South Carolina General Assembly
123rd Session, 2019-2020

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Indicates Matter Stricken
Indicates New Matter

S. 194

STATUS INFORMATION

General Bill
Sponsors: Senators Shealy and Senn
Document Path: l:\s-jud\bills\shealy\jud0003.rem.docx
Companion/Similar bill(s): 23, 3074, 3296

Introduced in the Senate on January 8, 2019
Introduced in the House on January 30, 2019
Last Amended on March 11, 2020
Currently residing in the House

Summary: Prostitution offenses

HISTORY OF LEGISLATIVE ACTIONS

     Date      Body   Action Description with journal page number
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  12/12/2018  Senate  Prefiled
  12/12/2018  Senate  Referred to Committee on Judiciary
    1/8/2019  Senate  Introduced and read first time (Senate Journal-page 130)
    1/8/2019  Senate  Referred to Committee on Judiciary 
                        (Senate Journal-page 130)
    1/9/2019  Senate  Referred to Subcommittee:  Hutto (ch), Shealy, Young
   1/23/2019  Senate  Committee report: Favorable with amendment Judiciary 
                        (Senate Journal-page 9)
   1/24/2019          Scrivener's error corrected
   1/24/2019  Senate  Committee Amendment Adopted (Senate Journal-page 33)
   1/24/2019  Senate  Read second time (Senate Journal-page 33)
   1/24/2019  Senate  Roll call Ayes-39  Nays-0 (Senate Journal-page 33)
   1/29/2019  Senate  Read third time and sent to House 
                        (Senate Journal-page 26)
   1/30/2019  House   Introduced and read first time (House Journal-page 6)
   1/30/2019  House   Referred to Committee on Judiciary (House Journal-page 6)
    5/8/2019  House   Committee report: Favorable with amendment Judiciary 
                        (House Journal-page 3)
   1/15/2020  House   Debate adjourned until  Thursday, January 16 
                        (House Journal-page 86)
   1/16/2020  House   Amended (House Journal-page 409)
   1/16/2020  House   Read second time (House Journal-page 409)
   1/16/2020  House   Roll call Yeas-113  Nays-0 (House Journal-page 415)
   1/16/2020  House   Unanimous consent for third reading on next legislative 
                        day (House Journal-page 416)
   1/17/2020  House   Read third time and returned to Senate with amendments 
                        (House Journal-page 2)
   2/25/2020          Scrivener's error corrected
   3/10/2020  Senate  House amendment amended (Senate Journal-page 69)
   3/11/2020          Scrivener's error corrected
   3/11/2020  Senate  House amendment amended (Senate Journal-page 25)
   3/11/2020  Senate  Roll call Ayes-39  Nays-0 (Senate Journal-page 25)
   3/11/2020  Senate  Returned to House with amendments 
                        (Senate Journal-page 25)
   3/12/2020          Scrivener's error corrected
   5/12/2020  House   Non-concurrence in Senate amendment
   5/12/2020  House   Roll call Yeas-8  Nays-107
   5/12/2020  Senate  Senate insists upon amendment and conference committee 
                        appointed  Hutto, Shealy, Young 
                        (Senate Journal-page 23)

View the latest legislative information at the website

VERSIONS OF THIS BILL

12/12/2018
1/23/2019
1/24/2019
1/24/2019-A
5/8/2019
1/16/2020
2/25/2020
3/10/2020
3/11/2020
3/11/2020-A
3/12/2020

(Text matches printed bills. Document has been reformatted to meet World Wide Web specifications.)

Indicates Matter Stricken

Indicates New Matter

HOUSE AMENDMENTS AMENDED AND RETURNED TO HOUSE

March 11, 2020

S. 194

Introduced by Senators Shealy and Senn

S. Printed 3/11/20--S.    [SEC 3/12/20 11:39 AM]

Read the first time January 8, 2019.

            

A BILL

TO AMEND SECTIONS 16-15-90 AND 16-15-100, RELATING TO PROSTITUTION, TO INCREASE THE PENALTIES FOR SOLICITATION OF PROSTITUTION, ESTABLISHING OR KEEPING A BROTHEL OR HOUSE OF PROSTITUTION, OR CAUSING OR INDUCING ANOTHER TO PARTICIPATE IN PROSTITUTION; TO ESTABLISH THE AFFIRMATIVE DEFENSE OF BEING A VICTIM OF HUMAN TRAFFICKING; AND TO INCREASE THE PENALTIES FOR SOLICITING, CAUSING, OR INDUCING ANOTHER FOR OR INTO PROSTITUTION WHEN THE PROSTITUTE HAS A MENTAL DISABILITY.

Amend Title To Conform

Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of South Carolina:

SECTION    1.    Section 16-15-90 of the 1976 Code is amended to read:

"Section 16-15-90.    (A)    It shall be unlawful to:

(1)    Engage engage in prostitution or offer oneself for the purpose of prostitution; or

(2)    Aid or abet prostitution knowingly;

(3)    Procure or solicit for the purpose of prostitution;

(4)    Expose expose indecently the private person for the purpose of prostitution or other indecency;

(5)    Reside in, enter or remain in any place, structure, building, vehicle, trailer or conveyance for the purpose of lewdness, assignation or prostitution;

(6)    Keep or set up a house of ill fame, brothel or bawdyhouse;

(7)    Receive any person for purposes of lewdness, assignation or prostitution into any vehicle, conveyance, trailer, place, structure or building;

(8)    Permit any person to remain for the purpose of lewdness, assignation or prostitution in any vehicle, conveyance, trailer, place, structure or building;

(9)    Direct, take or transport, offer or agree to take or transport or aid or assist in transporting any person to any vehicle, conveyance, trailer, place, structure or building or to any other person with knowledge or having reasonable cause to believe that the purpose of such directing, taking or transporting is prostitution, lewdness or assignation;

(10)    Lease or rent or contract to lease or rent any vehicle, conveyance, trailer, place, structure or building or part thereof believing or having reasonable cause to believe that it is intended to be used for any of the purposes herein prohibited; or

(11)    Aid, abet, or participate knowingly in the doing of any of the acts herein prohibited.

(B)    A person who violates this section is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction:

(1)    for a first offense, must be fined not more than two hundred dollars or imprisoned not more than thirty days, or both;

(2)    for a second offense, must be fined not more than one thousand dollars or imprisoned not more than six months, or both;

(3)    for a third or subsequent offense, must be fined not more than three thousand dollars or imprisoned not more than one year, or both.

(C)    It is an affirmative defense to a prosecution for a violation of this section subject to the requirements of Section 16-3-2020(F), that, during the commission of the offense, the defendant was a victim of trafficking in persons as defined by Section 16-3-2010(9).

(D)    Notwithstanding the other provisions of this section, a minor under the age of eighteen at the time of the incident may not be prosecuted pursuant to this section."

SECTION    2.    Section 16-15-100 of the 1976 Code is amended to read:

"Section 16-15-100.    (A)    It shall further be unlawful to:

(1)    procure or solicit a person for the purpose of prostitution;

(1)(2)    Procure procure a female person to be an inmate for a house of prostitution;

(2)(3)    Cause cause, induce, persuade, or encourage by promise, threat, violence, or by any scheme or device a female person to become a prostitute or to remain an inmate of a house of prostitution;

(3)(4)    Induce induce, persuade, or encourage a female person to come into or leave this State for the purpose of prostitution or to become an inmate in a house of prostitution;

(4)(5)    Receive receive or give or agree to receive or give any money or thing of value for procuring or attempting to procure any female a person to become a prostitute or an inmate in a house of prostitution;

(5)(6)    Accept accept or receive knowingly any money or other thing of value without consideration from a prostitute; or

(7)    reside in, enter, or remain in a place, structure, building, vehicle, trailer, or conveyance for the purpose of lewdness, assignation, or prostitution;

(8)    keep or set up a house of ill fame, brothel, or bawdyhouse;

(9)    receive a person for purposes of lewdness, assignation, or prostitution into a vehicle, conveyance, trailer, place, structure, or building;

(10)    permit a person to remain for the purpose of lewdness, assignation, or prostitution in a vehicle, conveyance, trailer, place, structure, or building;

(11)    direct, take, or transport, offer or agree to take or transport, or aid or assist in transporting a person to a vehicle, conveyance, trailer, place, structure, or building, or to another person with knowledge or having reasonable cause to believe that the purpose of such directing, taking, or transporting is prostitution, lewdness, or assignation;

(12)    lease, rent, or contract to lease or rent a vehicle, conveyance, trailer, place, structure, building, or part thereof believing or having reasonable cause to believe that it is intended to be used for any of the purposes herein prohibited; or

(6)(13)    Aid knowingly aid, abet, or participate knowingly in the doing of any of the acts herein prohibited in this section.

(B)(1)    A person who violates a provision of this section is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction:

(a)    for a first offense, must be fined not less than two hundred fifty dollars and not more than one thousand dollars or imprisoned not more than thirty days, or both. Notwithstanding the provisions of Sections 22-3-540, 22-3-545, 22-3-550, and 14-25-65, a first offense charged for this item may be tried in magistrate or municipal court;

(b)    for a second offense, must be fined not less than five hundred dollars and not more than three thousand dollars or imprisoned not more than six months, or both;

(c)    for a third or subsequent offense, must be fined not less than one thousand five hundred dollars and not more than five thousand dollars or imprisoned not more than one year, or both.

(2)    A person who violates a provision of this section where the prostitute has been adjudicated or meets the definition to be found severely or profoundly mentally disabled beyond a reasonable doubt, is guilty of a felony and, upon conviction, must be fined not less than one thousand five hundred dollars and not more than five thousand dollars or imprisoned not more than two years, or both."

SECTION    3.    Section 16-15-110 of the 1976 Code is repealed.

SECTION     4. A.    Section 16-3-2010(7) of the 1976 Code, as last amended by Act 238 of 2018, is further amended to read:

"(7)    'Sex trafficking' means the recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for one of the following when it is induced by force, fraud, or coercion or the person performing the act is under the age of eighteen years and anything of value is given, promised to, or received, directly or indirectly, by any person:

(a)    criminal sexual conduct pursuant to Section 16-3-651;

(b)    criminal sexual conduct in the first degree pursuant to Section 16-3-652;

(c)    criminal sexual conduct in the second degree pursuant to Section 16-3-653;

(d)    criminal sexual conduct in the third degree pursuant to Section 16-3-654;

(e)    criminal sexual conduct with a minor pursuant to Section 16-3-655;

(f)    engaging a child for sexual performance pursuant to Section 16-3-810;

(g)    producing, directing, or promoting sexual performance by a child pursuant to Section 16-3-820;

(h)    sexual battery pursuant to Section 16-3-651;

(i)        sexual conduct pursuant to Section 16-3-800; or

(j)        sexual performance pursuant to Section 16-3-800;

(k)    sexual exploitation of a minor pursuant to Section 16-3-395, 16-3-405, or 16-3-410; or

(l)        promoting or participating in prostitution of a minor pursuant to Section 16-3-415 or 16-3-425."

B.        Section 16-3-2020(A) and (F) of the 1976 Code, as last amended by Act 238 of 2018, is further amended to read:

"(A)    A person is guilty of trafficking in persons if he:

(1)    recruits, entices, solicits, isolates, harbors, transports, provides, or obtains, or so attempts, a victim, knowing that the victim will be subjected to, or for the purposes of, sex trafficking, forced labor or services, involuntary servitude or debt bondage through any means or who benefits, financially or by receiving anything of value, from participation in a venture which has engaged in an act described in this subsection, is guilty of trafficking in persons;

(2)    aids, abets, or conspires with another person to violate the criminal provisions of this section; or

(3)    knowingly gives, agrees to give, or offers to give anything of value so that any person may engage in commercial sexual activity with another person when he knows that the other person is a victim of trafficking in persons.

(F)    In a prosecution of a person who is a victim of trafficking in persons, it is an affirmative defense that he was under duress or coerced into committing the offenses for which he is subject to prosecution, if the offenses were committed as a direct result of, or incidental or related to, trafficking. A victim of trafficking in persons convicted, or adjudicated delinquent, of a violation of this article or prostitution may motion the court to vacate the conviction and expunge the record of the conviction. The court may grant the motion on a finding that the person's participation in the offense was a direct result of being a victim."

C.    Section 17-30-70 of the 1976 Code is amended to read:

"Section 17-30-70.    (A)    An application for an order authorizing or approving the interception of wire, oral, or electronic communications must be initiated by the Chief of SLED. After reviewing the application, the Attorney General or his designated Assistant Attorney General may authorize the submission of the application to a judge of competent jurisdiction for, and the judge may grant in conformity with this chapter, an order authorizing or approving the interception of wire, oral, or electronic communications by:

(1)    the South Carolina Law Enforcement Division for the investigation of the offense as to which the application is made when the interception may provide or has provided evidence of the commission of the offenses of murder (Section 16-3-10); assault and battery with intent to kill (Section 16-3-620); kidnapping (Section 16-3-910); voluntary manslaughter (Section 16-3-50); armed robbery (Section 16-11-330(A)); attempted armed robbery (Section 16-11-330(B)); drug trafficking as defined in Sections 44-53-370(e) and 44-53-375(C); arson in the first degree (Section 16-11-110(A)); arson in the second degree (Section 16-11-110(B)); trafficking in persons (Article 19, Chapter 3, Title 16); accessory before the fact to commit any of the above offenses (Section 16-1-40); or attempt to commit any of the above offenses (Section 16-1-80). This interception may also be authorized when it may provide or has provided evidence of any conspiracy or solicitation to commit any violation of the offenses specified in this subsection;

(2)    the South Carolina Law Enforcement Division for the investigation of the offense as to which the application is made when the interception may provide or has provided evidence of the commission of any offense related to terrorism or the commission of a terrorist act, any offense related to bombs, destructive devices, bacteriological and biological weapons, and weapons of mass destruction as provided for in Article 7, Chapter 23, Title 16 or evidence of any conspiracy or solicitation to commit any crime specifically enumerated in this subsection; or

(3)    an individual operating under a contract with the South Carolina Law Enforcement Division for the investigation of an offense listed in subsection (1) or (2). Any interception conducted under this chapter by persons authorized by this subsection must conduct the interception under the direct supervision of an agent or officer of the South Carolina Law Enforcement Division.

(B)    Any person authorized to intercept wire, oral, or electronic communications pursuant to this section must have completed training provided by SLED pursuant to Section 17-30-145."

D.     Article 19, Chapter 3, Title 16 of the 1976 Code is amended by adding:

"Section 16-3-2110.    A person acting on behalf of a minor victim of a violation of the provisions of this article may petition the court with jurisdiction over the offense for the appointment of a special advocate or guardian ad litem for the minor victim. The Crime Victim Services Division of the Office of the Attorney General shall coordinate the provision of such special advocate with the court when the court deems a special advocate for the minor victim is warranted. The division shall work with the Human Trafficking Task Force to ensure that the rights of the minor victim are protected pursuant to the provisions of Article 15, Chapter 3 regarding victim and witness services and pursuant to the provisions of Section 16-3-2070. The division and the task force also must ensure that any special advocate for a minor victim is trained in handling trafficking in person cases."

E.     Article 19, Chapter 3, Title 16 of the 1976 Code is amended by adding:

"Section 16-3-2120.    In order to ensure that the appropriate persons are properly trained and prepared to identify and handle cases involving a violation of the provisions of this article, and in accordance with the requirements of Section 16-3-2050(E)(7) requiring the Human Trafficking Task Force to develop and provide mandatory training for law enforcement agencies, prosecutors, and other relevant officials, the Criminal Justice Academy, the Prosecution Coordination Commission, and Court Administration are directed to work directly with the task force to ensure that law enforcement officers, prosecutors, and summary, family, and circuit court judges, respectively, are trained to recognize the signs of these offenses and the possible sensitive nature of the offenses including the effect on its victims. Training must be coordinated with the task force who may wish to utilize the expertise of Human Trafficking Acute Crisis Care and Resource Centers which meet criteria developed by the Attorney General through the task force according to the requirements of Section 16-3-2020(H). Additionally, training must include, but is not limited to, the protection of minor victims of trafficking in persons and sex trafficking in particular."

F.        Article 19, Chapter 3, Title 16 of the 1976 Code is amended by adding:

"Section 16-3-2130.    (A)    A person commits the offense of promoting travel for prostitution or sex trafficking if he knowingly sells or offers to sell travel services that include travel for the purpose of engaging in prostitution as defined in Section 16-15-90, procuring or soliciting for prostitution as defined in Section 16-15-100, or sex trafficking as defined in this article. A person may not:

(1)    promote travel for prostitution;

(2)    sell, advertise, or otherwise offer to sell travel services:

(a)    for the purpose of engaging in prostitution or sex trafficking;

(b)    that consist of tourism packages or activities using and offering any illegal sexual act as enticement for tourism; or

(c)    that provide or purport to provide access to sex escorts or sexual services.

(B)    A person who violates the provisions of this section is guilty of the felony of promoting travel for prostitution or sex trafficking and, upon conviction, must be fined not more than ten thousand dollars or imprisoned for not more than ten years, or both."

SECTION    5.    The repeal or amendment by this act of any law, whether temporary or permanent or civil or criminal, does not affect pending actions, rights, duties, or liabilities founded thereon, or alter, discharge, release or extinguish any penalty, forfeiture, or liability incurred under the repealed or amended law, unless the repealed or amended provision shall so expressly provide. After the effective date of this act, all laws repealed or amended by this act must be taken and treated as remaining in full force and effect for the purpose of sustaining any pending or vested right, civil action, special proceeding, criminal prosecution, or appeal existing as of the effective date of this act, and for the enforcement of rights, duties, penalties, forfeitures, and liabilities as they stood under the repealed or amended laws.

SECTION    6.    If any section, subsection, paragraph, subparagraph, sentence, clause, phrase, or word of this act is for any reason held to be unconstitutional or invalid, such holding shall not affect the constitutionality or validity of the remaining portions of this act, the General Assembly hereby declaring that it would have passed this act, and each and every section, subsection, paragraph, subparagraph, sentence, clause, phrase, and word thereof, irrespective of the fact that any one or more other sections, subsections, paragraphs, subparagraphs, sentences, clauses, phrases, or words hereof may be declared to be unconstitutional, invalid, or otherwise ineffective.

SECTION    7.    This act takes effect upon approval by the Governor.

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This web page was last updated on June 18, 2020 at 11:09 AM