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A179, R195, S28
Sponsors: Senator Campsen
Document Path: l:\council\bills\agm\19002wab17.docx
Introduced in the Senate on January 10, 2017
Introduced in the House on April 4, 2017
Passed by the General Assembly on May 3, 2018
Governor's Action: May 15, 2018, Signed
Summary: High school students, religious instruction, elective credit
HISTORY OF LEGISLATIVE ACTIONS
Date Body Action Description with journal page number ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 12/13/2016 Senate Prefiled 12/13/2016 Senate Referred to Committee on Education 1/10/2017 Senate Introduced and read first time (Senate Journal-page 29) 1/10/2017 Senate Referred to Committee on Education (Senate Journal-page 29) 2/14/2017 Senate Recalled from Committee on Education (Senate Journal-page 4) 2/14/2017 Senate Committed to Committee on Judiciary (Senate Journal-page 4) 3/6/2017 Senate Referred to Subcommittee: Campsen (ch), Sabb, Talley 3/22/2017 Senate Committee report: Favorable Judiciary (Senate Journal-page 5) 3/29/2017 Senate Read second time (Senate Journal-page 25) 3/29/2017 Senate Roll call Ayes-37 Nays-0 (Senate Journal-page 25) 3/30/2017 Senate Read third time and sent to House (Senate Journal-page 25) 4/4/2017 House Introduced and read first time (House Journal-page 4) 4/4/2017 House Referred to Committee on Education and Public Works (House Journal-page 4) 4/25/2018 House Committee report: Favorable Education and Public Works (House Journal-page 9) 5/1/2018 House Debate adjourned until Wed., 5-2-18 (House Journal-page 107) 5/2/2018 House Read second time (House Journal-page 37) 5/2/2018 House Roll call Yeas-84 Nays-20 (House Journal-page 37) 5/3/2018 House Read third time and enrolled (House Journal-page 5) 5/14/2018 Ratified R 195 5/15/2018 Signed By Governor 5/23/2018 Effective date 07/01/18 5/31/2018 Act No. 179
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VERSIONS OF THIS BILL
(A179, R195, S28)
AN ACT TO AMEND SECTION 59-39-112, CODE OF LAWS OF SOUTH CAROLINA, 1976, RELATING TO ELECTIVE CREDIT FOR RELEASED TIME CLASSES IN RELIGIOUS INSTRUCTION FOR HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS, SO AS TO PROVIDE THAT THE SCHOOL DISTRICT BOARD OF TRUSTEES MAY, AS A MEANS TO ENSURE EVALUATION OF INSTRUCTION ON THE BASIS OF PURELY SECULAR CRITERIA, ACCEPT RELEASED TIME CREDITS AS TRANSFER CREDITS FROM AN ACCREDITED PRIVATE SCHOOL THAT HAS AWARDED PRIVATE SCHOOL CREDITS FOR A RELEASED TIME PROGRAM OPERATED BY AN UNACCREDITED ENTITY; AND TO MAKE THESE PROVISIONS EFFECTIVE JULY 1, 2018.
Whereas, the South Carolina General Assembly finds that the free exercise of religion is an inherent, fundamental, and inalienable right secured by the First Amendment to the United States Constitution; and
Whereas, the free exercise of religion is important to the intellectual, moral, civic, and ethical development of students in South Carolina, and that any such exercise must be conducted in a constitutionally appropriate manner; and
Whereas, the United States Supreme Court, in its decision, Zorach v. Clauson, 343 U.S. 306 (1952), upheld the constitutionality of released time programs for religious instruction during the school day if the programs take place away from school grounds, school officials do not promote attendance at religious classes, and solicitation of students to attend is not done at the expense of public schools; and
Whereas, the United States Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals, in Moss v. Spartanburg County School District Seven, 683 F.3d 599 (4th Cir. 2012), held, without requiring the practice, that a public school district could constitutionally accept credits for a released time program approved by an accredited private school but operated by an unaccredited private entity; and
Whereas, the federal Constitution and state law allow the state's school districts to offer religious released time education for the benefit of the state's public school students; and
Whereas, the purpose of this act is to incorporate a constitutionally acceptable method of allowing school districts to award the state's public high school students elective Carnegie unit credits for classes in religious instruction taken during the school day in released time programs, because the absence of an ability to award such credits has essentially eliminated the school districts' ability to accommodate parents' and students' desires to participate in released time programs. Now, therefore,
Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of South Carolina:
Off-campus released time classes, evaluations and assessments
SECTION 1. Section 59-39-112 of the 1976 Code is amended to read:
"Section 59-39-112. (A) A school district board of trustees may award high school students no more than two elective Carnegie units for the completion of released time classes in religious instruction as specified in Section 59-1-460 if:
(1) for the purpose of awarding elective Carnegie units, the released time classes in religious instruction are evaluated on the basis of purely secular criteria that are substantially the same criteria used to evaluate similar classes at established private high schools for the purpose of determining whether a student transferring to a public high school from a private high school will be awarded elective Carnegie units for such classes. However, any criteria that released time classes must be taken at an accredited private school is not applicable for the purpose of awarding Carnegie unit credits for released time classes; and
(2) the decision to award elective Carnegie units is neutral as to, and does not involve any test for, religious content or denominational affiliation.
(B) For the purpose of subsection (A)(1), secular criteria may include, but are not limited to, the following:
(1) number of hours of classroom instruction time;
(2) review of the course syllabus which reflects the course requirements and materials used;
(3) methods of assessment used in the course; and
(4) whether the course was taught by a certified teacher.
(C) The provisions of subsection (A)(1) also shall be satisfied if a school district leaves the evaluation and assessment function for an off-campus released time class to an accredited private school, and accepts the off-campus released time transfer of credit without individually assessing the quality or subject matter of the class, trusting the private school accreditation process to ensure adequate academic standards."
SECTION 2. The provisions of this act are severable. If any section, subsection, paragraph, subparagraph, item, subitem, sentence, clause, phrase, or word of this act is for any reason held to be unconstitutional or invalid, such holding shall not affect the constitutionality or validity of the remaining portions of the act, the General Assembly hereby declaring that it would have passed each and every section, subsection, paragraph, subparagraph, item, subitem, sentence, clause, phrase, and word thereof, irrespective of the fact that any one or more other sections, subsections, paragraphs, subparagraphs, items, subitems, sentences, clauses, phrases, or words hereof may be declared to be unconstitutional, invalid, or otherwise ineffective.
SECTION 3. This act takes effect on July 1, 2018.
Ratified the 14th day of May, 2018.
Approved the 15th day of May, 2018.
This web page was last updated on June 22, 2018 at 11:37 AM