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229Ratification Number: 123Act Number: 85Type of Legislation: General Bill GBIntroducing Body: SenateIntroduced Date: 20010130Primary Sponsor: HayesAll Sponsors: Hayes, Wilson, Branton, Hawkins, Ravenel and LeventisDrafted Document Number: l:\council\bills\swb\5107djc01.docDate Bill Passed both Bodies: 20010531Date of Last Amendment: 20010524Governor's Action: SDate of Governor's Action: 20010808Subject: Military Code, Adjutant General, National Guard, commissioned, noncommissioned officers; Veterans' and Military AffairsHistory Body Date Action Description Com Leg Involved ______ ________ ______________________________________ _______ ____________ ------ 20010817 Act No. A85 ------ 20010808 Signed by Governor ------ 20010607 Ratified R123 Senate 20010531 Concurred in House amendment, enrolled for ratification House 20010530 Read third time, returned to Senate with amendment ------ 20010530 Scrivener's error corrected House 20010529 Read second time House 20010524 Request for debate by Representative Quinn Davenport House 20010524 Amended House 20010523 Committee report: Favorable with 27 H3M amendment House 20010501 Introduced, read first time, 27 H3M referred to Committee ------ 20010430 Scrivener's error corrected Senate 20010426 Amended, read third time, sent to House ------ 20010423 Scrivener's error corrected ------ 20010420 Scrivener's error corrected Senate 20010419 Read second time, notice of general amendments Senate 20010419 Committee amendment adopted Senate 20010417 Committee report: Favorable with 08 SG amendment ------ 20010326 Scrivener's error corrected Senate 20010130 Introduced, read first time, 08 SG referred to Committee Versions of This Bill Revised on March 26, 2001 - Word format Revised on April 17, 2001 - Word format Revised on April 19, 2001 - Word format Revised on April 20, 2001 - Word format Revised on April 23, 2001 - Word format Revised on April 26, 2001 - Word format Revised on April 30, 2001 - Word format Revised on May 23, 2001 - Word format Revised on May 24, 2001 - Word format Revised on May 29, 2001 - Word format Revised on May 30, 2001 - Word format
(A85, R123, S229)
AN ACT TO AMEND CHAPTER 1, TITLE 25, CODE OF LAWS OF SOUTH CAROLINA, 1976, RELATING TO THE MILITARY CODE BY ADDING SECTION 25-1-160 SO AS TO ENCOURAGE OWNERS OF LAND TO MAKE LAND AND WATER AREAS AVAILABLE TO THE MILITARY DEPARTMENT FOR TRAINING AND OPERATIONAL PURPOSES BY DEFINING AND LIMITING THE OWNER'S DUTY OF CARE AND LIMITING THE OWNER'S LIABILITY TOWARD MILITARY PERSONS ENTERING THE OWNER'S LAND; BY ADDING SECTION 25-1-2260 SO AS TO PROVIDE FOR THE GRANTING OF CONTINUANCES IN COURT CASES WHEN A PARTY OR HIS ATTORNEY IS ABSENT BY REASON OF ATTENDANCE ON ACTIVE DUTY AS A MEMBER OF THE NATIONAL GUARD; BY ADDING SECTION 25-1-2957 SO AS TO PROVIDE THAT A PERSON SUBJECT TO THE MILITARY CODE WHO RECKLESSLY ENDANGERS THE LIFE OR SAFETY OF ANOTHER MAY BE PUNISHED AS A COURT-MARTIAL MAY DIRECT; TO AMEND SECTION 25-1-10, RELATING TO DEFINITIONS, SO AS TO DEFINE "UNIT MAINTENANCE FUND"; TO AMEND SECTION 25-1-40, RELATING TO APPLICABILITY OF THE UNIFORM CODE OF MILITARY JUSTICE, SO AS TO PROVIDE WHEN PRECEDENTS ESTABLISHED IN THE UNIFORM CODE OF MILITARY JUSTICE SHALL BE IN FORCE AND REGARDED AS PART OF THE MILITARY CODE; TO AMEND SECTION 25-1-60, RELATING TO COMPOSITION AND CLASSES OF MILITIA, SO AS TO INCLUDE PERSONS WHO CONTRACTUALLY BIND THEMSELVES WITHIN THE MILITIA OF THE STATE; TO AMEND SECTION 25-1-110, RELATING TO BURIAL FLAGS, SO AS TO PROVIDE THAT BURIAL FLAGS SHALL BE OBTAINED FROM THE UNITED STATES WHEN AVAILABLE; TO AMEND SECTION 25-1-340, RELATING TO VACANCIES IN THE OFFICE OF ADJUTANT GENERAL, SO AS TO DELETE THE PROVISION THAT THE GOVERNOR MAY APPOINT AN OFFICER WHO IS OF FIELD GRADE RANK OR HIGHER AND PROVIDE THAT THE GOVERNOR MAY APPOINT AN OFFICER WHO IS AT LEAST THE RANK OF LIEUTENANT COLONEL AND MEETS THE ELIGIBILITY REQUIREMENTS FOR A CONSTITUTIONAL OFFICER; TO AMEND SECTION 25-1-510, RELATING TO APPOINTMENT, QUALIFICATIONS, AND TENURE OF COMMISSIONED AND WARRANT OFFICERS, SO AS TO DELETE THE REQUIREMENT THAT A COMMISSIONED OR WARRANT OFFICER BE A RESIDENT OF THIS STATE AND PROVIDE THAT A COMMISSIONED OR WARRANT OFFICER MUST MEET FEDERAL RESIDENCY REQUIREMENTS FOR THE APPOINTMENT; TO AMEND SECTION 25-1-560, RELATING TO THE RELATIVE RANK OF OFFICERS, SO AS TO REQUIRE THE ADJUTANT GENERAL TO MAINTAIN RECORDS REFLECTING A RELATIVE RANK LIST OF ALL ACTIVE AND INACTIVE OFFICERS IN THE NATIONAL GUARD AND TO CONFORM THE RELATIVE RANK LIST TO FEDERAL MILITARY LAW; TO AMEND SECTION 25-1-580, RELATING TO THE SENIOR OFFICER ON DUTY BEING IN COMMAND, SO AS TO PROVIDE THAT A COMMANDER MAY APPOINT AN OFFICER TO COMMAND A SUBORDINATE OR DETACHED UNIT, AND THAT IF NONE IS APPOINTED, THE SENIOR OFFICER OF THE LINE ON DUTY IS IN COMMAND; TO AMEND SECTION 25-1-810, RELATING TO PROMOTIONS UNDER THE RESERVE OFFICER PERSONNEL ACT, SO AS TO DELETE THE OBSOLETE REFERENCE TO THE RESERVE OFFICER PERSONNEL ACT AND REPLACE IT WITH A REFERENCE TO FEDERAL LAW; TO AMEND SECTION 25-1-850, RELATING TO TRANSFER OF OFFICERS WITHIN THE ARMY NATIONAL GUARD, SO AS TO DELETE A PROVISION THAT A TRANSFER MUST BE MUTUALLY ACCEPTABLE TO COMMANDERS CONCERNED; TO AMEND SECTION 25-1-870, RELATING TO A VACANCY IN THE GRADE OF MAJOR GENERAL, SO AS TO PROVIDE THAT A VACANCY IN THE GRADE OF MAJOR GENERAL MUST BE FILLED BY A FULLY QUALIFIED OFFICER; TO AMEND SECTION 25-1-880, RELATING TO A VACANCY IN THE GRADE OF BRIGADIER GENERAL, SO AS TO DELETE OBSOLETE LANGUAGE RELATING TO THE BRIGADIER GENERAL SELECTION BOARD AND PROVIDE THAT A VACANCY IN THE GRADE OF BRIGADIER GENERAL MUST BE FILLED BY THE PROMOTION OF THE BEST QUALIFIED OFFICER IN THE NEXT LOWER GRADE AS DETERMINED BY THE ADJUTANT GENERAL; TO AMEND SECTION 25-1-1110, RELATING TO PROMOTIONS UNDER THE RESERVE OFFICER PERSONNEL ACT, SO AS TO DELETE REFERENCES TO THE RESERVE OFFICER PERSONNEL ACT AND PROVIDE FOR PROMOTIONS UNDER FEDERAL LAW; TO AMEND SECTION 25-1-1140, RELATING TO A VACANCY IN THE HEADQUARTERS OF THE AIR NATIONAL GUARD, SO AS TO DELETE A PROVISION THAT NO OFFICER SHALL BE ASSIGNED TO HEADQUARTERS, AIR NATIONAL GUARD, UNTIL HE HAS COMPLETED THREE YEARS COMMISSIONED SERVICE IN THE SOUTH CAROLINA AIR NATIONAL GUARD; TO AMEND SECTION 25-1-1330, RELATING TO ANNUAL SETTLEMENTS FOR FEDERAL AND STATE PROPERTY, SO AS TO DELETE REFERENCES TO RESPONSIBLE OFFICER AND REPLACE THEM WITH REFERENCES TO RESPONSIBLE PARTY AND TO AUTHORIZE COLLECTION ACTIONS FOR PAYMENTS FROM PARTIES LIABLE ON PROPERTY ACCOUNTS; TO AMEND SECTION 25-1-1370, RELATING TO UNIT MAINTENANCE FUND ALLOWANCES, SO AS TO DELETE REFERENCES TO THE MILITARY BOARD, DELETE REFERENCES TO CERTAIN DATES FOR PAYMENTS OF APPROPRIATIONS AND PROVIDE FOR PAYMENTS PERIODICALLY, AND TO PROVIDE THAT UNIT MAINTENANCE FUNDS FROM SOURCES OUTSIDE THE ANNUAL APPROPRIATION MUST BE REGULATED AND AUDITED BY THE ADJUTANT GENERAL; TO AMEND SECTION 25-1-1620, RELATING TO THE CUSTODIAN AND USE OF TRAINING FACILITIES, SO AS TO PROVIDE THAT THE ADJUTANT GENERAL IS THE MANAGER AS WELL AS CUSTODIAN OF TRAINING FACILITIES AND THAT FACILITIES OWNED OR LEASED FOR THE MILITARY DEPARTMENT MAY BE RENTED OR SUBLEASED WHEN NOT IN USE FOR TRAINING; TO AMEND SECTION 25-1-1820, RELATING TO WHEN THE NATIONAL GUARD IS SUBJECT TO ACTIVE DUTY, SO AS TO DELETE THE CIRCUMSTANCE OF WHEN THE PRESIDENT IS UNABLE WITH THE REGULAR FORCES TO EXECUTE THE LAWS OF THE UNITED STATES AND PROVIDE THAT THE NATIONAL GUARD IS SUBJECT TO ACTIVE DUTY WHEN THE PRESIDENT ISSUES ORDERS TO EXECUTE THE LAWS OF THE UNITED STATES; TO AMEND SECTION 25-1-2110, RELATING TO TERMS OF ENLISTMENT, SO AS TO DELETE THE THREE-YEAR PROVISION AND PROVIDE THAT ORIGINAL ENLISTMENTS IN THE NATIONAL GUARD MUST BE FOR A PERIOD TO COMPLY WITH GOVERNING DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE REGULATIONS; TO AMEND SECTION 25-1-2220, RELATING TO TRANSFER OF ENLISTED MEN, SO AS TO DELETE THE PROVISION THAT THE TRANSFER BE APPROVED BY THE COMMANDING OFFICERS OF THE UNITS INVOLVED; TO AMEND SECTION 25-1-2230, RELATING TO DISCHARGES, SO AS TO REVISE THE AUTHORITY FOR DISCHARGES OF ENLISTED PERSONS; TO AMEND SECTION 25-1-2420, RELATING TO DEFINITIONS, SO AS TO INCLUDE PERSONS ATTACHED OR ASSIGNED TO STATE UNITS WITHIN THE DEFINITION OF "MILITARY FORCES"; TO AMEND SECTION 25-1-2420, RELATING TO DEFINITIONS, BY ADDING A NEW SUBPARAGRAPH APPROPRIATELY NUMBERED SO AS TO DEFINE "OFFICER"; TO AMEND SECTION 25-1-2450, RELATING TO APPOINTMENT OF THE STATE JUDGE ADVOCATE, SO AS TO PROVIDE THAT, ABSENT SEPARATE APPOINTMENT, THE SENIOR JUDGE ADVOCATE OF THE NATIONAL GUARD IS THE STATE JUDGE ADVOCATE; TO AMEND SECTION 25-1-2460, RELATING TO APPREHENSION, SO AS TO DELETE REFERENCES TO CIVIL OFFICERS HAVING AUTHORITY TO APPREHEND OFFENDERS AND PROVIDE FOR APPREHENSION BY ANY OFFICER UNDER THE LAWS OF THE UNITED STATES OR OF SOUTH CAROLINA; TO AMEND SECTION 25-1-2520, RELATING TO NONJUDICIAL PUNISHMENT, SO AS TO DELETE A REFERENCE TO THE INSPECTOR GENERAL; TO AMEND SECTION 25-1-2530, RELATING TO TYPES OF COURTS-MARTIAL, SO AS TO PROVIDE FOR A SUMMARY COURT-MARTIAL CONSISTING OF ONE OFFICER RATHER THAN ONE COMMISSIONED OFFICER; TO AMEND SECTION 25-1-2550, RELATING TO JURISDICTION OF GENERAL COURTS-MARTIAL, SO AS TO INCREASE THE FINE THAT MAY BE IMPOSED BY GENERAL COURTS-MARTIAL FROM TWO THOUSAND DOLLARS TO THREE THOUSAND DOLLARS; TO AMEND SECTION 25-1-2560, RELATING TO JURISDICTION OF SPECIAL COURTS-MARTIAL, SO AS TO DELETE THE LANGUAGE EXCLUDING OFFICERS FROM THE JURISDICTION OF SPECIAL COURTS-MARTIAL AND TO INCREASE THE AMOUNT OF FINE THAT MAY BE IMPOSED BY SPECIAL COURTS-MARTIAL FROM FIVE HUNDRED DOLLARS TO ONE THOUSAND DOLLARS; TO AMEND SECTION 25-1-2570, RELATING TO JURISDICTION OF SUMMARY COURTS-MARTIAL, SO AS TO INCREASE THE AMOUNT OF FINE THAT MAY BE IMPOSED BY SUMMARY COURTS-MARTIAL FROM TWO HUNDRED DOLLARS TO FIVE HUNDRED DOLLARS; TO AMEND SECTION 25-1-2610, RELATING TO WHO MAY SERVE ON COURTS-MARTIAL, SO AS TO REMOVE REFERENCES TO COMMISSIONED AND WARRANT OFFICERS, AND PROVIDE THAT ANY OFFICER ON OR OFF DUTY WITH THE MILITARY FORCES MAY SERVE ON COURTS-MARTIAL; TO AMEND SECTION 25-1-2725, RELATING TO THE STATUTE OF LIMITATIONS, SO AS TO DELETE PROVISIONS RELATING TO DESERTION DURING TIMES OF PEACE AND CERTAIN OTHER OFFENSES PUNISHABLE UNDER THE MILITARY CODE AND PROVIDE THAT A PERSON CHARGED WITH ANY OFFENSE IS NOT LIABLE TO BE TRIED BY COURT-MARTIAL IF THE OFFENSE WAS COMMITTED MORE THAN THREE YEARS BEFORE RECEIPT OF SWORN CHARGES OR THE IMPOSITION OF PUNISHMENT; TO AMEND SECTION 25-1-2750, RELATING TO CONTEMPT, SO AS TO INCREASE THE AMOUNT OF FINE THAT MAY BE IMPOSED BY A COURT-MARTIAL FOR CONTEMPT FROM TWENTY-FIVE DOLLARS TO FIVE HUNDRED DOLLARS; TO AMEND SECTION 25-1-2780, RELATING TO RECORDS OF TRIAL OF COURTS-MARTIAL, SO AS TO PROVIDE THAT SUMMARY COURT-MARTIAL PROCEEDINGS MUST USE DOCUMENTS PROMULGATED BY REGULATIONS OF THE ADJUTANT GENERAL; TO AMEND SECTION 25-1-2795, RELATING TO SENTENCES OF COURTS-MARTIAL, SO AS TO DELETE CERTAIN REFERENCES TO GENERAL COURT-MARTIAL JURISDICTION SO AS TO MAKE CERTAIN PROVISIONS OF THE SECTION APPLICABLE TO COURT-MARTIAL JURISDICTION RATHER THAN ONLY TO THE JURISDICTION OF A GENERAL COURT-MARTIAL; TO AMEND SECTION 25-1-2935, RELATING TO THE OFFENSE OF DISRESPECT TOWARD A SUPERIOR COMMISSIONED OFFICER, BY DELETING THE REFERENCE TO COMMISSIONED OFFICER AND INCLUDING NONCOMMISSIONED OFFICERS, SO AS TO MAKE THE OFFENSE OF DISRESPECT APPLICABLE TO SUPERIOR OFFICERS OR NONCOMMISSIONED OFFICERS; TO AMEND SECTION 25-1-2940, RELATING TO THE OFFENSE OF ASSAULTING OR WILFULLY DISOBEYING A SUPERIOR COMMISSIONED OFFICER, BY DELETING THE REFERENCE TO COMMISSIONED OFFICER AND INCLUDING NONCOMMISSIONED OFFICERS, SO AS TO MAKE THE OFFENSES OF ASSAULT AND WILFULLY DISOBEYING A LAWFUL COMMAND APPLICABLE TO SUPERIOR OFFICERS OR NONCOMMISSIONED OFFICERS; TO AMEND SECTION 25-1-2945, RELATING TO INSUBORDINATE CONDUCT TOWARD A WARRANT OFFICER OR NONCOMMISSIONED OFFICER, BY DELETING REFERENCES TO WARRANT OFFICER, SO AS TO MAKE THE OFFENSE OF INSUBORDINATE CONDUCT APPLICABLE TO OFFICERS AND NONCOMMISSIONED OFFICERS; TO AMEND SECTION 25-1-2950, RELATING TO THE OFFENSES OF FAILURE TO OBEY ORDERS AND REGULATIONS AND DERELICTION OF DUTY, SO AS TO INCLUDE THE VIOLATION OF A STATUTE WITHIN THE OFFENSE; TO AMEND SECTION 25-1-3065, RELATING TO CONDUCT UNBECOMING AN OFFICER AND A GENTLEMAN, BY DELETING REFERENCES TO COMMISSIONED OFFICER AND A GENTLEMAN, SO AS TO PROVIDE THAT ANY OFFICER WHO IS CONVICTED OF CONDUCT UNBECOMING AN OFFICER MAY BE PUNISHED AS A COURT-MARTIAL MAY DIRECT; TO AMEND SECTION 25-1-3085, RELATING TO THE AUTHORITY TO ADMINISTER OATHS, BY DELETING REFERENCES TO COMMISSIONED OFFICER, SO AS TO PROVIDE THAT ALL OFFICERS HAVE THE AUTHORITY TO ADMINISTER OATHS; TO AMEND SECTION 25-1-3095, RELATING TO COMPLAINTS AGAINST OFFICERS, BY DELETING THE REQUIREMENT THAT COMPLAINTS BE FORWARDED TO THE ADJUTANT GENERAL, SO AS TO PROVIDE THAT ANY MEMBER OF THE MILITARY FORCE MAY COMPLAIN TO HIS NEXT SUPERIOR COMMISSIONED OFFICER; TO AMEND SECTION 25-1-3235, RELATING TO THE NATIONAL GUARD PENSION FUND, SO AS TO PROVIDE THAT CERTAIN PERSONS WITH A BREAK IN SERVICE REMAIN ELIGIBLE FOR PENSION BENEFITS; TO AMEND SECTION 25-17-30, AS AMENDED, RELATING TO MAINTENANCE OF THE MUSEUM, SO AS TO DELETE THE PROVISION THAT NO STATE FUNDS MAY BE USED FOR MAINTENANCE OF THE MUSEUM; TO REPEAL SECTIONS 25-1-330, 25-1-950, 25-1-1340, 25-1-1390, 25-1-1400, 25-1-2130, AND 25-1-2160; AND TO FURTHER AMEND CHAPTER 1, TITLE 25, BY ADDING SECTION 25-1-2455 SO AS TO PROVIDE FOR THE APPOINTMENT OF MILITARY JUDGES BY THE ADJUTANT GENERAL AND PROVIDE FOR THE QUALIFICATIONS, POWERS, AND DUTIES OF MILITARY JUDGES.
Be it enacted by the General Assembly of the State of South Carolina:
Landowners encouraged to make land available for military training; owners liability limited
SECTION 1. Chapter 1, Title 25 of the 1976 Code is amended by adding:
"Section 25-1-160. (A) The purpose of this section is to encourage owners of land to make land and water areas available to the military department for training and operational purposes by limiting the owners liability toward military persons entering their land and water areas for training and operational purposes.
(B) For purposes of this section:
(1) 'Land' means land, roads, water, watercourses, private ways and buildings, structures, and machinery or equipment when attached to the realty.
(2) 'Owner' means the possessor of a fee interest, a tenant, lessee, occupant, or person in control of the premises.
(3) 'Military purpose' includes, but is not limited to, any of the following, or any combination thereof: training, missions, operations, or support of training, missions, or operations.
(4) 'Charge' means the admission price or fee asked in return for invitation or permission to enter or go upon the land.
(5) 'Persons' means individuals regardless of age.
(C) Except as specifically provided in this section, an owner of land owes no duty of care to keep the premises safe for entry or use by persons who have sought and obtained his permission to use it for military purposes or to give any warning of a dangerous condition, use, structure, or activity on such premises to persons entering for military purposes.
(D) Except as specifically provided in this section, an owner of land who permits without charge any person having sought permission to use his property for military purposes does not thereby:
(1) extend any assurance that the premises are safe for any purpose;
(2) confer upon the person the legal status of an invitee or licensee to whom a duty of care is owned;
(3) assume responsibility for or incur liability for any injury to person or property caused by an act of omission of any person using the property.
(E) Nothing in this section limits in any way any liability which otherwise exists:
(1) for grossly negligent, wilful, or malicious failure to guard or warn against a dangerous condition, use, structure, or activity;
(2) for injury suffered in any case where the owner of land charges persons who enter or go on the land for the recreational use thereof, except that in the case of land leases to the State or a subdivision thereof, any consideration received by the owner for such lease shall not be deemed a charge within the meaning of this section.
(F) Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to:
(1) create a duty of care or ground of liability for injury to persons or property; or
(2) relieve any person using the land of another for military purposes from any obligation which he may have in the absence of this chapter to exercise care in his use of such land and in his activities thereon, or from the legal consequences of failure to employ such care."
Continuances in court cases when party or attorney is absent by reason of National Guard duty
SECTION 2. Chapter 1, Title 25 of the 1976 Code is amended by adding:
"Section 25-1-2260. It is the duty of any judge of the courts of this State to continue any case in the court on or without motion when any party thereto or his leading attorney is absent from court when the case is reached by reason of his attendance on active duty as a member of the National Guard. The case may proceed if the party, in the absence of his leading attorney, or the leading attorney, in the absence of the party, announces ready for trial on the call of the case. If counsel is absent, it shall be necessary for his client to make oath that he cannot safely go to trial without the absent attorney and, if a party is absent, his counsel shall state in his place that he cannot safely go to trial without his client."
SECTION 3. Chapter 1, Title 25 of the 1976 Code is amended by adding:
"Section 25-1-2957. A person subject to this code who recklessly and unlawfully engages in conduct that endangers the life or safety of another person, or who unlawfully engages in wilful, wanton, careless, reckless, or grossly negligent conduct that is likely to produce death or grievous bodily harm to another, is guilty of a violation of this section and, upon conviction, may be punished as a court-martial may direct."
"Unit maintenance fund" defined
SECTION 4. Section 25-1-10 of the 1976 Code is amended by adding:
"(18) 'Unit maintenance fund' means funds collected by armory rentals, donations, military fines, and other minor sources of revenue with or without specific appropriation, and used for minor maintenance at facilities and controlled at the unit level."
Uniform Code of Military Justice precedents in force
SECTION 5. Section 25-1-40 of the 1976 Code is amended to read:
"Section 25-1-40. Whenever any portion of the militia of the State is on duty under or pursuant to orders of the Governor or whenever any part of the militia is ordered to assemble for state duty, the systems, precedents, and procedures established in the Uniform Code of Military Justice for the governing of armed forces of the United States, so far as applicable and not in conflict with any rule or regulation herein prescribed, is considered in full force and regarded as a part of this chapter until such forces are duly relieved from such duty. Nothing in this section is construed as relinquishing the state's authority and jurisdiction in such matters. No punishment under this section extending to the taking of life shall in any case be inflicted except in time of actual war, invasion, or insurrection declared to exist by proclamation of the President of the United States or the Governor of this State, and then only after the approval of such sentence by the Governor. The Governor shall review the findings of all general courts-martial convened during such situations hereinabove recited."
Composition and classes of militia; persons who contract included in militia
SECTION 6. Section 25-1-60 of the 1976 Code is amended to read:
"Section 25-1-60. The militia of this State consists of all able-bodied persons over seventeen years of age who are: citizens of the United States residing within this State; citizens of the United States bound by law, lawful order, or contract to serve in the militia or military forces of this State; or persons who have declared their intention to become citizens of the United States and are bound by law, lawful order, or contract to serve in the militia or military forces of this State. The militia is divided into three classes: the National Guard, the organized militia, and the unorganized militia."
Burial flags to be obtained from United States when available
SECTION 7. Section 25-1-110(3) of the 1976 Code is amended to read:
"(3) The Adjutant General shall promulgate necessary rules and regulations to implement the provisions of this section. Flags must be obtained from the United States when available, but if not so granted they must be purchased by the office of the Adjutant General from funds appropriated to that office."
Governor may appoint officer who is at least the rank of lieutenant colonel and meets the eligibility requirements for a constitutional officer to fill vacancy in the office of Adjutant General
SECTION 8. Section 25-1-340 of the 1976 Code is amended to read:
"Section 25-1-340. If the office of Adjutant General is vacated because of the death, resignation, or retirement of the Adjutant General prior to the normal expiration of his term of office, the Governor shall appoint an officer of the active South Carolina National Guard, who is at least the rank of lieutenant colonel, meets the eligibility requirements for a constitutional officer, and who has a minimum of fifteen years' active commissioned service in the South Carolina National Guard, to fill out the unexpired term of the former incumbent. The appointee, upon being duly qualified, is subject to all the duties and liabilities incident to the office and receive the compensation provided by law for the Adjutant General during his term of service."
Commissioned or warrant officers must meet federal residency requirements for appointments
SECTION 9. Section 25-1-510 of the 1976 Code is amended to read:
"Section 25-1-510. All commissioned and warrant officers of the South Carolina National Guard shall be appointed and commissioned or warranted by the Governor. No person must be appointed and commissioned or warranted unless he is a citizen of the United States and meets federal residency requirements for the appointment. His age shall conform to the age requirements as set forth in the regulations issued by the National Guard Bureau and that are in effect at the time of appointment. Every commissioned or warrant officer must hold office under his commission or warrant until he has been regularly appointed and commissioned or warranted to another grade or office or until he has been regularly retired, discharged, dismissed, or placed in an inactive status."
Adjutant General to maintain relative rank list of active and inactive National Guard officers; relative rank list to conform to federal law
SECTION 10. Section 25-1-560 of the 1976 Code is amended to read:
"Section 25-1-560. The Adjutant General shall maintain records reflecting a relative rank list of all active and inactive officers in the National Guard and shall publish those lists from time to time with the units but at least annually. Separate relative rank lists shall be maintained for Army National Guard and Air National Guard officers. When the effective date of federal recognition in any given grade is the same for two or more officers, seniority shall be governed by federal military law. When two or more officers are given an original federal recognition in any grade in the National Guard of South Carolina with the same effective date, the relative rank of such officers shall be determined according to federal military law."
Commanders may appoint an officer to command subordinate or detached unit
SECTION 11. Section 25-1-580 of the 1976 Code is amended to read:
"Section 25-1-580. A commander may appoint an officer to command of a subordinate or detached unit. If none is appointed upon marches, guards or in quarters different organizations of the National Guard of this State join in or do state duty together, the officer highest in rank of the line by commission there on duty or in quarters shall command the whole and give orders for what is needful in the service unless otherwise specially directed by the Governor, according to the nature of the case."
Transfer and assignment of certain officers promoted under Federal Personnel Act
SECTION 12. Section 25-1-810 of the 1976 Code is amended to read:
"Section 25-1-810. Whenever an officer who has been selected for promotion by a selective board convened under the provisions of Federal Personnel Act (Sections 3362 and 8366, Title 10, U. S. Code and subsequent legislation) is immediately faced with withdrawal of his federal status as a National Guard officer and transfer to the Army Reserve, he may be transferred or assigned to a suitable position vacancy in which he can be promoted, subject to concurrence of commanders concerned and approval of the Adjutant General."
Transfer of officers within Army National Guard
SECTION 13. Section 25-1-850 of the 1976 Code is amended to read:
"Section 25-1-850. Authority shall be given the Adjutant General to make transfers of officers within the South Carolina Army National Guard. These transfers must be in the best interest of the South Carolina Army National Guard."
Vacancy in the grade of major general must be filled by qualified officer
SECTION 14. Section 25-1-870 of the 1976 Code is amended to read:
"Section 25-1-870. Whenever a vacancy occurs in the grade of major general of the South Carolina Army National Guard, it must be filled by the promotion of a fully qualified officer within the South Carolina Army National Guard, subject to examination as prescribed by the Department of the Army. Should a fully qualified officer decline or fail to qualify, the promotion will be tendered to successive qualified officers."
Vacancy in the grade of brigadier general must be filled by promotion of best qualified officer in the next lower grade
SECTION 15. Section 25-1-880 of the 1976 Code is amended to read:
"Section 25-1-880. Except as hereinbefore provided in Section 25-1-860, whenever a vacancy occurs in the grade of brigadier general in the South Carolina Army National Guard, it must be filled by the promotion of the best qualified officer in the next lower grade within the South Carolina Army National Guard as may be determined by the Adjutant General and subject to examination as prescribed by the Department of the Army."
Tender of vacancies in Air National Guard to officers promoted under federal law
SECTION 16. Section 25-1-1110 of the 1976 Code is amended to read:
"Section 25-1-1110. Whenever an officer is selected for promotion by a selection board convened under the provisions of federal law, he may be tendered the first available vacancy in the South Carolina Air National Guard for which he is qualified regardless of the seniority of other officers of the same grade. If he is not assigned to a suitable position vacancy in which he can be promoted, he will be discharged and transferred to the Air Force Reserve under appropriate regulations."
Vacancy in headquarters, Air National Guard
SECTION 17. Section 25-1-1140 of the 1976 Code is amended to read:
"Section 25-1-1140. Whenever a vacancy for an officer occurs in headquarters, South Carolina Air National Guard, it must be filled from among the officers of the South Carolina Air National Guard who are considered best qualified to fill the vacancy by the chief of staff, headquarters, South Carolina Air National Guard, and the Adjutant General. Assignment of an officer to headquarters, South Carolina Air National Guard, does not entitle him to promotion without regard to seniority rights specified elsewhere in this chapter. Position vacancies for enlisted personnel in headquarters, South Carolina Air National Guard must be filled as directed by the chief of staff, headquarters, South Carolina Air National Guard, subject to approval of the Adjutant General."
Annual settlements for federal and state property; responsible parties; collection actions for payments
SECTION 18. Section 25-1-1330 of the 1976 Code is amended to read:
"Section 25-1-1330. (a) Federal property. - The Adjutant General shall coordinate with the USPFO to audit and effect annual settlements with responsible officers having federal property accounts. The USPFO shall cause the responsible party to prepare and submit proper adjustment documents to cover any discrepancies discovered during such audit. When it is determined by duly appointed reviewing authority that losses were incurred due to fault or negligence of the responsible party, he shall be held pecuniarily liable. When the responsible party has been held pecuniarily liable, the Adjutant General or the USPFO shall make demand on the responsible party for payment to the Treasurer of the United States for the specified amount. The Adjutant General shall enter or cause to be entered a suit on the bond of such party upon failure to comply with demand for payment, and may initiate collection actions as he considers appropriate.
(b) State property. - All property of a nonconsumable nature procured by the Adjutant General from state appropriated funds and like property purchased from unit maintenance funds must be accounted for as state property. Property donated from any sources for National Guard use must be considered state owned property. The Adjutant General shall maintain state property lists for all units and activities of the South Carolina National Guard. The Adjutant General shall cause state property accounts to be audited as he considers necessary. If the audit reflects shortages, the Adjutant General may cause an investigation to be made and take appropriate action. If such shortages are found to be due to the fault or negligence of the responsible party, the Adjutant General shall make demand on the responsible party for payment, to the military fund of South Carolina, for the specified amount. The Adjutant General shall enter or cause to be entered a suit on the bond of such party upon failure to comply with demand for payment, and may initiate collection actions for payment."
Unit maintenance fund allowances; funds from sources outside annual appropriation must be regulated and audited by Adjutant General
SECTION 19. Section 25-1-1370 of the 1976 Code is amended to read:
"Section 25-1-1370. (A) Each unit shall be entitled to such maintenance fund allowance as may be provided in the annual appropriations act as apportioned periodically. Unit maintenance funds from sources outside the annual appropriation must be regulated and audited by the Adjutant General.
(B) Facilities owned, leased, or under the control of the military department may be rented periodically. Such rental income, military fines, and other minor revenue sources may be deposited in unit maintenance funds. The Adjutant General shall promulgate regulations for a rental program and audit such funds."
Adjutant General is manager and custodian of training facilities; military department facilities may be rented or subleased
SECTION 20. Section 25-1-1620 of the 1976 Code is amended to read:
"Section 25-1-1620. The Adjutant General shall be the State custodian and manager of training facilities. No training facility shall be used for any other than a strictly military purpose without the recommendation of the officer in charge thereof and approval of the Adjutant General. Facilities owned by or leased for the military department may be rented or subleased when not in use for training under regulations promulgated by the Adjutant General."
Circumstances requiring active duty
SECTION 21. Section 25-1-1820 of the 1976 Code is amended to read:
"Section 25-1-1820. The National Guard shall not be subject to active duty other than training duty, except (a) in case of war, (b) in event or danger of invasion by a foreign nation, (c) there is a rebellion or danger of rebellion against the authority of the government of the United States, (d) the President issues orders to execute the laws of the United States, (e) for preventing, repelling or suppressing invasion, insurrection or riot, (f) for aiding civil officers in the execution of the laws, in which cases the Governor or local commander as provided for in Sections 25-1-1840 to 25-1-1880 shall order out for active service, by draft or otherwise, as many of the National Guard as necessity demands, or (g) during natural disaster or local emergency whenever the lives and property of the State's citizens are threatened."
Term of enlistment must comply with Department of Defense regulations
SECTION 22. Section 25-1-2110 of the 1976 Code is amended to read:
"Section 25-1-2110. An original enlistment in the National Guard must be for a period prescribed by applicable law and regulations of the Department of Defense."
Transfer of enlisted men
SECTION 23. Section 25-1-2220 of the 1976 Code is amended to read:
"Section 25-1-2220. An enlisted man may be transferred upon his own request from one unit of the National Guard of South Carolina to another by the Adjutant General."
Discharge of enlisted men
SECTION 24. Section 25-1-2230 of the 1976 Code is amended to read:
"Section 25-1-2230. An enlisted person may be discharged from the state military forces according to regulations adopted by the Adjutant General or pursuant to federal law or regulations. On termination of the appointment of an enlisted person in the state military forces, the enlisted person shall be given a certificate of discharge stating the character of the person's service."
"Military forces" defined
SECTION 25. Subsection 9. of Section 25-1-2420 of the 1976 Code is amended to read:
"9. 'Military forces' means the National Guard of the State, as defined in Section 25-1-10, persons attached or assigned to state units, and any other military force organized under the laws of the State;"
SECTION 26. Section 25-1-2420 of the 1976 Code is amended by adding:
"15. 'Officer' means commissioned officers and warrant officers unless otherwise specified."
Appointment of state judge advocate; when senior judge advocate is state judge advocate
SECTION 27. Subsection 1. of Section 25-1-2450 of the 1976 Code is amended by adding at the end:
"Absent separate appointment, the senior judge advocate of the National Guard is the state judge advocate."
"Apprehension" defined; persons authorized to apprehend offenders
SECTION 28. Section 25-1-2460 of the 1976 Code is amended to read:
"Section 25-1-2460. For purposes of this code, 'apprehension' is the taking of a person into custody. Any person authorized by this code to apprehend persons subject to the code, any marshal of a court-martial appointed pursuant to the provisions of the code, and any officer under the laws or regulations of the United States or of South Carolina, may do so upon reasonable belief that an offense has been committed and that the person apprehended committed it. Commissioned officers, warrant officers, and noncommissioned officers may, subject to the laws of South Carolina, quell quarrels, frays, and disorders among persons subject to the code and apprehend persons subject to this code who take part therein."
SECTION 29. Subsection 2. (A) of Section 25-1-2520 of the 1976 Code is amended to read:
"(A) upon officers of his command:
(1) restriction to certain specified limits, with or without suspension from duty, for not more than fifteen days;
(2) if imposed by the Governor, the Adjutant General, or an officer of a general rank in command:
(a) arrest in quarters for not more than fifteen days;
(b) forfeiture of pay of not more than seven days' pay or a fine of not more than the equivalent of seven days' pay;"
Types of courts-martial
SECTION 30. Section 25-1-2530 of the 1976 Code is amended to read:
"Section 25-1-2530. There may be three types of courts-martial in the state military forces:
1. general court-martial, consisting of:
(a) a military judge and not less than five members; or
(b) only a military judge if, before the court is assembled, the accused, knowing the identity of the military judge, and after consultation with defense counsel, requests in writing a court composed only of a military judge, and the military judge approves;
2. special court-martial, consisting of:
(a) not less than three members;
(b) a military judge and not less than three members; or
(c) only a military judge, if one has been detailed to the court, and the accused under the same conditions as prescribed in item (b) of subsection 1 of this section so requests; and
3. summary court-martial, consisting of one officer."
Jurisdiction of general courts-martial
SECTION 31. Section 25-1-2550 of the 1976 Code is amended to read:
"Section 25-1-2550. Subject to Section 25-1-2540, general courts-martial have jurisdiction to try persons subject to this code for any offense made punishable by the code and may, under such limitations as the Governor may prescribe, or such further limitations as the Adjutant General may prescribe, adjudge any of the following:
(a) dismissal or dishonorable or bad-conduct discharge;
(b) confinement of not more than six months;
(c) a fine of not more than three thousand dollars;
(d) reduction of enlisted personnel to the lowest pay grade;
(e) forfeiture of pay and allowances not to exceed forty days' pay;
(f) a reprimand;
(g) any combination of these punishments."
Jurisdiction of special courts-martial
SECTION 32. Subsection 1. of Section 25-1-2560 of the 1976 Code is amended to read:
"1. Subject to Section 25-1-2540, special courts-martial have jurisdiction to try persons subject to this code, for any offense made punishable by the code and may, under such limitations as the Governor may prescribe, or such further limitations as the Adjutant General may prescribe, adjudge any of the following punishments:
(a) bad-conduct discharge;
(b) confinement of not more than three months;
(c) a fine of not more than one thousand dollars;
(d) reduction of enlisted personnel to the lowest pay grade;
(e) forfeiture of pay and allowances not to exceed twenty days' pay;
(f) a reprimand;
(g) any combination of these punishments."
Jurisdiction of summary courts-martial
SECTION 33. Section 25-1-2570 of the 1976 Code is amended to read:
"Section 25-1-2570. Subject to Section 25-1-2540, summary courts-martial have jurisdiction to try persons subject to the code, except officers, for any offense made punishable by the code and may, under such limitations as the Governor or Adjutant General may prescribe, adjudge any of the following punishments:
(a) reduction of enlisted personnel by one pay grade, provided the grade of the accused is within the promotion authority of the convening authority;
(b) a fine of not more than five hundred dollars;
(c) imprisonment not to exceed thirty days;
(d) forfeiture of pay and allowances not to exceed five days' pay;
(e) any combination of these punishments.
No person with respect to whom summary courts-martial have jurisdiction may be brought to trial before a summary court-martial if he objects. If objection to trial by summary court-martial is made by an accused, trial may be ordered by special or general court-martial as may be appropriate."
Who may serve on courts-martial
SECTION 34. Section 25-1-2610 of the 1976 Code is amended to read:
"Section 25-1-2610. (1) Any officer off or on duty with the military forces is eligible to serve as a member on all courts-martial for the trial of any person who may lawfully be brought before such courts for trial.
(2) Any enlisted member of the military forces who is not a member of the same unit as the accused is eligible to serve on general and special courts-martial for the trial of any enlisted member of the military forces who may lawfully be brought before such courts for trial, but he may serve as a member of a court only if, before the conclusion of a session called by the military judge prior to trial or, in the absence of such a session, before the court is assembled for the trial of the accused, the accused personally has requested, in writing that enlisted members serve on it. After such a request, the accused may not be tried by a general or special court-martial, the membership of which does not include enlisted members in a number comprising at least one-third of the total membership of the court, unless eligible members cannot be obtained on account of physical conditions or military exigencies. If such members may not be obtained, the court may be assembled and the trial held without them, but the convening authority shall make a detailed written statement, to be appended to the record, stating why they could not be obtained.
In this subsection, the word 'unit' means any regularly organized body of the military forces not larger than a company, a squadron, or a body corresponding to one of them.
(3) When it can be avoided, no person subject to the Code of Military Justice may be tried by a court-martial composed of any members who are junior to him in rank or grade.
(4) When convening a court-martial, the convening authority shall detail as members such members of the military force as, in his opinion, are best qualified for the duty by reason of age, education, training, experience, length of service, and judicial temperament. No member of the military forces is eligible to serve as a member of a general or special court-martial when he is the accuser or a witness for the prosecution or has acted as investigation officer or as counsel in the same case."
Statute of limitations
SECTION 35. Section 25-1-2725 of the 1976 Code is amended to read:
"Section 25-1-2725. A person charged with desertion or absence without leave in time of war or with mutiny may be tried and punished at any time without limitation.
A person charged with any offense is not liable to be tried by court-martial or punished under Section 25-1-2520 if the offense was committed more than three years before the receipt of sworn charges and specifications by an officer exercising summary court-martial jurisdiction over the command or before the imposition of punishment under Section 25-1-2520.
Periods in which the accused was absent from territory in which the State of South Carolina has the authority to apprehend him, or in the custody of civil authorities, or in the hands of the enemy, must be excluded in computing the period of limitation prescribed in this section."
SECTION 36. Section 25-1-2750 of the 1976 Code is amended to read:
"Section 25-1-2750. A court-martial may punish for contempt any person who uses menacing words, signs, or gestures in its presence, or who disturbs its proceedings. The punishment may not exceed confinement for twenty-five days or a fine of five hundred dollars."
Record of trial; documents in summary courts-martial
SECTION 37. Section 25-1-2780 of the 1976 Code is amended to read:
"Section 25-1-2780. Each general court-martial shall keep a separate record of the proceedings in each case brought before it, and the record must be authenticated by the signature of the military judge. If the record may not be authenticated by the military judge by reason of his death, disability, or absence, it must be authenticated by the signature of the trial counsel or by that of a member if the trial counsel is unable to authenticate it by reason of his death, disability, or absence. In a court-martial consisting of only a military judge the record must be authenticated by the court reporter under the same conditions which would impose such a duty on a member under this paragraph. If the proceedings have resulted in an acquittal of all charges and specifications or, if not affecting a general or flag officer, in a sentence not including discharge or confinement and not in excess of that which may otherwise be adjudged by a special court-martial, the record shall contain such matters as may be prescribed by regulations of the Governor.
A copy of the record of the proceedings of each general and special court-martial must be given to the accused as soon as it is authenticated.
Summary court-martial proceedings must use documents promulgated by regulations of the Adjutant General."
Effective date of sentence; forfeiture of pay; confinement; deferment of sentence
SECTION 38. Section 25-1-2795 of the 1976 Code is amended to read:
"Section 25-1-2795. Whenever a sentence of a court-martial as lawfully adjudged and approved includes a forfeiture of pay or allowances in addition to confinement not suspended or deferred, the forfeiture may apply to pay or allowances becoming due on or after the date the sentence is approved by the convening authority. No forfeiture may extend to any pay or allowances accrued before that date.
Any period of confinement included in a sentence of a court-martial begins to run from the date the sentence is adjudged by the court-martial, but periods during which the sentence to confinement is suspended must be excluded in computing the service of the term of confinement.
All other sentences of courts-martial are effective on the date ordered executed.
On application by an accused who is under sentence to confinement that has not been ordered executed, the convening authority or, if the accused is no longer under his jurisdiction, the person exercising court-martial jurisdiction, may in his sole discretion defer service of the sentence to confinement. The deferment shall terminate when the sentence is ordered executed. The deferment may be rescinded at any time by the officer who granted it or, if the accused is no longer under his jurisdiction, by the person exercising court-martial jurisdiction."
Disrespect to superior commissioned or noncommissioned officer
SECTION 39. Section 25-1-2935 of the 1976 Code is amended to read:
"Section 25-1-2935. Any person subject to this code who behaves with disrespect toward his superior officer or noncommissioned officer may be punished as a court-martial may direct."
Disrespect toward superior commissioned or noncommissioned officer
SECTION 40. Section 25-1-2940 of the 1976 Code is amended to read:
"Section 25-1-2940. Any person subject to this code may be punished as a court-martial may direct, if he:
(1) strikes his superior officer or noncommissioned officer or draws or lifts up any weapon or offers any violence against him while he is in the execution of his office;
(2) wilfully disobeys a lawful command of his superior officer or noncommissioned officer."
Insubordinate conduct toward superior commissioned or noncommissioned officer
SECTION 41. Section 25-1-2945 of the 1976 Code is amended to read:
"Section 25-1-2945. Any officer or enlisted member may be punished as a court-martial may direct, if he treats with contempt, or is disrespectful in language or deportment toward, an officer or noncommissioned officer while that officer is in the execution of his office."
Failure to obey order, statute, or regulation; derelict in performance of duty
SECTION 42. Section 25-1-2950 of the 1976 Code is amended to read:
"Section 25-1-2950. Any person, subject to the code, may be punished as a court-martial may direct, if he:
(1) violates or fails to obey any lawful general order, statute, or regulation;
(2) having knowledge of any other lawful order issued by a member of the military forces which it is his duty to obey, fails to obey the order;
(3) is derelict in the performance of his duties."
Conduct unbecoming an officer
SECTION 43. Section 25-1-3065 of the 1976 Code is amended to read:
"Section 25-1-3065. Any officer who is convicted of conduct unbecoming an officer may be punished as a court-martial may direct."
Authority to administer oaths
SECTION 44. Section 25-1-3085 of the 1976 Code is amended to read:
"Section 25-1-3085. The following members of the military forces may administer oaths for the purpose of military administration, including military justice, and affidavits may be taken for those purposes before persons having the general powers of a notary public:
(1) the state judge advocate;
(2) all summary courts-martial;
(3) all adjutants, assistant adjutants, acting adjutants, and personnel adjutants;
(4) all judge advocates and legal officers, and acting or assistant judge advocates and legal officers;
(5) the president, military judge, trial counsel, and assistant trial counsel for all general and special courts-martial;
(6) the president and the counsel for the court of any court of inquiry;
(7) all officers designated to take a deposition;
(8) all persons detailed to conduct an investigation;
(9) all officers;
(10) all other persons designated by law or by regulations of the Governor.
The signature without seal of any person, together with the title of his office, is prima facie evidence of his authority."
Complaint against officer
SECTION 45. Section 25-1-3095 of the 1976 Code is amended to read:
"Section 25-1-3095. Any member of the military forces who believes himself wronged by his commanding officer, and who, upon due application to that commanding officer, is refused redress, may complain to his next superior commissioned officer, who shall examine the complaint and take proper measures for redressing the wrong within his discretion. The Adjutant General shall have the final right of review and he may take such action as he considers necessary."
National Guard Pension Fund
SECTION 46. Section 25-1-3235(B) of the 1976 Code, as added by Act 164 of 1993, is amended to read:
"(B) Persons with a break in service remain eligible for pension benefits under this article if the person was a member of the National Guard prior to June 30, 1993."
Maintenance of museum and collection
SECTION 47. Section 25-17-30 of the 1976 Code, as last amended by Act 319 of 1998, is amended to read:
"Section 25-17-30. Military Department of South Carolina equipment, supplies, and personnel may be used to maintain the museum and collection. The board may improve existing grounds by the construction of concrete slabs and fencing for suitable outdoor display of large items of heavy equipment such as artillery, armored vehicles, and other military equipment and weapons."
SECTION 48. Sections 25-1-330, 25-1-950, 25-1-1340, 25-1-1390, 25-1-1400, 25-1-2130, and 25-1-2160 of the 1976 Code are repealed.
Military judges; appointment, qualifications, powers, duties
SECTION 49. The 1976 Code is amended by adding:
"Section 25-1-2455. (A) A military judge must be appointed by the Adjutant General from among the military forces. To be eligible for appointment as a military judge, the person must be:
(1) a member in good standing of the bar in at least one state;
(2) a judge advocate;
(3) an active member of the National Guard; and
(4) hold the rank of major or above.
(B) A military judge must not be under the supervision of the state judge advocate or any other judge advocate in the South Carolina National Guard. Nothing in this section changes the authority of the National Guard Bureau or the Judge Advocate Generals of the Army or Air Force over the military judge.
(C) Subject to any limitations imposed by the South Carolina Code of Laws, a military judge presides at all general and special courts-martial and has the same authority as a South Carolina Circuit Judge in General Sessions Court.
(D) A military judge must periodically review the military justice system and advise the Adjutant General on at least an annual basis of the state of military justice in the South Carolina National Guard.
(E) All contact between a military judge and the Adjutant General must comply with American Bar Association's Canons of Judicial Conduct and the applicable ethical standards for judges."
SECTION 50. This act takes effect upon approval by the Governor.
Ratified the 7th day of June, 2001.
Approved the 8th day of August, 2001.
This web page was last updated on Tuesday, December 8, 2009 at 11:10 A.M.