish and implement innovative approaches to reduce ozone-forming air pollutants. These include but are not limited to:
(1) the creation and coordination of voluntary work groups of citizens, industry, and all governmental entities;
(2) the provision of educational opportunities such as workshops, printed material, and technical assistance aimed at reducing levels of ozone forming air pollutants; and
(3) the development of tools to be used by governmental entities as a reporting mechanism for initiatives implemented by the respective agency. The tools may include at a minimum, a listing of initiatives adopted/implemented by governmental entities to reduce emissions of ozone forming air pollutants. The information will be compiled by the department or an established work group and used as a key component of the 8-hour ozone early action State Implementation Plan.
Be it further resolved that a copy of this resolution be forwarded to the Governor, Department of Health and Environmental Control, Environmental Protection Agency, and the associations representing counties and municipalities in the State.
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