South Carolina General Assembly
123rd Session, 2019-2020

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S. 881

STATUS INFORMATION

General Bill
Sponsors: Senator Cromer
Document Path: l:\council\bills\jn\3140ph20.docx
Companion/Similar bill(s): 4829

Introduced in the Senate on January 14, 2020
Introduced in the House on March 19, 2020
Currently residing in the House Committee on Labor, Commerce and Industry

Summary: Reinsurance credits

HISTORY OF LEGISLATIVE ACTIONS

     Date      Body   Action Description with journal page number
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  12/11/2019  Senate  Prefiled
  12/11/2019  Senate  Referred to Committee on Banking and Insurance
   1/14/2020  Senate  Introduced and read first time (Senate Journal-page 25)
   1/14/2020  Senate  Referred to Committee on Banking and Insurance 
                        (Senate Journal-page 25)
   1/30/2020  Senate  Committee report: Favorable Banking and Insurance 
                        (Senate Journal-page 10)
   1/31/2020          Scrivener's error corrected
   3/10/2020  Senate  Read second time (Senate Journal-page 37)
   3/10/2020  Senate  Roll call Ayes-42  Nays-0 (Senate Journal-page 37)
   3/11/2020  Senate  Read third time and sent to House 
                        (Senate Journal-page 16)
   3/19/2020  House   Introduced and read first time
   3/19/2020  House   Referred to Committee on Labor, Commerce and Industry

View the latest legislative information at the website

VERSIONS OF THIS BILL

12/11/2019
1/30/2020
1/31/2020

(Text matches printed bills. Document has been reformatted to meet World Wide Web specifications.)

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COMMITTEE REPORT

January 30, 2020

S. 881

Introduced by Senator Cromer

S. Printed 1/30/20--S.    [SEC 1/31/20 4:15 PM]

Read the first time January 14, 2020.

            

THE COMMITTEE ON BANKING AND INSURANCE

To whom was referred a Bill (S. 881) to amend Section 38-9-200, as amended, Code of Laws of South Carolina, 1976, relating to reinsurance credits, so as to, among other things, etc., respectfully

REPORT:

That they have duly and carefully considered the same and recommend that the same do pass:

RONNIE W. CROMER for Committee.

            

A BILL

TO AMEND SECTION 38-9-200, AS AMENDED, CODE OF LAWS OF SOUTH CAROLINA, 1976, RELATING TO REINSURANCE CREDITS, SO AS TO, AMONG OTHER THINGS, ADOPT THE RECIPROCAL JURISDICTION AMENDMENT FROM THE NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF INSURANCE COMMISSIONERS (NAIC) MODEL LAW AND TO MAKE OTHER CONFORMING CHANGES; AND TO AMEND SECTION 38-9-210, AS AMENDED, RELATING TO THE REDUCTION FROM LIABILITY FOR REINSURANCE, SO AS TO CORRECT A STATUTORY REFERENCE.

Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of South Carolina:

SECTION    1.    Section 38-9-200 of the 1976 Code, as last amended by Act 172 of 2018, is further amended to read:

"Section 38-9-200.    (A)    Credit for reinsurance must be allowed a domestic ceding insurer as an asset or a reduction from liability on account of reinsurance ceded only when the reinsurer meets the requirements of subsection (B), (C), (D), (E), (F), or (G), or (H) provided that the director or his designee may, pursuant to subsection (MN), adopt by regulation additional specific requirements in relation to or setting forth the valuation of assets or reserve credits, the amount and forms of security supporting reinsurance arrangements, or the circumstances pursuant to which a credit may be reduced or eliminated. Credit only may be allowed under subsection (B), (C), or (D) of this section as respects cessions of those kinds or classes of business which the assuming insurer is licensed or otherwise permitted to write or assume in its state of domicile or, in the case of a United States branch of an alien assuming insurer, in the state through which it is entered and licensed to transact insurance or reinsurance. If meeting the requirements of subsection (D) or (E), the requirements of subsection (HI) also must be met.

(B)    Credit must be allowed when the reinsurance is ceded to an assuming insurer which is licensed to transact insurance or reinsurance in this State ,or approved as a reinsurer by the director or designee provided by Section 38-5-60, or licensed as a captive reinsurance company pursuant to Chapter 90 of this title. It is not the intent of this provision to allow an insurer domiciled outside this State to take credit for reinsurance in its financial statements based on the domestic license, authorization, or accreditation, or 'substantially similar' status of the captive reinsurance company.

(C)    Credit must be allowed when the reinsurance is ceded to an assuming insurer which is accredited as a reinsurer in this State. An accredited reinsurer is one which:

(1)    files with the director or designee evidence of its submission to this state's jurisdiction;

(2)    submits to this state's authority to examine its books and records;

(3)    is licensed to transact insurance or reinsurance in at least one state or, for a United States branch of an alien assuming insurer, is entered through and licensed to transact insurance or reinsurance, in at least one state;

(4)    files annually with the director or designee a copy of its annual statement filed with the insurance department of its state of domicile and a copy of its most recent audited financial statement; and

(5)    demonstrates to the satisfaction of the director that it has adequate financial capacity to meet its reinsurance obligations and is otherwise qualified to assume reinsurance from domestic insurers. An assuming insurer is deemed to meet this requirement at the time of its application if it maintains a surplus as it regards policyholders of no less than twenty million dollars and its accreditation has not been denied by the director or his designee within ninety days after the submission of its application.

(D)(1)    Credit must be allowed when the reinsurance is ceded to an assuming insurer that is domiciled in, or in the case of a United States branch of an alien assuming insurer is entered through, a state that employs standards regarding credit for reinsurance substantially similar to those applicable under this statute and the assuming insurer or United States branch of an alien assuming insurer:

(a)    maintains a surplus as regards policyholders in an amount not less than twenty million dollars; and

(b)    submits to the authority of this State to examine its books and records.

(2)    The requirement of Section (D)(1)(a) does not apply to reinsurance ceded and assumed pursuant to pooling arrangements among insurers in the same holding company system.

(E)(1)    Credit must be allowed when the reinsurance is ceded to an assuming insurer which maintains a trust fund in a qualified United States financial institution, defined in Section 38-9-220(B), for the payment of the valid claims of its United States ceding insurers and their assigns and successors in interest. To enable the director to determine the sufficiency of the trust fund, the assuming insurer shall report annually to the director or his designee information substantially the same as that required to be reported on the National Association of Insurance Commissioners annual statement form by licensed insurers. The assuming insurer shall submit to examination of its books and records by the director and bear the expense of examination.

(2)(a)    Credit for reinsurance must not be granted under this subsection (E) unless the form of the trust and any amendments to the trust have been approved by:

(i)     the insurance commissioner of the state where the trust is domiciled; or

(ii)    the insurance commissioner of another state who, pursuant to the terms of the trust instrument, has accepted principal regulatory oversight of the trust.

(b)    The form of the trust and any trust amendments also must be filed with the commissioner of every state in which the ceding insurer beneficiaries of the trust are domiciled. The trust instrument must provide that contested claims must be valid and enforceable upon the final order of a court of competent jurisdiction in the United States. The trust must vest legal title to assets in the trustees of the trust for the benefit of the assuming insurers' United States ceding insurers and their assigns and successors in interest. The trust and the assuming insurer are subject to examination as determined by the director or his designee.

(c)    The trust shall remain in effect for as long as the assuming insurer has outstanding obligations due under the reinsurance agreements subject to the trust. No later than February twenty-eighth of each year the trustees of the trust shall report to the director or designee in writing setting forth the balance of the trust and listing the trust's investments at the preceding year end and shall certify the date of termination of the trust, if so planned, or certify that the trust may not expire before the next following December thirty-first.

(3)    The following requirements apply to the following categories of assuming insurers:

(a)    The trust fund for a single assuming insurer consists of funds in trust in an amount not less than the assuming insurer's liabilities attributable to reinsurance ceded by United States ceding insurers, and in addition, the assuming insurer shall maintain a trusteed surplus of not less than twenty million dollars. However, after the assuming insurer has permanently discontinued underwriting new business secured by the trust for at least three full years, the commissioner with principal regulatory oversight may authorize a reduction in the required trusteed surplus, but only after finding that the new required surplus level is adequate for the protection of domestic ceding insurers, policyholders, and claimants in light of reasonably foreseeable adverse loss development based on an assessment of the risk. The risk assessment may involve an actuarial review, including an independent analysis of reserves and cash flows and shall consider all material risk factors including, but not limited to, when applicable, the lines of business involved, the stability of the incurred loss estimates and the effect of the surplus requirements on the assuming insurer's liquidity or solvency. The minimum required trusteed surplus may not be reduced to an amount less than thirty percent of the assuming insurer's liabilities attributable to reinsurance by domestic ceding insurers covered by the trust.

(b)(i)    In the case of a group including incorporated and individual unincorporated underwriters:

(A)    for reinsurance ceded under reinsurance agreements with an inception, amendment, or renewal date on or after January 1, 1993, the trust consists of a trusteed account in an amount not less than the respective underwriter's several liabilities attributable to business ceded by United States domiciled ceding insurers to any underwriter of the group;

(B)    for reinsurance ceded under reinsurance agreements with an inception date on or before December 31, 1992, and not amended or renewed after that date, notwithstanding the other provisions of this section, the trust consists of a trusteed account in an amount not less than the respective underwriter's several insurance and reinsurance liabilities attributable to business written in the United States; and

(C)    in addition to these trusts, the group shall maintain in trust a trusteed surplus of which one hundred million dollars is held jointly for the benefit of the United States domiciled ceding insurers of any member of the group for all years of account; and

(ii)    The incorporated members of the group must not be engaged in any business other than underwriting as a member of the group and are subject to the same level of regulation and solvency control by the group's domiciliary regulator as are the unincorporated members.

(iii)    The group, within ninety days after its financial statements are due to be filed with the group's domiciliary regulator, shall provide to the director an annual certification by the group's domiciliary regulator of the solvency of each underwriter member or if a certification is unavailable, financial statements prepared by independent public accountants of each underwriter member of the group.

(c)    In the case of a group of incorporated underwriters under common administration, the group shall:

(i)     have continuously transacted an insurance business outside the United States for at least three years immediately before making application for accreditation;

(ii)    maintain aggregate policyholders' surplus of at least ten billion dollars;

(iii)    maintain a trust fund in an amount not less than the group's several liabilities attributable to business ceded by United States domiciled ceding insurers to any member of the group pursuant to reinsurance contracts issued in the name of the group;

(iv)    in addition, maintain a joint trusteed surplus of which one hundred million dollars must be held jointly for the benefit of United States domiciled ceding insurers of any member of the group as additional security for these liabilities; and

(v)    within ninety days after its financial statements are due to be filed with the group's domiciliary regulator, make available to the director an annual certification of each underwriter member's solvency by the member's domiciliary regulator and financial statements of each underwriter member of the group prepared by its independent public accountant.

(F)(1)    Credit must be allowed when the reinsurance is ceded to an assuming insurer that has been certified by the director or his designee as a reinsurer in this State and secures its obligations with the requirements of this subsection.

(2)    In order to be eligible for certification, the assuming insurer must:

(a)    be domiciled and licensed to transact insurance or reinsurance in a qualified jurisdiction, as determined by the director pursuant to this section;

(b)    maintain minimum capital and surplus, or its equivalent, in an amount to be determined by the director or his designee pursuant to regulation;

(c)    maintain financial strength ratings from two or more rating agencies deemed acceptable by the director or his designee pursuant to regulation;

(d)    agree to submit to the jurisdiction of this State, appoint the director as its agent for service of process in this State, and agree to provide security for one hundred percent of the assuming insurer's liabilities attributable to reinsurance ceded by domestic ceding insurers if it resists enforcement of a final United States judgment;

(e)    agree to meet applicable information filing requirements as determined by the director or his designee, both with respect to an initial application for certification and on an ongoing basis; and

(f)    satisfy any other requirements for certification deemed relevant by the commissioner.

(3)    An association, including incorporated and individual unincorporated underwriters, may be a certified reinsurer. In addition to satisfying other requirements of item (2) of this subsection, in order to be eligible for certification:

(a)    the association shall satisfy its minimum capital and surplus requirements through the capital and surplus equivalents, net of liabilities of the association and its members, which includes a joint central fund that may be applied to any unsatisfied obligation of the association or any of its members, in an amount determined by the director to provide adequate protection;

(b)    the incorporated members of the association may not be engaged in any business other than underwriting as a member of the association and are subject to the same level of regulation and solvency control by the association's domiciliary regulator as are the unincorporated members; and

(c)    within ninety days after its financial statements are due to be filed with the association's domiciliary regulator, the association shall provide to the director an annual certification by the association's domiciliary regulator of the solvency of each underwriter member; or if a certification is unavailable, financial statements prepared by independent public accountants, of each underwriter member of the association.

(4)    The director or his designee shall create and publish a list of qualified jurisdictions under which an assuming insurer licensed and domiciled in such jurisdiction is eligible to be considered for certification by the director and a certified reinsurer.

(a)    In order to determine whether the domiciliary jurisdiction of a non-United States assuming insurer is eligible to be recognized as a qualified jurisdiction, the director shall evaluate the appropriateness and effectiveness of the reinsurance supervisory system of the jurisdiction, both initially and on an ongoing basis, and consider the rights, benefits, and the extent of reciprocal recognition afforded by the non-United States jurisdiction to reinsurers licensed and domiciled in the United States. A qualified jurisdiction must agree to share information and cooperate with the director with respect to all certified reinsurers domiciled within that jurisdiction. A jurisdiction may not be recognized as a qualified jurisdiction if the director has determined that the jurisdiction does not adequately and promptly enforce final United States judgment and arbitration awards. Additional factors may be considered in the discretion of the director.

(b)    A list of qualified jurisdictions must be published through the National Association of Insurance Commissioners (NAIC) Committee Process. The director or his designee shall consider this list in determining qualified jurisdictions. If the director or his designee approves a jurisdiction as qualified that does not appear on the list of qualified jurisdictions, the director or his designee shall provide thoroughly documented justification in accordance with criteria to be developed under regulations.

(c)    United States jurisdictions that meet the requirement for accreditation under the NAIC financial standards and accreditation program must be recognized as qualified jurisdictions.

(d)    If a certified reinsurer's domiciliary jurisdiction ceases to be a qualified jurisdiction, the director or his designee has the discretion to suspend the reinsurer's certification indefinitely, in lieu of revocation.

(5)    The director or his designee shall assign a rating to each certified reinsurer, giving due consideration to the financial strength ratings that have been assigned by rating agencies deemed acceptable to the director or his designee pursuant to regulation. The director or his designee shall publish a list of all certified reinsurers and their ratings.

(6)    A certified reinsurer shall secure obligations assumed from domestic ceding insurers under this subsection at a level consistent with its rating, as specified in regulations promulgated by the director or his designee.

(a)    In order for a domestic ceding insurer to qualify for full financial statement credit for reinsurance ceded to a certified reinsurer, the certified reinsurer shall maintain security in a form acceptable to the director or his designee and consistent with the provisions of this section, or in a multibeneficiary trust in accordance with subsection (E), except as otherwise provided in this subsection.

(b)    If a certified reinsurer maintains a trust to fully secure its obligations subject to subsection (E), and chooses to secure its obligations incurred as a certified reinsurer in the form of a multibeneficiary trust, the certified reinsurer shall maintain separate trust accounts for its obligation incurred under reinsurance agreements issued or renewed as a certified reinsurer with reduced security as permitted by this subsection or comparable laws of other domestic jurisdictions and for its obligations subject to subsection (E). It is a condition to the grant of certification under subsection (F) that the certified reinsurer shall bind itself, by the language of the trust and agreement with the commissioner with principal regulatory oversight of each trust account, to fund, upon termination of any such trust account, out of the remaining surplus of such trust any deficiency of any other trust account.

(c)    The minimum trusteed surplus requirements provided in subsection (E) are not applicable with respect to a multibeneficiary trust maintained by a certified reinsurer for the purpose of securing obligations incurred under this subsection, except that the trust shall maintain a minimum trusteed surplus of ten million dollars.

(d)    If the security is insufficient, the director or his designee shall reduce the allowable credit by an amount proportionate to the deficiency and has the discretion to impose further reductions in allowable credit upon finding that there is a material risk that the certified reinsurer's obligations will not be paid in full when due.

(e)    A certified reinsurer whose certification has been terminated for any reason shall be treated as a certified reinsurer required to secure one hundred percent of its obligations.

(i)     As used in this subsection, the term 'terminate' refers to revocation, suspension, voluntary surrender, and inactive status.

(ii)    If the director or his designee continues to assign a higher rating as permitted by other provisions of this section, this requirement does not apply to a certified reinsurer in inactive status or to a reinsurer whose certification has been suspended.

(7)    If an applicant for certification has been certified as a reinsurer in a NAIC-accredited jurisdiction, the director or his designee has the discretion to defer to that jurisdiction's certification and to defer to the rating assigned by that jurisdiction, and the assuming insurer must be considered to be a certified reinsurer in this State.

(8)    A certified reinsurer that ceases to assume new business in this State may request to maintain its certification in inactive status in order to continue to qualify for a reduction in security for its in-force business. An inactive certified reinsurer shall continue to comply with all applicable requirements of this subsection, and the director or his designee shall assign a rating that takes into account, if relevant, the reasons why the reinsurer is not assuming new business.

(G)(1)    Credit shall be allowed when the reinsurance is ceded to an assuming insurer meeting each of the conditions set forth below:

(a)    The assuming insurer must have its head office or be domiciled in, as applicable, and be licensed in a reciprocal jurisdiction. A 'reciprocal jurisdiction' is a jurisdiction that meets one of the following:

(i)     a non-U.S. jurisdiction that is subject to an in-force covered agreement with the United States, each within its legal authority, or, in the case of a covered agreement between the United States and the European Union, is a member state of the European Union. For purposes of this subsection, a 'covered agreement' is an agreement entered into pursuant to Dodd Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act, 31 U.S.C. Sections 313 and 314, that is currently in effect or in a period of provisional application and addresses the elimination, under specified conditions, of collateral requirements as a condition for entering into any reinsurance agreement with a ceding insurer domiciled in this State or for allowing the ceding insurer to recognize credit for reinsurance;

(ii)    a U.S. jurisdiction that meets the requirements for accreditation under the NAIC financial standards and accreditation program; or

(iii)    a qualified jurisdiction, as determined by the director pursuant to Section 38-9-200(F)(4) , which is not otherwise described in subparagraph (a)(i) or (a)(ii) and which meets certain additional requirements, consistent with the terms and conditions of in-force covered agreements, as specified by the director in regulation.

(b)    The assuming insurer must have and maintain, on an ongoing basis, minimum capital and surplus, or its equivalent, calculated according to the methodology of its domiciliary jurisdiction, in an amount to be set forth in regulation. If the assuming insurer is an association, including incorporated and individual unincorporated underwriters, it must have and maintain, on an ongoing basis, minimum capital and surplus equivalents (net of liabilities), calculated according to the methodology applicable in its domiciliary jurisdiction, and a central fund containing a balance in amounts to be set forth in regulation.

(c)    The assuming insurer must have and maintain, on an ongoing basis, a minimum solvency or capital ratio, as applicable, which will be set forth in regulation. If the assuming insurer is an association, including incorporated and individual unincorporated underwriters, it must have and maintain, on an ongoing basis, a minimum solvency or capital ration in the reciprocal jurisdiction where the assuming insurer has its head office or is domiciled, as applicable, and also is licensed.

(d)    The assuming insurer must agree and provide adequate assurance to the director, in a form specified by the director pursuant to regulation, as follows:

(i)     the assuming insurer must provide prompt written notice and explanation to the director if it falls below the minimum requirements set forth in subitems (b) or (c), or if any regulatory action is taken against it for serious noncompliance with applicable law;

(ii)    the assuming insurer must consent in writing to the jurisdiction of the courts of this State and to the appointment of the director as agent for service of process. The director may require that consent for service of process be provided to the director and included in each reinsurance agreement. Nothing in this provision shall limit, or in any way alter, the capacity of parties to a reinsurance agreement to agree to alternative dispute resolution mechanisms, except to the extent such agreements are unenforceable under applicable insolvency or delinquency laws;

(iii)    the assuming insurer must consent in writing to pay all final judgments, wherever enforcement is sought, obtained by a ceding insurer or its legal successor, that have been declared enforceable in the jurisdiction where the judgment was obtained;

(iv)    each reinsurance agreement must include a provision requiring the assuming insurer to provide security in an amount equal to one hundred percent (100%) of the assuming insurer's liabilities attributable to reinsurance ceded pursuant to that agreement if the assuming insurer resists enforcement of a final judgment that is enforceable under the law of the jurisdiction in which it was obtained or a properly enforceable arbitration award, whether obtained by the ceding insurer or by its legal successor on behalf of its resolution estate; and

(v)    the assuming insurer must confirm that it is not presently participating in any solvent scheme of arrangement which involves this state's ceding insurers, and agree to notify the ceding insurer and the director and to provide security in an amount equal to one hundred percent (100%) of the assuming insurer's liabilities to the ceding insurer, should the assuming insurer enter into such a solvent scheme of arrangement. Such security shall be in a form consistent with the provisions of Section 38-9-200(F) and Section 38-9-210 and as specified by the director in regulation.

(e)    The assuming insurer or its legal successor must provide, if required by the director, on behalf of itself and any legal predecessors, certain documentation to the director, as specified by the director in regulation.

(f)    The assuming insurer must maintain a practice of prompt payment of claims under reinsurance agreements, pursuant to criteria set forth in regulation.

(g)    The assuming insurer's supervisory authority must confirm to the director on an annual basis, as of the preceding December thirty-first or at the annual date otherwise statutorily reported to the reciprocal jurisdiction, that the assuming insurer complies with the requirements set forth in subitems (b) and (c).

(h)    Nothing in this provision precludes an assuming insurer from providing the director with information on a voluntary basis.

(2)    The director timely shall create and publish a list of reciprocal jurisdictions.

(a)    A list of reciprocal jurisdictions is published through the NAIC Committee Process. The director's list shall include any reciprocal jurisdiction as defined under Section 38-9-200(G)(1)(a)(i) and (ii), and shall consider any other reciprocal jurisdiction included on the NAIC list. The director may approve a jurisdiction that does not appear on the NAIC list of reciprocal jurisdictions in accordance with criteria to be developed under regulations issued by the director.

(b)    The director may remove a jurisdiction from the list of reciprocal jurisdictions upon a determination that the jurisdiction no longer meets the requirements of a reciprocal jurisdiction, in accordance with a process set forth in regulations issued by the director, except that the director shall not remove from the list a reciprocal jurisdiction as defined under Section 38-9-200(G)(1)(a)(i) and (ii). Upon removal of a reciprocal jurisdiction from this list, credit for reinsurance ceded to an assuming insurer which has its home office or is domiciled in that jurisdiction shall be allowed, if otherwise allowed pursuant to Section 38-9-200, et seq.

(3)    The director shall timely create and publish a list of assuming insurers that have satisfied the conditions set forth in this subsection and to which cessions shall be granted credit in accordance with this subsection. The director may add an assuming insurer to such list if an NAIC-accredited jurisdiction has added such assuming insurer to a list of such assuming insurer or if, upon initial eligibility, the assuming insurer submits the information to the director as required under item (1)(d) of this subsection and complies with any additional requirements that the director may impose by regulation, except to the extent that they conflict with an applicable covered agreement.

(4)    If the director determines that an assuming insurer no longer meets one or more of the requirements under this subsection, the director may revoke or suspend the eligibility of the assuming insurer for recognition under this subsection in accordance with procedures set forth in regulation.

(a)    While an assuming insurer's eligibility is suspended, no reinsurance agreement issued, amended, or renewed after the effective date of the suspension qualifies for credit except to the extent that the assuming insurer's obligations under the contract are secured in accordance with item 3.

(b)    If an assuming insurer's eligibility is revoked, no credit for reinsurance may be granted after the effective date of the revocation with respect to any reinsurance agreements entered into by the assuming insurer, including reinsurance agreements entered into prior to the date of the revocation, except to the extent that the assuming insurer's obligations under the contract are secured in a form acceptable to the director and consistent with the provisions of Section 38-9-210.

(5)    If subject to a legal process of rehabilitation, liquidation, or conservation, as applicable, the ceding insurer, or its representative, may seek and, if determined appropriate by the court in which the proceedings are pending, may obtain an order requiring that the assuming insurer post security for all outstanding ceded liabilities.

(6)    Nothing in this subsection shall limit or in any way alter the capacity of parties to a reinsurance agreement to agree on requirements for security or other terms in that reinsurance agreement, except as expressly prohibited by Sections 38-9-200, et seq. or other applicable law or regulation.

(7)    Credit may be taken under this subsection only for reinsurance agreements entered into, amended, or renewed on or after the effective date of the statute adding this subsection, and only with respect to losses incurred and reserves reported on or after the later of: (i) the date on which the assuming insurer has met all eligibility requirements pursuant to Section 38-9-200(G)(1) herein, and (ii) the effective date of the new reinsurance agreement, amendment, or renewal.

(a)    This item does not alter or impair a ceding insurer's right to take credit for reinsurance, to the extent that credit is not available under this subsection, as long as the reinsurance qualifies for credit under any other applicable provision of Sections 38-9-200, et seq.

(b)    Nothing in this subsection shall authorize an assuming insurer to withdraw or reduce the security provided under any reinsurance agreement except as permitted by the terms of the agreement.

(c)    Nothing in this subsection shall limit, or in any way alter, the capacity of parties to any reinsurance agreement to renegotiate the agreement.

(FH)        Credit must be allowed when the reinsurance is ceded to an assuming insurer not meeting the requirements of subsection (B), (C), (D), (E), (F), or (G) but only as to the insurance of risks located in jurisdictions where the reinsurance is required by applicable law or regulation of that jurisdiction.

(G)(1)    Credit must be allowed when the reinsurance is ceded to an assuming insurer that has been certified by the director or his designee as a reinsurer in this State and secures its obligations with the requirements of this subsection.

(2)    In order to be eligible for certification, the assuming insurer must:

(a)    be domiciled and licensed to transact insurance or reinsurance in a qualified jurisdiction, as determined by the director pursuant to this section;

(b)    maintain minimum capital and surplus, or its equivalent, in an amount to be determined by the director or his designee pursuant to regulation;

(c)    maintain financial strength ratings from two or more rating agencies deemed acceptable by the director or his designee pursuant to regulation;

(d)    agree to submit to the jurisdiction of this State, appoint the director as its agent for service of process in this State, and agree to provide security for one hundred percent of the assuming insurer's liabilities attributable to reinsurance ceded by domestic ceding insurers if it resists enforcement of a final United States judgment;

(e)    agree to meet applicable information filing requirements as determined by the director or his designee, both with respect to an initial application for certification and on an ongoing basis; and

(f)    satisfy any other requirements for certification deemed relevant by the commissioner.

(3)    An association, including incorporated and individual unincorporated underwriters, may be a certified reinsurer. In addition to satisfying other requirements of item (2) of this subsection, in order to be eligible for certification:

(a)    the association shall satisfy its minimum capital and surplus requirements through the capital and surplus equivalents, net of liabilities of the association and its members, which includes a joint central fund that may be applied to any unsatisfied obligation of the association or any of its members, in an amount determined by the director to provide adequate protection;

(b)    the incorporated members of the association may not be engaged in any business other than underwriting as a member of the association and are subject to the same level of regulation and solvency control by the association's domiciliary regulator as are the unincorporated members; and

(c)    within ninety days after its financial statements are due to be filed with the association's domiciliary regulator, the association shall provide to the director an annual certification by the association's domiciliary regulator of the solvency of each underwriter member; or if a certification is unavailable, financial statements prepared by independent public accountants, of each underwriter member of the association.

(4)    The director or his designee shall create and publish a list of qualified jurisdictions under which an assuming insurer licensed and domiciled in such jurisdiction is eligible to be considered for certification by the director and a certified reinsurer.

(a)    In order to determine whether the domiciliary jurisdiction of a non-United States assuming insurer is eligible to be recognized as a qualified jurisdiction, the director shall evaluate the appropriateness and effectiveness of the reinsurance supervisory system of the jurisdiction, both initially and on an ongoing basis, and consider the rights, benefits and the extent of reciprocal recognition afforded by the non-United States jurisdiction to reinsurers licensed and domiciled in the United States. A qualified jurisdiction must agree to share information and cooperate with the director with respect to all certified reinsurers domiciled within that jurisdiction. A jurisdiction may not be recognized as a qualified jurisdiction if the director has determined that the jurisdiction does not adequately and promptly enforce final United States judgment and arbitration awards. Additional factors may be considered in the discretion of the director.

(b)    A list of qualified jurisdictions must be published through the National Association of Insurance Commissioners (NAIC) Committee Process. The director or his designee shall consider this list in determining qualified jurisdictions. If the director or his designee approves a jurisdiction as qualified that does not appear on the list of qualified jurisdictions, the director or his designee shall provide thoroughly documented justification in accordance with criteria to be developed under regulations.

(c)    United States jurisdictions that meet the requirement for accreditation under the NAIC financial standards and accreditation program must be recognized as qualified jurisdictions.

(d)    If a certified reinsurer's domiciliary jurisdiction ceases to be a qualified jurisdiction, the director or his designee has the discretion to suspend the reinsurer's certification indefinitely, in lieu of revocation.

(5)    The director or his designee shall assign a rating to each certified reinsurer, giving due consideration to the financial strength ratings that have been assigned by rating agencies deemed acceptable to the director or his designee pursuant to regulation. The director or his designee shall publish a list of all certified reinsurers and their ratings.

(6)    A certified reinsurer shall secure obligations assumed from domestic ceding insurers under this subsection at a level consistent with its rating, as specified in regulations promulgated by the director or his designee.

(a)    In order for a domestic ceding insurer to qualify for full financial statement credit for reinsurance ceded to a certified reinsurer, the certified reinsurer shall maintain security in a form acceptable to the director or his designee and consistent with the provisions of this section, or in a multibeneficiary trust in accordance with subsection (E), except as otherwise provided in this subsection.

(b)    If a certified reinsurer maintains a trust to fully secure its obligations subject to subsection (E), and chooses to secure its obligations incurred as a certified reinsurer in the form of a multibeneficiary trust, the certified reinsurer shall maintain separate trust accounts for its obligation incurred under reinsurance agreements issued or renewed as a certified reinsurer with reduced security as permitted by this subsection or comparable laws of other domestic jurisdictions and for its obligations subject to subsection (E). It is a condition to the grant of certification under subsection (F) that the certified reinsurer shall bind itself, by the language of the trust and agreement with the commissioner with principal regulatory oversight of each trust account, to fund, upon termination of any such trust account, out of the remaining surplus of such trust any deficiency of any other trust account.

(c)    The minimum trusteed surplus requirements provided in subsection (E) are not applicable with respect to a multibeneficiary trust maintained by a certified reinsurer for the purpose of securing obligations incurred under this subsection, except that the trust shall maintain a minimum trusteed surplus of ten million dollars.

(d)    If the security is insufficient, the director or his designee shall reduce the allowable credit by an amount proportionate to the deficiency and has the discretion to impose further reductions in allowable credit upon finding that there is a material risk that the certified reinsurer's obligations will not be paid in full when due.

(e)    A certified reinsurer whose certification has been terminated for any reason shall be treated as a certified reinsurer required to secure one hundred percent of its obligations.

(i)     As used in this subsection, the term "terminate" refers to revocation, suspension, voluntary surrender, and inactive status.

(ii)    If the director or his designee continues to assign a higher rating as permitted by other provisions of this section, this requirement does not apply to a certified reinsurer in inactive status or to a reinsurer whose certification has been suspended.

(7)    If an applicant for certification has been certified as a reinsurer in a NAIC-accredited jurisdiction, the director or his designee has the discretion to defer to that jurisdiction's certification and to defer to the rating assigned by that jurisdiction, and the assuming insurer must be considered to be a certified reinsurer in this State.

(8)    A certified reinsurer that ceases to assume new business in this State may request to maintain its certification in inactive status in order to continue to qualify for a reduction in security for its in-force business. An inactive certified reinsurer shall continue to comply with all applicable requirements of this subsection, and the director or his designee shall assign a rating that takes into account, if relevant, the reasons why the reinsurer is not assuming new business.

(HI)    If the assuming insurer is not licensed, certified, or accredited to transact insurance or reinsurance in this State, the credit permitted by subsections (D) and (E) may not be allowed unless the assuming insurer agrees in the reinsurance agreements:

(1)    that when the assuming insurer fails to perform its obligations under the terms of the reinsurance agreement, the assuming insurer, at the request of the ceding insurer, shall submit to the jurisdiction of a court of competent jurisdiction in a state of the United States, comply with all requirements necessary to give the court jurisdiction, and abide by the final decision of the court or of an appellate court in an appeal; and

(2)    to designate the director or designee or a designated attorney as its true and lawful attorney upon whom may be served lawful process in an action, a suit, or a proceeding instituted by or on behalf of the ceding company.

(3)    This subsection does not conflict with or override the obligation of the parties to a reinsurance agreement to arbitrate their disputes if an obligation is created in the agreement.

(IJ)    If the assuming insurer does not meet the requirements of subsection (B), (C), or (D), or (G) the credit permitted by subsection (E) or (GF) may not be allowed unless the assuming insurer agrees in the trust agreements to the following conditions:

(1)    Notwithstanding any other provisions in the trust instrument, if the trust fund is inadequate because it contains an amount less than the amount required by subsection (E)(3), or if the grantor of the trust has been declared insolvent or placed into receivership, rehabilitation, liquidation, or similar proceedings under the laws of its state or country of domicile, the trustee shall comply with an order of the commissioner with regulatory oversight over the trust or with an order of a court of competent jurisdiction directing the trustee to transfer to the commissioner with regulatory oversight all of the assets of the trust fund.

(2)    The assets must be distributed by and claims must be filed with and valued by the commissioner with regulatory oversight in accordance with the laws of the state in which the trust is domiciled that are applicable to the liquidation of domestic insurance companies.

(3)    If the commissioner with regulatory oversight determines that the assets of the trust fund or any part of them are not necessary to satisfy the claims of the United States ceding insurers of the grantor of the trust, the assets or part of them must be returned by the commissioner with regulatory oversight to the trustee for distribution in accordance with the trust agreement.

(4)    The grantor shall waive any right otherwise available to it under United States law that is inconsistent with this provision.

(JK)    If an accredited or certified reinsurer ceases to meet the requirements for accreditation or certification, the director may suspend or revoke the reinsurer's accreditation or certification.

(1) The director must give the reinsurer notice and opportunity for hearing. The suspension or revocation may not take effect until after the director's order on hearing, unless:

(a)    the reinsurer waives its right to hearing;

(b)    the director's order is based on regulatory action by the reinsurer's domiciliary jurisdiction or the voluntary surrender or termination of the reinsurer's eligibility to transact insurance or reinsurance business in its domiciliary jurisdiction or in the primary certifying state of the reinsurer; or

(c)    the director finds that an emergency requires immediate action and a court of competent jurisdiction has not stayed the director's action.

(2)    While a reinsurer's accreditation or certification is suspended, no reinsurance contract issued or renewed after the effective date of the suspension qualifies for credit except to the extent that the reinsurer's obligations under the contract are secured in accordance with Section 38-9-210. If a reinsurer's accreditation or certification is revoked, no credit for reinsurance may be granted after the effective date of the revocation except to the extent that the reinsurer's obligations under the contract are secured in accordance with subsection (GF)(6) or Section 38-9-210.

(KL)(1)    A ceding insurer shall take steps to manage its reinsurance recoverables proportionate to its own book of business. A domestic ceding insurer shall notify the commissioner within thirty days after reinsurance recoverables from any single assuming insurer, or group of affiliated assuming insurers, exceeds fifty percent of the domestic ceding insurer's last reported surplus to policyholders, or after it is determined that reinsurance recoverables from any single assuming insurer, or group of affiliated assuming insurers, is likely to exceed this limit. The notification shall demonstrate that the exposure is safely managed by the domestic ceding insurer.

(2)    A ceding insurer shall take steps to diversify its reinsurance program. A domestic ceding insurer shall notify the director within thirty days after ceding to any single assuming insurer, or group of affiliated assuming insurers, more than twenty percent of the ceding insurer's gross written premium in the proper calendar year, or after it has determined that the reinsurance ceding to any single assuming insurer, or group of affiliated assuming insurers, is likely to exceed this limit. The notification shall demonstrate that exposure is safely managed by the domestic ceding insurer.

(LM)    The director may promulgate regulations to implement the provisions of this section and Section 38-9-210.

(MN)    The director is further authorized to adopt rules and regulations applicable to reinsurance relating to arrangements described in subitem (1):

(1)    a regulation adopted pursuant to this subsection may apply only to reinsurance relating to:

(a)    life insurance policies with guaranteed nonlevel gross premiums or guaranteed nonlevel benefits;

(b)    universal life insurance policies with provisions resulting in the ability of a policyholder to keep a policy in force over a secondary guarantee period;

(c)    variable annuities with guaranteed death or living benefits;

(d)    long-term care insurance policies; or

(e)    any other life and health insurance and annuity products as to which the NAIC adopts model regulatory requirements with respect to credit for reinsurance.

(2)    A regulation adopted pursuant to this subsection may apply to any treaty containing policies issued on or after January 1, 2015, or policies issued prior to January 1, 2015, if risks pertaining to such pre-2015 policies are ceded in connection with the treaty, in whole or in part, on or after January 1, 2015.

(3)    A regulation adopted pursuant to this subsection may require the ceding insurer, in calculating the amounts or forms of security required to be held under regulations promulgated under this authority, to use the valuation manual adopted by the NAIC under Section 11(B)(1) of the NAIC Standard Valuation Law, including all amendments adopted by the NAIC and in effect on the date as of which the calculation is made, to the extent applicable.

(4)    A regulation adopted pursuant to this subsection shall not apply to cessions to an assuming insurer that:

(a)    meets the conditions set forth in Section 38-9-200(G); or

(b)    is certified in this State; or

(bc)    maintains at least two hundred fifty million dollars in capital and surplus when determined in accordance with the NAIC Accounting Practices and Procedures Manual, including all amendments thereto adopted by the NAIC, excluding the impact of any permitted or prescribed practices and licensed in at least:

(i)     twenty-six states; or

(ii)    ten states and licensed or accredited in a total of at least thirty-five states.

(5)    The authority to adopt regulations pursuant to this subsection does not limit the director's general authority to adopt regulations pursuant to subsection (LM).

(NO)    This act shall apply to all cessions after the effective date of this act under reinsurance agreements that have an inception, anniversary or renewal date not less than six months after the effective date of this act."

SECTION    2.    Section 38-9-210 of the 1976 Code, as last amended by Act 172 of 2018, is further amended to read:

"Section 38-9-210.    An asset or a reduction from liability for the reinsurance ceded by a domestic insurer to an assuming insurer not meeting the requirements of Section 38-9-200 must be allowed in an amount not exceeding the liabilities carried by the ceding insurer provided that the director or his designee may adopt by regulation pursuant to Section 38-9-200(MN) specific additional requirements relating to or setting forth the valuation of assets or reserve credits, the amount and forms of security supporting reinsurance arrangements, or the circumstances pursuant to which a credit may be reduced or eliminated.

The reduction must be in the amount of funds held by or on behalf of the ceding insurer, including funds held in trust for the ceding insurer, under a reinsurance contract with the assuming insurer as security for the payment of obligations, if the security is held in the United States subject to withdrawal solely by and under the exclusive control of the ceding insurer or, for a trust, held in a qualified United States financial institution, defined in Section 38-9-220(B). This security may be in the form of:

(1) cash;

(2)    securities listed by the Securities Valuation Office of the National Association of Insurance Commissioners, including those deemed exempt from filing as defined by the Purposes and Procedures Manual of the Securities Valuation Office and qualifying as admitted assets as defined in Section 38-13-80;

(3) clean, irrevocable, unconditional letters of credit issued or confirmed by a qualified United States financial institution defined in Section 38-9-220(A) no later than December thirty-first of the year for which filing is being made and in the possession of, or in trust for, the ceding company on or before the filing date of its annual statement. Letters of credit meeting applicable standards of issuer acceptability as of the dates of their issuance or confirmation, notwithstanding the issuing or confirming institution's subsequent failure to meet applicable standards of issuer acceptability, continue to be acceptable as security until their expiration, extension, renewal, modification, or amendment, whichever first occurs; or

(4) other form of security acceptable to the director or designee."

SECTION    3.    This act takes effect upon approval by the Governor.

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This web page was last updated on March 19, 2020 at 1:40 PM